The Witness - Friday, 5 April 1917


CAIRNS--M'CULLOUGH -- April 2, at Donegall Square East Methodist Church, Belfast, by Rev. E. B. Cullen, Wm. Cairns, third son of Robert and Ellen Cairns, Belfast, to Eleanor, youngest, daughter of the late Alex. M'Cullough, Mullintur, Tandragee.

SHAW--KNOX -- March 26, 1918, at First Boardmills Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. J. L. M'Candless, William Andrew, only son of the late James W. Shaw, Creevy House, Lisburn, to Martha, youngest daughter of the late Robert Knox and Mrs. Knox, Lake View, Lisban, Saintfield.


DONAGHY -- April 3, at his residence, 89, Agnes Street, James, the beloved husband of Jane Donaghy. Funeral private.

SIMPSON -- March 31, 1918, at 15, Allworthy Avenue, Antrim Road, Belfast, Elizabeth Ann Black, wife of Robert Simpson, dearly-beloved mother of M. and Nettie H. Simpson. Interred in Carnmoney New Cemetery, 3rd April.

BROWN -- April 2 (suddenly), at 54, Brookvale Street, Belfast, William Brown (for 36 years Secretary, Presbyterian Orphan Society), in his 75th year.

BROWNE -- April 2 (of pneumonia), at Netherton, Sydenham, William T., beloved husband of Marion Browne.

BULLICK -- April 2, at The Beeches, Fintona, William J. Bullick.

CRORY -- March 31, 1918, at her residence, Drumadonald, Ballyroney, Co. Down, Margery A., widow of the late Joseph Crory, in her 83rd year.

EWINGS -- March 28, at Cargans, Tandragee, S. Anne Ewings.

GALBRAITH -- March 26, at 298, Silverhill, Ecclesall, Sheffield, David Galbraith, formerly of Muswell Hill, London, aged 69.

GALLOWAY -- March 31, at his father's residence, Cliftonville, Moorfield Road, Gourock, Pete, the youngest son of Peter Galloway, and the dearly-beloved husband of Mamie Galloway, Ardmore, Holywood.

HILL -- March 31, at Skilganaban, Ballyclare, Margaret, relict of the late William Hill, aged 92 years.

HOBBS -- March 28, at 57, Queen's Street, Lurgan, Lilly, youngest and dearly-beloved daughter of James and Sara Hobbs.

HYNDMAN -- March 31, at her residence, Dromore, Glarryford, Tillie, daughter of the late James Hyndman.

KIRKPATRICK -- April 2, at 2, Church Street, Bangor, Elizabeth, wife of Wm. Kirkpatrick, aged 86 years.

LAWSON -- March 29, at her father's residence, after a lingering illness, Maggie Lawson, younger daughter of William J. Campbell, Lisnamulligan, Hilltown, and niece of the late Rev. J. R. Lawson, Barnesville, New Brunswick.

LOUGHRIN -- March 28, at Orritor, Cookstown, Robert Loughrin.

MORRISON -- March 30, at Woodland, Killyleigh, Sarah Whitla Morrison.

M'CAUSLAND -- March 31, at Cherryvale, Belfast, William M'Causland.

M'CONNELL -- April 1, at Laurel Hill, Doagh, Co. Antrim, Agnes, relict of the late Samuel M'Connell, aged 77 years.

M'CULLAGH -- April 2, at Duneane, Toomebridge, Abigail, widow of the late Frederick M'Cullagh, and last surviving daughter of the late James Canmore, of Alderbrook.

M'KINLEY -- March 31, at Damolly, Newry, Benjamin Meekin M'Kinley.

M'MURRAY -- March 29, at her residence, Ballyrogan, Newtownards, Isabella, relict of the late William M'Murray.

M'MURRAY -- April 1, at Ballynaughey, Portadown, Joseph Henry M'Murray.

PATTON -- March 31, at Coolkill, Monaghan, James Patton.

PRINGLE -- March 28, at 9, Upper Frank Street, Margaret, widow of the late John Pringle, and youngest daughter of the late Robert Thompson, Ballynahinch.

ROUNTREE -- April 1, at Mullentine, Portadown, Meredith Rountree, aged 47 years, the loving husband of Anna Rountree, and eldest son of Robert Rountree, late of Mulladry.

SAYERS -- February 19, at his father's residence, 114, Nagle Avenue, New York, Harold M'Master, youngest child of Samuel and Maud Sayers, aged 10 months and 13 days.

SIMMONS -- March 30, at Keady, Richard Simmons, late of Donaghmore.

WATTERS -- March 29, at 53, South Parade, William Watters, late of Ballymave, Lisburn.

WHEELER -- Feb. 11, at Shanghai, Sydney, beloved eldest son of Edwin Wheeler, M D., Yokohama, Japan.

WHITE -- March 29, at Bryansburn, Carnalea, Elizabeth, widow of the late William White, The Tower, Bangor.




The Derry Corporation have struck a rate of ps in the -- an increase on last year's rate.

The chaplain and two Sisters of Mercy of St. Elizabeth Hospital, Antwerp, were executed at Maastricht with Dr. de Metz.

Under a new order of the Derry Corporation, the city street lighting has been done away with until further notice.

The rates in Portadown for the ensuing year will amount to 7s 8d in the -- increase of 5d in the on the previous year.

The London and Brighton Railway Co. has decided to discontinue the issue of season tickets between London and coast line stations to other than present holders.

During the conference of the National Union of Teachers at Cambridge it was stated that the Union had, by 29,743 votes to 15,434, decided against alliance with the Labour party.

Captain D. H. Cole, A.S.C., whose name has been brought before the War Secretary for valuable services, is a son of Rev. R. Cole, Whitehead, and joined the forces from the O.T.C. of T.C.D.

A large body of military and police raided the offices of the "Clare Champion" newspaper at Ennis. They took possession of the premises, and removed the principal portions of the machinery.

The I.F.C.C. report that circumstances have prevented some leading Irish wholesale dealers from getting their sugar supplies, so there may be temporary shortage in some places, but this will be rectified as soon an possible.

Resulting from a Sinn Fein conflict with the military at Carrigaholt, West Clare, in clearing a hall of a meeting assembled contrary to military regulations, Thomas Russell, an Irish teacher, succumbed to a bayonet wound injury in Kilrush hospital.

Major-General Sir W. Campbell, son of the late Mr. J. Campbell, Belfast and Whiteabbey, and Major-General Sir L. J. Bols, formerly commanding the Dorsets at Belfast, were invested with the K.C.M.G. insignia by the Duke of Connaught recently at Mount Zion, Palestine.

Sir William Gallagher, I.S.O., who has been appointed a Commissioner of the Board of Customs and Excise, vice Sir Arthur Tedder (resigned), is a Donegal man, and has had a distinguished career. His eldest daughter is the wife of Dr. G. A. Campbell, of Oldpark Road, Belfast.

An American shipbuilding expert, who is not inclined to optimism, states that in 1918 the United States shipyards will produce many times over their output of 1917 in commercial shipping. Chairman Hurley, of the United States Shipping Board, puts this year's output at 6,000,000 tons of new ships.

The Southern Unionists Committee, in a statement, says the volume of support to "the call to Unionists" is rapidly increasing, and that the number of signatories to "the call" from the South and West of Ireland is now approaching 5,000. The list includes 400 farmers, to which fact the committee attach importance.

Belfast Corporation, in order to retain the services as Tramways Manager of Mr. S. D. Moffet, who had been appointed Deputy Manager of Liverpool Tramways, raised from 1,000 to 1,200 the maximum, to be reached by 50 annual increments to the salary of 800 a year which he received on his appointment in 1916.

A three-cornered contest is threatened in North King's County between the Sinn Fein, Labour, and the Irish parties. Mr. Patrick M'Kenna, who was defeated in South Longford by thirty-seven votes, will be the Irish party nominee; and Dr. M'Cartan, who was defeated in South Armagh, will be the Sinn Fein candidate.

Carleton Home, the mansion erected some years ago in Portadown by Miss Carleton, and now made a free gift by her to the town to be used for a maternity and child welfare Scheme, was opened with a bazaar and fete to raise funds to furnish the Home. Right Hon. T. Shillington presided, and the opening was performed by Mrs. D. Millar, wife of the High Sheriff of Co. Armagh.

Mr. Ramsay Macdonald, at Leicester, declared that the war would not be won on the field. It could be won only by the democracies of Europe laying; their heads together. The logical conclusion to be drawn from the Lichnowsky revelations was that a renewed attempt should be made to secure an international Socialist conference with a view to bringing about a real peace.

"I want no military service hung round the necks of my daughters, and I do not want it to be hung round the necks of other people's daughters," said Mrs. Fawcett, of the National Women Workers' Federation, protesting at the I.L.P. Conference at Leicester against Labour Exchanges advising unemployed girls to enrol in what she described as a species of military service.

At the conference of the National Union of Teachers in Cambridge, a resolution was adopted calling for a substantial increase in salaries, it being asserted that many teachers were now in lunatic asylums through poverty and the consequent worry. It was decided to take a referendum of members, including those on service, on the subject of equal pay for men and women teachers.

