The Witness - Friday, 2 April, 1915


M'CLELLAND--KENNEDY -- March 29, at Rosemary Street Presbyterian Church, Belfast, by the Rev. William Park, D.D., M. C. M'Clelland, Marlborough Hall, Glasnevin, Dublin, to Edith J., youngest daughter of the late William Kennedy, Belfast.

REX--TORRENS -- March 24, at St. George's United Free Church, Edinburgh, by Rev. Frederick Torrens (father of the bride), assisted by Rev. Alfred Torrens and Rev. H. Mulholland, Captain Ernest R. Rex, 5th Battalion the Royal Scots, to Rosella, daughter of Rev. F. Torrens, Kerrykeel, Co. Donegal. At home, 6, Mayfield Gardens, 7th April.


BOYLE -- March 27, 1915, at 5, Bedeque Street, Belfast, Robert, husband of Mary A. Boyle. Interred in family burying-ground, Ahoghill.

PEACOCK -- March 23, 1915, at her residence, 16, Lansdowne Crescent, Portrush, Charlotte Whiteside M'Cay Peacock, eldest daughter of the late Chesnut Peacock, late of Summerhill and Armoy, and dearly-beloved sister of Sara M. W. Peacock, of Portrush, and of John Peacock, Ballymoney.
      "Asleep in Jesus."
"He that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live."
      "God is love."

STEED -- March 14, 1915, James Steed, last surviving son of the late William Steed, Belfast. Was interred in Drumbo.

BEGGS -- March 29, at The Quoile, Downpatrick, Grace Caroline, youngest daughter of the late Richard Beggs.

BERGIN -- March 25, at 9, Oberon Street, Cregagh Road, Elizabeth, widow of the late P. J. Bergin, Belfast.

BOYD -- March 26, at Ballymaconaghy, John, husband of Mary Boyd.

BOYLE -- March 27, at 5, Bedeque Street, Robert, husband of Mary A. Boyle.

BROWN -- March 25, at 31, Agincourt Avenue, Belfast, Henry (Harry), eldest son of Robert J. Brown, aged 22 years.

CAMBRIDGE -- March 26, 1915, at Gortnessy National School, Martha, the dearly-beloved wife of William James Cambridge.

CARSON -- March 29, at Terrygowan, Randalstown, Hamilton Dill, youngest son of Samuel Carson.

CLUGSTON -- March 27, at Thomas Street, Dungannon, John (Jack), youngest son of William K. Clugston. aged 7 months.

COURTNAY -- March 29, at 24 and 26, Lanark Street, Richard William, husband of Annie Courtnay.

CRAIG -- March 27, at South Orange, New Jersey, of pneumonia, Lowry E. B. Craig, Managing Director of York Street Flax Spinning Co., Ltd.

CRAWFORD -- March 31, at Hurtletoot, William Crawford.

DILWORTH -- March 26, at Derrybuoy, Killyman, Coalisland, John Dilworth.

DUNN -- March 30, at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Samuel Dunn, 16, Ship Street (late Powerloom Tenter, Smithfield Weaving Company).

FERGUSON -- March 26, Ormsdale, Whitehead, Jeanie Craig, wife of Charles Ferguson.

FORSTER -- March 30, at 2, Springfield Avenue, Bangor, Co. Down, Sarah Ann Forster.

GILMORE -- March 23, at Farthadreen, Bailieborough, Esther, widow of the late Thomas Gilmore, aged 86 years.

GRAHAM -- March 30, at Rose Lodge, Andersonstown, Sarah (Grannie Graham), aged 89, widow of Thomas Graham.

GRAHAM -- March 30, at Johnstown House, Richhill, James Graham, ex-Sergeant Detective Force, R.I.C., Belfast.

HAYES -- March 27, at 68, Balfour Avenue. Belfast, Gertrude (Gerty), third daughter of Robt. Hayes.

HENDERSON -- March 27, at 90 and 92, Main Street, Bangor, John Henderson (formerly of Messrs, J. Arnott & Co., Ltd., Belfast).

JEFFERSON -- March 31, at Roslea House, Cliftonville Road, Belfast, Margaret, wife of W. J. Jefferson.

LEATHEAM -- March 29, at Hill Street, Ballymena, Robert Leathem, aged 84 years.

LYLE -- March 31, at Ballycraigy, Carnmoney, Mary Jane, relict of the late Samuel Lyle, aged 91 years.

MEGARRY -- March 26, at 89, Denmark Street, Belfast, Mary Holmes, relict of the late Henry Megarry.

MORROW -- March 26, at Crossgar, Mary, widow of the late Francis Morrow.

M'ILWAINE -- March 26, at his residence, Main Street, Saintfield, James M'Ilwaine, in his 88th year.

M'MINN -- March 28, at Fort Hill, Drumbo, Lisburn, Margaret, widow of the late Joseph M'Minn.

NESBITT -- March 26, 1915, Doris J. Nesbitt, daughter of the late J. H. Nesbitt (Dentist), 2, Clare Street, Merrion Square, Dublin, and Mrs. Nesbitt, 7, University Avenue, Belfast, and granddaughter of the late Rev. D. Jamison, The Manse, Newtownhamilton, Co. Armagh.

NICHOLSON -- March 29, at 177, Manor Street, Belfast, William Nicholson.

PATTERSON -- March 27, at Ashvale, Bailie's Mills, Lisburn, John B. Patterson.

ROSS -- March 24, at 31, High Street, Lurgan, Anne J. Ross, in her 91st year.

ROY -- March 31, at Beaumont Lodge, Malone Road, Margaret, wife of William John Roy.

SMITH -- March 27, Robert H. O. Smith, 3, Lothair Avenue, Belfast, eldest son of Colonel Osborne Smith, Hove, Sussex.

TAGGART -- March 25, at 26, Clifton Crescent, Julia A. Taggart, widow of the late Surgeon, Major Taggart, M.D., Carrickfergus.

WAUGH -- March 30, at Wheatfield Gardens, Belfast, Jane Bell, widow of the late David Waugh, Banbridge, aged 79 years.

YOUNG -- March 29, 1915. at his residence, Ednafogary, Fintona, John Young, late of Edergale, aged 81 years.

YOUNG -- March 31, at Lisnabreeny, David, husband of Agnes A. Young.



Early on Tuesday morning last there passed away, at her residence, Rose Lodge, Upper Falls, Sara Kirkwood, the widow of the late Thomas Graham. She had reached the ripe age of eighty-nine, but the brightness of her spirit and the keen interest in everything around her, made her friends forget the burden of her years. She had been from her girlhood connected with the Presbyterian congregation of Malone. Her father and her uncle had been elected members of the first session, which was appointed, soon after the opening of the church in the year 1837, and in later years her brother faithfully served the congregation in the same high office. She loved her Church, and while strength permitted was a constant attendant on its ordinances, and her heart was in everything that could in any way tend to help forward its work. She belonged to that class of devout and honourable women who are a joy to a minister and an unspeakable source of strength to a congregation.

She did not regard advancing years nor impaired eyesight a sufficient excuse for "folded hands," and up to the time of her last illness her deft hands were never idle. Her work brightened the tables at every annual sale in Malone for many years, and her patchwork quilts are the admiration of patients in Dr. Ida Mitchell's hospital in far off Fakumen. "We are born to adorn the world," said an eloquent French lady; but her wise English sister replied, "We are born for a nobler destiny; we were born to serve it." And this Mrs. Graham did in her own modest way to the highest bent of her ability. As all who knew her are aware, one of her outstanding characteristics was her love of flowers. So long as she was able to tend them with her own skilful hands they were her special delight. Her carnations were a joy to see and smell, and she had no greater pleasure in life than sharing her treasures with other flower lovers like herself.

Her love for her first minister, of whom she had the most pleasing memories, and for the members of her family, was very touching; but she did not withhold her affection from his successors and their children. In every one of them she took the deepest interest, and with some of them she kept up a correspondence till the end. She had a very wide circle of friends and acquaintances, but she had a big heart and room for them all; and the news of her departure from this earthly scene will be heard of with sorrow not only in many homes in the neighbourhood of this city, but in homes under the shadow of the Rockies, in the veldts of South Africa, and the plains of Manchuria. Her end was peace, more like a translation than a rending of the earthly tabernacle. "Her summoned breath went forth as peacefully as folds the spent rose when the day is done." "They thought her dying when she slept, and sleeping when she died."

Mrs. Graham had no children of her own, but she was a true mother to her husband's two sons and daughter -- Mr. Adam Graham, R.D.C., of Rose Lodge; Mr. Alex. Graham, of Drumvale; and Mrs. James Kirkwood, of Monk's Hill.



The news of the death of Mr. Lowry E. B. Craig, managing director of the York Street Spinning Company, which occurred at his residence, South Grange, New Jersey, following an attack of pneumonia, will be received with sincere regret by a wide circle of friends in Belfast and the North of Ireland. The late Mr. Craig was a nephew of the late Rev. Lowry E. Berkeley, who was one of the leading preachers of the Presbyterian Church in Belfast, and some thirty years ago, at an early stage in big business career, he entered into the employment of the York Street Spinning Company as the manager of one of its departments. Mr. Craig displayed qualities which soon brought him under the favourable notice of the directorate, and his progress to positions of responsibility was very rapid. He gradually rose to the position of a managing director of the firm, and for some twenty years has been entrusted with one of their most important posts as agent in New York, which centralises a great proportion of the firm's American trade. He possessed great influence in New York, being highly respected for his straightforward principles and thorough knowledge of the details of the work entrusted to him. In private life he displayed the qualities which flowed from a genial disposition. A staunch member of the Presbyterian Church, he took a deep interest in denominational affairs in the neighbourhood of his home in the States. At the same time he kept up his interest with Ireland, and followed the course of public events in Ulster with an intelligence of outlook guided by a clear insight into the business requirements of the country. Deep sympathy will be extended to the bereaved widow of the deceased and his daughter.



On Monday the remains of the late Mr. John Henderson, Bangor, were laid to rest in Bangor Cemetery. Mr. Henderson had been for many years connected in a responsible position with the firm of Messrs. John Arnott & Co., and some years ago retired and carried on business in Bangor in conjunction with his nieces. He was one of the oldest and best known residents of Bangor, and took the greatest interest in all its affairs. He was for many years connected with the Bangor Urban Council, and for several acted as vice-chairman. He was a staunch Unionist, and took a prominent part in the working of the local organisation. He was a man of strong individuality of character, but kindly and genial, and was generally popular. He was a staunch Presbyterian, and long connected with the First Bangor Congregation. The funeral on Monday was largely attended, and was a marked tribute to the respect in which he was held. He had been married, but his wife predeceased him.



The course of the political history of Ireland for a number of years past has been such as to bring into greater prominence the cleavage of parties and of races. Each side has its school of prophets. The author of a valuable work on "The Plantation in Ulster," which was written in the days of the agrarian struggles, may be said to have started a tradition, which has been carried by subsequent writers to extreme lengths until there is a definite political school of small bulk, it is true, but which by persistent efforts in the direction of "de-Anglicisation" and glorification of ancient Irish institutions and customs would have us believe that there are not two races in Ireland. Every argument is employed that can belittle the historical movement, known as "The Plantation," or bring discredit on the statesmanship associated with its inception. Now that the people have entered on a new period following on emancipation from an evil land system, the time has surely come for a more modern treatment of the history of the Plantation.

While some eminent men in our own country have spoken eulogistically of the Ulster strain, it is perhaps not to our credit that Americans have done most to investigate and give full credit to the influence, in America particularly, of this stock, which is there known as "Scotch-Irish." They have been impressed with the fact that seven of their Presidents have been of this breed. The Scotch-Irish Society of Pennsylvania has cultivated the study of the Ulster stock, and by means of lectures and publications has added considerably to the knowledge of the subject.

Amid the clash of local parties it is refreshing to have a cool, impartial work by an American Professor of Princeton University. It is entitled, "The Scotch-Irish in America," and the author, Henry Jones Ford, dedicates it to the Pennsylvania Scotch-Irish Society. It is clearly a thorough investigation by a judicial mind of the Ulster Plantation, and its subsequent developments both here and in America. The purpose of the book is "to give an account of the Scotch-Irish strain in the composition of the American people, tracing its history and influence."

In the opening chapter we have an admirable summary of the Plantation itself, and in the following chapter a bold and independent line is adopted. The author does not hesitate, where circumstances warrant, to go full tilt against the historian Lecky when he supposed that the Irish tenant had under his native landlord chief a superiority over the English tenant's position with respect to his landlord. Nor does he hesitate to point to the anachronism in Alice Stopford Green's remarks on an alleged Irish democracy. "No such stage had been reached in Celtic Ireland. At the opening of the seventeenth century its institutions retained their barbarian pattern, although those institutions were in their dotage." This chapter on "The Land and the People" has a wealth of illustration drawn from the special knowledge of a Professor of Economics; for his rightful title, "Professor of Politics," would be misunderstood in this island, where the professional politician has too long held sway.

Professor Ford's estimate of the character of Chichester is very different from what we sometimes have given us by prejudiced pens -- "A man who excelled his contemporaries in justice and discernment." The second chapter has a remarkably acute analysis of the social and political institutions of Ireland just before the Plantation took place. And in reviewing the conditions in Scotland the conclusion is reached that the measures taken there were more severe than against the natives in Ireland.

The Scottish emigration to Ulster is fully sketched, and very interesting is the treatment of the subject of emigration to America, much additional light being thrown on the early Scotch-Irish emigration about 1680, a period for which we have few records in this country. Much detailed information is given of persons and places associated with the long period of emigration which began in 1718 with the landing of five ships at Boston -- all of extreme interest to Ulstermen.

In treating of the emigration in the seventeenth century from Ulster to America Professor Ford is obliged to draw very largely on our Presbyterian records to supplement the rather meagre information in the State Papers. So striking is this to the reader that he is almost inclined to regard the terms "Ulster Scot" and "Presbyterian" as synonymous. Closely following on the famous voyage of the Eagle Wing from Belfast Lough, the author quotes from a letter written at Lisnagarvey (near Lisburn) -- "We are very full of soldiers come from all parts to ship at Carrickfergus, and where eight or ten are appointed out of a company three times as many are offering and desiring to go." But this can scarcely be regarded as purely Scotch-Irish emigration. But by 1670 there is evidence of Presbyterian settlements to which Ulster ministers were going. And the records of the Presbytery of Laggan, in County Donegal, furnish a good deal of information on this period, as it was at Ramelton that Francis Makemie, the founder of organised American Presbyterianism, was born, and the greater part of the ministers of the same Presbytery were contemplating removal to America because of persecutions and general poverty. While it was in Maryland that the first distinctively Scotch-Irish settlements were found, Pennsylvania was the objective of the stream of emigration which began in 1718. In the succeeding narrative the files of our local newspaper would furnish valuable information, but, unfortunately no one has yet undertaken the task of making public this source of information.

