The Witness - Friday, 1 February 1918


EAGLE--DUNWOODY -- January 24, at Cahans Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. James Steen, B.A., William Bradshaw, son of John Eagle, of Crosskey, Ballybay, to Annie, youngest daughter of the late Robert Dunwoody, of Tanderagee-brack, Monaghan.

LYONS--M'CAMMON -- January 22, 1918, at Dublin Road R.P. Church, Belfast, by Rev. John M'Cammon, B.A., Kilraughts (uncle of the bride), assisted by Rev. J. A. Lyons, B.A., Cullybackey (brother of the bridegroom) Rev. Robert M'Cammon, B.A., Lecumpher (uncle of the bride); Rev. H. W. Perry, B.A., Portadown; and Rev. Professor Lynd. D.D., Belfast; the Rev. R. Nevin Lyons, Ballenon Manse, Poyntzpass, son of the late Rev. A. S. Lyons, Riverside Church, Newry, and of Mrs. Lyons, Windsor Bank, Newry, Mary E. H. (Molly), younger daughter of Mr. H. W. M'Cammon, Portadown. At home at Ballenon Manse, 13th and 14th February.

SLOAN--WATSON -- January 8 (by special license), at Larne, by Rev. J. H. Boyd, William S. Sloan, son of W. J. Sloan, Boyle, to Margaret Emily Peebles, daughter of Rev. J. and Mrs. Watson, Boyle.


BELLIS -- January 26, at Cranmore, Ballymena, Mary Matilda, wife of George Bellis.

COBURN -- January 24, at her residence, Moodage Mills, Tandragee, Sarah Ann, dearly-beloved wife of James Coburn.

COOPER -- January 27, at Balligan, Rachel Isabella Cooper.

FENERAN -- January 25, at her residence, Summerhill, Spa, Ballynahinch, Mrs. Catherine Feneran.

FULLERTON -- January 28, at her residence, 5, Upper Clonlee, Larne, Margaret Fullerton

HYLAND -- January 26, at Maralin, Catherine, relict of the late William Hyland.

KNOX -- January 28, at his residence, Backnamullagh, Dromore, Co. Down, Alexander Knox.

M'ALPINE -- January 29, at his residence, 2, Marguerite Terrace, Rosetta, Belfast, Samuel, dearly-loved husband of Nellie M'Alpine (late of Bangor).

M'CORMICK -- January 26, at Main Street, Kirkcubbin, John M'Cormick.

PATTERSON -- January 18, at her residence, Tullyallen, Newtownhamilton, Co. Armagh, Martha, relict of the late James Patterson, in her 63rd year.

POOTS -- January 29, at his residence, St. James's, Hillsborough, James H. Poots.

RUSSELL -- January 29 (result of operation), at Lewistown, Montana, U.S.A., Henry Cooke, youngest son of Captain George and Mrs. Russell, 37, Tate's Avenue, Belfast, and late of Bangor, Co. Down.

THOMPSON -- January 27, at his residence, Fortview, Clogher, Lisburn, James, the dearly-beloved husband of Mary Thompson.

UPRICHARD -- January 26, at his residence, Moira, William John, dearly-beloved husband of Jane Uprichard.

WILKINSON -- January 24, at Corragh, Monaghan, Elizabeth Jane, wife of Alexander Wilkinson.

WORBOISE -- December 27, at his residence, 243, Edward Charles Street, Montreal, Canada, Thomas, the beloved husband of Emily Worboise (nee Mills), aged 80 years.


Military Awards.

Captain R. M. Boyle, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, has been awarded the Military Cross. He is the only son of Rev. Robert Boyle, Killala, and grandson of the late Rev. R. Boyle, Killymurris and Garryduff, and of the late Captain Hay, Culmore, Londonderry. He was educated at Coleraine Academical Institution, and prior to joining the army was a student at M'Crea Magee College, Derry. He received his commission in April, 1915, and for the past two years has been serving in France, where he took part in the battles of Somme, Messines, Ypres, and Cambrai. He was wounded at the Somme in July, 1916.

Lieutenant James Cordner, Royal Irish Rifles, who has received the Military Cross for conspicuous gallantry in the field, is well known in Belfast, having been assistant minister in St. Enoch's before the war, and also for some time minister of the United Free Church in Lisburn. He went to Canada from Belfast, but returned to Ireland to complete his study for the ministry. His congregation released trim for service in 1915, and he was appointed to Colonel Wallace's old battalion. He was wounded in 1917. It will be remembered that during the recruiting campaign in Ulster he made many effective speeches. He is a brother of Rev. Joseph Cordner, Presbyterian minister, Drumbo, Co. Down, and son of Mr. James Cordner, Drumbo House.


The Late Mr. J. C. Fulton, J.P.