They all knew how horribly near famine was since Mr. Lloyd George declared it was a long way off, said Mr. Snowdon, amid laughter, at the I.L.P. Conference at Leicester. A resolution was carried declaring that the Government should for the rest of the war prohibit absolutely the use of foodstuffs to make liquor. A Glasgow delegate said public-houses were used to stimulate the war feeling.

On a proposal for a graduated tax on capital, Mr. Jowett, M.P. at. the I.L.P Conference, said they should safeguard themselves against the conscription of the wealth of co-operative societies. A clause could provide that all persons possessing wealth above that which they could reasonably be expected to save should be deemed dead and their surplus wealth made subject to death duties. The resolution was carried.

Dr. G. Chatterton-Hill, President, German-Irish Society, Berlin, is reported to have stated at a St. Patrick's Day banquet there, that Sinn Fein prevented England from putting 700,000 more men into the war campaign, "including 500,000 soldiers whom the Irish refuse to furnish, and 200,000 permanently detained for the preservation of order in Ireland and he added that "Ireland's hopes go hand-in-hand with Germany's aims."

It is stated that the orders issued to local Food Committees respecting newly-born infants and ration cards are at present under consideration with a view to their probable modification at an early date. Under existing conditions a sugar card only can be applied for and immediately obtained in respect of a newly born infant, but no food or meat card can be issued for any child born during the period covered by the existing cards -- up to July 13.

At the monthly meeting of the Belfast Corporation the Lord Mayor (Alderman James Johnston, J.P.) referred to the appointment of Lord Pirrie to the Controllership of Mercantile Shipbuilding, Belfast, and said they had every reason to be proud of the honour conferred upon a distinguished townsman. The citizens would heartily congratulate his lordship, who was the first Freeman of the city. The reference was received by the Council with applause.

At the conference of the National Union of Teachers at Cambridge. Miss E. R. Conway, Liverpool, in a presidential address said women teachers, when fully trained, should be acknowledged as the equal of their men colleagues. They hoped the Fisher Bill would pass as it would free the British child slaves of whom there were a million unfit in the primary schools and unable to take advantage of education. The profiteers had too long blocked the way of the child in England.

From Guildford the death is announced of General Sir Alfred Gaselee, aged seventy-three. His military career was chiefly in the East. It was mainly through his energy and determination at the time of the Boxer outbreak about twenty-years ago, that the Allied troops reached Pekin in time to save the Legations, Count von Waldersee said such an able officer would have been given a high place out the German General Staff. Lady Gaselee, a charming Irishwoman, was very popular in Simla.

Michael Collins, secretary of a fund for Sinn Feiners' dependants, was arrested on O'Connel Bridge, Dublin, on a charge in connection with a speech delivered by him in County Longford last month. His arrest led to a scene. Collins made some resistance, and a crowd collected and pressed on the police, who drew their batons and threatened to use them. The crowd cheered for the Irish Republic and the Kaiser, and boohed passing soldiers. The police had to draw their batons again before they lodged the prisoner in the police station.

As the war had greatly changed economic conditions, the pre-war proposals of the I.L.P. regarding wages, pensions, taxation, and industrial reform were declared obsolete by the ^ Conference at Leicester, which decided that fresh proposals would have to be formulated when it was seen how far economic changes were likely to continue after the war. An amendment to retain the original proposal was defeated, and accordingly demands for the minimum wage of 1 a day and a 30-hour week were ruled out of order.



Mr. William Brown.

It is with sincere regret that we announce the death of Mr. William Brown, a highly-respected citizen and the greatly esteemed secretary, of the Presbyterian Orphan Society, for whose welfare his labours for the past thirty-six years were most assiduous. The deceased, who was in his seventy-fifth year, had not been in the best of health recently, and the news of his demise, which occurred on Tuesday, at his residence, 54, Brookvale Street, has occasioned sincere sorrow among his large circle of acquaintances. Mr. Brown became connected with the Orphan Society when the late Rev. Dr. Johnston, of Townsend Street Church, was its hon. secretary, and his sympathy and intest in it continued to the end. Recently a special appointment was made to relieve him of the strain of the heavier work, but while able he continued to visit the office of the society, and no one could have been more sympathetic in the cause of the Presbyterian widows and orphans. It was largely due to his valuable services that the society has been enabled to weather successfully many strenuous periods in its history, in the past. His great work on behalf of the society was publicly acknowledged a few years ago, when he was made the recipient of a valuable presentation at the jubilee meeting of the organisation, and at the ceremony eloquent testimony was paid to his successful labours by various speakers. His wife, who predeceased him, a year ago, was a Miss Bradshaw before her marriage, and to the members of his family deep sympathy will be extended in their bereavement.

The funeral took place yesterday. The service was conducted in the house by Rev. James Pyper, B.A., Rev. Dr. Maconaghie, and Rev. Dr. Taylor, who made a reference to the services rendered by Mr. Brown to the Presbyterian Orphan Society. The care of the orphans was to Mr. Brown not merely an occupation, but a religion and a joy. No philanthropic society ever had a more efficient or sympathetic secretary. The work of the office was so well organised, and Mr. Brown's manner was so obliging, that criticism was disarmed and complaints were very rare. Much of the success of the society was due to his wise judgment and untiring energy. His old age was cheered by the affection of his four sons, three of whom are serving in the army. His name was known throughout the Presbyterian Church, and universal sympathy is felt for those who have lost a father whose life was full of good works, and whose memory will ever be associated with the early history of our Orphan Society. A brief service at the grave was conducted by Rev. Dr. Taylor and Rev. James Pyper.

Mr. Wm. M'Causland.

The death has occurred of Mr. William M'Causland, Cherryvale, Ravenhill Road, Belfast,, senior director of the firm of Messrs. Samuel M'Causland, Ltd., Victoria Street. Mr. M'Causland had been in delicate health, for some years, but up to a short time ago he was able to pay occasional visits to his business establishment, to the interests of which he had devoted his entire career, the firm having been founded by his father, the late Mr. Samuel M'Causland, J.P., who was Mayor of Belfast in 1869, and who died in 1895 in his 55th year. Mr. M'Causland, who had reached has 87th year, was of a genial and kindly disposition, and delighted in giving a helping hand to every cause of a worthy character that was brought to his notice. For many years he devoted much time and energy to the interests of Cooke Centenary Church, and through his personal influence raised a large sum towards its erection. Besides paying the ground rent of the site for a number of years, his personal contributions to the building fund were of a generous character. His interest in the Sabbath-school, which he helped to organise, and which at that time met in the Orange Hall, Ballynafeigh, was both keen and practical. His father was one of the original members of Fisherwick Place congregation, and the connection of the family with that church was always maintained, although the deceased attended Newtonbreda Presbyterian Church, which is convenient to Cherryvale. Mr. M'Causland was a Liberal Unionist, and was president of the Ballynafeigh Unionist Club until failing health and infirmity compelled him most reluctantLy to resign the position. In addition to supervising the business of Messrs. Samuel M'Causland, Ltd., he was a director of the Brookfield Linen Company, Ltd. The death of Mrs. M'Causland in 1914 was a great blow to him, and told heavily on his health, which even then was beginning to cause anxiety to his many friends. The deceased gentleman is survived by three sons (two of whom are serving their country) and three daughters.

On Tuesday the remains of the deceased were removed from his residence, Cherryvale, Ravenhill Road, for interment in the City Cemetery. There was a large gathering of deceased's business and personal friends, thus showing the high esteem in which he had been held. The service at the house was conducted by the Rev. Dr. Davey, and at the graveside the Rev. Dr. Workman officiated.

Speaking at a meeting of the Belfast Corporation, the Lord Mayor (Alderman James Johnston, J.P.) said he desired to make reference to an old and respected citizen who has just passed away. He referred to Mr. Wm. M'Causland, whose father worthily occupied that chair. Mr. M'Causland attained a ripe old age, and took a leading part in building up their great city, and he believed they would wish to send a message of sympathy to the bereaved family. The resolution was passed.

Mr. W. T. Browne.

A large circle of friends will regret to hear of the death of Mr. William T. Browne, a member of the firm of Messrs Hanna & Browne, cabinetmakers and upholsterers, Belfast, at his residence, Netherton, Sydenham, on Tuesday. Mr. Browne was a man of great business ability, and his enterprise and acumen were shown to marked advantage in connection with the management of the extensive establishment with which, he was so closely and actively identified. Two of his brothers were associated with him as partners. The deceased was a member of the Home Defence Corps which was formed in Belfast soon after the outbreak of the war. At one time he was a member or the congregation of Rosemary Street Presbyterian Church, but in recent years he had attended the Strand Church, Sydenham. He is survived by his wife and two daughters.

Mr. Benjamin M'Kinley.

The death took place on Sabbath at his residence, Damolly, near Newry, of Mr. Benjamin Meek in M'Kinley, who was well known in the linen trade of Ulster. The deceased, who was in the 50th year of his age, was for the past 29 years the manager of the Bedford Street Weaving Company's factory at Damolly. He was a devoted member of the Presbyterian Church, and was prominently identified with the Masonic Order. Deceased leaves a widow, three sons, and two daughters to mourn his loss. At the close of the service in the Downshire Road Presbyterian Church the Dead March in "Saul" was played, the congregation standing. A resolution of regret and sympathy was adopted by the congregation at the evening service.