Of the many instructive extracts quoted by Professor Ford none is more interesting than the letter of a sea captain complaining of the obstructions placed in the way of the people who were flying from the oppression of landlords and tithes about 1730, when as many as ten ships were held up in Belfast Harbour. Wonderful, too, is the resemblance in many respects of the names in the American settlements to our own Ulster names, and a disjunction certificate, dated 1718, at Dunboe, in County Derry, is fully quoted, and is similar in form to several belonging to the same period which can be seen in the collection of the Presbyterian Historical Society of Ireland. Very inspiring is the relation of the deeds of the Ulster Scots, as they pushed out to the frontiers of New England, forming the advanced guard of civilisation, and still later their magnificent spirit and undaunted bravery in the War of Independence. Professor Ford examines in detail the allegations made against the Scotch-Irish of cruelty towards the Indians.

The chapters on the Presbyterian Church of America and on Scotch-Irish educational institutions show how much Ulster Presbyterianism contributed to American progress. The influence of the Scotch-Irish settlements upon American institutions is traced, and the concluding chapter is a survey and appreciation of the Ulster contribution to American nationality. The form of the book is creditable to the Princeton University Press and to the Oxford University Press, and should find a large demand in this country as well as in America. It should be added that Professor Heron's lecture on "The Making of the Ulster Scot" is re-printed by Professor Ford as an appendix to his work.

J. W. K.

"The Scotch-Irish in America." By Henry Jones Ford, Professor of Politics in Princeton University. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J. London Hamphrey Milford, Oxford University Press.



The remains of the late Mr. James M'Ilwaine were laid to rest on Monday last. The funeral was large and representative. The deceased had almost reached the ripe age of eighty-eight years, and had been a ruling elder in the First Presbyterian Church, Saintfield, for thirty years. Prior to the removal of the remains to the church a short service was conducted in the home of the deceased by the Rev. S. Dickson, Saintfield, and the Rev. K. Adams, B.A., Orritor. The service in the church was conducted by the Rev. [?] Dickie, B.A., Second Saintfield, and the Rev. S. Dickson, First Saintfield.



The death occurred on Saturday last of Mr. Andrew Percy, J.P., St. Lawrence Road, Clontarf, Dublin, son of the late Mr. Percy, who was for many years assistant secretary of the Belfast City Y.M C.A. At the funeral on Tuesday the service was conducted in the Mortuary Chapel in Mount Jerome Cemetery by the Revs. J. L. Morrow, M.A., and R. K. Hanna, B.A. Mr. Morrow, in the course of a very touching address, said Andrew Percy came of good stock, and in his youth was nurtured in a pure atmosphere. He had godly parents, and he was a member of a family united by tenderest affection. As a child he lived in the sun. Need we wonder that magnanimity, and an appreciation of the more spiritual things in human relationship, were the prominent features of one so blessed in his youth. Withal there was a good deal of Northern iron in his blood. He set out to achieve in business and to realise himself in social life, and he did both. Work came easy to him, for such was his temperament that he found joy in living, in putting every talent and energy to fullest use. And he had his reward in the appreciation of the firms he served, and later in the business he established. He was only seventeen years resident amongst us here in Dublin, and yet what a vacant place he leaves in our commercial and social life. It may be profitable to ask why this is so. His answer is not far to seek. Andrew Percy the man was always greater than Andrew Percy the business man. Although our beloved friend was cut off in the midst or his years his life was not in vain or incomplete. He loved his nation, he loved his Church, he loved his fellow-men, and "Love is strong as death, tenacious as the grave," therefore we leave him in God's hands, in the sure and certain hope of resurrection. A man so cheerful and unselfish, who seemed to find his greatest pleasure in "helping lame dogs over styles," and contributing to the happiness and well-being of his fellow-men -- a man whom so many friends profoundly mourn -- how his loss must this day be felt by those to whom he gave his unreserved love. Above the gift of friendship he had the greater gift of family affection to a quite unusual degree. Our sympathies go out to her who was in very truth his helpmeet, and who met his unselfish nature with a nature equally unselfish, and to the brother in whom he delighted and whose chief delight was in him.



Mrs. Margaret Stark, of Scotch Quarter, Carrickfergus, who died on the 17th. Feb. last, left personal estate in the United Kingdom valued at 4,782 6s 9d, of which 3,750 6s 3d is in England. Probate of her will, dated 5th November, 1902, with two codicils, has been granted to Sir Alexander M'Dowell, of 51, Royal Avenue, Belfast, solicitor, and Mr. Andrew Johnston, of Clarendon Street, Londonderry. The testatrix left 200 each to William Pasley and Jane Kennedy, 100 each to the executors of her will, her residence to Mr. Andrew Johnston, 100 to her servant, Mary Ann Craig; 100 to Jane Mitchell, residing with her.

500 to the New Victoria Hospital.
500 to the Sustentation Fund of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland.
S00 to the Ulster Society for Promoting Education Among the Blind, Deaf, and Dumb, Belfast.
500 to the Children's Hospital, Belfast.
500 to the Presbyterian Orphan Society.
500 to the Samaritan Hospital, Belfast.
100 to the North Street Presbyterian Church, Carrickfergus.

Subject to the payment of a few other legacies, the testatrix also left --

500 to the Victoria College for Ladies, Belfast.
300 to the Foreign Mission Fund of the Presbyterian Church.
200 to the Jewish Mission Fund of the said Church.
100 to the Irish Mission Fund of the said Church.
200 to Shankill Road Mission, Belfast.

Should the residue of her estate not be sufficient for the payment of the said legacies in full, then they, shall abate rate-ably, but should there be any surplus then they shall increase rateably.



A military wedding took place in St. George's United Free Church, Edinburgh, on 24th March, the contracting parties being Captain Ernest Richard Rex, of the 5th Battalion The Royal Scots, and Rosella, daughter of the Rev. Frederick Torrens, Kerrykeel Parish, County Donegal. The bridesmaids were Miss E. Rex and Miss Pourie. Lieutenant Blair, R.A.M.C., acted as best man. The pulpit and altar of the church were tastefully decorated with palms, and there was a large gathering of those interested, including Colonel Clark, V.D., and Surgeon-Major Jamieson. The officiating clergyman was the Rev. Frederick Torrens, father of the bride, who was assisted by the Rev. Arthur Torrens and the Rev. H. Mulholland, uncles of the bride. As the bride and bridegroom left the church they passed beneath an archway of swords held fellow-officers of the bridegroom. A reception was afterward held in the Caledonian Station Hotel.


The following members have been elected to act as the Congregational Committee of First Presbyterian Church, Limavady, for the ensuing financial year -- Messrs. Samuel George, John Smith, Robert Smythe, Samuel Riddel, James Brown, Alexander Rankin, A. L. Pollock, William Purcell, Wm. Mahon, Henry Morrow, Robert Thompson, and R. A. Thorpe. The session and committee have unanimously decided to introduce the individual cups at the Communion services.


At the evening service in Ebrington Presbyterian Church, Londonderry, on Sunday, the pastor, Rev. Leslie Rankin, stated that he had endeavoured to compile a list of the members of the congregation now serving in the Army. It contained over one hundred names, which he read out. Some of these men were in the trenches, and he asked the congregation to remember in their prayers those who had so nobly responded to the call of King and country.



The night was as black as pitch, the otter hunter had a shaking bog to cross, and a wrong step meant disaster to himself and to his dogs. All of a sudden myriads of little lights danced and twinkled before him. These were the fairy candles of the gentle people. "Maybe you would be so obliging as to light me across the bog," he said, addressing them. In a minute a thousand lights flashed over the landscape, and there was a blaze from one end of the quagh to the other. I took heart and ventured, and, crossing the swamp as safely as if I had been walking on a gravelled road, I reached the boreen in safety. Turning to the fairies I said, "I am humbly thankful, and I wish you a merry night of it." The story is one of many of the legends told around the firesides of the Irish peasantry. What assists the hunter of to-day to traverse the boglands and rum over obstacles and defy all "the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune" is not the lights of the "little people," but the contents of a packet in which is deposited that most helpful of all agencies -- White's Wafer Oatmeal. A fairy yarn is romantic, but this is a utilitarian age, and White's Wafer Oatmeal has much to do with its concerns and its conquests.


The many friends throughout Ulster of Major Frank Hall, who was military secretary of the Headquarters Staff of the Ulster Volunteer Force, and is now on the General Staff of the War Office, will regret to learn of the loss which he has sustained by the death of his mother, Mrs. Florence Selina Hall, who passed away on the 25th ult., after an extended illness, at her residence, Moygannon, Rostrevor.



We regret to announce the death of Mr. Wm. Colhoun, proprietor of the "Londonderry Sentinel," a well-known citizen and public man, and ex-High Sheriff of the city, which took place yesterday morning at his residence, Alt-an-Righ, Northland Road, Londonderry.


The news of the death of Mr. Colhoun did not come upon me with surprise, as from what I had heard of the serious nature of his illness recovery seemed impossible. But while there was life there was hope. But if the news of his death did not cause surprise it occasioned the most sincere regret. "Willie" Colhoun and I were school companions at M'Quilkin's in Derry over half a century ago, and its head was one of the best types of the good old school of Irish schoolmasters. His father, Mr. Jas. Colhoun, was then proprietor of the "Derry Sentinel," and one of the best of gentlemen, as well as one of the best of newspaper proprietors and conductors. Under his care his journal attained a leading position in the North-West, which it has well sustained under his son and successor, who has now passed away. And with him has passed away not only the last of my school companions I remember, but one of my best and warmest friends in my mature life. At the present moment I can only think of the personal friend, and may be excused for overlooking the details of his public and professional career. Born, I may say, amid printer's ink, the atmosphere of journalistic life was as natural to him as the air he breathed. He felt proud of his father and the legacy he had left him, and he laboured to sustain the paternal traditions and to maintain and develop the fine newspaper and general printing business of which he was the head. He attained a high position in the ranks of journalism and of master printers, and was well-known and respected and honoured in the ranks of both on both sides of the Channel. He was a past president of the Irish Newspapers' Association and of the Ulster District of Journalists, and while occupying these positions he maintained the dignity and displayed the hospitality so characteristic of him. He was a staunch Unionist, and took a prominent part and received a full meed of honour in connection with all local organisations, and was an active member of the Ulster Unionist Council, and a most regular as well as most active and enthusiastic attendant at its meetings. He was attached to the Presbyterian Church, as his father was, and was respected by its members, as indeed he was by all his fellow-citizens. He was also a member of the Masonic Order, and a liberal supporter of its charities, as indeed he was to all objects that commanded his sympathy and approval. He filled the office of High Sheriff of Derry for two years. Mr. Colhoun was married, and is survived by his widow, three sons, and four daughters. It is an evidence of the spirit he was made of and the training he gave that his three sons at present hold commissions in the British Army. One of his daughters was married to a Canadian gentleman about two years ago, and is at present in Canada. His other daughters are at home. In Mr. Colhoun's death I feel I have lost a friend of half a century, and one of those whose friendship was genuine and sincere. To his widow and family I tender expressions of the most sincere condolence on the sad bereavement they have sustained.




On last Saturday at a special Court, here in Newtownards -- before Mr. W. G. [Du-?-] R.M. -- Samuel Heron, senior manager of the Ulster Print Works, Newtownards, was again charged with the murder of his step son Willie Quinn, at Flush Hall early on Sunday morning, the 14th February.

The principal evidence tendered was that of Miss Minnie Laverty, who stated that the she was engaged to deceased, and that the date for the marriage coincided with the date of her fiancee's burial. They had kept company for the past three years. A year ago they arranged to marry. January 25th was the date fixed for the wedding, but it was postponed to February 18th, and Quinn got the licence for that day. The first intimation she received about Willie's condition was on Sunday evening, February 14th, when she got a note from accused asking her to "take a walk up soon," as "Willie wished to see her."

"I went up to Flush Hall to see him instead of going to church that evening," Miss Laverty continued. "Mr. Heron took me to see him, and said to me when we got to Willie's room that Willie had got hurt. Mr. Heron remained in and out of the room while I was there, and left the room door open. Willie was asleep, and Mr. Heron wakened him. He was conscious for a little time, and in presence of Mr. Heron I asked Willie what happened to him, and he said -- 'The Germans have got me,' and then he dosed off to sleep again."

Evidence was also given to show that the accused was in financial difficulties, owing 1,000 to Mr. J. A. K. Robb, [2-?-] to the Belfast bank, 261 to the Ulster Bank, [--?--] Drake, merchant, 61 13s 1d; H. [--?--] merchant, 21 2s 2d; W. H. Simms, [--?--] 17; and Caughey, an undertaker, 11. [?s] 4d.

Accused was remanded for another week.


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The Witness - Friday, 9 April, 1915


CLEELAND -- April 6, at 77, Victoria Gardens, to Mr. and Mrs. R. V. Cleeland -- a daughter.


FORSYTHE -- April 1, 1915, at her father's residence, Main Street, Ballyclare, Helen K. Beresford, dearly-beloved daughter of John and Catherine Forsythe. Interred in Second Ballyeaston Burying-ground, on Saturday, 3rd April.

HAMMOND -- April 5, at the residence of Mr. John Martin, Clare House, Waringstown, Susanna Hammond, in her 99th year. Interred in Old Donacloney Burying-ground.

M'ALLISTER -- April 2, 1915, at his mother's residence, Hamilton's Row, Woodburn, Carrickfergus, Robert Thomas, third son of the late Thomas and Mrs. Jane M'Allister and late Teacher of Knockagh National School.
Sadly missed by his loving Mother, Sisters, and Brothers.

TELFORD -- April 8, 1915, at her residence, 36, Fitzroy Avenue, Belfast, Jane, relict of the late Robert Telford. Funeral from the above address to-morrow (Saturday), at 2 p.m., for interment in City Cemetery. Friends will please accept this intimation.

AGNEW -- April 2, Thomas F. Agnew, son of William A. Agnew, of 31, Pine Street.

ALISTER -- April 6, at Deneight, Lisburn, Elizabeth Alister.

ALLEN -- March 31, at Ballysallagh, Downpatrick, Sarah, wife of Robert Allen.

BROWN -- April 6, at Clonlee, Larne, Margaret, widow of Samuel Brown, Magheramorne.

BURNS -- March 12, 1915 (killed in action in Neuve Chapelle), Private William Hueston Burns (London Telephone Service), 13th Battalion London Regiment, second son of the late Hueston and M. J. Burns, Mountmellick, Ireland, aged 29 years. (London and Scotch papers please copy.)