On Saturday the remains of Mr. John Chisholm Fulton, J.P., were laid to rest in the Presbyterian burying-ground at Lurgan. The members of the Portadown Urban Council, of which the deceased was chairman, attended in a body, and there was a representative attendance of professional and business men of the town and neighbourhood. Shortly before eleven o'clock the remains were removed from deceased's late residence to the Armagh Road Presbyterian Church, where an impressive service was conducted by the Rev. H. W. Perry. After the singing of the 23rd Psalm, Rev. R. J. Whan (Tandragee) led in prayer. Rev. Mr. Perry delivered a brief and appropriate address, and after the singing of the hymn, "I came to Jesus as I was," the service concluded with the benediction.


Random Readings.


"The truest philosopher," says Jerome K. Jerome, "I ever heard of was a woman. She was brought into a London hospital suffering from a poisoned leg. The house surgeon made a hurried examination. He was a man of blunt speech. "It will have to come off," he told her. "What, not all of it?" "The whole of it, I am sorry to say," growled the house surgeon. "Nothing else for it?" "No other chance for you whatever," exclaimed the house surgeon. "Ah, well, thank the Lord it's not my 'ead!" observed the lady.


The Rev. J. H. Hardy, one of the Congregational chaplains at the front, has been working amongst the men of the heavy artillery, and he writes:-- "All sorts and conditions do you find in the R.G.A. -- lawyers, plumbers, clerks, actors, publicans, warehousemen, journalists, mechanics, old soldiers, young apprentices -- but never yet have I felt anything but a pardonable pride in being their padre. They are all simply splendid, fundamentally heroic. Of course, they are human. They can swear, most of them. They can 'pinch,' some of them. They can slack, a few of them. But when it comes to the push -- when the hour demands it -- they can be, and they are, absolutely great."


Surely there never was a more methodical woman than the Queen. When she says a thing you know she will abide by her word; when she makes an appointment she will keep it unless circumstances the most unforeseen prevent her; she believes in early to bed and early to rise, and in keeping every minute of the working hours employed. Long before most women are out of bed (writes A.M.B. in the "Liverpool Post") she has dressed and breakfasted and is at work, and she has not allowed even the press of duties caused by the war to make her neglectful of institutions and charities in which she was interested before. So many of the rest of us forget all about the old calls on us when there came the new call of the fighting men.


How many men, if asked, how many languages there were in the world, could give anything like the accurate answer? The average man's knowledge or ability to speak languages rarely exceeds two besides his native tongue. The Emperor Francis Joseph, when visiting a Red Cross hospital, spoke with the 5 patients in their own languages, which showed the aged Emperor to be master of six. It may appear strange, but it is nevertheless true, that there are over 4,000 languages spoken by mankind, while the number of dialects exceeds this. There are more than sixty vocabularies in Brazil, and in Mexico the Nahua is broken up into some 700 dialects. There are hundreds in Borneo, while in Australia there is no classifying the complexities. Let us assume that fifty dialects, on an average, belong to each language, and we have the colossal total of a quarter of a million linguistic abilities. A century hence the probability is that there will be only four languages of importance in the world. Central Europe may produce a newer and more straightforward German language, Imperial English may reign alone over the North American Continent, and a more businesslike Spanish will be used in South American States, while Russia may take on some more rich Slavonic dialect, which will blend the races of Eastern Europe and Central Asia into a harmonious federation. So that in future these four languages will enter into what may be a never-ending competition.


The South African snake called the "egg-eater" has inherited from long generations of ancestors a sense of smell so acute, that it appears never to be at fault. A naturalist, attached to the Fort Elisabeth Museum, tells of the wisdom of these serpents. Being short of fresh pigeons' eggs on one occasion, he went to his cabinet and took the clean-blown shells of a few doves' eggs. Beating up the contents of a fowl's fresh egg, he syringed it into the ==================== and carefully pated tiny bits of ==================== pected the snakes to swallow them as they did the other eggs. First one egg-eater advanced. He touched each egg gently in turn with the tip of his nose or the point of his forked tongue, and crawled away in disgust. Another and yet another eagerly advanced, repeated the performance, and straightway retired. The observer began to get interested. Leaving the eggs, he returned in a few hours' time to find them still there. For two whole weeks those eggs remained in the cage untouched, although the naturalist refrained from giving the snakes any others. Then he procured some fresh pigeons' eggs and put them in the cage. The snakes approached, touched them with their noses or tongues, and instantly began to swallow them. The experiment was tried a second time with the same result Frequently the naturalist noticed that the snake would eat some of the eggs that he gave them and reject others. On breaking the latter open, he always found that they were either addled or else had a partly developed young bird inside. He could never induce an egg-eater to swallow an egg that was not perfectly fresh. The egg-eater is an expert climber, and his sense of smell is so sharp that he can discover birds' nests with the greatest facility. If one places an empty birds' nest in the cage with an egg-eater, he will take no notice of it, except to use it occasionally for a cosy bed. But if one places fresh eggs in it he at once detects their presence although they are hidden from his sight.