The funeral of the deceased took place on Tuesday, the place of interment being the Meeting House Green. The members of the local Masonic lodges, Royal Arch Chapters, and the Preceptory walked in front of the hearse, and behind the chief mourners came the members of the session and committee of the Downshire Road Presbyterian Church, who were followed by the Damolly factory workers. The chief mourners were Mr. Wm. M'Kinley and Master Ben M'Kinley (sons), Mr. Wm. M'Kinley (brother), Mr. Wm. Shane, Mr. John Middleton, Mr. Alex. Reid, Mr. Campbell Reid, Belfast; Mr. James Reid, Holywood (brothers-in-law); and Mr. David M'Kinley, Omagh (uncle). The service at the graveside was conducted by the Rev. W. G. Strahan and Rev. H. B. Swanzy.



Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Farnham, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, a well-known Irish representative Peer, who was serving with the Ulster Division, is reported missing. His lordship, who is 58 years of age, served with the North Irish Horse, and on going to the front was appointed aide-de-camp to Major-General Oliver Nugent, C.B., D.S.O., General Officer Commanding the Ulster Division. He was given the command of a battalion of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers in the autumn of 1917. Lord Farnham is a member of the Ulster Unionist Council, and a Deputy Lieutenant of the County Cavan.

Lieutenant-Colonel Harry S. Hodgkin, D.S.O., commanding a battalion of the Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment), officially reported missing since 21st March, isca son-in-law of the late Mr. R. J. M'Mordie, M.P., Lord Mayor of Belfast, and Mrs. M'Mordie, Cabin Hill, Knock, and is well known in the city.

Mr. Robert T. Finnegan, R.A.M.C., son of Mr. J. M. Finnegan., B.Sc., secretary of Queen's University of Belfast, was taken prisoner by the Germans while collecting wounded with a motor ambulance.

Second-Lieutenant James Mann, Royal Sussex Regiment, was admitted to hospital in Wimeraux on the 25th March suffering from a severe gunshot wound to the left leg, and the doctors found it necessary to amputate the limb below the knee. Second-Lieutenant Mann is a son of Mr. Brereton Mann, 34, South Parade, Belfast. Before enlisting he was an apprentice draughtsman in, the firm of Workman, Clark, & Co., Ltd., Belfast.

Second-Lieutenant W. J. Thompson, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, son of Mr. G. R. Thompson, Gobnassale House, Derry, has been killed in action in Palestine. This is the third son of Mr. Thompson to be killed in action. A fourth has had his leg amputated, a fifth is wounded and in hospital, a sixth has been engaged in the present fighting in France, a seventh is serving in Mesopotamia, and an eighth is in the R.N.V.R.

Second-Lieutenant James Kennedy, Royal Irish Rifles, killed in action, was a son of Rev. Professor S. G. Kennedy, LL.D., Cromwell House, Cromwell Road, of the Chancellor Memorial Reformed Presbyterian Church, Belfast. One of his brothers was killed last year, end another is still serving.

Captain R. M. Boyle, M.C., Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, of Killala, Co. Mayo, has been missing since 21st March.

News was received by Mrs. Woodcock, of Wigan, that her husband Corporal Thomas Woodcock, V.C., of the Irish Guards, was killed in action on March 26th. Corporal Woodcock had only just returned to the front following his first visit home after receiving the Victoria Cross, when he was accorded a public welcome and presented with a public subscription of over 200.


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The Witness - Friday, 12 April 1918

Roll of Honour

BLACKWOOD -- At the Second Canadian General Hospital, Le Treport, of wounds received in action, March 27, 1918, Joseph Blackwood, Second Battalion Irish Guards, youngest son of George Blackwood, Ballinarea, Altnamackin, Castleblayney.

M'KAY -- Killed in action, March 27, Lieutenant J. F. D. M'Cay, Royal Irish Rifles, second son of Rev. James M'Cay, Castlederg, aged 26 years. Deeply mourned.

TEAZ -- Promoted to the Higher Service from France, on March 23, Captain Homer Nevin Teaz, B.A., M.C. (K.O.Y.L.I.), the only and dearly-beloved son of the Rev. E. Teaz, The Manse, Edge Lane. Matt. xxv. 21.


MORROW -- April 9, at Ballywonard, Carnmoney, to Mr. and Mrs. John A. Morrow -- a daughter.

PATTERSON -- April 4, 1918, at 4, Hamilton Terrace, Antrim Road, Lisburn, to the wife of the Rev. Walter Patterson, B.A., The Manse, Portglenone, Co. Antrim -- a son.


HARPER--WARWICK -- March 29, 1918, at St. Enoch's Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. John Pollock, Sergeant Thomas Harper, Royal Flying Corps (late North Irish Horse), third son of John Harper, Randalstown, to Annie, youngest daughter of Mrs. Warwick and the late John Warwick, 141, Hillman Street, Belfast.

WILSON--LOWRY -- April 2, at Donegall Pass Presbyterian Church, Belfast, by the Rev. James Dewar, Crawford Lunham Law Wilson, Surgeon Probationer, R.N.V.R., only son of the late Rev. Samuel Law Wilson, M.A., D.D., Professor in the General Assembly's College, Belfast, and Mrs. Wilson, College Green, Dublin, and Jean, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Lowry, South Parade, Belfast.


HAIRE -- April 1, at Eleven Lane Ends, Tandragee, Martha, beloved wife of Thomas Haire. Interred in family burying-ground, Cremore Presbyterian Church, on Wednesday, 3rd April, 1918.

SCOTT -- April 6, at the residence of her son-in-law, John C. Simpson, Dungannon, Matilda Scott, aged 77 years, widow of the late William Scott, Andersonstown, Belfast, formerly of Ballymena. Interred in City Cemetery, Belfast.

WALKER -- April 8, 1918, at 16, Carrington Street, Belfast, David, son of the late John Walker, of Donegall Street. His remains were interred in Newtownbreda, on Wednesday, 10th April. Australian papers please copy. JOHN WALKER.

ALLAN -- April 5 (suddenly), at the residence of his daughter, 99, Victoria Road, Bangor, beloved husband of Margaret Allan, late of Sunderland.

BELL -- April 4, after a brief illness, at his residence, Tullyvallen, Co. Armagh, James, dearly-beloved husband of Elizabeth Bell. Deeply regretted by his sorrowing Wife and Family.

CAMPBELL -- March 29, at her father's residence, after a lingering illness, Maggie Lawson, younger daughter of William J. Campbell, Lisnamulligan, Hilltown, and niece of the late Rev. J. R. Lawson, Barnesville, New Brunswick.

CAMPBELL -- April 7, at Ferry House, Islandmagee, Martha, eldest daughter of the late Andrew Campbell.

CARLISLE -- April 4, at Ballylone, Ballynahinch, Christiana, relict of the late Henry Carlisle.

CLARKE -- Feb. 27, at his residence, near Victoria, B.C., Canada, James M'Cracken Clarke, formerly of Belfast, only and dearly-loved brother of Mrs. Jas. Moore, Ulidia, Bangor.

CRAWFORD -- April 3, at 12, Smithfield, Lisburn, James Crawford (formerly of Ballyhay, Newtownards).

DEANS -- April 5, at the Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Albany, New York State, William John Tuton, second son of Alexander Deans, Haddington, Knockbreda Park, Belfast.

GRIMSHAW -- March 9, at her husband's residence, 1,457, Cuyler Avenue, Chicago, Sarah (nee Beaumont), beloved wife of Edmund Grimshaw, late of Belfast and Ballymena.

JOHNSTON -- March 21, at Lokoja, Nigeria, Robert Albert, third son of Robert Johnston, 49, Cedar Avenue, Belfast. Deeply regretted.

JOHNSTON -- April 5, at the residence of her niece, Mrs. Roulston, Craigmagowan, Killygordon, Mary Jane, widow of the late James Johnston, J.P., of Belfast, and eldest daughter of the late John Ferris, of Springrove, Londonderry.

KANE -- April 6, at Lisavague, Portadown, Mary Kane, aged 76 years.

LOCKE -- April. 7, at 2, Almond Place, Portadown, George Alexander Locke, dearly-beloved husband of Selina Locke.

LOWE -- April 6, at Carryduff, Isabella, widow of the late John Lowe.

MAGEE -- April 7, at Knock Nursery, William Magee.

MEGAW -- April 6, at her residence, Broughdone, Jane, widow of the late William Megaw, in her 87th year.

MILLER -- April 6, at 111, Main Street, Bangor, Samuel, the dearly-beloved husband of Fanny Miller.

MONRO -- April 5, at Cremore Villas, North Parade, James Monro (C.-Sergt., late 27th Innis.), the dearly-beloved husband of Martha Monro, and son of the late Henry Monro, Livaghery.

MULLIGAN -- April 5, at Tullyhenan Cottage, Banbridge, Robert Mulligan.

M'CONNELL -- April 1, at her residence, Laurel Hill, Doagh, Agnes, widow of the late Samuel M'Connell.

