The Witness - Friday, 4 October 1918


MACAULEY--MAITLAND -- Sept. 17 (special license), at the residence of the bride's parents, by Rev. R. Scott, M.A., assisted by Rev. S. English, B.A., John Macauley, M.P.S.I., Irish Street, Downpatrick, youngest son of the late William Macauley, Esq., Moneyslane, Banbridge, to Isabella, third daughter of George Maitland, Esq., J.P., Murlough, Dundrum.


BROWN -- September 28, 1918, at his residence, 41, Carlisle Street, Belfast, William Brown, aged 80 years. Interred in City Cemetery.

BROWN -- Sept. 27, at Whiterock, John Simpson Brown, last surviving son of the late Hugh Brown, Ballymurphy.

CARMICHAEL -- Sept. 28, at 6, Prospect Road, Bangor, James Carmichael.

CLEMENTS -- Sept. 26, at her father's residence, Ballyboley, Larne, Maggie Jane, beloved wife of David dements, Ballytober, Larne.

DAVISON -- Sept. 27, at Buxton, Ellen (nee Johnson), widow of the late William Redwald Davison, of Woodlands Park, Altrincham, Cheshire, and formerly of Craigs, Co. Antrim, in her 73rd year.

EDGAR -- Sept. 30, at his father's residence, Samuel, the eldest son of Joseph Edgar, Carryduff.

GLENN -- Sept. 26, at his residence, Henry Street, Dungannon, Joseph Glenn.

MONTEITH -- Sept. 26, at Court-House, Magherafelt, Adaline Armstrong, third daughter of the late Thomas C. Monteith and Mrs. Monteith.

MONTGOMERY -- Sept. 30, at his father's residence, John Henry Montgomery, youngest and deadly-loved son of George and Mary Montgomery, Ballygilbert, Bright.

K'KAY -- Aug. 23, at Gare-Oona, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A., Dr. Harry F., son of the late Henry M'Kay, Donegal.

STEELE -- Sept. 26, at her residence, Leefield, Ballycarry, Rachel Paul Stewart, widow of the late Samuel Steele.

PALMER -- Sept. 26, 1918, at the residence of her son, The Manse, Cloughey, Sarah, widow of the late William H. Palmer, of Wolfhill, Belfast.

THOMPSON -- Sept. 28, at Linenhall Street, Ballymoney, James Thompson, aged 74 years.

THOMPSON -- Sept. 27, at 70, Bow Street, Lisburn, Elizabeth, the dearly-loved wife of James Thompson.

TURKINGTON -- Sept. 29, Isabella Turkington, fourth daughter of the late Eleanor Atkinson, Derrymacfall House, Portadown.

In Memoriam

FERGUSON -- In ever loving memory of my dear husband, John Ferguson, who entered into rest October 5, 1917.
Oh, think of the friends over there.
   Who before us the journey have trod.
Of the songs that they breathe on the air.
   In their home, in the palace of God.
     It is not death to die.
        To leave this weary road.
     And 'midst the brotherhood on high,
        To be at' home with God.
Inserted by his wife. "Huntly," Ballymoney.

HACKNEY -- In loving memory of my wife, Margaret, who died at Portlean, Lansdowne Road, on October 4, 1917, and was interred in Carnmoney Cemetery. ALEXANDER HACKNEY.


Roll of Honour.