Ulsterman's Bequests.

Mr. Robert Dods, of St. Leonards, Newcastle, Co. Down, retired schoolmaster, who died on 9th June last, left personal estate in the United kingdom valued at 14,325 11s 9d, of which 13,211 15s 6d is in England. By his will, dated 14th January, 1913, he left his English books to Ballyroney Presbyterian Church, and his classical books to Rathfriland School. The residue of his estate he left to his niece, Margaret Jane Stranahan, for life, and then two-thirds to the Royal Academical Institution for scholarships, and one-third to the governors of Rathfriland School for educational purposes.


Death of Mr. J. Purdon.

We regret to record the death of Mr. Joseph Purdon, who carried on a successful business as a hatter in Royal Avenue. The sad event took place at his residence, Cliftonville Av., and has occasioned widespread sorrow, for he was a gentlemen who was greatly esteemed by all who knew him. He was a prominent member of Duncairn Presbyterian Church, in whose welfare he ever evinced the keenest interest, and in politics he was a staunch Unionist. Mr. Purdon, who had attained the fine old age of eighty-one, is survived by his wife, two sons (Messrs. Thomas A. Purdon and Joseph H. Purdon), and two daughters. The funeral, which, it is intimated, is to be private, will take place to-morrow.



Warning Against Careless Shooting.

During the last few weeks many homing pigeons have been shot by farmers and others who have mistaken them for wood pigeons, and in view of the serious results of the destruction of trained birds employed by the Government, whose homing pigeons are at work in all parts of the country, it has been found necessary to repeat the warning given some time ago against careless shooting, which may lead to the loss of birds engaged on service of the highest importance.

It is pointed out, in fact, that the work of the Government pigeons is sometimes literally a matter of life and death to our fighting men, many of whom owe their lives to the speed of the birds. A notable case is that of Skipper Thomas Crisp, V.C., who died at the wheel under fire from a German submarine, but lived long enough to send a message by pigeon. The bird flew away with his appeal for help for the crew, and, thanks to the timely arrival of the messenger, they were saved. On another occasion a flying boat and a hydroplane got into difficulties in stormy weather, and it was feared that all lives would be lost. A pigeon was sent out with a message calling for help, and in the face of a fierce wind the bird managed to make its way home. It died from exhaustion on arrival, but its message had been delivered, help was sent to the crews in danger, and the lives of all were saved. The official warning to the thoughtless to avoid shooting homing birds is backed up by a reminder that heavy penalties may be, and in some cases have been, inflicted by the magistrates on offenders.


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The Witness - Friday, 8 February 1918


BROWN -- February 4, 1918, at the residence of his uncle, George Jeffrey, Bawnaglough, Fermoy, Charles Jeffrey Brown, elder son of the late Robert Brown, Glendore, Crawfordsburn, and Mrs. Brown, 230, Duncairn Gardens, Belfast. Interred in Fermoy Old Churchyard, on Wednesday, February 6th.

WILSON -- February 6, at his residence, Baroda, Oldpark Road, David Wilson, in his 84th year. The remains of my dearly-beloved father will be removed from the above address for interment in City Cemetery to-morrow (Saturday), 9th inst., at three o'clock. ALICIA WILSON.

BROWN -- February 3, at her residence, Pond Park, Lisburn, Jane, relict of the late Joseph Brown.

CHARLEY -- February 3, at her residence, 112, Seacliffe Road, Bangor, Jane Charley, widow of the late F. W. Charley, Lisburn.

CLARKE -- January 22, at Johannesburg, South Africa, of pneumonia, Robert Jackson, eldest son of Jackson Clarke, The Hill, Moyessett, Tobermore, Co. Derry. By cable.

FOREMAN -- February 2, at 5, Hill Street, Lisburn, Agnes, third daughter of the late John Foreman.

GRAHAM -- January 31, at her residence, Ballymacbrennan, Lisburn, Anne Graham, aged 90 years.

HAMILTON -- February 3, at her brother's residence, Portglenone, Mary Jane, eldest daughter of the late William Hamilton.

HOBSON -- December 23, at his residence, 204, Florida Road, Durban, South Africa, James, eldest son of the late Hugh T. Hobson, of Belfast.

JONES -- February 2, at 3, Sandymount Street, Stranmillis, Mary, daughter of the late George Jones, Drumiller, Scarva.

MOORE -- January 28, at her late residence, 1, Claremont Street, Londonderry, Margaret, relict of the late William Moore, formerly Station Agent, Ballymoney, Midland Railway, aged 78 years.

M'BRIDE -- February 2, at his residence, Kilbride, Robert, the dearly-beloved husband of Martha M'Bride.

M'CAMLEY -- February 4, at her late residence, Firdale, Loughmorne, Carrickfergus, Ellen M'Camley.