BYRTT -- April 6, at North Street, Carrickfergus, William Byrtt, aged 78 years.

CAIRNS -- April 7, at 62, Cliftonville Road, Belfast, Marjory, relict of the late Samuel Cairns, Glenmore, Lisburn.

COLHOUN -- April 1, at Alt-an-Righ, Londonderry, William Colhoun, Proprietor "Londonderry Sentinel," aged 66 years.

CROSSETT -- April 6, at Loy Hill, Cookstown, Dr. Richard Crosset.

CORBETT -- April 4, at 5, Arthur Place, William, husband of Isabella Corbett.

DALEY -- April 1, at 5, Little Brunswick Street, Samuel Daley.

DAVIDSON -- April 6, at Parkgate Road, Dunadry, Margaret, wife of Nathaniel Davidson, senior, in her 76ih year.

ERWIN -- April 2, at Brook Street, Ahoghill, Margaret Ann, relict of the late James Erwin.

FILSON -- April 3, at Portaferry, Mary (nee Warnock), widow of the late Alexander Filson, B.A , M.D., in her 62nd year.

GIRDWOOD -- April 1, at Rosebank, Binstead, Ryde, I.W., Agnes, wife of John Girdwood, J.P.

GORDON -- April 7, at Fallahogey, Kilrea, Letitia, relict of the late James Gordon.

IRWIN -- March 26, at Lurganearly, Altnamackin (after a lingering illness, borne with Christian patience), Mary Jane, the dearly-beloved wife of John Irwin.
"And there shall be no more death, neither sorrow nor crying; neither shall there be any more pain." -- Rev. xxi. 4.

JEFFERSON -- March 31, at Roslea House, Cliftonville Road, Belfast, Margaret, wife of W. J. Jefferson.

JERMYN -- April 8, at Corleggy, Belturbet, Francis Jermyn, J.P.

JOYCE -- April 1, at 10, Wellesley Avenue, Belfast, Elizabeth Frances, widow of Lancaster Joyce, M.D., aged 81 years.

LAW -- April 2, Birchgrove, Gilford, Lillie, wife of William Law.

MAWHINNEY -- April 5, Letitia Mawhinney, Ballinarry, Birches, Portadown.

MORTON -- April 7, at Enville, Banbridge, George, son of Joseph Morton.

MULLIGAN -- April 4, at Rockside, Newcastle, Co. Down, Alex. Adams Mulligan, late Bannside, Banbridge.

MURRAY -- April 6, at Moyrusk, Moira, James Murray, aged 79 years.

M'ALISTER -- April 5, at Mullahinch, Aghadowey, William G. M'Alister (late of Cullen, Allen, & Co.).

M'CANDLESS -- April 4, at Millbank, Coleraine, Robert M'Candless, aged 74 years.

M'CAW -- April 6, at 1, Mount Royal, Antrim Road, Belfast, Alexander M'Caw, aged 66 years.

ROSS -- April 6, at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Henry Ross, of 33, Haypark Avenue, Belfast (formerly of Ballymoney), aged 52 years.

SCOTT -- March 31, at Carmegrim, Portglenone, James Scott.

SPILLER -- April 5, at 15, Stranmillis Road, Belfast, Catherine C., widow of the late Daniel Frederick Spiller.

WALLACE -- April 5, 1915, at her residence, 10, Ardgreenan Drive, Belfast, Charlotte Ferris, widow of the late George Hamilton Wallace, Newry.

WIGHTMAN -- March 31, at 34, Carleton Street, Portadown, James Wightman.

WILSON -- April 2, at Glovett, Clough, Co. Down, Margaret M'Donnell, wife of Samuel Wilson.

YOUNG -- April 2, 1915, at Ednafogery, Isabella, third daughter of the late John Young, aged 75 years.

In Memoriam

JOHNSTON -- In fond memory of a loving husband and father, John King Johnston, Smithboro', who departed this life on the 8th of April, 1912.


MRS. MARSHALL AND FAMILY return their sincere Thanks to the many kind Friends who sent letters of sympathy in the loss of a devoted husband and loving father and trust they will accept this as an expression of their deep gratitude.
Sympathy and -- "Friendship is the wine of life."
Lisnagat House, Markethill.




At the Dublin Four Court's, Commissioner the Hon. Gerald Fitzgerald, K.C., has delivered judgment in the following fair rents appeals --


Thomas Maguire, tenant, v. Lieutenant-Colonel J. C. W. Madden, landlord -- 16 10 6d, 16 4s, confirmed (3).

Edward Tierney and another v. Joseph N. Lentaigne, continued in the name of Sir John Lentaigne -- 23, 23, confirmed (2).

Edward Tierney v. same -- 18 7s, 17 11s, confirmed (2).

Christopher M'Auley v. Lord Rossmore -- 8 19s 7d, dismissed. Dismiss affirmed (1)

Margaret Jane Anderson v. Frances E. Jones and others -- 9 10s, 6 18s, 7 15s (2).

Same v. same -- 8 18s, 6, 7 (2).

James Coyle v. Alexander R. Montgomery -- 9 6s, 7 7s 6d, 8 5s (3).

Susan Coyle v. same -- 15 14s, 15 9s, confirmed (3).

George Parks v. Earl of Dartrey -- 13 4s, 12 15s, 13 4s (3).

James Coyle v. Henry K. Leslie and another -- 3 6s, 3 6s, confirmed (2).

James Sloan v. Miss Sarah Reid and another -- 16 10s, 11 10s, 13 (3).


Henry Gilmore v. J. G. C. Irvine -- 14, 10 17s, 13 (3).

Francis Murphy v. Colonel Mervyn Archdale and another -- 12 6s, 9 16s, confirmed (2).

Elizabeth A. Gilmore v. Governors of Vaughan's Charity -- 14 5s, 11 11s, confirmed (3).

Thomas Foster v. Earl of Erne -- 5 8s [?], 4 13s (2).

Bernard Kelleher v. George Massy Beresford -- 10 10s, 10, confirmed (2).

Francis West v. Letitia M. Fowler and others -- 30, 24 8s, confirmed (2).

John Granlees v. Major Hamilton -- 11 3s 6d, 10 10s, confirmed (3).

Same v. same -- 13 3s, 12 4s (3).

Thomas Maguire v. Mrs. Martha Worrall and others -- 8, 6 6s, confirmed (3).

Robert Stinson v. Hugh de F. Montgomery -- 28, 28, confirmed (3).

Jane Rogers v. same -- 41, 39, 41 (3).

Edward Rogers v. same -- 36 15s, 35 4s, 36 15s (2).


Thomas Burns v. Maxwell Blacker-Douglas -- 3 17s 6d, 2 10s 6d, confirmed (3).

Patrick Lappin v. David Hutcheson and another -- 5, 4 13s, 4 7s (2).

Patrick Kelly v. Miss J. J. Dobbin, old rent unascertained, fixed by Sub-Commission -- 13 19s, 12 17s (2).

Charles M'Cabe v. Colonel William Kirk and others -- 21, 15 15s, 17 (2).

(1), (2), (3) -- First, second, and third term applications.


Judgment was also delivered in a County Monaghan fair-rent appeal in which Lord Rossmore is landlord and Christopher M'Auley tenant. The tenant's application to fix a fair rent had been dismissed by the Sub-Commission upon the ground that the holding was a townpark to the town of Monaghan within the meaning of the Land Law (Ireland) Acts. The holding consists of 5a. Or. 35p., the rent is 8 19s 7d, and the poor-law valuation 7 10s. It was let by lease in 1823 by Lady Rossmore to Alexander King, of Monaghan, brewer and merchant, and he was succeeded by his son Matthew King, who died in 1856. He was succeeded by his widow. Matthew King's daughter married the existing tenant, Christopher M'Auley, a commercial traveller, who for four years past resided in Belfast.

Mr. Commissioner Fitzgerald in delivering judgment, having reviewed the evidence, said that in the opinion of the Assessor, with which he concurred, the holding bears an increased value as accommodation land over and above the ordinary letting value of the land occupied as a farm. The holding was, therefore, a townpark within the meaning of the 58th section of the Land Act of 1881. The question then arose: Was it let and used as an ordinary agricultural farm within the meaning of the 9th section of the Land Act of 1887 as amended by the 6th section of the Land Act of 1896? On the whole he had come to the conclusion that the letting of a single field in the neighbourhood of the town to a merchant living in the town was not a letting of that field as an ordinary agricultural farm. Also, it appeared to him that a substantial part of the user of the holding was of an accommodation character. He therefore, affirmed the dismiss of the Sub-Commission.



We regret to announce the death of Dr. Samuel Hamilton, Ballynahinch, which occurred on Monday. Over a year ago he had been laid up with a severe illness, which left its mark on his constitution and rendered him unable to undertake professional night duty. Up till Friday last, however, he was busily engaged, but on Saturday, feeling the effects of a severe cold, he remained in bed during the day. Shortly after 11 o'clock p.m. an attack of heart weakness set in, and while this was temporarily warded off he was seized with another attack on Monday, and succumbed to it. Dr. Hamilton was a man of fine physique, end in his college days at Queen's was a noted athlete. Finishing his medical course with distinction in 1881, he purchased the practice of Dr. T. D. Foreman in Ballynahinch, and at once became extremely popular as a medical practitioner and enjoyed a most extensive practice. Hearty end cheery in nanner, he made hosts of friends. In 1891 he was married to a daughter of the late Professor Witherow, D.D., of Londonderry, by whom he has two sons, Lieutenant Rowan Hamilton, R.A.M.C., and Woodrow Hamilton, of the Y.C.V., and the sympathy of the entire community will go out to these relatives in their sad bereavement.



A University has two functions to fulfil. One is to educate and equip its students for taking their part in the struggle of life, and to qualify them for making the most Of the opportunities life gives them to secure success. Another is to train men to be good subjects of the State, and to do any duty for the State that circumstances and necessities may call for. It is to our universities we look for the training of men to give light and leading and to promote culture and enlightenment, as well as patriotic spirit and patriotic leadership. The Queen's University, of Belfast has done its duty in both respects. Its roll of college successes is a splendid one, and the men it has sent out into the world have done it and themselves credit. As it was in the beginning it is still, and the hallmark of the Queen's University carries with it a standard of culture and excellence which is everywhere acknowledged. Its Vice-Chancellor, President Hamilton, has devoted himself with great enthusiasm to the development of the College and University in all its departments. Though himself not in the fighting line or of a fighting profession or age, he has thrown himself into the volunteering for the British Army at this critical period in our country's history. He is as proud of the almost five hundred men who have joined the colours as he is of the academic distinctions which the graduates have gained. And no wonder he is proud, and no wonder all connected with the University as senators or staff, graduates and students, are proud of the record. Some of those who have gone, out from the University have already sealed their service by their lives. Others are still doing duty at the front and in the tranches, and others are preparing to follow them. We are sure that there is not a Queen's man who goes to the front who will not do his duty and bring credit to his University and country. There has recently been in a little volume a second impression of the Roll of Honour, and an interesting roll it is. A unique feature of it is that the Chancellor of the University, the Earl of Shaftesbury, heads the list, and is at present serving with and in command of his brigade. Then we find that no fewer than eighteen members of the University staff have joined the colours, with graduates and undergraduates by the hundred. And we should not omit reference to the large number of surgeons and physicians in Belfast, all associated with the University either as members of the staff or graduates, who have been in attendance on the wounded soldiers in the Belfast hospitals. The names of these would be enough to establish not only their standing, but their faithful as well as skilful discharge of duty. The Roll of Honour is a most interesting one, on which we congratulate all connected with the University. And as citizens and as Ulstermen we are all proud of the old Queen's for what it has done in the past and is doing in the present for culture; and not least for what it has done for the service of the country in this grave crisis of its history.


Biographical Sketches


Rev. James Kennedy Elliott was born in Belfast, and in due course became a graduate of Queen's University, where he took a special interest in mental science, and was a prizeman in metaphysics. Having entered the Assembly's College, Belfast, he passed the examination of the Theological Committee, showing superior knowledge in Biblical doctrine. During his college course Dr. Elliott was a successful student-town-missionary. Licensed by the Presbytery of Belfast, he was ordained on 10th December, 1872, and inducted to the charge of Carrowdore, in County Down; thence he was called to Randalstown, in County Antrim, and subsequently to Union Road, Magherafelt, County Londonderry. Meantime an invitation to a city parish in the Church of Scotland had been declined. Owing to the state of his wife's health, he determined to migrate to New Zealand, and, carrying a commission from the Colonial Committee, he landed in the said country in 1884. The city of Wellington, the capital of the colony, presented at that time a good opening for church extension, and Dr. Elliott began work in what is now the large and flourishing congregation of St. James'. Leaving St. James', he became the founder of Kent Terrace Congregation in 1886. The first services were held in a hired hall, but the enterprise has grown into a commodious church, a lecture hall, and a schoolroom, with a comfortable manse close at hand, the whole property being valued at about 10,000. Here Dr. Elliott, by his scholarship, eloquence, piety, and sympathy, has for over a quarter of a century exercised deep and far-reaching influence for spiritual good, while his interest in men and his generous warm-heartedness has made him a recognised force in all efforts within the city for the betterment of the condition of the people. He has long been a prominent figure in the Church Courts, where as a speaker he has always hearty welcome. He was Moderator of the important Assembly which consummated the too-long-deferred union between the Synod of Otago and the Northern Church, and ably discharged the anxious duties of the position. In his time he has been convener of Temperance, Church Extension, and Sabbath Observance Committees, and he took an active part in the formation of the Wellington Presbyterian Orphanage. He has never been lacking in public spirit. Chairman for many years of the Wellington Charitable Aid Board, he is at present, by a large popular vote, a member of the Board. From his congregation no less than twenty-eight young men have joined the New Zealand Expeditionary Force. Dr. Elliott, who is certain to worthily uphold the high distinction now conferred upon him, is not unknown contributor to the columns of some of the Irish Presbyterian religious periodicals, and several of the New Year booklets for Sabbath-school children have been from his pen.

REV. C. H. IRWIN, M.A., D.D.