M'LEAN -- April 5, 1918, at his residence, Belvidere, Windsor Park, Belfast, John M'Lean, in his 85th year.

M'NEARY -- April 8, at 13, Nursery Avenue, Coleraine, James Rentoul, dearly-beloved husband of Margaret M'Neary, formerly of Tirkeeran, Garvagh.

RODGERS -- April 8, at her residence, Tullyraine, Laurencetown, Eliza Rodgers, daughter of the late James Rodgers.

ROLLINS -- April 6, at Mullacartin, Eliza, widow of the late John Rollins.

SHIELDS -- April 6, at her brother-in-law's residence, Lisbane, Comber, Ellen Shields.


Funeral of Mr. W. T. Browne.

The funeral took place on Friday to the City Cemetery of the late Mr. William T. Browne -- partner in the firm of Messrs. Hanna & Browne -- whose lamented death from pneumonia took place at his residence, Netherton, Sydenham. This chief mourners included Messrs. James and John Browne (brothers), Mr. Samuel Brown, assistant-postmaster (cousin), and his sons, Messrs. William and Samuel Brown, and Mr. Ian Brown (nephew). Although the funeral was private there were many of the close friends and members of the firm's staff present to pay their last tribute of respect and affection for a greatly esteemed gentleman. The officiating ministers were the Revs. Thomas Byers, (Strand Presbyterian Church), and Robert Anderson, M.A. (Castlewellan). Messrs. Melville & Co., Ltd., carried out the funeral arrangements.


Death Mr. John M'Lean.

An old and esteemed citizen has passed from our midst in the person of Mr. John M'Lean, senior partner of the firm of John M'Lean & Sons, engineers, Grosvenor Road, whose death took place at his residence, Belvidere, Windsor Park, Belfast. Mr. M'Lean, who was in his eighty-fifth year, was a staunch Unionist, and was well known to the older generation of citizens as one of the foremost workers in evangelistic effort in the North of Ireland. He was a devoted member of the Presbyterian Church, being ordained to the eldership of the congregation of Linenhall Street Church, under the late Rev. Dr. Knox. Latterly he worshipped at the Crescent Church, and was a sincere admirer of the late Dr. M'Ilveen. A man of very deep religious convictions, he was greatly esteemed throughout Ulster as an evangelistic preacher, he himself dating his first great religious impressions from the year 1859, the time of the big Revival. Mr. M'Lean's wife predeceased him about five years ago, and he is survived by a family of twelve -- seven sons and five daughters. He will be succeeded in the business by his second son, Mr. William M'Lean. His third son is Colonel James Reynolds M'Lean, who before the war was a Presbyterian minister at Cardiff, but who now holds the responsible position of Deputy-Governor-General of Recruiting for the United Kingdom.




Rifleman Moore, R.I.R., Templepatrick, has escaped from Germany to London, with three others.

Over 11,978 has been subscribed to the Episcopal Clerical Augmentation Fund in Down, Connor and Dromore.

A tablet to the memory of Lieut. G. P. Jenkins has been dedicated in Lisburn Cathedral by Most Rev. Dr. Crozier.

The Elim and Olivet Home, Ballygowan, has been purchased by the local Presbyterian congregation for 1,050.

Lieut. S. T. S. Clarke, Grenadier Guards, who has been awarded the Military Cross, is a son of Mr. T. Clarke, managing director of Derry shipyard.

At a meeting of the proprietors of the Bank of Ireland, in Dublin, Mr. Nicholas J. Synnott was elected Governor, and Mr. William P. Cairnes Deputy-Governor.

Mr. John Dooly, J.P., Birr, chairman of King's County County Council, has been selected as the Nationalist candidate for the Parliamentary vacancy in North. King's Co.

Sir William Irvine, a native of Newry, nephew of John Mitchel and cousin of ex-Mayor Mitchel of New York, succeeds the late Sir John Madden as Chief Justice of Victoria.

Patrick Morris, of Clare, was sentenced to three months and ordered to find bail for one year for illegal drilling at Clare on St, Patricks Day. He declined to enter into bail.

The Red Cross of South Africa has forwarded 10,000 to the British Red Cross authorities to assist in meeting expenditure in connection with the present enemy offensive.

Captain H. F. Spence, Middlesex Regiment, whose wife is a daughter of the late Mr. J. Torrens, J.P., Whiteabbey, and who was wounded and captured at Cateau, has been repatriated.

The Auditor-General reports a deficiency of 529,639 on the telegraphic service for the year ended March 31, 1917. The telephone service showed a surplus of 201,729 on the year's working.

It is proposed to legislate to enable plot-holders to retain occupation of their plots at least until the end of the 1920 season unless the land is required for building or other public purposes.

Since the war began 669 head of deer from Witley Park, Lord Pirrie's Surrey residence, have been killed to increase the nation's food supply. The herd, which now numbers only 160, is to be further reduced.

The Omagh Board of Guardians have passed a resolution urging on farmers to cut more turf than usual in order to provide sufficient fuel for the coming year on account of the big reduction in the coal supply.

The Belgian relief ship Minstre de Smet de Nalyer has been sunk about forty-five miles north of the Dogger Bank lightship. It is believed she struck a mine. Twelve of the crew were drowned and seventeen saved.

The Dungannon Urban Council has appointed a deputation, including their chairman, the Earl of Ranfurly, to interview the Flax Control Board in Belfast in favour of having a Government flax market established in Dungannon.

At Cross Ash John Williams, of Trewaelod Farm, Abergavenny, was fined 25, or three months' imprisonment, for not carrying out an order of the County War Agricultural Committee requiring ploughing up of thirty-eight acres of grass land.

Sir Robert Borden announced in the Canadian House of Commons that the Government had asked the Imperial Government that no further hereditary titles should be created in Canada, and that a time limit should be placed upon those already existing.

In view of the recent heavy arrival of American bacon, shoulders and hams at Liverpool, the Government have made allocations to the trade on the basis of the full 1917 requirements, which, owing to the new rationing scheme, is considerably in excess of present civilian needs.

Speaking in London, Lord Beaverbrook, Minister of Information, said the efforts of the Press were quite as important as those of the army, Mr. Robert Donald said the enemy was afraid of truth, and it was the purpose of the Ministry to distribute moral munitions of truth and justice.

The death is announced in Vancouver, after a very brief illness, of Mr. Joseph Gallaher, formerly of Derry. He was for almost half a century a member of Carlisle Road Presbyterian Church, and was a staunch Unionist, and an old member of the Orange Institution and Apprentice Boys Order.

In the Civil Service Estimates, the Vote for the Irish Land Commission shows a net increase of 24,088, and the sums for the Land Purchase Aid Fund, Excess Stock, &c., are augmented by 14,000 and 25,000 respectively, against which there are reductions, 9,662; under certain sub-heads, while appropriations-in-aid are expected to increase by 5,250.

The Dublin Grand Orange Lodge calls oa the Executive to "counteract this most unconstitutional procedure" of the Sinn Fein party of house-to-house visitation in the city "asking for signatures to a petition for Independence of Ireland, and taking note or houses where signatures are refused with the object of intimidating law-abiding subjects."

Cablegrams, thanking the American people for conserving the wheat supply, have been despatched to Mr. Hoover, American Food Controller, from Lard Rhondda, and the French and Italian Governments. The messages were in reply to one sent after 500 American hotel proprietors had pledged themselves to abolish the use of wheat products in their hotels until the next harvest.

Lord Strathclyde, speaking at a War Savings gathering at Glasgow, said it was clear that if we failed in the present struggle, whatever might be the fate of France or Russia, we, at all events, would be compelled to pay an indemnity to Germany of thousands of millions, every penny of which would be wrung out of the blood and sinews of our wage-earners.

We are officially informed by the Administrator of the Flax Supplies Committee, 44, Chichester Street, Belfast, that 82.84 per cent, of the Irish 1917 flax crop purchased by the committee up to 30th March, 1918, has been graded in the four highest grades -- viz., Special, and grades 1, 2, add 3, and that the balance -- viz., 17.16 per cent., has been graded in grades 4, 5, and lower.

The War Office announces that as a mark of her Majesty's appreciation for the good services rendered by the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, both at home and abroad since its inauguration, the Queen has been graciously pleased to assume the position and title of Commandant-in-Chief of the corps, which in future will bear the name of Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps.

The Director of Sugar Distribution wishes it understood that it is not intended in the near future to reduce amount of the weekly domestic ration of sugar; that in special allotments for providing fruit-growers for domestic preserving no account will he taken of any sugar saved out of the weekly ration; and that the saving of sugar out of domestic rations for jam-making does not constitute hoarding, but is desirable.

At a meeting of Belfast Food Control Subcommittee it was mentioned that better quality fish coming from Larne, hitherto sent to Liverpool, would be available for local use, and the supply would be at cheaper prices than had prevailed. The Irish F.C.C. intimated that export was authorised of pork sausages, plucks, inwards, feet, tongue, ribs, knees, fillets, griskins, and bone.