M'CAULEY -- January 26, at Blyth Road, Kensington, London, William John, ex-District Inspector, R.I.C., son of the late James M'Cauley, Kenbally, Broughshane, County Antrim.

M'CLURE -- February 3, at his residence, Newmills, Pakgate, John, the dearly-beloved husband of Rachel M'Clure.

O'NEILL -- February 3, at his residence, Freemanstown, Parkgate, Alexander, the beloved husband of Margaret Jane O'Neill.

PATTERSON -- February 5, at a Private Hospital, in his 83rd year, William Hugh Patterson, of Garranard, Strandtown, Belfast, eldest son of the late Robert Patterson, F.R.S.

SMYLIE -- February 1, at Ms residence, Glassdrummond, Ballynahinch, Thomas Smylie, aged 92 years.

STURGEON -- January 31, at Clanrye, Merton Road, Bootle, Samuel Sturgeon, aged 73 years.

WALLACE -- January 14, at his residence, Warren, Ohio, Captain William Wallace, United States Army, youngest son of the late William Wallace, Monaghan, Ballymena.

WEIR -- February 2, at his residence, Grange, Portadown, Dr. Robert, Harkness Weir, F.R.C.P. and S.I.


Death of Mr. W. H. Patterson.

We regret to announce the death of Mr. William Hugh Patterson, which took place at a private nursing home. The late Mr. Patterson was born at College Square North, Belfast, in 1836, and was the eldest son of the late Mr. Robert Patterson, F.R.S., the eminent naturalist. He was educated at the Royal Academical Institution, Belfast, and later entered Queen's College, after which he entered the business of his father in High Street, established in 1786 by his great-grandfather. The firm subsequently removed to Bridge Street, where it still flourishes under the title of Robert Patterson & Sons, Ltd. Charitable and philanthropic institutions had in the deceased an active and generous supporter. For over half a century he acted as honorary secretary, to the Belfast (now the Ulster) Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, and he was a member of the Board of Management of the Royal Victoria Hospital. His wife died some years ago, but he is survived by three sons and two daughters.


Funeral of Mr. Samuel M'Alpine.

The remains of Mr. Samuel M'Alpine were interred in Bangor Cemetery, the funeral being largely attended, as the deceased was well known and extremely popular in football circles. The chief mourners were Messrs. Alex., William, and O. M'Alpine (brothers), James and Andrew Murray (brothers-in-law), and J. M'Alpine (uncle). Representatives of deceased's old club, Cliftonville, and other leading Belfast Soccer organisations were included in the mournful procession, while members of the Masonic Craft (deceased was a member of Lodge 746, Bangor) and the Engineers' Society were present in large numbers. Rev. Dr. Irwin and Rev. J. Pyper, B.A., conducted impressive services at the house, 2, Marguerite Terrace, Rosetta, while Rev. W. J. Currie conducted the service at the graveside. The funeral arrangements were in the hands of Messrs. Melville & Co., Ltd., and discharged in their customary satisfactory manner.


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The Witness - Friday, 15 February 1918


M'CLELLAND -- February 6, at The Manse, Coagh, Co. Tyrone, to the Rev. W. T. and Mrs. M'Clelland -- a daughter.


M'CAUGHEY -- February 7, at his residence, "Fairyknowe," Whitewell Road, Belfast, William M'Caughey. Funeral strictly private.

STEVENSON -- February 14, 1918 (suddenly), at her residence, Hopefield, Carrickfergus, Margaret A., eldest daughter of the late J. M'N. Stevenson. Her remains will be removed for interment in North Road Cemetery on to-morrow (Saturday), 16th inst., at four o'clock. No flowers.

BELL -- February 8 (suddenly), at Wolverhampton, Francis Bell (late of 55, Falls Road, Belfast), dearly-loved husband of Agnes Bell, 70, Southwell Road, Bangor.

BLACKWOOD -- February 9, at Maghrenan, Richard James Blackwood, D.C.

BROWN -- February 10, at 88, University Street, Belfast, Olivia, aged 83 years, wife of the late Henry Brown, of Donaghmore, Tyrone.

CAIRNS -- February 11, at Lamb's Island, Lurgan, John, second son of the late John Cairns.

COOKE -- February 12, at his late residence, Mill Street, Ballymena, Harry Cooke.

FERGUSON -- February 13, at Zion Place, Newtownards, Agnes, widow of the late Robert Ferguson.

GRAHAM -- February 7, at his residence, Rockabey, Newry, Robert Graham.

HAMILTON -- February 9, at 15, Bingham Street, Bangor, Violet, infant and beloved daughter of Hugh and Isabella Hamilton, aged eight months.

HANNA -- February 13, at Drumaness, Ballynahinch, Robert Hugh Hanna.

HOLLAND -- February 9, at 113, Agincourt Avenue, Mary Holland, for 35 years the faithful friend of the family of the late William Browne, Tubber-na-Carrig, Kirkcubbin.