Rev. Clarke Huston Irwin, assistant secretary of the Religions Tract Society, is a son of the late Rev. Dr. Wm. Irwin, of Castlerock, and was a former minister of the General Assembly of the Irish Presbyterian Church. He received his early education in Bandon, and afterwards entered Queen's College, Cork, where he held a junior scholarship in classics and a senior scholarship in modern languages. He graduated in the Royal University, and in 1879 took his M.A. degree in the same University. He studied theology in the Assembly's College, Belfast, and Magee College, Derry, and he also attended classes in the University of Bonn. His first charge was the congregation of Bray, Co. Wicklow, where he laboured most successfully from 1881 to 1892. He was then called to St. Andrew's Church, Melbourne, Australia, where he remained till 1896. He returned to his native land towards the end of 1896, and very shortly afterwards he joined the staff of the Religious Tract Society, in which his father for many years was greatly interested. Dr. Irwin had always a great taste for literary work, and during his ministry in Bray he edited the "Presbyterian Churchman," and when in Melbourne he was the responsible Editor of the "Australian Weekly." From 1900 till 1905 he edited "The Leisure Hour," and for a considerably longer period "Sunday at Home". In 1905 he was appointed assistant secretary of the Religious Tract Society, London, which responsible position he now holds, and the duties of which he discharges wi with conspicuous ability. Dr. Irwin's publications have been very extensive, amongst them being Pulpit Commentary, on 2nd Kings and Romans; translated from the German Meyer's Commentary on the Epistles of St. John, "Christlieb's Homiletic," Möller's "Are the Critics Right?" Nösgens "The New Testament and the Pentateuch;" "History of Presbyterianism in Dublin," "John Calvin." These indicate the wide scholarship of Dr. Irwin, and give a guarantee that he will worthily wear the honour he has just received.


Rev. John Ferguson Steele, who is one of the best known of the new doctors of divinity, is a native of Antrim. He received his early education at the Royal Academical Institution, Belfast, where he had as one of his classmates Mr. R. M. Jones, M.A., the present headmaster and in 1877 proceeded to the Queen's College, Belfast, where, he held scholarships through his entire course. He was a distinguished student, graduating in 1880 with first-class honours in experimental science, and in 1881 he took his M.A. degree with similar distinction. His theological course was taken at the Assembly's College, Belfast, and that he studied there to the best advantage was shown later by his taking of the B.D. degree by examination. In October, 1883, he was ordained in Rev. Dr. West's church, Antrim, by the Templepatrick Presbytery, and was designated for mission service in India, where for over thirty years he has been one of the most honoured and successful of missionaries. His longest period of service in Gujarat was spent in the very important station of Anand, and as a result of his labours there the membership of the Indian Church increased greatly and its liberality grew. Mr. Steele is the author of many commentaries in Gujarati on the Pauline Epistles, and his work in this regard has been, found most useful by the students in the Stevenson College, Ahmedabad, and by the native evangelists. He is a man who enjoys the fullest confidence of his brethren in the mission field, who regard him as statesmanlike in outlook, wise in counsel, earnestly devoted to the work of spreading the Gospel in India, and most brotherly in all his relations with his fellow-workers. Well-known at home, his services have been eagerly sought after when on furlough, and throughout the Church he is greatly beloved and trusted. We feel sure that this Faculty in conferring on him the degree of D.D. have rightly interpreted the feelings of a wide circle, and have given this distinction to a man who has most worthily won it and will as worthily wear it.


Rev. W. T. Latimer, who has thoroughly merited the honour of Doctor of Divinity, is a son of the manse, his late father, Rev. John Latimer, having been minister of First Ballynahatty. He received his early education at a classical academy in Omagh, subsequently entering the Queen's College, Belfast, where he had a distinguished career, winning valuable prizes in various classes, He graduated in 1870, and in 1910 he secured his M.A. degree from the Royal University. On the completion of his theological studies he was licensed by the Presbytery of Belfast on May 2nd, 1871. Some time afterwards he received a call from the congregation of Eglish, in the Dungannon Presbytery, where he was ordained on October 7th, 1872. Dr. Latimer found here a sphere of work in every way suited to his tastes and talents, and he never sought a change. Notwithstanding a decreasing population, the number of families in connection with Eglish congregation increased considerably under Dr. Latimer's ministry, and when he resigned his charge it was never in a more healthy or more prosperous condition. As an indication of the high regard entertained for Dr. Latimer and his family, it may be stated that on his retirement the congregation were most anxious to secure as his assistant and successor his son, the Rev. W. J. Latimer, to whom a hearty and unanimous call was addressed and repeated a second time. Young Mr. Latimer, however, who is now the minister of Carnone congregation, in the Raphoe Presbytery, did not see his way to accept the call, which was subsequently offered to the Rev. R. M'Causland, who is now Dr. Latimer's assistant. Very early in life Dr. Latimer began to write for the newspapers and magazines, making a special study of historical subjects. Few ministers in the Irish Presbyterian Church have contributed so much to ecclesiastical literature as he has done, and in addition to numerous articles along these lines he has published "History of the Life and Times of the Rev. Henry Cooke, D.D., LL.D;" "History of the Irish Presbyterians;" "Popular History of the Irish Presbyterian Church;" "Ulster biographies, chiefly relating to the Rebellion of 1798;" "Lectures on the Doctrines of the Plymouth Brethren." In the formation of the Historical Society in connection with the General Assembly Dr. Latimer took a deep interest, and made several valuable contributions to that society. For three years he was vice-president of the Royal Society of Antiquarians, and is an honorary member of the Scotch Irish Society of America. It was a matter of deep regret that Dr. Latimer's degree yesterday had to be confered in absentia owing to the state of his health, but it is hoped he may still have many years before him in which to serve the Church of which in the past he has been such a distinguished and faithful minister.



On Sabbath last Rev. W. Smyth referred in Mountmellick Presbyterian Church to the death of Mr. W. H. Burns, who was killed in action in France on the 12th March. Speaking on the text 1st These, iv. 14 -- "For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him" -- Mr. Smyth said -- I cannot close to-day without referring to the loss of one who was brought up in this congregation, and whose name has been enrolled among the noble dead who have fallen in this war which is now raging. I need scarcely say that I refer to Mr. Wm. Burns, who, according to the official report, was killed in action on the 12th of last month. He was a young man who was brought early to know the love of God and his duty to others and himself. I can picture vividly to-day a bright-eyed, intelligent lad of thirteen years coming to me for his first Latin lesson. I know how anxious he was to learn in the Sabbath School of Him "whom to know is life eternal," and it was a pleasure to speak to him of the statutes of the Lord which afterwards became his delight and counsellors. He was happy in his early life, for every influence that surrounded him was for good, and calculated to produce a high and noble character. He early left his home for school, and spent a few years in Sandymount Academical Institution, Dublin, where he did not spend his time in vain. He then entered the Civil Service, and was sent to London, where his ability and intelligence were soon recognised, and I have reason to know that, had the Lord spared hem, he would have gained a very high place in his profession. Many letters have been received from London testifying to his nobility of character and his usefulness in the service of his Lord and Master. Here are a few extracts. The session clerk of Stoke Newington Presbyterian Church writes -- "Mr. W. H. Bums has been long connected with our congregation, and the longer we knew him the more he was esteemed. He was popular with the young people and admired by his elders. An earnest Christian from his youth, he was instructed in all things that were honourable and of good report. He had worked in our Sunday-school and so gained the approval of his fellow-teachers that he was elected assistant superintendent, and the congregation also showed its appreciation of his character and ability by electing him a manager. We are the losers and so are all his friends, but we mourn not as those who have no hope, but in the joyful assurance that he was ready when the call came, and he is now in the presence of the Saviour in whom, he trusted, and whom he sought to honour. His enlisting was at the dictates of a good conscience and from a high sense of duty, and was in keeping with the high principles which ruled and guided his whole life." Here is what one of his chums writes -- "In the service, and especially amongst the officers and members of the Junior Civil Service Christian Union, he will be greatly missed, for he has rendered very real and loyal service to all his colleagues from the very early days when be came over from Ireland." And a lady with whom he was billeted for a few days before going to the front writes -- "He was a perfect gentleman, a thorough Christian, and always so thoughtful and considerate for everyone about him. He was the sort of fellow that made one feel his Christianity without making a show of it." These extracts speak volumes regarding the useful life he lived in London for over twelve years. At the outbreak of the war, as you know, he joined the London Territorials, and after the usual training was sent to France, where he arrived on the 12th February, and when he had served his King and country for just a month God called him to nobler work two days before his thirtieth birthday. And what more costly offering could he give than what he gave, his life? In this sorrow we all share to-day, that we shall see his bright face no more amongst us. We all had learned to love and respect him. But we are proud of his life and courage and devotion. His name will always be treasured by us and by our church as one who did his duty and died a noble death. We share, too, the sorrow of his two brothers and all his friends, and I am sure that it is our united prayer to-day that God may deal lovingly and gently with them in their sore trial and loss. But wo do not sorrow as those who have no hope, "For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him."



Clare (Tandragee) Presbyterian Church, which has undergone extensive renovation, including the installation of an improved heating apparatus, involving an expenditure of about 350, was reopened for public worship on Sabbath, when special services were conducted by the Right Rev. James Bingham, M.A., D.D., Moderator of the General Assembly. Special collections were taken up on behalf of the renovation fund, a goodly sum being realised.



The sea exploits of Admiral Blake are the moot picturesque and striking that ever was sketched. In the seventeenth century the Dutch were masters of the maritime world. They fished in all waters, traded in all ports, and gathered the wealth of the universe under all skies, but Blake successfully challenged their supremacy. It was he who first carried the British flag as a symbol of terror and power round the Mediterranean ports, and established in the great Midland sea a supremacy which Great Britain has ever since maintained. The keynote of Blake's character was that magnificent word Duty, which Nelson spelt out with many coloured flags to his fleet on the morning of Trafalgar, and which Henry Lawrence chose as his epitaph at Lucknow. Duty is still the inspiration of the British youth, and Blake is one of his ideals. Our sailors naturally inherit the spirit of their forebears, and thanks to such national products as White's Wafer Oatmeal, they acquire their qualities of strength and power. The commercial deeds that make for nation-building are often closely allied to historic triumphs.



"The Royal Scots" boasts the unique distinction of being the oldest regiment in the British Army. Although the first name it bears on its colours is that of the famous victory of Blenheim in 1704, it was an organised military body as early as 1625. Trained by service in many a Continental field, their record! in various parts of the world was distinguished. In the fierce struggles of the Peninsular War they won laurels upon the top of laurels, and at Waterloo an eye-witness of their prowess said -- "I have often seen this regiment engaged with the enemy, but on this trying day, it far excelled anything ever witnessed. Boldly confronting amid the storm of battle, the torrent of superior numbers, it fought with a constancy and valour which would not be overcome." It is rather an instructive fact that Scotchmen, who excel in military or civil spheres, are convinced disciples of the porridge pot. They believe that good oatmeal is the secret of strength, and that strength is an indispensable requisite to the safety and security of Britain. The millions who patronise White's Wafer Oatmeal daily will thoroughly endorse this sentiment.



At a meeting of Newry Presbytery on Tuesday last a call from the congregation of Carlingford to Rev. Foster M'Clelland, B.A., of Kilmount, to become minister of the church in the room of the Rev. John Watson, B.A., now of Second Dungannon, was tabled. The call was sustained, and ordered to be forwarded to the Presbytery of Cavan.



An American professor is responsible for the theory that the birth-month has an influence on temperament, and that people differ from one another according to the seasons of the year in which they are born. The planets govern the situation. Mercury makes September people bad-tempered, whilst Jupiter endows the December born with a cheerful and jovial disposition. Those born in May are under the spell of Venus, and they must fight against the desire to become effeminate or extravagant. The moon gives a nervous, hysterical temperament to those born in July, whilst the sun, which exercises jurisdiction over the August-born, bestows on them a charming personality. Enlarging on his subject, the professor proceeds to argue that marriages between people born in uncongenial months terminates in domestic infelicity. Be all this logic or romance there is one infallible guide to attractive wedded life, and that is to be found in the damp-proof packet of White's Wafer Oatmeal, which is now in universal demand. The two words, marriage and porridge, don't rhyme without reason, and White's Wafer Oatmeal makes the finest porridge imaginable.


It will be observed by advertisement that the library of the late Rev. Professor Dickey, Magee College, is to be disposed off privately, and a selection, of the books will be displayed in the college library on Wednesday next. Professor Dickey was a highly cultivated gentleman, and we are sure many valuable literary and theological treasures will be found in his library.


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The Witness - Friday, 16 April, 1915


LEITCH--ROBB -- April 10, 1915 (by special licence), at Castlereagh Presbyterian Church, by Rev. J. B. Thomson, James F. L. Leitoh, 2nd Lieut. 6th Battalion R.I.R., youngest son of Chas. N. Leitch, Edzell, Sans Souci Park, to Ethel, eldest daughter of John Robb, Esq., Charlieville, Castlereagh, Belfast.

SMITH--BRITTAIN -- March 24, at Balmoral Methodist Church, by the Rev. W. Caldwell (brother-in-law of the bride), assisted by Rev. T. E. Gibson and Rev. H. M'Connell (brother-in-law of the bride), Alexander Smith, son of Samuel Smith, Ballyhone, Ballyclare, to Anna Evelyn (Eva), youngest daughter of F. A. Brittain, Huntleigh, Windsor Park, Belfast.


TAYLOR -- April 9, 1915, at the Sailors' Institute, The Quay, Waterford, Sarah, the beloved wife of James Taylor. Interred at the Cemetery, John's Hill, Waterford, on Monday, the 12th inst. A True Friend of Sailors.

ADAMSON -- April 11, at Ann Street, Gilford, Effie, wife of Thomas Adamson.

ARMSTRONG -- April 8, William F. Armstrong, son of Thomas Armstrong, Eden Hall, Portadown.

ARNOLD -- April 8, at Portstewart, Maria Emily, widow of John Arnold.

BAASTAD -- April 13, at 12, Holywood View Terrace, Belfast, Henry A. Baastad.

BLACKWOOD -- April 8, at 24, University Square, Belfast, Caroline Christiana, only daughter of the late William Blackwood.

BOOMER -- April 11, at The Bridge, Derriagby, William M. Boomer, late of Belfast Bank.

BROWN -- April 13, at Aughnaleck House, Lisburn, Eliza Jane, widow of the late John Brown.

CAMPBELL -- April 9, at Drumfad, Millisle, David Campbell.

CARSON -- April 12, at Dukestown, Corcreany, Lurgan, David Carson, aged 80 years.

CURRIE -- April 8, at Tullygarley, Annie Elizabeth, widow of Samuel Currie, aged 80 years.

DARRAH -- April 9, at Kingsgate Street, Coleraine, Jane Lindsay, widow of the late John Darrah.

DEMPSTER -- April 13, at Lisnawhiggle, Kells, Ballymena, William Henry, husband of Mary Dempster.

DILL -- April 11 (killed in action), Captain Robert Foster Dill, D.S.O., 129th D.C.O. Baluchis, second son of the Very Rev. Marcus Dill, D.D., ex-Moderator of the Church of Scotland, aged 31 years.