At the weekly luncheon of the Belfast Rotary Club, Dr. Lloyd Wright, associate secretary International Y.M.C.A. Hospitality League, London, gave an account of its activities, stating that it was organised primarily to meet the needs of the men who came from the front strangers in London, the great metropolis. It was formed of the five Allies, with representatives of the various colonies, and had fifteen inquiry kiosks in London.

At Dungarvan, Patrick Whelan, captain of the local Volunteers, was sent to prison for a month for illegal drilling. Before the case was heard there was a baton charge by the police. The police cleared the court with batons, and, when the crowd got outside# they threw stones at the courthouse, smashing all the windows and causing the retreat of the justices from the bench. Seven cases of personal injury are reported.

At the annual meeting of the Irish Aberdeen-Angus Association, at Dublin, a resolution was passed unanimously regretting the declared policy of the Department of Agriculture for Ireland to discourage the use of the Aberdeen-Angus breed for premium bulls in Ireland. The reduction in the value of premiums is an injustice to the breed and to owners of Aberdeen-Angus cattle in Ireland. It was also decided to request the Royal Dublin Society to hold an autumn show and sale of females.

At a meeting of the Coleraine Board of Guardians, in connection with the vacancy caused by the death of the Rev. W. A. Wilson, M.A., a letter was read from the Rev. J. G. Keers, Clerk of the Coleraine Presbytery, to the effect that at a stated meeting on the 16th April the Presbytery would nominate a chaplain. Several of the Guardians did not see why the Presbytery should interfere as to whom should be appointed. After some discussion, the Guardians decided to appoint a chaplain for the duration of the war, and the Rev. G. W. D. Rea, B.A., Second Coleraine Presbyterian Church, was selected.

Ventnor, the mansion of the late Sir Alex. M'Dowell, at Greenisland, Belfast, was destroyed by fire on Sabbath night. The fire originated in the ceiling of an upstair room in the front of the building, and travelled very quickly throughout the entire house. The valuable furniture on the ground floor was saved by Whiteabbey people, the military, and the police. The Brigade was summoned from Belfast, but were unable to save the building. Lady M'Dowell, her sister, and her brother-in-law were in the house at the time of the outbreak. They and the servants escaped without injury. The damage is estimated at several thousand pounds.

At Dublin Police Court Eodh M'Neill, wax bleacher, was sentenced to two months' imprisonment for wearing Volunteer uniform at Rathfarnham, and to one month for illegal drilling. Mathew Pope, Donnybrook, dairy-boy, was sent to jail for six months for assaulting the police, and to one month for smashing a window, and to pay 3 damages. Pope tried to rescue M'Neill, and caused damage to the barracks at Rathfarnham. He was the leader of about 400 men. James Grace, clerk, was sentenced to two months imprisonment for illegal drilling near Dundrum. Prisoner was in charge of forty men who seemed to be skirmishing. He also marched fourteen men to Rathfarnham.


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The Witness - Friday, 19 April 1918

Roll of Honour

PALMER -- March 25, died of wounds at 56 Casualty Clearing Station, Captain David Adams Palmer, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, attached Tank Corps, in his 26th year, late of D.M.P. Office, Dublin, eldest and dearly-loved son of Mr. David Palmer and Mrs. Palmer, Tandragee, Co. Armagh.

PALMER -- March 27, fell in action, whilst gallantly leading his men, Lieut. Samuel William Palmer, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, attached 10th, in his 22nd year, late of the National Health Insurance Offices, Edinburgh, third and dearly-loved son of Mr. David Palmer and Mrs. Palmer, Tandragee, Co, Armagh,


ADAMS -- April 17, at her mother's residence, Tullynacross, Lambeg, Mary, widow of the late Thomas Adams, eldest daughter of Mary and the late Robert Spence.

AIKIN -- April 14, 1918 (suddenly), at his residence, Manercunningham, John Floyd Aikin, the beloved husband of Margaret Jane Aikin.

ANNESLEY -- April 14, at 1, Derry Street, Rachel, widow of the late James Annesley, of Killead.

COOKE -- February 2, at Christchurch, New Zealand, James Cooke, M.D., third son of the late James Cooke, Belfast, and brother of the late John Cooke, Melbourne.

DRIMMIE -- April 12, 1918, at his residence, 2, St. Gabriel's Road, Cricklewood, London, N.W., George, eldest son of the late David Drimmie, of Bellevue, Booterstown, Co. Dublin.

EADY -- April 14, at New Street, Donaghadee, Mary Eady, relict of Robert Eady, of Queensland.

FLEMING -- April 14, at Kilbride, Doagh, John Fleming, aged 79, late of Ballywee.

FOX -- April 15, at Belmont, Stewartstown, Janie Isobel ("Girlie"), at the age of 12 years, beloved daughter, of Henry Fox, jun.

FRANCIS -- April 17, at 63, Frances Street, Newtownards, Eliza Ann Francis.

HOPE -- April 12, at Shaneoguestown, Margaret, dearly-beloved and only daughter of M'Neilly and Mary E. Hope.

JOHNSTON -- April 13, at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Carling, Upper Baloo, Bangor, William Johnston.

LINDSAY -- April 15, at Railway Street, Donaghadee, Wm. Lindsay, aged 93 years.

LYONS -- April 16, suddenly, at Purdysburn Hospital, Minnie, second daughter of Joseph Lyons, Saintfield.

MILLER -- At St. Elmo, The Crescent, Portstewart, James Miller, aged 81 years, late manager to the Foyle and Bann Fishery Company, Cranagh, Coleraine.

MOAG -- April 12, William, dearly-loved son of John Moag, Rathgael, Bangor.

MacLURG -- April 14, at her husbands residence, Templemoyle, Limavady, Mary, wife of William MacLurg.

M'CAMMON -- April 14, 1918, at 35, Magdala Street, Belfast, Mary, relict of Hugh Wallace M'Cammon, formerly of Mountain View, Loughbrickland.

M'KEE -- April 14, at Kilmood, Killinchy, Co. Down, David M'Kee.

M'KINNEY -- April 16, at Maghera, Martha Elizabeth, the beloved wife of Joseph C. M'Kinney.

PATERSON -- April 16, at Briggstown, Redhill, Dromore, Robert Paterson.

PURDY -- April 10, at 62, Cliftonpark Avenue, Belfast, James Purdy (late of The Bank Buildings).

STEVENSON -- April 14, at Maze View, Hillsborough, Martha, beloved wife of Andrew Stevenson.

WILLIAMSON -- April 11, at Straidhavern, Crumlin, John, dearly-beloved husband of Elizabeth Sarah Williamson.

WOODS -- April 16, alt Ballyhomra, Hillsborough, Sarah, widow of the late James Woods.

In Memoriam

TODD -- In loving memory of Private John Todd, Canadian Contingent, killed in action at Vimy Ridge, April 18, 1917, eldest and dearly-beloved son of Samuel and Margaret Todd, Halftown, Doagh.
Inserted by his Sorrowing Parents.
"Gone, but not forgotten."

WARWICK -- In fond and loving memory of our dear mother, Hessie Warwick, who fell asleep in Jesus on 15th April, 1908. "God takes our loved ones from our home, But never from our hearts." Inserted by her Husband and Family.




Lord Pirrie, has been sworn a member of the English Privy Council.

Under the franchise Act the voting strength in Belfast is expected to go up from 80,000 to 200,000.

A New York telegram states that Columbia University has conferred the degree of LL.D. on the Archbishop of York.

Rev. R. H. Quick, Primitive Methodist minister at Congleton, was fined 40 for having spread false reports in reference to the W.A.A.C.

The coasting steamer Collin, of Belfast, sank on, Tuesday morning after collision with another coasting steamer. The crew have been landed.

At the meeting of the Londonderry Harbour Board the secretary reported a loss of 1,564 in the first quarter of this year owing to decreased tonnage.

At the meeting of Newry Port and Harbour Board it was reported that the revenue for the year showed a decrease of 1,296 in money and 15,437 in registered tons.

It is reported that Mr. T. W. Brown, K.C., has decided to offer himself to the electors of North Down at the next General Election. Mr. Brown is a native of Newtownards.

Sir A. Stanley, in reply to Mr. H. Law, said that additional life-saving arrangements were being made on Irish cross-Channel steamers, and the Board of Trade were in communication with the companies.

Neil Craig, aged thirty years, and Archie M'Curdy, aged about thirty, both belonging to Rathlin Island, were washed off the rocks and drowned at the north side while engaged in salving wreckage.

It Was announced at a London Red Cross sale that the offer of Mr. J. Tweed, sculptor, to carve a bust in marble had been secured by the Lord Mayor of Belfast, who intended that the bust should be that of Sir E. Carson.

Major-Generai F. H. Sykes, C.M.G., has been appointed Chief of the Air Staff, Royal Air Force, on the resignation of Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard, K.O.B., D.S.O. Major-General Sykes qualified as pilot in 1911.

A report from the general manager of the Belfast Tramways was considered at the weekly meeting of the committee, which, if carried into effect, will reduce the present weekly mileage of 119,700 to 13,000 miles.

Mr. Pemberton Billing, M.P., was at Bow Street, London, committed for trial, on bail, on a charge of, as alleged, publishing a defamatory libel upon Miss Maud Allan and Mr. J. T. Grien in a paper called "The Vigilante".