IRWIN -- February 11, at 7, Esplanade, Kinnegar, Holywood, Thomas M'Cammon Irwin, of Gracehill House, Stranocum, Co. Antrim.

KELLY -- February 11, at Waringstown, Alex. Kelly, late of River Island and Ballysallagh, Dromore, Co. Down.

KERR -- February 10, at Blackhall Street, Kirkcubbin, Martha Kerr.

MELVILLE -- February 9, at his residence, 11, Cromac Square, David M. Melville.

MORROW -- February 9, at his residence, Church Street, Downpatrick, Wm. Morrow.

MUCKLE -- February 13, at her residence, Breeze Mount, Donaghadee, Isabella, dearly-beloved wife of Thomas Muckle.

MURPHY -- February 8, at her residence, Braniel, Castlereagh, Mary Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of the late Robert Murphy.

M'CLEAN -- February 11, at North Street, Carrickfergus, Burnett M'Clean (late of 9, Rosleigh Street, Belfast).

M'DOWELL -- February 11, at Ollarview, Ballyclare, Mary E. M'Dowell, Ucal Villa, Whitehead.

M'MAHON -- February 8, at her residence, Ballytrodden, Armagh, Sarah, relict of the late Mr. George M'Mahon.

PATTERSON -- February 7, at his residence, 29, Scotch Street, Dungannon, Alexander Patterson, in his 83rd year.

STEVENSON -- January 1, 1918, at Shellmouth, Manitoba, Canada, Rev. Marcus Stevenson, B.A., formerly of Tobermore, aged 60 years.

WALLACE -- February 12, at her residence, Belvidere, Newry, Mina, widow of the late Hugh J. Wallace, J.P.

WATSON -- February 3 (suddenly), at Rothesay, in his 80th year, William A. Watson, late of Tilecote, Malone Park, last surviving brother of the late Robert Watson, 92, Donegal! Street, Belfast.


Death of Dr. John Barron.

The death has occurred of Dr. John Barron, at Ben Vista, Antrim Road, in his fifty-seventh year. He had been one of the dispensary medical officers of the city, and prior to this had been a member of the Belfast Corporation and the Water Board. He was a staunch Unionist, and was identified with the Orange and Masonic Orders.

The funeral of the deceased took place on Tuesday, and although of a private nature was largely attended. The chief mourners included -- Mr. Robert Barron (brother), Messrs. Humphrey Gibson, and John Barron (cousins); Samuel Ritchie (brother-in-law), James Humphrey, and Robert Barron, and Humphrey Ritchie (nephews). The officiating clergyman was Rev. Dr. Robert Barron, Whitehouse, who is also a cousin of the deceased. The funeral arrangements were satisfactorily carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co., Ltd.


Ulster Deaths.

The death has occurred at Ballymena of Mr. Harry Cooke, one of the leading pioneers of the cycle and motor industry in the North of Ireland. Deceased, who was married to Miss M'Ilroy, niece of the late Recorder of Belfast, and of Dr. M'Ilroy, of Newtownards, leaves a widow and three children to mourn his loss. He is survived by three brothers, one of whom, Mr. Edward Cooke, B.A., is principal of Fortwilliam School, Belfast. He was a staunch adherent of the Presbyterian Church, and belonged to First Ballymena congregation, and took a keen and intelligent, but not active, interest in public affairs.

The deepest regret has been occasioned by the death of Mr. Thomas M'Cammon Irwin, which occurred at 7, Esplanade, Kinnegar, Holywood. The late Mr. Irwin, who had been a solicitor by profession, and practised in Downpatrick, retiring some years ago, was a son of the late Mr. James S. Irwin, of Gracehill, Stranocum, Co. Antrim. He took the keenest interest in the Ulster Volunteer movement, and when the Holywood Unionist Club was formed he was appointed honorary secretary, in which capacity be rendered valuable services. He was a member of the Masonic Order, and was also connected with Royal Belfast Golf Club.

The announcement of the death of Dr. Andrew Ledlie, of Strangemore Terrace, Crumlin Road, one of the most highly-respected medical practitioners in the city, will be received with general regret. Dr. Ledlie, who had reached the age of seventy-four, was a native of Rathfriland. Early in life he came to Belfast, where he identified, himself with the teaching profession, opening a successful academy in York Street. Of a genial disposition and a kindly heart, and possessed of the capacity of making and holding friends; Dr. Ledlie enjoyed great popularity. Literary in his tastes, he had an aptitude for writing, and papers from his pen regularly appeared in medical journals and other publications. In religion a Presbyterian, Dr. Ledlie was for many years a staunch and faithful member of Rosemary Street congregation. He married the eldest daughter of the late Mr. James Nesbitt, Belfast. Two of his sons are with the colours -- Captain R. J. Ledlie, R.A.M.C., being at present in Northern Italy; while Lieutenant E. R. Ledlie, R.I,R., M.C., is serving in the East. Another son is Mr. Malcolm Ledlie, chemist, Belfast. His only daughter is the wife of Mr. W. P. O'Neill, Cliftonpark, Belfast. Every sympathy will be extended to the widow and family in their bereavement.