DORRANS -- April 9, at 192, Agnes Street, Belfast, Samuel Dorrans.

EDENS -- April 11, at Mullaghearton, Magheragall, Sarah Edens, late of Ballinderry.

FRENCH -- April 9, at Hurtletoot, Henry, husband of Maria French.

GILPIN -- April 12, at Clonrolla, Portadown, John Gilpin, in his 93rd year.

HEWITT -- April 14, Church Street, Portadown, Olive Hewitt.

HORNER -- April 13, at Magheramorne, Limavady, Anna, daughter of the late J. H. Horner.

JENKINS -- April 7, at 1, Duncairn Avenue, James Jenkins, in his 78th year.

JOHNSTON -- April 12, at a Nursing Home, Belfast, Essie, widow of Hugh Johnston, formerly of Glastry, Co. Down.

JOHNSTON -- April 13, at Matlock, Isabella, wife of Samuel Johnston, Ardenza, Knock, Belfast.

LAWSON -- April 10, James Lawson, Royal Terrace, Whitehead, late Manager Northern Bank, Dromore, Down.

MOORE -- April 13, at Ardlui, Adelaide Park, Rev. David Raphael Moore, B.A., Senior Minister of Killinchy.

MOORE -- April 13, at The Manse, Ballymoney, Ann Adams Staveley, widow of Dr. Quintin Moore, Mavin, and youngest daughter of the late Rev. W. J. Staveley, D.D., Ballymoney, in her 89th year.

MORGAN -- At 5, Eblana Street, Susan Fulton, third daughter of the late John J. Morgan.

M'CORMICK -- April 8, at Bank Street, Greenock, Violet, daughter of Edward M'Cormick.

M'DOWELL -- April, 9, at High Street, Comber, Jane M'Dowell.

M'FADDEN -- April 12, at Pine Lodge, Hadley Green, Barnet, James M'Fadden, J.P., late of Portadown.

M'MASTER -- April 10, at Culzean, Cregagh, James H. M'Master, late of Tullycarnett.

M'MEEKIN -- April 9, at 25, Rathcool Street, Lisburn Road, Mary A. M'Meekin.

M'MULLAN -- At her residence, Ballyoglagh, Margaret Jane M'Mullan, widow of the late John M'Mullan, aged 86 years.

NORRIS -- April 14, at Queen Street, Ballymoney, Margaret, wife of R. C. Norris.

RICHEY -- April 11, at Moyrusk, Moira, Harriette, wife of Jonathan Richey.

TEGGART -- April 13, at Belfast (late of 4, Shaftesbury Square), Mary Jane, widow of the late James Teggart, of Messrs. W. H. Teggart, Ltd.

TELFORD -- April 8, at 36, Fitzroy Avenue, Belfast, Jane, relict of the late Robert Telford.

WELLS -- April 11, at High Street, Lurgan, Marianne, daughter of the late Matthew Wells, Lurgan.

WILSON -- April 9, at 258, Grosvenor Road, Margaret, relict of the lats Robert Wilson.

WILSON -- April 8, 1915 (after a long illness), David, eldest son of Samuel Wilson, Ashgrove, Ballybay.

In Memoriam

MILLIKEN -- In loving memory of Matthew H. Milliken, late of Ballycloughan, Saintfield, who passed peacefully to the other side on 13th April, 1914. Psalm xc. 10. "So He bringeth them unto their desired haven."

WARWICK -- In fond and loving memory of our dear mother, Hessie Warwick, who fell asleep in Jesus on the 15th April, 1908, and was interred in Kilbride Burying-ground.
     Sleep in peace, oh! dearest mother,
        Though we still thy loss deplore;
     Fleeting time will re-unite us,
        Thou art only gone before.
Inserted by her Husband and Family.



The funeral of Mr. George Morton, Enville, Banbridge, took place on Saturday last, and the large and representative cortege testified to the esteem and regard in which the deceased gentleman was held by the people of Banbridge and a large circle of friends outside it. Deep regret was ex-pressed when, it became known recently that he was seriously ill, as, though he had been confined to his home since January, his illness was not regarded as more than a temporary breakdown, and sorrow for his death in the full prime of his activities and usefulness is widespread, and genuine.

Mr. Morton, was the eldest surviving son of Mr. Joseph Morton, head of the well-known firm of grass-seed merchants, and for some years had been closely identified with his father's business. A tireless worker, he was regarded as one of the best business men in Banbridge, and was held in high esteem for his capacity, integrity, and uprightness. In private life his frank and genial character made him a general favourite. A member of the Presbyterian Church, he acted for some years as secretary to Bannside Congregation, and was devoted to its interests.

In athletic life, the deceased gentleman was chiefly interested in cricket, hockey, and golf. He had been captain of Banbridge Cricket Club and of Banbridge Hockey Club, and was a member of the Royal County Down Golf Club. He was of the best type of sportsman -- keen, fair, and courteous. At the outbreak of war three brothers of deceased volunteered for service, and he gladly undertook a great deal of additional work in order that they might do their part to help the Empire. When the coffin was home from his father's house it was seen to be on the shoulders of his four brothers, three of whom were in military uniform. Subsequently the remains were carried for some distance by his comrades of the Cricket Club, and were interred in the Newry Road Cemetery, the service at the graveside being conducted by Rev. James Scott and Rev. Thomas Boyd. With Mr. Joseph Morton, Mrs. Morton, and their family deep sympathy is felt in their bereavement.



The news of the death of Mr. James Jenkins, which took place on 7th inst. at the residence of his son, Mr. J. Beckett Jenkins, 1, Duncairn Avenue, will cause deep regret among a wide circle of friends and acquaintances in and round the city. The late Mr. Jenkins, who was a native of Elgin, Scotland, entered upon his commercial career at Youghal, near Cork -- to which town he had come at the early age of thirteen years, and where he served an apprenticeship to the ironmongery trade. He afterwards entered the service of Messrs. William Gray & Sons, George's Street, Edinburgh, the leading ironmongery business in that city, leaving some years later for Belfast, where he took over the managership of the extensive concern at one time carried on by the late Mr. William M'Neill, in Corn Market, in premises now in the occupation of Messrs. Gillespie & Woodside. Some years later the deceased gentleman purchased the goodwill of the business of the late Mr. James Ball, at one time one of the foremost rent agents in the city, and having offices in Fountain Street. Mr. Jenkins, besides being of a most genial disposition, was a man of considerable professional acumen, and the business developed considerably under his able conduct of affairs. In the course of years he removed to 65, Donegall Street, and afterwards to 23, Rosemary Street, where he remained until his retirement some nine years ago.

Mr. Jenkins, who had been in failing health for some time past, was for many years a prominent figure in the commercial and social life of the city, and was very highly esteemed by all with whom he came in contact. He was one of the oldest members of the Ulster Reform Club, and one of the original members and promoters of the Belfast Benevolent Society of St. Andrews, having filled for two years the office of president of that organisation, besides holding for a period the position of honorary treasurer. He was also a promoter, with the late Mr. W. C. Mitchell and Mr. Robert Jamison, of the Belmont Bowling Club -- in whose affairs he took a lively interest -- and also of the Royal County Down Golf Club. A man of high literary attainments, he was for many years honorary secretary of the Pundit Club, and gave many highly-appreciated lectures to the members of that society, while his contributions to the debates always proved interesting and instructive.

He was a member of the Presbyterian Church, and was a staunch Unionist, but, although he was keenly interested in Parliamentary and municipal affairs, he never identified himself very much with public matters. In addition to his son, Mr. J. Beckett Jenkins, a well-known house agent, valuator, and auctioneer of this city, the deceased is survived by a daughter who resides in Dublin, and a son who is manager of the new shipping combine in London.



Second Lieutenant R. W. M'Connell, who was recently gazetted to a commission in the King's Own (Royal. Lancaster) regiment, 30th Batt., was entertained and presented with a sword of honour by the office-bearers of Megain Memorial Church, at a social meeting held in the lecture hall on Thursday night last. After tea Rev. Dr. M'Kean was called to the chair. He warmly commended the step taken by Lieut. M'Connell, and expressed the hope that he would be enabled to strike a blow for truth and righteousness, and be spared to return from the war crowned with honour. Mr. Thomas Johnston, representative elder, in presenting the sword, referred to the large number who had gone forth from their congregation to serve their King and country.

Second Lieut. M'Connell expressed his sincere thanks for the sword, which he valued more than he could express, as coming from the office-bearers of his father's congregation, the congregation in which he was born and brought up. He regarded it as an expression of their approval that he had done his duty. It was through no love for fighting that he had chosen temporarily the army for his profession, but simply because he felt it to be his duty. He had little experience yet of military life, but his stay at Peterhouse College, Cambridge, where he had been training for the past month, was pleasant and profitable, though the work was arduous. He hoped to join his regiment at Kingsbridge, Devonshire, on Tuesday, and he trusted that if ever called upon to wield the sword he would use it as they would have him.

Complimentary speeches were delivered by Messrs. Robert Rea, James M'Adam, Samuel Hanna, and John M'Cormick, P.L.G., secretary of the congregation.

An excellent programme, consisting of solos by Miss Adams, Miss M'Nally and Miss M'Cormick, and recitations by Messrs. M'Adam and Holland, wad gone through.

On the motion of Mr. James M'Cance, seconded by Rev. James M'Connell, a hearty vote of thanks was accorded to the chairman, tea-makers, and all who contributed to the programme and success of the meeting, after which the Assembly joined together in singing "Auld Lang Syne" and the National Anthem.



We deeply regret to announce the death of the Rev. David Raphael Moore, B.A., senior minister of Killinchy Presbyterian Church, which occurred on Tuesday at Ardlui, Adelaide Park, Belfast. For a number of years he had been in delicate health, and it was this which necessitated his retirement from the ministry, but nevertheless the end came unexpectedly, for there had been no apparent change in his condition until a short time before his death. Rev. Mr. Moore was born in the district of Cullybackey, his father being extensively engaged in the linen business. Early in life he decided to devote himself to the Christian ministry, and after the requisite preparation he entered the Queen's College, Belfast, where he proved himself a most diligent student, and after his three years' course there he graduated in the Queen's University. He studied theology in the Assembly's College, after which he was licensed by the Ahoghill Presbytery as a probationer for the ministry of the Gospel. Shortly after receiving licence he was called by the congregation of Killinchy to succeed the Rev. David Anderson, and in 1873 he was ordained to the pastoral oversight of that congregation by the Comber Presbytery.

Killinchy Church was an important charge for a young minister, but Mr. Moore entered with real and earnestness upon his duties, and it was not long before he won the affectionate regard of his people. He was a great favourite with all classes, especially the young, in whom he took the warmest interest, and while his health permitted he was a regular visitor of his congregation, and gave the utmost attention to the sick and dying. It was in 1894 that he felt obliged, owing to his health failing, to retire from his charge, but to the end of his days he took a keen interest in Kilinchy Church, and was in the habit at the beginning of each year to send a pastoral letter to his old congregation. Mr. Moore was highly esteemed by his Presbyterian Church brethren, and although he took no active part in the business of the General Assembly he was a regular attender for years at the annual meetings.

The deceased married a sister of the late Right Hon. Thomas Sinclair, D.L., by whom he had two daughters and three sons. His sons are in the United States, and one of his daughters is the wife of the Rev. Mr. Rentoul, of Rostrevor. With all these, as well as with many other friends, there will be the sincerest sympathy in the loss they have sustained.



We regret to announce the death of Mr. David Wilson, eldest son of Mr. g. Wilson, of Ashgrove, Bally bay, which took place on the 8th April after a long illness at the early age of twenty-six years. Deceased was a very popular young man in the district, and highly respected by all who knew him, and the greatest sympathy is felt for his sorrowing parents, brothers, and sisters in their great grief and affliction. His remains were removed on Saturday for interment in that family burying-ground attached to Loughmourne Presbyterian Church, and the cortege was vary large and representative. The chief mourners were -- Samuel Wilson (father), William Albert Wilson, Ulster Bank, Enniskillen, and Samuel Wilson (brothers), Mary, Maggie, and Rachel Wilson (sisters), Thomas Wilson, Clontibret (uncle); Samuel Wilson, Howard Wilson, South Irish Horse, Leopardstown; John Gibson, and Isaiah Gibson (Bailieboro') (cousins); Francis. G. Wilson, Thomas Wilson, Joseph Wilson, and Albert Wilson, Aghakist; D. Y. Branyan, William Branyan, Mr. and Mrs. Johnston, Clontibret; John Brayan, Bailieboro' (relatives). The services at the house and graveside were conducted by the Rev. H. A. MacKenzie and Rev. Wm. Patterson.



On Tuesday the funeral took place of the late Mr. Wm. M'Donnell, Portaferry, to Ballymanish Cemetery, and the large and representative attendance was a testimony to the esteem and regard in which he was held by a wide circle of friends. The late Mr. M'Donnell was a member of the firm of Messrs. James M'Donnell & Sons, who carried on an extensive business in the town as provision merchants, and by his industry, ability, and enterprise contributed largely to its success. Before retiring by reason of advancing years and failing health he was a tireless worker, and it may be said that energy and application were the chief characteristics of his business life. Upright and honourable in all his dealings, and possessed of a genial and kindly disposition, he made many friends both in private add public life, and the town loses greatly by his death. The late Mr. M'Donnell was a respected member of the Presbyterian Church, and subscribed liberally to all its funds. He is survived by his wife, and to her and the sorrowing relatives deep sympathy is extended in the loss they have sustained. The service at the graveside was conducted by the Rev. J. K. Cronne, B.A., Presbyterian minister.



A very successful concert was given in the Recreation Room of the Presbyterian Soldiers' Home, Curragh Camp, on Wednesday evening, 7th April. The following programme will speak for itself -- Piano Solo, Sapper Jones; Sergeant Challender; duet, piano and violin, Privates Capleton and Woods; solo, "When the ebb tide flows," Corporal Green; comic song, Private Orrell; solo, "Asleep in the deep," Private Williams; solo, "It's hard to get up in the mornin'," Corporal Thurgood; solo, "Flow gently, sweet Afton," Private Galbraith; solo, "Will o' the Wisp," Corporal Green; duet, "Excelsior," Privates France and Williams; song, "Ragtime Curate," Private Orrell; duet, piano and violin, Privates Capleton and Woods; comic song, Private Ashwood; solo, "Mother Machree," Private Williams; solo, Private Parsons; comic song, "Jack Johnson," Private Orrell; National Anthem.