The First Commissioner of Works (Sir Alfred Mond) is authorised to state that the King has graciously placed further accommodation in Kensington Palace at the disposal of the Irish Prisoners of War Committee, of which Lady MacDonnell is chief.

The King has signed a proclamation prohibiting the importation of boots, shoes, and slippers of all materials not already prohibited; also brislings, herrings and sprats tinned in oil or tomato or other dressings. The object is to save tonnage.

Mr. Prothero, speaking at Shrewsbury, said the war dominated the whole agricultural situation and had made their home-grown food supply a vital and absolute necessity. The increase that would be asked for from agriculture must be of a substantial kind.

Cardinal Mercier has Bent a Circular letter to the Belgian clergy and Roman Catholics generally protesting against the seizure of bells in Belgian churches by the Germans, and forbidding Roman Catholics to assist the Germans in the execution of their order for their removal.

Food riots have occurred in Haarlene. One person was killed and several were injured by the military, who fired upon the crowd. There were also outbreaks at The Hague and Rotterdam. The Dutch Government hoped to be able to send ships to America to fetch the promised grain.

Mr. Geo. Cran, Morlich, Aberdeenshire, the noted Irish breeder, judge, and exhibitor of pure-bred Aberdeen-Angus cattle, has accepted an invitation to judge the section of that breed, at the great American International Show to be held in December of this year at Chicago.

President Wilson has issued a proclamation, directing the taking over of all coastwise shipping lines by the Railroads Administration for operation during the period of the war. The proclamation says that the lines will be devoted mainly to the transporting o troops and war materials.

The death has taken place at Stranorlar of the Right Rev. Monsignor MacGlynn. A native of Donegal, he was ordained in 1865, and was appointed P.P. of Stranorlar and Vicar General of Raphoe in 1891. In 1896 he was appointed Domestic Prelate to the Pope, and Dean of the Diocese in 1908. He was chairman of East Donegal Executive U.I.L. for a number of years.

In a letter announcing nis inability to be present at a meeting for prayer for victory at the Queen's Hall, London, on May 7, Sir William Robertson writes -- "I venture to suggest that it is only when the whole Empire unites in prayer as well as in work that we can look forward with confidence to a successful conclusion to this tragic war, and to a just and righteous peace."

A new steam trolley, fired automatically with coke, has been under test in omnibus service for a year. From a Royal Automobile Club report, it appears that on a run of 219 miles with a load of 2¾ tons the coke consumption was about 4lb. per mile, and it is suggested that omnibuses already in use be adapted for coke fuel, as more economical than imported oil or petrol.

The death has taken place suddenly of Mr. John Gennings, who for the past ten years had been managing director and editor of the Central News, and who was engaged in his usual duties as recently as Friday last. Mr. Gennings, who was sixty-two years of age, began his journalistic career with Reuter's Agency, but became associated with the Central News in 1883.

Professor Starling, of the Food Supply Board, stated at the London Mansion House that was Lord Rhondda's policy to avoid rationing bread, or, at any rate, to put it off to the last possible moment until "our backs were to the wall, or the question became one, not of equal distribution, but of equal deprivation." But it was an obvious duty to have the scheme ready.

Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Plews, of Booterstown, County Dublin, formerly general manager of the Great Northern Railway Company, left personal estate in the United Kingdom valued at 12,487 10s lOd. The testator left 50 to the Masonic Orphan Girls' School, 50 to the Society for the Relief of Distressed Protestants, and 50 to the Railway Benevolent Institution (Irish Branch).

The Church of Scotland in British Honduras has sent Mrs. Lloyd George 12 12s 2d, being the result of a collection in the church on the first Sabbath of the New Year. This offering was taken ata military service and with the approval of Lieut-col. J. Cran, Commanding the Military Forces in the Dependency. The amount was sent to Mrs. Lloyd George on behalf of the British and Foreign Sailors' Society.

The Ministry of Food announces that the Food Controller has decided to extend the date for receiving tenders for forward contracts for the 1918 potato crop to 31st May. These contracts apply to potatoes grown on the acreage planted in excess of that planted in 1916, provided that the 1917 acreage is maintained. The contract prices range from 6 to 7 in England and Wales, and from 5 10s to 6 10s in Scotland.

Belfast Corporation agreed to a recommendation to the Coal and Shipping Controller that, with a view to conserving coal, a Defence of the Realm Order be made that all shops in the city be closed not later than seven p.m. on week-days, the closing hour on Saturdays to be nine p.m. The original motion excluded public-houses from the recommendation, as their trading hours are already restricted, but an amendment was carried embracing those houses.

The Royal Commission on Sugar Supply give notice that on and after Monday next, the wholesale price of all syrup for domestic use will be 60s per cwt. in bulk, and 80s in cases, subject to regulations ensuring a minimum specific gravity, and an adequate freedom from impurities which might be prejudicial to health. Retailers will thus be enabled to sell at 10d per lb. in bulk, and at 1s 9d per caee, where the case contains a full 211)., or at Is 8d per case where the container holds no more than 1lb. 14ozs.

The Commission which was appointed to visit France to inquire into charges of immoral conduct brought against the Women's Auxiliary Corps have presented a unanimous report, which states that the charges have no foundation in fact, and are disproved by the official figures quoted in the report. The personal observations of the Commission of the conditions under which the girls are working, it is stated, in no sense indicated a troublesome or undesirable state of affairs. The report concludes that the nation has as much right to be proud of its women in the Auxiliary Force as of its army.



LURGAN IN 1758. -- In the journal par excellence of the gramophone and phonograph industries -- "The Talking Machine World," published in New York on 15th ulto., there appears a most interesting article concerning "a speaking machine," invented by a Mr. Miller, of Lurgan, in the year 1758. The great John Wesley, in his journal under date April 26th, 1762, refers to an interview he had with the inventor, and describes fully the device, which was a statue in the figure of an old man with a curtain placed before him. Every time a clock, which stood opposite the statue, struck the figure drew back the curtain, and said with a loud, clear, articulate voice, "Past one, two, three," and so on. One hundred and forty years later (October, 1898) the first type of "His Masters Voice" gramophone was introduced in Belfast for sale by Mr. T. Edens Osborne, of 11, Wellington Place, who holds the most extensive stock of gramophones, phonographs, and records in Ireland. -- Correspondent.


We would call attention to an advertisement in another column intimating that we are to be called on to-day -- Primrose Day -- to shell out our sixpences for the Comforts Fund of the 3rd Battalion Royal Irish Rifles, of which Lieutenant-Colonel W. E. C. M'Cammond is the commanding officer. This battalion is a reserve battalion, from which the rifle battalions are provided with men. And fine men they have proved themselves to be.


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The Witness - Friday, 26 April 1918


MACONACHIE -- April 18, at 6, Eskdale Terrace, Newcastle-on-Tyne, to the Rev. J. H. Maconachie, B.A., and Mrs. Maconachie -- a daughter.


BOWER--M'CAUL -- April 17, at St. Columba's Presbyterian Church, Pont Street, Belgravia, London, by the Rev. Archibald Fleming, D.D., Captain Harold J. Bower, R.A.M.C., only son of Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Bower, Craigie Lea, Knowle, Warwickshire, to Mary Esther, elder daughter of Dr. George. B. M'Caul, Londonderry.

HOOD--MITCHELL -- April 11, at Anahilt Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. J. Mitchell, B.A. (father of the bride), assisted by the Rev. S. Murray, Cargycreevy, and the Rev. T. Bill Drumlough, Alex. Hood, Northern Bank Armoy, to Jane, eldest daughter of Rev. J. and Mrs. Mitchell, The Manse, Anahilt. At home, 16th and 17th May.

IRVINE--KING -- April 17, at Kingsmills, by the Rev. E. G, Torrie, B.A., Joseph J. Irvine, son of the late J. J. Irvine, The Hollow, Mountnorris, to Emily Agnes, daughter of the late J. J. King, Drumhoney, Whitecross.


CAMPBELL -- April 18, 1918, at her residence, Ballyrolly, Millisle, Mary Campbell. The remains of my beloved sister were interred in Millisle Burying-ground, on Saturday afternoon, 20th inst. JANE CAMPBELL.

CRAWFORD -- April 20, at a private nursing home, Jane H. Crawford, dearly-beloved and only daughter of Hugh and Catherine Crawford. Interred in the family burying-ground, Dundrod. HUGH CRAWFORD.

M'KINNEY -- April 16, at her husband's residence, Tievenagh, Ardtrea, Rachel, the beloved wife of James M'Kinney. Interred in Ardtrea Churchyard, on Thursday, 18th.

ANDERSON -- April 19, at the residence of her uncle, Robert Clarke, Hillhall, Lisburn, Sarah Anderson, eldest daughter of James and Jane Anderson, Roselands, Andersonstown (Teacher in Stranmillis N.S., Belfast).

BECK -- April 19, at Caskum, Loughbrickland, Eliza, last survivor of the family of the late Joseph Beck.

BLAIR -- April 19, 1918, at his residence, Magazine Street, Londonderry, Samuel Blair.