Amid manifestations of regret the funeral of the late Mr. John M'Court, inspector for many years in Belfast for the Ulster Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, took place on Tuesday afternoon from his residence in Castleton Gardens to Carnmoney New Cemetery. Before the removal of the remains from the home an impressive service was conducted by the Rev. Dixon Patterson, rector of St. Barnabas' Church, Duncairn Gardens, who also officiated at the graveside. The chief mourners were -- Lieutenant Norman M'Court, Mr. Albert M'Court, Mr. Wm. M'Court (sons). The coffin, laden with beautiful wreaths, was borne portion of the way by relatives, members of the R.I.C. Force, in which the deceased had previously served, and members of the various organisations with which he had been associated. The funeral arrangements were excellently carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co., Ltd.


Death of Rev. Marcus Stevenson.

Our obituary column of this issue contains a notice of the death of the Rev. Marcus Stevenson, B.A., which took place at Shellmouth, Manitoba, Canada, on 1st January last. Mr. Stevenson was licensed to preach the Gospel as a probationer by the Presbytery of Limavady on 26th November, 1883. He was ordained to the ministry and appointed to the oversight of Tobermore congregation on 7th May, 1884. On 7th March, 1905, he resigned his charge of this congregation, and for some years afterwards he devoted himself to teaching, but his heart was in the ministry, and he returned to the work, supplying some Mission Stations in the South of Ireland with great acceptance and success. About five years ago he went out, with his wife and family, to Canada, one son having previously obtained a position in that country. He was at once appointed to the charge of Shellmouth congregation, where he ministered with great diligence and faithfulness, but the climate was rather trying for a constitution which was never robust. His last illness was brought on by exposure while doing duty at an outstation.


Death of Mr. William M'Caughey.

The death of this esteemed gentleman took place at his residence. Fairyknowe, Whitewell, on Thursday, the 7th inst., after a very brief illness. Mr. M'Caughey, who was well known in business circles in Belfast, was a native of the district of Ahoghill. About thirty-three years ago he came to Belfast, and engaged in the wholesale grain and flour trade, and formed the firm of W. M'Caughey & Son, of York street. He purchased the house and farm near Whitewell and spent the remainder of his life there, and took an interest in farming. His family consisted of his son, Mr. W. J. M'Caughey, of Gardha, Fortwilliam Park, and five daughters. Two of these are married -- one to Rev. Thos. Gilmore, B.A., of Darnoch, Scotland, and the other to Mr. Thomas Deans, LL.D., principal of Newtownbreda National School. Mrs. M'Caughey died in 1907. Mr M'Caughey was a keen and successful business man, and very much esteemed for his integrity and upright, honourable conduct. He was a member of Whitehouse Presbyterian Church, and took an active interest in the welfare of the congregation, to whose funds he was a liberal contributor. His remains were interred in the Borough Cemetery on Saturday. The funeral service was conducted by Rev. Robert Barron, D.D., and the chief mourners were Messrs. W. J. M'Caughey (son), James M'Caughey (brother), M'Caughey and James M'Caughey (nephews). The funeral was private, hut there were many friends present. We understand that a memorial service is to be conducted in Whitehouse Presbyterian Church on Sabbath first.


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The Witness - Friday, 22 February 1918


M'FARLAND -- February 9, at her residence, Whitehouse, Castlederg, Ellen Margaret (Ellie) M'Farland, daughter of late George M'Farland. Interred in the family burying-ground, Ardstraw.

ADAMS -- February 17, at Omagh, in his 90th year, Robert Adams, late of Crevenagh, Armagh.

BOYCE -- February 18, William Henry Boyce, Union Street, Lurgan.

CAMPBELL -- February 17, at his residence, Hillhead House, Derriaghy, James, dearly-beloved husband of Katherine Campbell.

CRAIG -- February 15, at his residence, Mill Hill, Ballynahinch, James Williams Craig.

CRAIG -- February 20, at Hurtletoot, Sarah Jane, wife of the late Samuel Craig.

GREENFIELD -- February 18, at Ivy Lodge, Mullacartan, Magheragall, Samuel Greenfield.

HASSEN -- February 17, at her residence, 24, Edward Street, Armagh, Mary A., dearly-beloved wife of John Hessen.

HINDS -- February 18, at the residence of his son, Sandymount, Lissue, Lisburn, James Hinds.

HULME -- February 13 (suddenly), in Dublin, Fred, the beloved husband of Florence Hulme, Aintree, Chichester Road, Belfast.

KINNAIRD -- February 18, at 41, South Street, Newtownards, John Kinnaird.