The death occurred on Tuesday under tragic circumstances of Miss Anna Horner at her residence, Magheramore, near Limavady. A daughter of the late Mr. John O. Horner, J.P., deceased belonged to a family whose fine gifts have won for them success and distinction in various directions. One of her brothers is Mr. A. L. Horner, K.C., member of Parliament for South Tyrone: another is Mr. William Horner, a leading solicitor in Derry; while her sister, Miss J. Horner, B.A., has been prominently associated with the Work of the North Derry Women's Unionist Association. Miss Horner was in her own room on Monday, when her clothing caught fire, and before the flames could be extinguished she had received severe burns. Dr. J. Matson, who was speedily in attendance, did his utmost to relieve the sufferer, but having regard to the terrible injuries sustained, no hope could be entertained of recovery.



The "East Anglian Daily Times," Ipswich, states that the Steam Navigation Company's steamer Ptarmigan has been torpedoed near the North Hinder lightship. Eleven of the crew of twenty-two have been saved. The rescued are due to arrive at Gravesend this afternoon.



It is officially announced that Captain Robert Foster Dill, D.S.O., 129th D.C.O. Baluchis, Indian Army, was killed in action on 11th April. He was the second son of the Very Rev. Marcus Dill, D.D., ex-Moderator of the Church of Scotland. Having received his education at Marlborough College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, he obtained a commission in the Indian Army in 1904, and was gazetted to his captaincy in 1912. On the outbreak of the war his regiment, along with the Lahore Division, arrived in France, and it has since then been at the front. In October when fighting in the trenches he was wounded, but after a few weeks he was able to return to his military duty. For his brilliant conduct on that occasion he was mentioned in the despatches of the Commander-in-Chief, and his Majesty the King bestowed upon him the Distinguished Service Order. Captain Dill was married in 1913 to Margaret Douglas, daughter of General Pengelley, R.M.A.



The following paragraph appeared in the "Daily Sketch" on Tuesday -- "Herbert Hughes, the composer who is so well known through his delightful discoveries and settings of Irish folk-songs is off to Dublin to take up a commission. For many weeks he has been in the khaki of the Artists' Rifles. There used to be great music on Sunday evenings in Herbert Hughes' Chelsea studio, but the gatherings grew 'khakier and khakier,' as a lady member put it, and now they have come to an end."

We may add that Mr. Hughes is son of Mr. Fred Hughes, of the well-known firm of Messrs. Hughes, Dickson, & Co., Ltd. He has attained a high position in musical and journalistic circles in London as a musical composer and a musical critic.



It is said that the battle of Minden, which was fought on August 1, 1759, and which resulted in disaster for the French Army, was won by a blunder. The British infantry, who formed the flower of Prince Ferdinand's force, had orders to move forward in attack "on sound of drum." They read the order "with sound of drum," and advancing to the charge every drummer boy in the regiment plied his sticks with furious energy. The resulting waves of warlike sound stirred the valour of the British, who to the confusion of all critics and the mingled wrath of the French generals, tumbled Contado's splendid cavalry into distracted ruin, and achieved one of the greatest triumphs ever recorded. The French lost 8,000 men, and their whole campaign in Germany was tumbled into wreck. Time has changed the attitude of nations, and to-day the French with the English and the rest of their Allies are combating the aggression of a monarch who recklessly sought to dominate the world. The drum is no longer a factor in the campaign, but there is a factor far more potential -- it is White's Wafer Oatmeal. That's the food on which mighty deeds are accomplished, and which gives vigour and dash to the fighters of the Empire.



The following description of Admiral Anson, who made a romantic voyage round the world, and captured in 1744 the great Mexican galleon, will be read with interest. He was a sailor of the old school -- plain, sagacious, homely, dogged; one to whom seamanship was a sort of seabird's instinct, and downright hard-fighting courage as natural as breathing -- the stuff out of which the finest sailors and the most terrible fighters in history are made. A familiar epigram says of him that he went round the universe, but was never in it. He was almost inarticulate, and though he sat for years in the House of Lords, he never made a speech. It is said he was as much out of place in the gaieties of society as a seagull would have been in a cage of canaries. His life was rich in fearless deeds, and the heroic hearts of to-day find in all his actions something to exult over and to emulate. Anson was a man of almost Spartan simplicity, as far as diet was concerned, and disciples of White's Wafer Oatmeal will derive satisfaction from the fact that he attributed his wonderful health to his partiality for the wholesome porridge which was never absent from his breakfast table. Such a fact in connection with the career of a personage so illustrious is worth placing on record.


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The Witness - Friday, 23 April, 1915


MAGOWAN -- April 21, at "Beneva," Stranmillis Road, to Mr. and Mrs. James Magowan -- a daughter.

MORRISON -- April 17, at Tirnoney, Maghera, to Mr. and Mrs. James Morrison -- a son.

M'FARLAND -- April 15, at The Manse, Moira, to the Rev. R. G. and Mrs. M'Farland -- a daughter.


ERSKINE--BUCHANAN -- April 15, at First Derry Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. James M'Granahan, D.D., and the Rev. William Colquhoun, B.A., the Rev. Gordon Douglas Erskine, B.A., Magheramason, youngest son of the late Mr. Robert Erskine and of Mrs. Erskine, High Street, Holywood, to Kathleen Elizabeth, younger daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Buchanan, Alt-an-Aros, Londonderry.


CHERRY -- April 22, 1915, at her residence, Ballytrim, Killyleagh, Ellen O., wife of the late Andrew Cherry, aged 81 years. The remains of my beloved mother will be removed for interment in Raffrey Meeting-House Green to-morrow (Saturday), at 2 p.m. JOHN CHERRY.

BEATTIE -- April 15, at Alder Lodge, Killyneedin, Sandholes, James Beattie.

BEATTIE -- April 17, at 24, Main Street, Whiteabbey, Ellen, wife of Nathaniel Beattie.

BESTALL -- April 19, at Elmwood, Lisburn, Mary P. C., wife of Audley Bestall.

BOYD -- April 16, at Lindhurst, Ormiston Gardens, Knock, Lilly, daughter of Thomas Boyd.

CAMPBELL -- April 18, at 17, Cedar Avenue, Belfast, Jessie Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of the late C. D. H. Campbell, Scroggy, Limavady.

COLHOUN -- April 21, at 27, Brookhill Avenue, William Colhoun, aged 80 years.

CONNOLLY -- April 17, at Arnoldella, Rosetta Park, Belfast, Mary, wife of John Connolly, Builder, Belfast, in her 80th year.

DAVIES -- April 21, At 63, Newport Street, Edward, husband of Mary Davies.

DAVIS -- April 20, at Clonsilla, Park Avenue, Sydenham, Mary, wife of Charles Davis, late of H.M. Customs.

DOUGLAS -- April 15, at Edenderry Terrace, 92, Woodvale Road, William John, husband of Martha Douglas.

ELLIOTT -- April 19, at Arundel Terrace, Newcastle, Mary, relict of the late Wm. Elliott.

GAMBLE -- April 15, at 11, Albert Terrace, Coleraine, Miss Martha (Mattie) Gamble, daughter of the late John Gamble, of Ovill, Dungiven.

GORDON -- April 19, at Monaghan Street, Newry, James G. Gordon.

GORDON -- April 17, at 86, Limestone Road, Belfast, Martha Kirker, widow of Robert Gordon, late of York Street, Belfast.

GIBB -- April 14, at 52, Queen Street, Newry, Cecilia, wife of Andrew Gibb.

GILMOUR -- April 21, at Gleneric, North Road, Bloomfield, Mary, widow of William Gilmour, late of Knock.

HALL -- April 16, Captain Roger Hall, late 7th Royal Fusiliers, of Narrow Water, Co. Down, aged 50 years.

HAY -- April 19, at Adelaide Avenue, Coleraine, James Hay.

HAYES -- April 18, at 68, Balfour Avenue, Belfast, Robert, husband of Lizzie Hayes.

HILL -- April 18, at Upper Kilcoan, Islandmagee, Hugh Boyle Hill.

HOGG -- April 18, at Bournemouth (the result of an accident), John Hogg (Cyclists' Signalling Corps), youngest son of the late Robert Hogg, of Belfast.

HULL -- April 17, at 27, Albion Street, Robert, husband of Mary M. Hull.

IRWIN -- April 18, at Moira, John, eldest son of John Irwin, aged 25 years.

LOCKHARD -- April 20, at her residence, Mulladuff, Castleblayney, Mrs. Sarah Jane Lockhard, widow of the late Samuel Lockhard, Mulladuff, in her 88th year. (Australian, New Zealand, and American papers please copy.)

MORRISON -- April 19, at Tirnoney, Maghera, infant son of James Morrison.

M'ALISTER -- April 15, at Strathroy, Cliftonville Road, Andrew M'Alister.

M'CAMMOND -- April 20, at Amherst Lodge, Tunbridge Wells, Annie, widow of the late Sir William M'Cammond, J.P., Walton, Fortwilliam Park, Belfast.

M'KEE -- April 19, at 18, Hamilton Road, Bangor, Elizabeth, wife of Captain Robert M'Kee.

REID -- April 19, at 112, Bridge Street, Portadown, John Reid, M.A.

SHIELDS -- April 20 (result of an accident at Larne), Frederick Shields, Chief Engineer ss Monarch.

SIMPSON -- April 19, at Drumcon, Robert Simpson.

SYTHES -- April 16, at Maryborough, Queen's County, Paul Sythes, aged 75 years.

WADDELL -- April 12, at Coseley, Bilston, Mary Dermott Waddell.

WATTERS -- April 15, at 43, Frank Street, Mountpottinger, Alexander, husband of Margaret Watters.

WEAVER -- April 19, at her brother's residence, Ballytrim, Killyleagh, Margaret A. Weaver, aged 68 years.

WYLIE -- April 19, at The Grove, Lisnamulligan, Rathfriland, James Wylie.



Mr. David Witherow Wray, B.A., who has just completed his divinity studies for the Presbyterian ministry at M'Crea Magee College, Londonderry, has obtained a commission in the army, and will be attached to the 17th Battalion Royal Irish Rifles. He has joined the Officers' Training Corps in connection with Queen's University, Belfast, where he will remain for some weeks prior to taking up duty with his battalion at Newcastle. Over a dozen of the M'Crea Magee students are now serving in the army, nine of them being from the divinity section. Second-Lieutenant Wray has two brothers at present with the Canadian forces, one being a lieutenant in the infantry and the other a trooper in the calvary corps.



On Saturday, 17th inst., at the ripe age of eighty-four years, the mortal remains of Mr. Alexander Watters, 43, Frank Street, were laid to rest in the City Cemetery, the Rev. Robert Duff, M.A., officiating. The deceased was well-known and highly esteemed not only in this city, but also in the Counties of Antrim and Down. Over forty years ago Mr. Watters owned and conducted throughout Belfast an efficient service of horse-drawn busses, and so it may be said that the public were first taught by him to appreciate a mode of travelling afterwards superseded by the introduction of the tramway system. At one time he was keenly interested in the rearing and buying of horses, many fine specimens of which found their way to the Continent at very high prices. Having been extensively engaged in the purchase of agricultural produce, the farmers, too, found in him a worthy friend. Mr. Watters, who was a member of Mountpottinger Presbyterian Church for upwards of forty years, took a deep interest in church matters, and contributed liberally to all its funds. He was beloved by all who knew him for his integrity and for his charity, so quietly dispensed he will be much missed in the district. The funeral at his request was private, otherwise it would have been largely attended by all classes. Much sympathy will be felt for his wife and family in their bereavement.



The spirit in the British soldier is changeless. Before the siege of San Sebastian, on August 31, 1813, an appeal was made for men who could show other troops how to mount a breach. The call meant certain death for many, but when the General's desire was communicated to the regiments concerned the response was eager, and even tumultuous. Entire companies volunteered, and the captains had a difficult task in selecting the men most fit for such an undertaking without hurting the feelings of the others. The breach was flanked by a traverse held by French Grenadiers, and barred as by a sword of flame. It was scourged by guns from every angle. The British fell fast and thick, but the attack was fed by fresh troops, and with such passionate and unyielding heroism that the French were ultimately thrust back and the day was won. The present war shows there is no deterioration either in the courage or the calibre of the British soldier, and instead of his fare deteriorating it has immensely improved. Nothing like White's Wafer Oatmeal was dreamt of in the early campaigns of 1800.



The British soldier, "in the old days," was cruelly over-weighted. He hated his knapsack almost as much as he hated the halberds, and with excellent reason. "I marched," says Rifleman Harris, in his recollections of the Peninsula Wars, "under a weight sufficient to impede the free motion of a donkey." He carried in addition to his rations and a well-filled kit a great-coat rolled into the shape of a sausage, a blanket, and camp kettle, a canteen filled with water, a hatchet, rifle, and eight rounds of ball cartridge. As Harris was the cobbler of his company, he bore in addition "a haversack stuffed full of leather, a set of tools, and a lapstone." It is no wonder that under such loads men would drop out of the ranks from sheer fatigue, and not infrequently drop down dead. The whole aspect of the military discipline has been changed since these records were written, but the youth who can stand fatigue makes the most useful soldier, and in no way can he better acquire hardihood and vigour than by eating White's Wafer Oatmeal porridge. It is the most effective of bodily munitions.



Mr. W J. Marshall, of High Street and Risedale, Derryvolgie Avenue, has, we are pleased to state, been appointed as a Justice of the Peace for the city, and the honour is well deserved. Mr. Marshall is well known in business ih the city, and holds the Royal Warrant of Appointment as tailor in Belfast to his Majesty the King, having enjoyed a similar honour from the late King Edward. He is a valued official in University Road Methodist Church, a trustee of Donegall Square Church, and has often been chosen a Conference representative. Mr. Marshall was this year elected president of the Belfast Commercial Travellers' Christian Association.



Florence Nightingale was the heroine of the Crimean war. The "angel of the hospitals," as she was called, won a finer and more enduring fame than the hero of the trenches. When she arrived at Scutari in November of 1854 the barrack hospital was a temple of pain and disorder. Instantly a new intelligence, instinct with pity, aflame with energy, fertile with womanly invention, swept through the institution. Clumsy devices were dismissed, almost with a gesture, into space. Dirt became a crime, fresh air and clean linen, sweet food and soft hands a piety, and as the lady with the lamp glided along the corridors where 5,000 sick and wounded soldiers lay prostrate every poor fellow's face softened with gratitude at the sight of their gentle deliverer. The army of British nurses who are at the front to-day are perpetuating the spirit of Florence Nightingale, and they are earning an Empire's gratitude. Tommy is immeasurably better off than he was at Scutari, for he has everything at his command that will restore health, from White's Wafer Oatmeal to the latest invention in surgical science.