DOGGART -- April 21, at 144, East Street, Newtownards, James N. Doggart.

ENGLISH -- April 19, at Laganvale, Maze, Lisburn, Tillie Martin, dearly-loved wife of Hugh English.

HADDEN -- April 23, at 35, High Street, Lurgan (the residence of her brother-in-law, A. M'Alister), Jeanie Hadden.

HERON -- April 18, at College Park, Belfast, Rev. James Heron, D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical History, Assembly's College, Belfast.

HILL -- April 22, 1918, Alexander Hill, only son of the late James and Eleanor Hill, Kingsmoss, Carnmoney. Inserted by his sisters, JANET CRAIG. ANN CURRY.

HOGG -- April 21, at Ballybeen, Mary Ann Hogg.

LAW -- April 24, at her father's residence, Maddybenny, Coleraine, Minnie, third daughter of Dr. W. K. and Mrs. Law.

MACKRELL -- April 19, at "Mervue," Portrush, Mabella, widow of the late Hugh Mackrell, Ballynahone, Londonderry.

MARSHALL -- April 21, at her parents' residence, Close Park, Derryboy, Sophia youngest and dearly-beloved daughter of James and Mary Marshall.

MEHARG -- April 22, at Laurel Bank, Annahinchago, Banbridge, Lily Anna, dearly-beloved wife of Robert James Meharg.

M'KEAG -- April 21, at Brownlow Street, Comber, Anne M'Keag.

M'MILLEN -- April 20 (suddenly), at Masonic Hall, Castle Street, Lisburn, Joseph M'Millen.

NICHOLSON -- April 19, at Ellenville Cottage, Bangor, John Nicholson, in his 89th year.

PHENIX -- April 20, at the residence of his brother-in-law, Mr. Robert Watt, Tyrone House, John Street, Dungannon, Samuel Phenix, late of Derraghadoan.

PIERCE -- April 23, at Mournevale, Bloomfield, Mary Jane, beloved wife of James Pierce, Monedara, Annalong.

POLLOCK -- April 12, at his residence, Termaquin, Limavady, William Pollock, aged 80 years.

RICE -- April 20, at Abbey Street, Armagh, Lee, eldest son of the late George Rice, Armagh.

SLOAN -- April 23, at the residence of her son-in-law, Daniel Currie, Ballymacvea, Mary Ann, widow of the late Matthew Sloan, Tannybrake, Kells, Ballymena.

WARRINGTON -- April 24, at The Rectory, Fintona, Emily E., the beloved wife of Rev. R. Warrington.

WIGHT -- April 21, at Altamont, Downshire Road, Bangor, Mary Wight, widow of Harrop William Wight, The Bank, Seaham Harbour, County Durham, in her 78th year.

WRIGHT -- April 23, at Woodside, Carrowdore, the residence of his uncle, R. J. M'Kelvey, Robert, youngest son of the late Francis and Margaret Wright.

In Memoriam

CAMPBELL -- In fond and loving memory of William Campbell, who departed this life on April 25, 1914. Fondly remembered by his sorrowing Wife and Family. 9, Eblana Street, Belfast.

Roll of Honour

BOYD -- March 26, killed in action, Captain Robert Boyd, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, son of Rev. Robert Boyd, Irish Presbyterian Missionary, India, aged 27 years.




The Exchange Telegraph company says it is understood the Irish Convention cost slightly over 20,000.

Mr. Robert Stewart, Ballycastle, and Mr. James M'Farlane, Portrush, have been appointed magistrates for County Antrim.

A Berlin telegram states that more than 30,000 women volunteers are now engaged on work connected with the German field army.

His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased ho award the Imperial Service Medal to Joseph Beattie, postman, Hillsborough sub-office.

Anti-Jewish riots have taken place at Cracow. Jewish shops were plundered, and Jews ill-treated, one man dying, while twenty were badly, and many slightly, injured.

The offices and huts of the De Selby quarries, near Brittas, County Dublin, were broken into by by twelve armed men and a quantity of gelignite, blasting powder, and fuse taken away, the raiders escaping.

The Admiralty Court at Halifax, N.S., has decided that the munition ship Mont Blanc, which collided with the Belgian relief ship Imo in December, with disastrous results to the city, was responsible for the collision.

Admiral Sims reports that the American steamer Florence H. sank in a French port on 17th April as the result of an internal explosion. The crew numbered approximately seventy-five, of whom thirty-four were rescued.

Mr. A. W. Samuels, K.C,, Solicitor-General, has been promoted to the Attorney-Generalship vacated by the appointment of Mr. James O'Connor as a Chancery Judge. Mr. J. B. Powell, K.C., has been appointed Solicitor-General.

Mr. Arthur Griffith was unanimously selected as the Sinn Fein candidate for East Cavan (in succession to the late Mr. Samuel Young) at a large and representative convention of the clergy and Sinn Fein Clubs held in Cootehill.

A handsome clock has been erected on the main elevation of the Regent Street front of the hosiery factory of Messrs. Stevenson & Co., Newtownards -- a memorial by the workers to the late Mr. J. Stevenson, J.P., founder of the firm.

A telegram from Los Angeles, Southern California, reports an earthquake over portion of Western Arizona and Utah. The towns of Hornet[?] and San Jasinto were wrecked, damage being done in every town and city in the South.

A remarkable revelation regarding Germany's present financial situation is made by Count Roedern, the Finance Minister, in a report to the Reichstag recommending a number of new taxes estimated to yield over 158,000,000.

The death has occurred, at his residence, St. Mary's, Castlebar, of the Most Rev. Michael Higgans, D.D., Roman Catholic Auxiliary Bishop of Tuam and Titular Bishop of Tempo. The deceased prelate was also parish priest of Castlebar.

The Irish Department of Agriculture reminds farmers that much of the land broken up out of old grass last year and carrying a second grain crop this year may become too foul to allow of its being sown a third year with grain.

Mr. Charles Fenwick, M.P. for the Wansbeck division of Northumberland, has died in Newcastle-on-Tyne. He had been unwell for a long time, and recently intimated his intention not, to seek re-election after the close ef the present Parliament.

While flying over Yorkshire, Lieutenant H. E. Robinson and Second-Lieutenant J. A. Clayson, R.F.C., collided at a height of 2,000 feet, with another aeroplane piloted by Lieutenant E. L Howell. Both machines fell. All three officers were killed instantly.

Ballymena magistrates dismissed two petrol cases on the ground that the cars were hired for the conveyance of wedding parties to registrars of marriages in the performance of a public duty, and that the parties did not go to the respective churches for purposes of worship.

In the Canadian House of Commons, Sir R. Borden, Premier, opening the debate on the Government's new man-power proposals, said the Government intended to call first exempted men, aged from 20 to 22 inclusive, and later, if required, men of from 19 to 23.

Maximum potato prices for England have been amended. Whereas under the 1917 Order the maximum for which 1917 potatoes could be sold by the grower was 6 10s per ton, this price is now raised to 7 for potatoes delivered up to May 14, and 7 10s for potatoes delivered after that date.

The Secretary of War states that evidence has accumulated that the exclusion of gathered wool from the control of the Sale of Wool (United Kingdom) Order, 1918, is being abused. It has, therefore, been decided that gathered wool shall be placed on the same basis as fleece wool and other offsorts.

A Rome message says the devastation committed by the Austrians in the Italian territory which they occupied last November is indescribable. In addition to removing the railway tracks, they have melted down all the bronze statues they could seize, including that of the famous actress, Adelaide B. Ristorji, at Cividale.

At a meeting of the Central Executive of the Irish National Teachers' Organisation a resolution was unanimously adopted advising all the members to throw in their lot with their fellow-countrymen in the exercise of their civil rights to the fullest extent, and refuse further to be silent when such grave issues are at stake.

Sir G. Cave, the Home Secretary, who was presented with the honorary freedom of Kingston-on-Thames, in returning thanks, eulogised the doings of our Army on the Western front. An appeal had been made to the country, and the people, with one expection to which he would not refer, were showing the spirit which we expected.

The House of Lords discussed a Bill brought in by the Marquis of Lincolnshire to prevent during the war the eviction of a tenant of an agricultural holding who was cultivating his holding to good advantage. The Earl of Crawford, speaking for the Government, advised the withdrawal of the Bill which was ultimately negatived.

Lord Milner, speaking at a meeting of the Royal Society of St. George, said our country to-day stood out greater than ever in the past -- in the heroism of her sons and in the greatness of her cause. As long as the spirit of unity and devotion continued to animate us all it was a mere truism to say that this nation and Empire were unconquerable.

At a meeting of the Antrim County Council the resignation of Mr. Arthur Hill Coates as secretary was accepted with great regret, and a resolution was passed placing on record his splendid services to the county since 1865, and granting him a retiring allowance of 536 per annum. Mr. Alex. Millar, deputy secretary, was elected his successor, and Mr. Wm. Leetch accountant.

The funeral of Mr. Samuel Young, M.P. for East Cavan, took place on Saturday afternoon, when his remains were removed from his late residence, Avonmore, Derryvolgie Avenue, and interred in Balmoral Cemetery. There was a large and representative attendance. A short service was conducted at the house by the Dean of Connor (Very Rev. Wm. Dowse, M.A.), assisted by Rev. Louis W. Crooks, B.A.