MALCOLM -- February 19, at Drumalig, Carryduff, Margaret Malcolm.

MARTIN -- February 15, at her husband's residence, the Manor House, Dungiven, Co. Londonderry, Alice Mary Leitch, the dearly-loved wife of Arthur Graham Martin, M.B., Ch.B,

MURPHY -- February 17, at her residence, Megaberry, Moira, Jemima B., dearly-beloved wife of John Murphy.

MURPHY -- February 18, at Rose Cottage, Derryadd, Lurgan, Robert Murphy, aged 83 years.

M'COURT -- February 16 (suddenly), at 116, West 103rd Street, New York, Samuel, beloved husband of Amy M'Court, late of Belfast.

M'FERRAN -- December 13, 1917 (suddenly), at 288, Lennox Street, Richmond, Melbourne, James, youngest son of the late Captain James M'Ferran, of Belfast, aged 59 years.

M'HENRY -- February 14, at Moneyleck House, Rasharkin, Martha M'Henry.

SPROTT -- February 17, at Rutland Gardens, Hove, William Sprott, formerly of Belfast and London, eldest son of the late William Sprott, Dromore, Co. Down.

STRANGE -- February 20, at Railway Street, Comber, William R., beloved husband of Maggie Strange.

WEATHERUP -- February 19, at North-East Division, Carrickfergus, James Weatherup.

WILSON -- February 16, at his brothers residence, Glenavy, Thomas, youngest son of Robert Wilson, Ballymote, Glenavy.


Random Readings


The confection known as "Turkish Delight" is the most important used by the Arabs of Arabia, reports United States Consul Addison E. Southard, of Aden. This is made from sugar and American starch, with flavouring and sometimes almonds or the kernels of ground nuts. Turkish delight often makes up the bulk of the Arab's breakfast, and it is eaten often at other times.


There are now on the ships of the United States Navy, according to Walter S. Meriwether, 124 guns of 14-inch calibre, built at an aggregate cost of 10,000,000 dollars. Writing in the "Scientific American," he says that this cast does not include the carriages, "which weigh almost as much and whose recoil gear must take up a shock equal to that of twenty Pullman coaches running at seventy miles an hour and brought to an instant stop."


At a luncheon in Newcastle an officer, back from the fighting, related the following striking story as coming within his own experience. The order was given for a certain bridge to be crossed at all costs. The enemy were sending down on it and all around it such a murderous fire that even our bravest fellows hesitated to make the dash. Seeing their hesitation, the chaplain rushed forward before anyone could stop him, and getting right on the bridge, knelt down and clasped his hands in prayer in front of all the men, calling on them to come along, too. With a great cheer they rushed the bridge like one man, and not a single fellow was hit by the terrific hail of enemy shots. Every man reached the other side in safety!


There are in the army many men in the ranks who are quite adepts at deciphering codes and symbols, but the other day (writes a correspondent of the "Manchester Guardian") there came along a puzzle which mystified not a few in our unit. A number of animals arrived in camp from a remount depot, among them a Mexican mule. Each animal bore a tag and certain marks, but the mule alone had a red patch just above the tail. What did it signify? While some of the drivers were considering what the mysterious symbol meant, one of them accidentally touched the mule's hindquarters. Immediately its heels shot out, and the man lay on bis back. The mystery was solved. Red is the symbol of danger!


A tractor without wheels, designed especially for dragging cultivators in cornfields, is described by "Popular Mechanics." Instead of wheels it has four legs, with ski-shaped feet, these legs having hip, knee, and ankle joints, and they take steps like those of an animal. The legs are driven by a gasoline motor. They are steered around corners by making those on one side take longer steps than those on the other, and reversing is accomplished by transferring the knee-caps from the front to the back of the joints. The machine can straddle a row of six-foot corn without touching the stalks.


The prospects of Chinese troops coming to fight in Europe would have vastly interested Lord Wolseley (says a writer in the "Daily Chronicle"). Knowing the country and its people, he had a great respect for Chinese character and Military potentialities. "To me they are the most remarkable race on earth, and I have always thought, and still believe, them to be the coming rulers of the world. They only want a Chinese Peter the Great or Napoleon to make them so. They have every quality required for the good soldier and sailor." He pictured Armageddon as the culminating battle of the world, with China and America as the Antagonists!


Regarding the invention of a substitute for margarine, a writer in the "Daily News" reminds us that margarine itself came into being as a substitute for butter during the siege of Paris. M. Mouries, a French chemist and scientist, invented it by mixing milk and beef fat. The article that M. Mouries improved and eventually patented was later on manufactured by the Dutch and Danes. When it was found that there was not sufficient beef fat for the manufacturers to meet the increased demand of the new butter vegetable oils were experimented with, and he originated margarine as we know it, and of which our manufacturers are turning out about 5,000 tons a week.