Dedicating a memorial tablet (in brass), erected in First Monaghan Presbyterian Church to the memory of the late Major Wm. Ingham Macauley (only son of Mr. Christopher Macauley, of Belfast, and formerly of Monaghan) who was killed in action in May, 1917. Rev. Wm. Armour said -- Major Macauley was known to most of you. He was brought up in this congregation, of which his parents were honoured members. He received his early education at our local Model School, afterwards proceeding to the Royal School, Dungannon, and thence to the Royal College Veterinary Surgeons, London, where he graduated, after a brilliantly successful scholastic and collegiate career. On receiving his diploma he decided to enter the army as a veterinary surgeon, and in pre-war days served in Egypt, Burmah, and India. Returning from foreign service in 1913 he was attached to the Second Dragoon Guards, and crossed with this regiment to France in the fateful days of the autumn of 1914. It is no exaggeration to say that that first Expeditionary Force, which the Hun, glorying in his strength, sneered at as a "contemptible little army," saved not only Britain but Europe from the domination of Germany. That the late Major Macauley was worthy of a place in that gallant band is evidenced by the fact that he was twice mentioned in despatches for "conspicuous acts of bravery during the retreat from Mons," and afterwards "for the zest and ability he displayed as a staff officer." He was killed in France in May, 1917, and by his death the army lost one who by reason of his ability, experience, and intrepid courage would have rendered still more valuable and distinguished service. It was not my privilege to know him personally, but I have known his father for several years, I know how proud he was of his boy; proud of his ability, of his achievements, prouder still of the fact that he was playing a noble part in the hour of his country's need.




The champion ram at the Romney Marsh ram sale at Ashford (Kent) was sold for 1,000 guineas, a record for the breed.

Persons who do not volunteer to contribute to the War Loans in Australia will be liable to a penalty equivalent to double their annual income tax payment.

The Lord Chancellor has appointed Mr. Andrew Macauley, Mullaghduff House, Armoy, to the commission of the peace for County Antrim.

Patrick Cullen, chief engineer ss. Deloraine, aged about 50, and a native of Wexford, was accidentally drowned by slipping from the wharf at Coleraine in the dark. He leaves a wife and a large family.

Ceremonies connected with the sending of the Holy Carpet from Egypt to Mecca have been satisfactorily concluded. Pilgrims returning to the West will be quarantined as a precautionary measure.

The Coal Committee of the Belfast Corporation has sanctioned the following prices for coal in the city -- Best English, 54s 6d; best Scotch, 48s 6d per ton, with a shilling additional in case of credit transactions.

Two massive crosses have been wrenched from graves in St. Mary's Churchyard, Slough, and smashed to pieces. A similar act of desecration was perpetrated in this Churchyard three years ago almost to the day.

The death occurred in Glasgow of Captain Stewart Darragh. D.S.C., R.N.V.R., who had been three times torpedoed, on the last occasion of which he was for ten days and nights in an open boat, with only a few biscuits on which to live.

Owing to their having made the mistake of putting the clock back on Saturday night instead of Sabbath, two American ministers who were to conduct the Sabbath service at a leading Baptist church in Nottingham arrived an hour late.

The Chief Secretary has sent a small contribution to the County Tyrone Forget-Me-Not Society, because in his childhood he used to hear of Moy in the tales of his father's childhood. His grandfather taught in Gorestown Scriptural School.

Maximum prices for bones are fixed from Oct. 7, as follows per ton:-- Horse bones, free from meat, 15; do. not free, 12; stale cattle leg, 26; kitchen, streeter, or shoot, &c., 22; fresh marrow (whole uncut thighs), 32; all other degreased, 22.

The Ulster Advisory Council of the L.A.O.S., representing 30,000 organised farmers, has asked the authorities to increase the price for the present season's flax crop on the ground that if this is not done production will be greatly reduced.

The Unionist Association of the new Shankill Division, Belfast, has selected Mr. S. M'Guffin, president No. 12 branch A.S.E., and member of the Water Board, a Parliamentary candidate. Mr. M'Giffin is an adherent of the Methodist Church.

Damage estimated at 1,000 was done on the premises of the Lagan Navigation Co. at Aughagallon, near Lurgan, on the Ulster Canal, the engine-house, boiler-house, machinery, gearing, &c., being destroyed by fire. claims for compensation have been lodged.

While motoring for Cork to Mallow to conduct Divine service, the Right Rev. Dr. Dowse was thrown out by the skidding of the car, which swerved on to a bank, and sustained servere bruises. Archdeacon Daunt, who accompanied him, was also injured.

The Army Council have prohibited the manufacture of sale of war-time boots except under permit with the object of securing a more uniform value for the public, and to ensure that necessary supplies of boys' and girls' boots shall be forthcoming.