A large party of Pressmen were conducted over extensive works erected at Huddersfield by British Dyes Ltd., to compete with Germany in her hitherto monopoly. It was mentioned that 100 chemists were there engaged in research. In the past ten days two important dyes were evolved for the first time out of Germany. Mr. Turner, one of the directors, claimed the undertaking was entitled to Government support.

Dr. Patrick MacCartan (Sinn Fein) has been returned unopposed as member for North King's County. Dr. MacCartan is described in the journal "America" as "the official Irish Republican Ambassador to the United States." He is in charge of an Irish Embassy at Washington, which is maintained by the subscriptions of Irish-Americans. A member of a well-known Tyrone family, he was elected in his student days to the Dublin Corporation as a member of the Sinn Fein party.

A daring attempt was made to rob a post office in Harcourt Street, Dublin. Two men entered the office, and asked for insurance stamps. Whilst the assistant, Miss O'Connor, was getting them one bolted the door and the other jumped over the counter and seized and tried to chloroform the young lady. She succeeded, however, in getting to a window, and attracting the attention of passers-by. A large crowd soon collected. The men rushed into the street, and one of them escaped. The other was seized and handed over to the police.

Rev. J. W. Stutt, of Portrush, in a letter, states that the reason why the Methodist Hall, Portstewart, after being occupied for two years by the Technical Committee for its classes, was withdrawn was owing to the fact that the desks and other equipments of teaching were found to seriously interfere with the use of the hall for religious purposes connected with the church. He asserts that the action of the Coleraine Circuit in withdrawing the use of the hall from the Technical Committee, instead of meriting censure, should have received their thanks for enduring such inconvenience for so long.

Viscount Bryce's majority report on the reform of the House of Lords recommends that the Second Chamber shall consist of two sections -- one composed of 246 persons elected by panels of the Commons in geographical groups, and the other of persons chosen by a joint Standing Committee of both Houses. Earl Loreburn, Lord Sydenham, and Mr. Seanlan dissented. If Irish representatives are included in the first section the number will be raised to 273. The Standing Committee in regard to the second section is to be about one-fourth of the whole Second Chamber, excluding ex-officio members.

The death has occurred of Captain John G. Nicholson, Ellenville Cottage, Princetown Road, Bangor, a highly respected resident and a member of the Urban Council and the Poor-law Board. He leaves a widow and four sons and three daughters. Of the sons the eldest, Mr. John Nicholson, is chief engineer on the ss. Lord Charlemont. The second, Captain James Nicholson, is in the Australian R.A.M.C., and was formerly medical missionary in the New Hebrides. The third son, Mr. Lewis Nicholson, holds a position in the Queen's Island, while the fourth, Rev. W. P. Nicholson, is a Presbyterian minister in Los Angeles. Of the daughter Miss Sarah married the Rev. D.T. Robinson, principal of the Union College, Mukden, Manchuria; Miss Eleanor married Captain James B. Hanna, R.A.M.C., now serving in Salonica; and Miss Janet M. Nicholson is still at home.



Lieutenant James Cordner, M.C., Royal Irish Rifles, killed in action on 16th April, was a son of Mr. James Cordner, Drumbo, County Down. He was formerly assistant minister in St. Enoch's Presbyterian Church, Belfast, and before joining the army as a combatant officer he was minister of the United Free Presbyterian Church, Lisburn. His brother is minister of Drumbo Presbyterian Church.

Major Holt Waring, D.L., Royal Irish Rifles, the head of an old and highly-respected Co. Down family, was killed in action on 15th April. The sad news was conveyed to Mrs. Waring in a letter from Rev. Andrew Gibson, B.A., B.D., of Lurgan, who is serving with the division as a Presbyterian chaplain. Major Waring, who was the elder son of the late Colonel Thomas Waring, M.P., Waringstown, was forty years of age, and was an active member of the West Down Unionist Association.

Captain Robert Boyd, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, killed in action during the recent fighting, was the second son of Rev. Robert Boyd, B.A., Irish Presbyterian missionary at Gujarat, India, He was educated at Campbell College, Belfast, and entered Trinity College as an Exhibitioner in 1909. where he gained Senior Exhibition and Scholarship in 1912. In his last college year he was elected president of the University Philosophical Society, but before completing his term of office he passed into the Malay branch of the Indian Civil Service. Shortly after the outbreak of war he returned home to take a commission in the Royal Dublin Fusiliers, and on completing his training was sent to France, obtaining his captaincy just a year ago. His mother is at present living in Bangor.

Captain John Brown, M.C., Royal Irish Rifles wounded and missing since 21st March, is the second son of Mr. Samuel S. Brown, 3, Ailsa Terrace, Holywood Road, Assistant Postmaster of Belfast. This gallant officer won the Military Cross at the opening of the Battle of the Somme in July, 1916, when he was wounded, and gained a Bar to that decoration in the following year. He was formerly in the service of Messrs. Richardson, Sons, & Owden, Ltd.

Second-Lieutenant William Rutherford, East Yorks Regiment (died of wounds), joined the R.A.M.C. as a private in October, 1914, and served in Alexandria during the Gallipoli campaign. After two years' hospital work he volunteered for combatant service, and was sent home in December, 1916. He was gazetted to the East Yorkshires in July, 1917. Since then he has been on active service in France. His twin brother, Rev. J. S. Rutherford, was for some years assistant at Newtonbreda Presbyterian Church, and has filled Rev. T. M'Connell's place in Comber during his absence on Y.M.C.A. work.

Second-Lieutenant Eric W. Johnston, Royal Irish Rifles, previously reported missing, is now reported a prisoner of war. He is a son of Mr. John Johnston, Fitzroy Avenue, Belfast, and nephew of the Lord Mayor (Alderman James Johnston, J.P.).

Second-Lieutenant Cuthbertson Jackson, Royal Irish Rifles, wounded in the left shoulder and thigh, is a son of the late Rev. W. J. Jackson, Duncairn Presbyterian Church, and Mrs. Jackson, Lower Crescent, Belfast. He is a brother of Captain J. S. Jackson, M.C., R.E., and is at present in hospital in England.

Captain Gordon D. Latimer, R.A.M.C., wounded in the head, is a son of the late Rev. James Latimer, Presbyterian Minister at Groomsport, and brother of Mr. J. Latimer, of the Northern Bank (head office), Belfast. He graduated at Queen's College in 1915, and before volunteering was house surgeon in the Great Northern Hospital, London. He is a nephew of Lady Anderson, of Parkmount.


The Late Mr. Samuel Blair, Derry.

At the morning service in Great James Street Presbyterian Church, Derry, on Sabbath, Rev. Dr. James Thompson made a sympathetic reference to the late Mr. Samuel Blair. Preaching from St. Matthew vii. 3, Dr. Thompson said:-- I had chosen this subject before the passing away of one of our elders, one who had as little of the censorious spirit as anyone I ever knew. There was no more regular attender of the services of this church than Mr. Blair. Indeed, I question if any other could sav what he said to me some six months ago. He told me that up to that date he had heard every sermon I had preached from this pulpit with the exception of one, and on that solitary occasion there was a valid reason for his absence. While he diligently attended to his business, his heart was in this church and in everything that pertained to its welfare. As an elder and Bible-class teacher he rendered an invaluable service to the Congregation. He took a warm and sympathetic interest in boys and young men, and spared neither time, nor effort in gathering them round him and influencing them for good. One of the things which stand out most distinctly in my memory was the manner in which he addressed those who were coming to the Lord's Table for the first time. During the last ten years he did this very frequently because there was a general feeling in the kirk session that no one could do this duty as well as he. As a teacher, visitor, and worker we shall greatly miss him. He was a man of saintly character and beautiful spirit, much beloved and trusted by all who knew him. I invariably found him faithful, consistent, devoted to the interests of the cause of Christ and loyal beyond words to his minister. He was a true friend, a sincere Christian, an earnest, untiring worker for his Master, a great spiritual force, and has left behind him a record of duties well performed and days well spent.


Death of Dr. Browne, Churchill.

The remains of the late Dr. William J. Browne, of Churchill, Letterkenny, were interred last week in the family burying ground at Cumber-Claudy. The deceased, previous to settling, in the Churchill district, in which he laboured for over forty-one years, was for some fifteen months house surgeon of the Derry Infirmary, under the late Sir William j Miller. Dr. Browne was the second son of the Rev. William Browne, minister of Upper Cumber Presbyterian Church, and studied medicine in Dublin and Edinburgh, in each of which places he had a successful career as a student. He was a man of a very kindly disposition and most hospitable instincts, and was much respected by all classes in the Letterkenny district, where his death is generally lamented. Much sympathy is felt for his widow, who loyally supported his efforts in the discharge of his onerous duties as a dispensary doctor. Dr. Browne was a valued member of Trenta Presbyterian congregation.


Rev. E. G. Torrie, of Kingsmills, in the Newry Presbytery, has intimated to his congregation that it is his intention to ask leave of absence with a view to joining the Army.


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