The funeral of the late Mr. William Rea, of Breda Tower, Saintfield Road, took place on Monday, the remains being interred at Knockbracken Graveyard. The deceased, who was a brother of the late Mr. James Rea, a well-known contractor in his day, was a life governor of the Royal Victoria Hospital, and was a leading member of the Dublin Road Reformed Presbyterian Church. The large and representative cortege testified to the high esteem in which he was held. The funeral service was conducted by Rev. Dr. Lynd and the Rev. Dr. Kennedy. The chief mourners were -- Messrs. Thomas Houston Rea (brother), J. F. Rea Copeland (nephew), F. A. C. Mills, John W. Timoney, Robert H. Collins, Fred Collins, Leslie Collins, and Robert Forsyth (relatives). Beautiful floral tributes were sent by the widow (a daughter of the late Mr. Hugh Rea, formerly of Ballymena, and a cousin of the late Mr. W. J. C. Mills, solicitor, Belfast), Sir Robert M'Connell, Bart., D.L.; Mr. and Mrs. Thomas H. Rea, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Rea Copeland, the Misses Essie and Aggie Rea Copeland, Messrs. F. A. C. Mills, J. W. Timoney, John M'Ilroy, Wm. Hamilton, &c. The funeral arrangements were entrusted to Messrs. Thomas Johnson & Sons, Dublin Road, and were excellently carried out.


Castlewellan Presbyterian Church passed the following resolution at the morning service on Sabbath, 18th inst., on the suggestion of the Rev. R. Anderson, M. A. -- "That his Majesty's Government be earnestly urged to take immediate steps to enact the universal prohibition throughout the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland of the manufacture and sale of all alcoholic drinks during the war, and for at least six months after."



Miss Rentoul, The Lodge, Fortwilliam Park, sends us a report from M. Jean Ramackers, member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives, hon. treasurer of the Belgian Soldiers' Fund, in which special mention is made of the value of field kitchens to the Belgian Army. He says -- The Minister of War warmly congratulates and warmly thanks the members of the Belgian Soldiers' Fund for their activity and devotion. What has impressed all our Cabinet Ministers is the spirit of method that rules your organisation and leads you to send exactly that which is most practical and useful to Belgium. In this scheme he is above all impressed by the very useful purpose served by the soup kitchens which the fund is sending to the front. The Belgian Soldiers' Fund has received the money for seventy-five soup-carts and ponies for the Belgian Army. But 150 are needed in order that every regiment may have two. These little kitchens, designed by the Chief Scout of Belgium, cook as they go along, and each one holds twenty-five gallons of nourishing soup or stew, and twenty-five gallons of coffee. Pure water-carriers are also needed. When the warmer weather begins the tired men, parched with thirst, will often be tempted to stop and drink at the nearest brook, if their own water rations are limited. The total cost of each, including a strong cob and a set of harness, will be about 60.



The death occurred on Monday of Mr. Jas. Hay, Coleraine, who for twenty years acted as managing clerk for Messrs. Crookshank, Leech, & Davies, solicitors, Coleraine. He was in his seventy-fifth year. For twenty-six years he was petty sessions clerk in Coleraine, and on his retirement about five years ago his only son, Mr. Edward J. Hay, was appointed to the position. He also acted as clerk in Kilrea petty sessions distinct up to 1912, when he retired on pension. He was a Commissioner for Oaths for the High Courts. In the days when Coleraine returned a member to represent the borough in Parliament he was political agent for the late Sir Henry Harvey Bruce, Bart. He leaves a widow, a son, and a daughter.


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The Witness - Friday, 30 April, 1915


CALVERT--M'KINLEY -- March 15, at the Presbyterian Church, Hong Hong, by the Rev. J. Maconschie, Andrew, second son of the late Andrew Calvert, Bailieborough, to Jane Elizabeth (Lillie), of Whiteabbey, only daughter of Andrew M'Kinley, Bailieborough.


EAKIN -- April 18, at her residence, Mullocroghery, Corvally, Anna Jane, beloved wife of James Eakin. Her remains were interred in Carrickmaclim Burying-ground, on Tuesday, 20th April.

KANE -- April 27, 1915, at her residence, Ballyhenry, Myroe, Agnes M'Cullough (Nancy), widow of the late James Kane. Interment in Magilligan Presbyterian Church Burying-ground, on this day (Friday), at half-past twelve o'clock afternoon.

MAGOWAN -- April 27, 1915, at the Cottage Hospital, Dromore, Moses Samuel Magowan, of Garvaghy, aged 55 years. Interred in Garvaghy Presbyterian Church Graveyard, on 29th inst.

AICKEN -- April 25, at 43, Mill Street, Newtownards, Hugh Aicken, aged 76 years (Church Officer, Regent Street Presbyterian Church, Newtownards).

BAXTER -- April 23, at General Hospital, Calcutta, Andrew, son of Hugh Baxter, Crescent Terrace, Larne Harbour.

CARSON -- April 27, at The Quoile, Downpatrick, Hugh Carson.

CORKEY -- April 24, at Markethill, William Corkey.

DALEY -- April 27, at Ballyskeagh, Lambeg, Catherine Irene Winifred (Winnie), eldest daughter of Joseph Daley.

FERRIS -- April 23, at The Cottage, Bruslee, Ballyclare, Sara Ferris, late of Armagh.

FIELD -- April 27, at Edenderry, Malone Road, James H. Field.

FORSYTHE -- April 24, at Sunnyside Cottage, Dunmurry, Mary A., wife of John Forsythe.

GEDDIS -- April 22, at 30, Oakley Street, Ballysillan, Sarah, wife of George Geddis.

GRAHAM -- April 28, at Keady, Margaret, relief of the late Joseph Graham.

HASTINGS -- April 24, at Somerville, Newcastle, Co. Down, Thomas Edmund, younger son of Thomas Hastings.

MAGOWAN -- April 27, at the Cottage Hospital, Dromore, Moses Samuel Magowan, of Garvaghy, aged 55 years.

MARTIN -- April 24, 1915, at her residence, Magheradartin, Hillsborough, Mary, relict of the late John Martin, aged 91 years.

MONTGOMERY -- April 27, at Ballyrobert, Hugh Montgomery.

MOORE -- April 25, at High Street, Lurgan, Dr. James M. Moore.

M'COMBE -- April 25, at 2, Dunelin, Belfast, Mary E., daughter of the late Samuel M'Combe.

NUGENT -- April 26, at Chesterfield, Malone Road, James Nugent, aged 88 years.

ORR -- April 23, at 263, Tennent Street, Adam, husband of Jane Orr.

PATTERSON -- April 22, at 14, Danube Street, Marriott, husband of Elizabeth Patterson.

RANSON -- April 24, at Killycreeny House, Cootehill, Joseph G. Ranson.

REA -- April 26, at Belsize Road, Lisburn, Elizabeth, wife of John Rea.

RUMLEY -- April 23, at Oakfield, Jocelyn Gardens, Eleanor Frances, wife of Walter Harding Rumley.

SPINKS -- April 23, at Kinvarra, Cregagh Road, Sarah Ann (Sissie), eldest daughter of Joseph Spinks.

THOMPSON -- April 23, at Ballywalter, Doagh, William Robert Thompson.

TINDALL -- April 22, at 23, Victoria Gardens, Cavehill Road, Mary J., wife of W. M. Tindall.

VANCE -- April 22, at Victoria Avenue, Newtownards, Mary, widow of the late Gilbert Boyle Vance.

WALLACE -- April 22, at Edenagrena, Cyprus Park, Belfast, James Edmund Wallace.

WILSON -- April 25, at The Greenan, Ballyholme, Bangor, Patrick Hugh Graham Wilson, Solicitor.



Composers -- aye, and famous ones at that -- have written songs with a view to having their name or their song immortalised, or, at least, made popular for a time. Many of them -- take, for instance, Harry Lauder -- have written numbers of songs, of which at least one is known, or has been heard, in every family circle; and the name of Harry Lauder and other like celebrities will long be remembered, and they will have their songs sung for generations to come. Howbeit, it is a question for weighty consideration whether any song will be so long handed down to posterity as "Tipperary."

It is now more than three years since the song "Tipperary" was first presented to the public from the London stage. From the beginning its success was ensured. In the first place, it was sung by one of the most charming of English actresses, and, secondly, an item which contributed more closely to its success, there is virtue in the song itself. It is unique in its style and swing; in fact, to use a slang expression, the song "took." Soon it was in everybody's mouth. Wherever one went one heard nothing but Tipperary; indeed, the writer has seen cartoons expressive of the nuisance caused to irascible old gentlemen at hearing the endless "Tipperary." But, as Swift said, "Every dog has his day." So with "Tipperary;" gradually it began to wane in popularity, and other songs came to take its place. But with startling suddenness, owing to unforeseen circumstances, "Tipperary" again' burst forth into public popularity.

Britain at war! It thrilled the heart of every Briton to know that at last, after years of peace, and, latterly, efforts for a universal Peace Conference, the dread blow had fallen. The barrack-rooms were full of "Tommies," ready and prepared to go at a moment's notice to do or die for "Old England." In a few days Britain's first army of 200,000 men was off to the front. They landed at Boulogne, and as they marched cheerfully down the cobbled streets of the old town some private innocently commenced to whistle "Tipperary." Instantly it was taken up by his comrades, and from that day to this "Tipperary" has been the war-song of the British troops. The French people went into raptures over "Tommy" and his "Tipperary." Henceforward, if any British soldier in France sang a song, ten to one it was " Tipperary." The enthusiasm became contagious, and soon Bologne and other villages through which the British Army passed resounded with the imperfect French rendering of "Tee-paar-airee." Belgium became alike infected, and soon the song became known and recognised all over the Western theatre of war.

Even in Britain, where the song was almost no longer generally sung, and its day was thought to be over, people again took it up with fervour. It was back to stay; it was and is sung in music-halls, homes, concerts, and barrack-rooms, so much so that it now seems, indelibly imprinted in the hearts of the British.

On the 13th October, 1914, 2,000 men and officers of the British Naval Brigade, detailed to assist in the defence of Antwerp, fighting a rearguard action after the fall of the town, inadvertently crossed the Dutch frontier, and were interned at Groningen. It was not long till the strains of "Tipperary" were heard, sung enthusiastically with full-throated cadence, from the concentration camp. Again "Tipperary" was wonderfully infectious. With amazing aptitude the Dutch learnt it and sang it. The British were soon distributed to different camps; they left "Tipperary" behind and they took it with them. Gradually the song percolated all Holland until at present, except in England, the song is nowhere more sung or beloved. The Dutchman sings it in his canal-boat, the Dutch children sing it at play, and the Dutch wives hum it at their work.

In the famous retreat from Mons in September, 1914, many British were captured by the Germans and taken inland as prisoners of war to different German cities. Here again it was not long till "Tipperary" again burst forth with full vigour, as though the singers were comfortably seated in their own homes, instead of working, for their enemies, under the eyes of the Landwehr. The Germans got hold of the song, and took it to their professors, who translated it and examined it closely. To say the least of it, they were shocked. The German papers published at length great bursts pf rhetoric from them, indicative of the callous and indifferent manner with which the British soldier looked at the war, to them a most serious affair, and rapidly becoming more so. Imbued with their art of "Kultur," the Germans could not understand "Tommy Atkins" being cheerful under difficulties and finding a restorative to good spirits in an apparently inane and worthless song. "Deutschland uber Alles," "Die Wacht am Rhein," or writings by Nietsche, Treitschke, or Bernhardi were more to their taste; but it is very probable that before the war is ended the Germans will be heartily sick of "Tipperary."

Italy, too, though neutral, has also heard of "Tipperary," and vented some opinions on it. According to their views "Tipperary" is some mythical country, which nobody has ever seen, where the British soldier has his heart, and where he aspires to go hereafter. In fact, to them Tipperary seems to be a Moore's Utopia, a Valhalla of the gods, a land.

"Where falls not hail, nor rain, nor any snow,
Nor even wind blow loudly; but it lies
Deep-meadow'd, happy, fair with orchard lawns,
And bowery hollows crown'd with summer sea."

And to what can this great success of "Tipperary" be attributed? Well, in large proportion it is due to the music, which has a fine martial swing exactly suited to the ear of a soldier as he keeps time with his tramp, tramp, tramp. The music is attractive and has a good rhythm, never goes too high or too low, and is practically suited to all voices. But the words also have a large claim to the success of the song; the words of the chorus especially are well suited to be sung by soldiers fighting far from home in a foreign land, and, above all, there is in the a words an essence of love dear to the heart of the British soldier. It may be said that the success of "Tipperary" depended greatly on chance, and that if the war had come some years later some of the songs then in vogue would have been chosen by "Tommy," with success equal to that of "Tipperary." This is possible; but the odds are decidedly in favour of the negative view, for "Tipperary" possesses the essential qualities of a soldier's song. And just as Lord Kitchener and Lord Fisher have been declared "the right men in the right place," so "Tipperary" might be designed "the right song at the right moment."

A paper read at Duncairn Church Literary and Debating Society by Master Douglas Allison.



The death of this highly-esteemed and popular magistrate occurred at his residence, Waterhill, Clogher, on 11th inst., after a very brief illness. The late Mr. Stewart had amassed a fortune in a successful business career, and had retired a few years ago to his country residence, Waterhill House, to spend the evening of his life in leisure with his family. His many friends in the Clogher Valley deeply regret that this period of leisure has reached such an early termination, and sympathise with his widow and family. The deceased gentleman was a loyal Presbyterian, having been a devoted member of Clogher Presbyterian Church. He was a magistrate for County Tyrone, adjudicating in Fivemiletown district. The interment took place in Clogher Cemetery on 13th inst. The cortege was large and representative of all creeds and classes of the community. The services were conducted by the Rev. W. H. Bailey, M.A. (pastor loci), and the Rev. S. Gault, LL.D., an intimate friend of the family.



The funeral took place on Sabbath afternoon of the late Mr. Adam Orr, who for a period of thirty-five years was the esteemed church officer at Crumlin Road Presbyterian Church. Mr. Orr, who was a native of Gilford, died at his residence, 263, Tennant Street, on Friday, and his funeral was followed to the City Cemetery, the place of interment, by a large concourse of friends and acquaintances amongst whom were representatives of the church with which he was so long connected, the day and Sunday schools, and the Coronation Total Abstinence Loyal Orange Lodge, of which his son, Mr. Robert Orr, is a highly-respected, member. The officiating clergymen were Rev. D. R. Mitchell and Rev. A. L. Harrison, and the funeral arrangements were in charge of Messrs. Melville & Company, Ltd.