It is a fact not infrequently forgotten by travellers in Palestine (writes Captain N. G. Brett James) that one has to search far below the present level of towns in order to reach the actual site of the incidents recorded for us in the Gospel narrative. In special parts of Jerusalem it is necessary to dig down seventy feet in order to find the ground on which Christ must have walked. For instance, the French Sisters have a small convent with the Church of "Ecce Homo" attached to it, and here, by excavation, not so deep as seventy feet, but still a considerable way below the surface, they have found three arches of the Praetorium of Pontius Pilate. The general custom seems to have been to build on the top of ruins rather than to dig for foundations, and this fact makes all exploration in Palestine a question of the spade.


OLD BELFAST (115 Years Ago).

One of Belfast's group of intellectuals in the period 1790-1810, who was friend and benefactor of the Royal Belfast Academical Institution and member of its First Elected Board of Visitors; a Vice-President of the Belfast Society for Promoting Knowledge in 1802, and president of Belfast Literary Society, 1803-4 and 1811-12, was Samuel Martin Stevenson, Esq., M.D., who resided at 11, Wellington Place, Belfast, now occupied by Mr. T. Edens Osborne (the well-known Book Safe, Filter, Gramophone, and General Merchant). Communicated.


The Late Mr. William M'Caughey.

In connection with the death of Mr. William M'Caughey, senior partner in the firm of Messrs. Wm. M'Caughey & Son, of York Street, which took place suddenly at his residence, Fairyknowe, Whitewell Road, Belfast, on the evening' of the 7th inst, a memorial service was held on Sabbath last in Whitehouse Presbyterian Church, of which the deceased and has family have been earnest workers for over a quarter of a century, and where they have been held in the highest esteem. Rev. Robert Barron, D.D., conducted the service, and paid an excellent tribute to the memory of the deceased. His address, was based on the text, "For he was a good man" (Acts xi. 24). Dealing with the subjects of his discourse, under the headings -- His life in the home, as a business man, as a member of the community, and as a Christian man, the speaker brought before a very sympathetic audience the many good qualities of the deceased, and held him up as a noble example for young men to follow through life.


An outbreak of fire resulting in damage estimated at about 7,000, occurred in the premises of the Whitewell Laundry and Finishing Company, the yarn and finishing department being entirely gutted.


Primrose Day in Belfast.

The citizens will once more be given the opportunity of subscribing to the now well-known comforts fund of the 3rd Battalion the Royal Irish Rifles on Primrose Day, 19th April. As was the case last year, primroses will be sold in the streets by a host of fair sellers, and the promoters feel confident that Belfast will again show its patriotic spirit and subscribe liberally, in order that the large drafts which leave Victoria Barracks may receive the same comforts as their comrades have done in the past. The Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress (Mr. and Mrs. James Johnston) have graciously given their patronage to Primrose Day, and we need only remind the public that every penny paid for primroses in the street will, in the form of comforts, find its way into the haversack of a man leaving barracks for active service.


War Distinctions Awarded to Queen's Men.

The Vice-Chancellor submitted a list of names of 164 graduates, under-graduates and members of the O.T.C., who have been awarded distinctions for services in connection with the present war, and moved that the Senate place on record the profound pleasure with which it has heard of these distinctions, and requests the Vice-Chancellor to convey to each of them its warm congratulations and good wishes. The distinctions referred to included the Victoria Cross, C.B., C.M.G., O.I.E., and D.S.O., Bar to D.S.O., Military Cross, Bar to the Military Cross, second Bar to the Military Cross, D.S. Medal, Military Medal, French Medal de Guerre, French Medal Militaire, French Croix de Guerre, the Russian Order of St. Anne, the Russian Medal of St. George, Mentioned in Despatches, second time mentioned in Despatches, third time mentioned in Despatches, fourth time mentioned in Despatches, Italian Silver Medal for Military Valour, Russian Order of St. George.

Professor Gregg Wilson seconded the resolution, which was passed unanimously.


The Late Alderman Doran.

"The Man in the Street" writes:-- I cannot refrain from making a reference to the personal and public loss sustained by the death of Alderman G. A. Doran, J.P., who passed away on Saturday after a prolonged illness. Alderman Doran was one of the most active and popular members of the City Council, and one of the most genial, kindly, and courteous of gentlemen. He had a very warm and generous heart, and was full of sympathy for the suffering or afflicted, and never spared himself or others in his efforts to provide help or remedy, and to remove injustice or redress wrong. We had many old veterans of the war from Crimea days down in our midst, of whom few took notice until Mr. Doran, then a young and ardent soul, took up their cause, and secured for them comforts and recognition. It was a treat to see him among his old veterans, and to witness the grateful looks with which they regarded their benefactor and friend. He was as individual in his characteristics as in his kindliness, geniality, and good nature; and has left behind him, and not least with myself, the memory of friendship unalloyed and kindness undeviating, and inspired by a warm and tender heart.


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