At a meeting of the committee of the First Presbyterian Church, Portadown, the following minute was adopted -- "The committee has learned with deep regret of the death of Mr. John Reid, M.A., principal teacher of Balteagh National School, and who was recently elected one of its number. A member of the choir, and a teacher in the Central and Drumnagoon Sabbath-schools, Mr. Reid proved himself a most valued Church member and Christian worker. His upright Christian character, and his outstanding ability as a member of the teaching profession, secured for him in a marked degree the respect and appreciation of the congregation. His early and unexpected removal is sincerely regretted, and the committee directs that its heartfelt sympathy be conveyed to his sorrowing sister."



The departure of the Rev. Luke M'Quitty from Templepatrick to take up work in Scotland has called forth considerable regret and sorrow amongst his congregation at Templepatrick. At the farewell services on Sabbath the church was filled not only by the members of the congregation, but by many from a considerable distance. Mr. M'Quitty preached from the words "Peace be within thy walls, and prosperity within thy palaces" (Psalm cxxii, 7), and said this was his prayer for that place, first peace and then prosperity. In the evening his text was the Gospel of Change (Deut. xxxii. 11), which had been his first sermon when settled in Templepatrick seven and a half years ago.



Death Sentence Confirmed

Amsterdam, Thursday. -- A telegram to the "Cologne Gazette" states that the case of Private William Lonsdale, who was first condemned to ten years' imprisonment, and then by a superior military Court to death for alleged insubordination in one of the camps for prisoners of war, was considered on Tuesday by the First Senate of the Imperial Military Court. Accused was not present, nor any one representing him or acting on his behalf.

The President, Herr Thiellmann, subsequently announced that the Court was of opinion that the accused in his quality as a subject of a hostile Power, was subject to German military jurisdiction. It is beyond doubt, the judgment continues, that accused committed grave excess against a military superior in the presence of the assembled rank and file, and thereby severely transgressed military discipline. The Superior Military Court, in view of the gravity of the excesses and the circumstance that accused acted with full consciousness, rejected the plea advanced that the case was not of the most serious character, and pronounced sentence of death. The Senate has, therefore, rejected the application for revision.

A representative of the American Embassy was present during the proceedings in his official capacity. The sentence requires confirmation of the Emperor before it can be carried out.

This report of the "Cologne Gazette" contains no reference to the report previously current that Private Lonsdale's sentence had been commuted from death to twenty years' imprisonment.



A schoolgirl at New Delaval, Newcastle, who sent to the King of the Belgians gifts for soldiers has received the following letter -- "My Dear little Child, -- Your letter has touched the King very sincerely. It is very sympathetic of you to have thought of sending help to our brave soldiers. His Majesty congratulates you, and thanks you very sincerely for your kindness of heart. Best wishes to you."




The "London Gazette" on Wednesday announced that the King has approved the grant of the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned warrant officer, non-commissioned officer, and men for their conspicuous acts of bravery and devotion to duty whilst serving with the Expeditionary Force:--

No. 9665 Company Sergeant-Major Harry Daniels, 2nd Battalion Rifle Brigade (the Prince Consort's Own); and
No. 3697 Acting-Corporal Cecil Reginald Noble, late 2nd Battalion Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) --
For most conspicuous bravery on 12th March at Neuve Chapelle. When their battalion was impeded in the advance to the attack by wire entanglements, and subjected to very severe machine-gun fire, these two men voluntarily rushed in the front, and succeeded in cutting the wires. They were both wounded at once, and Corporal Noble has since died of his wounds.

No. 6276 Private William Buckingham, 2nd Battalion Leicestershire Regiment -- For conspicuous acts of bravery and devotion to duty in rescuing and rendering aid to the wounded whilst exposed to heavy fire, especially at Neuve Chapelle, on 10th and 12th March.

No. 6016 Private Jacob Rivers, late 1st Battalion Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment -- For most conspicuous bravery at Neuve Chapelle on the 12th March, when he, on his own initiative, crept to within a few yards of a very large number of the enemy, who were massed on the flank of the advanced company of his battalion, and hurled bombs on them. His action caused the enemy to retire, and so relieved the situation. Private Rivers performed a second act of great bravery on the same day, similar to the first mentioned, again causing the enemy to retire. He was killed on this occasion.

No. 1685 Rifleman Gobar Sing Negi, 2nd Battalion 39th Garhwal Rifles -- For most conspicuous bravery on 10th March at Neuve Chapelle. During our attack on the German position he was one of a bayonet party, with bombs, who entered their main trench, and was the first man to go round each traverse, driving back the enemy until they were eventually forced to surrender. Be was killed during this engagement.



A Local Appeal.

Mr. R. S. H. Noble, of the Orange and Protestant Friendly Society, 12, Victoria Street, Belfast, writes to say that with reference to the War Office appeal for respirators to act as a protection against the asphyxiating gases employed as a weapon of warfare by our savage foes, as the limit of 100 may be a handicap, and as there are many who would be willing to work, but who are not organised, he would be willing to receive respirators either singly or in small quantities, and to forward them to the proper quarter in lots of one hundred.

Respirators can be made easily in any household --

First, a face piece (to cover mouth and nostrils), formed of an oblong pad of bleached absorbent cotton wool, about five and a quarter by three by three-quarters inches, covered with three layers of bleached cotton gauze, and fitted with a band to fit round the head and keep the pad in position, consisting of a piece of half-inch cotton-elastic, sixteen inches long, attached to the narrow end of the face pad, so as to form a loop with the pad.

Second, a piece of double stockinette nine and a half inches long, three and a half inches wide in the centre, gradually diminishing in width to two and a half inches at each end, with a piece of thick plaited worsted about five inches long attached at each end, so as to form a loop to pass over the ear.



We understand that Mr. Henry M'Laughlin, a director of the firm of Messrs. M'Laughlin & Harvey, contractors, Belfast and Dublin, and son of Mr. W. H. M'Laughlin, D.L., chairman of the firm, has, on the recommendation of the Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in Ireland, been appointed an honorary director of the new committee formed for the promotion of recruiting in Ireland. Mr. M'Laughlin has already been most active and successful in getting recruits for the new army.

Colonel R. G. Sharman-Crawford, D.L., M.P., having been appointed to command the 18th Reserve Battalion Royal Irish Rifles, vacated the command of the 1st Battalion North Down Regiment, Ulster Volunteer Force, on 24th inst. Mr. F. G. MaGuire, Glenbank, Bangor, is appointed commandant of the 1st Battalion North Down Regiment, U.V.F., vice Colonel Sharman-Crawford.



Flag Day Arrangements.

The arrangements in connection with Flag Day in aid of Belfast's wounded soldiers and sailors are now practicality complete, and there in every prospect that the event will prove the most financially successful of the kind ever organised in the city. Flag Day, which will be observed to-day, has been promoted by the members of the Belfast Rotary Club, and the entire proceeds will be devoted to the local branch of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Help Society.

The citizens are beng asked by the Lady Mayoress (Mrs. Crawford M'Cullagh) and the committee associated with her to display flags outside their houses and business establishments to-morrow, and as this request is likely to be extensively complied with the city should present a very bright appearance. In order to advertise "Slag Day" over one hundred, thousand handbills have been circulated, the distribution having been undertaken by Boy Scouts, under the direction of Scoutmaster George W. Clarke. Upwards of half a million flags will be on sale. These are representative of Britain, France, Belgium, Japan, and Servia, and purchasers can choose whichever emblem they prefer. The price of each flag will be anything from a penny to 50, and it is hoped that those who can afford to do so will give silver and gold coins in preference to copper. No fewer than 1,700 ladies have volunteered to act as collectors.

At one of the Lady Mayoress' committee meetings in the City Hall recently she notified the fact that she had received a lady's gem ring from some person signing himself of herself "Primrose," and requested that same would be put up for auction at a subsequent date, aud the proceeds handed to the "Flag Day" Fund. It was also stipulated that the amount realised should be published in "The Witness." The committee arranged that same would be auctioned at the Imperial Picture House on 26th April, and this was carried out by Messrs. Harford Montgomery and A. M. Cinnamond. two local auctioneers. In the first instance the ring was knocked down to the Lord Mayor for the sum of 1 1s, and in a very patriotic manner was handed it back to be sold again, it was then purchased by Mr. Sam Martin, J.P., for the sum of 1, and he returned it. This gave rise to such a fine spirit amongst the audience that it was purchased on fifteen different occasions, and handed back again for auction at a later date, realising the sum of 18 17s.



We regret to announce the death of Mr. Wm. H. Dempster, of Lisnawhiffle, Kells, Co. Antrim, and brother of the late Rev. Joseph Dempster, of Carlow, which sad event took place at his residence on the 13th inst. The deceased had been in failing health for some time, and about ten days ago he contracted a severe cold. Soon lung trouble, together with symptoms of heart failure of a serious nature, were in evidence, and despite the best medical skill and attention he passed away peacefully at the age of 64 years. On the Thursday following his death the remains were interred in Connor New Cemetery, amidst many manifestations of sorrow. A very large gathering of friends and neighbours and of the general public assembled to pay their last tribute of respect to one who was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him. Prior to the funeral leaving the house of the deceased a very impressive service was conducted by the Rev. H. C. Wilson, of Kells, assisted by the Rev. S. Holmes, Kellswater, and the Rev. H. V. Clements, of Connor. The service at the graveside was conducted by Rev. H. C. Wilson.

At the service in Kells Presbyterian Church last Sabbath morning the Rev. Hugh C. Wilson made the following reference to the deceased -- "Fellow-worshippers, we and, indeed, the whole community mourn the loss of one whose life was for long bound up with the religious and temporal prosperity of this congregation and neighbourhood. I refer to the late Mr. Dempster, of Lisnawhiffle. It is with gratitude that we recall his personal interest in this church, and of his influence in the community. He was born in the townland of Ross about sixty-four years ago. Having received a good education, he started life as a business, man, and after having served his apprenticeship he joined the York Street Flax Spinning Co., of Belfast, and acted as salesman with marked ability. However, owing to ill-health, he had to relinquish his position and seek a more outdoor occupation. Subsequently he came into possession of the beautiful farm in Lisnawhiffle, which has been in the possession of relatives for many years. Here he led a very active and useful life to the end of his days on earth. He ever manifested a great love for God's house, and the Day of Rest was always observed by him with becoming reverence. He acted as treasurer for many years in this church, and when an addition was about to be made to the eldership he was elected to fill this responsible position, but could not see his way to accept office. He has been called away from us much sooner than we expected. His call home came very suddenly, but he was a good man, full of faith and good works."


Lurgan was shocked on Monday to hear that Dr. James M. Moore, a well-known and highly-respected local physician and surgeon, had on Sunday evening suddenly expired at his residence, High Street. He was of an apparently robust constitution, and as he had attended Divine service in the parish church that morning, his demise was altogether unexpected.





The Registrar-General's annual report of the emigration statistics for Ireland has been completed and presented to Parliament. The report sets out that during the year 1914 the total number of emigrants from Ireland was 20,583 (10,867 males and 9,716 females). Of the males, 10,660, and of the females, 9,654, were natives of Ireland, showing a decrease of 10,653 as compared with the year 1913.

Emigration returns for Ireland were first collected on the 1st May, 1851, and the reports based thereon show that the total number of emigrants -- natives of Ireland -- who left Irish ports from the above-mentioned date to the end of December, 1914, amounts, in the aggregate, to 4,293,641, the number of males being 2,234,749, and of females 2,063,892. The largest number of emigrants for any year of the period 1852-1914 was 190,322 in the year 1852; and that the lowest number was 20,514 in the year under notice, 1914. Between the figures for 1852 and 1914 the six highest numbers were -- 173,148 in 1853; 140,555, in 1854; 117,229, in 1863; 114,369, in 1864; 108,724, in 1883; and 101,497, in 1865; and the six lowest between the extremes referred to were 23,295 in 1908; 28,676, in 1909; 29,344, in 1912; 30,573, in 1911; 30,676, in 1905; and 30,967, in 1913.

Table II. shows the number of emigrants from Ireland, by provinces, in each of the years 1913 and 1914, according to sex, with the decrease in the year 1914. It appears that in comparison with 1913 there is a decrease of 1,134 for the province of Leinster, of 2,155 for Munster, of 5,780 for Ulster, and 1,584 for Connaught. The 20,314 natives of Ireland who left the country during the year 1914 include 2,860 from Leinster; 5,652 from Munster, 6,612 from Ulster, 5,190 from Connaught, the total number being equal to 4.6 per 1,000 of rho population of Ireland estimated to the middle of 1914.


During the period 1851-1914 above an aggregate total of 4,349,144 persons emigrated from Irish ports, comprising 4,298,641 natives of Ireland, and 50,503 persons belonging to other countries; Munster contributed 1,487,548 persons; Connaught, 726,669; Ulster, 1,233,083; and Leinster, 740,603. The county to which the emigrants belonged was not specified in the returns in 110,739 cases; this information has, however, been obtained in every case since 1876, with the exception of 53 cases in 1880 and 71 in 1903.

The quinquennial age period 20-25 years furnished the largest number of both male and female emigrants (5,024 males and 3,930 females). The emigrants at this age period forming 43.5 per cent, of the entire number of those who emigrated during the year 1914. Of the male emigrants during the year 1914, numbering 10,867, there were 840 described as married men or widowers; and of the 9,716 female emigrants, 1,036 were returned as married or widowed. Of the 8,954 persons I between the ages of 20 and 25 years who emigrated, 136 only were married -- 45 males and 91 females.

Of the total number of emigrants during the year, 19,267 embarked for the Colonies or foreign countries, and 1,047 to Great Britain. The United States of America was the destination of 15,272 emigrants in 1914, as compared with an average of 22,285 for the four preceding years. Emigration to Canada shows a decrease from 6,673 in 1913 to 2,909 in 1914. The number of emigrants to South Africa in 1914 was 118, as against 214 in 1913. The emigrants to Australia numbered 768 in 1914, as against 915 in 1913.

The 15,272 emigrants to the United States in 1914 comprise 5,204 natives of Munster, 4,936 of Connaught, 3,379 Ulster, and 1,753 of Leinster. Of those who left for Australia 351 were natives of Ulster, 241 of Leinster, 154 of Munster, and 22 of Connaught. Out of a total of 2,909 emigrants to Canada no less than 2,241 were natives of the province of Ulster.

Of the 1,047 natives of Ireland who emigrated during the year 1914 with the intention of settling permanently in Great Britain, 914 embarked for England and Wales and 133 for Scotland. The average number for England and Wales and Scotland in the four years preceding were 1,398 and 384 respectively.

Of the 10,087 males aged 15 years and upwards, 7,347 were returned as "labourers;" and of the 8,967 females at 15 years and upwards, 6,923 were returned as "servants."


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