Omagh Guardians referred to the police the case of Maggie Wilson, a spinster of ecocentric habits, who was said ......... were her only protection from the rain; she had no fire, and often went without food for twenty-four hours.

With a view to preventing the undue purchasing of candles to supplement the gas and electric light rations, the Oil and Fuel Branch of the Ministry of Food will shortly issue an Order, though no definite date has yet been assigned, rationing the supplies and fixing the prices of candles and providing against hoarding.

Under the revised Seeds Order, merchants and farmers, when selling wheat, oats, barley, and rye for sowing (unless selling wholesale to a seed merchant as "seed as grown") must have the seed tested and either state that it reaches a certain prescribed standard of germination or give the actual percentage of germinating sorts.

Corporal David Hunter, 1/5th H.L.I., is the name of the non-commissioned officer who with six men of the battalion was singled out for mention by Sir Douglas Haig in his communique announcing the recapture of Moeuvres. In civil life he was a miner at Dean Colliery, Kingseat, a little mining village near Dunfermline, where his wife and family reside.

The Department has informed the Irish Shorthorn Breeders' Association that the food Ministry has undertaken that Ireland will be given a proportion based on pre-war supplies, of the cattle feeding cakes and meals available in the U.K. Feeding cakes, it was stated, are now being imported into Ireland in large quantities, and a still further increase is promised.

Mr. Joseph W. Nethery, manager of the Whitehead branch of the Northern Bank, has been appointed to the Commission of the Peace for County Antrim. Mr. Nethery has proved a courteous, kindly, successful, and popular official. He has taken a deep interest in everything pertaining to the development of Whitehead and district, and the appointment will be a most popular one.

Mr. Bonar Law, speaking at a War Savings meeting in London, said that during the year we had subscribed in War Bonds the sum of 1,120,000,000. In the first eight months of this year 911,963,000 had been subscribed, or an average of approximately 26,000,000 per week. Much more remained to be done, and the made a strong appeal to the country to provide a minimum subscription of 35,000,000.

At a meeting of Tyrone Committee of Agriculture the Department of Agriculture wrote with reference to the resolution passed by the committee at the previous meeting calling on the Government authorities to permit of the milling of home-grown wheat into flour for home use, stating that they had made repeated representations on this matter to the Ministry of Food, but so far without result.

London has a graduate of T.C.D. for its new Lord Mayor in Sir Horace Marshall. Sir Horace took his M.A. in Trinity College, where his tutor was the late Dr. Traill, afterwards Provost of the University. Subsequently T.C.D. conferred on Sir Horace the honorary degree of LL.D. The new Lord Mayor is a Liberal, though not a very active politician. He is head of the newspaper distributing and publishing firm bearing his name.

Mr. Geo. Moore, the author, who has re-visited Ireland, told an "Observer" representative that he found it to-day a land of milk and honey, and discontent; that all who count for anything in elections "are possessed by the Sinn Fein delusion," and that after a General Election there would be nothing, but Ulster and Sinn Fein, Mr. Dillon's party entirely disappearing. As an instance of Mr. Shortt's vacillation he cites Mrs. Sheehy Skeffington's case.

At a meeting of County Londonderry Committee of Agriculture, held in Coleraine -- Mr. Hugh T. Barrie, D.L., M.P. (chairman), presiding -- the report of the judge in connection with the cottage and small farm prize scheme was submitted, and was of a satisfactory nature. He specially commended the cottage and plot of Mr. Samuel Lamont, Carnoboy, which was the best in the county, and recommended all labourers in the county to inspect tne plot and copy the methods of cultivation.

The Press Association states that Peters who is conducting the Bolshevik terrorist regime is the same Peters who was tried for the Houndsditch murders in 1910, and discharged owing to an element of doubt in the evidence, and was suspected of connection with the Sidney Street affair in Jan., 1911. The Russian Delegate Committee sent him to Russia in 1917, when he at once became a Bolshevik, coming into notoriety under Lenin, as President of the Committee for Combating Counter-Revolution, which has summary powers. In 1913 he married an English girl. She refused an offer by Litvinoff last month to accompany the Bolshevik party to Russia.

Lieutenant J. O. Percy, R.N.V.R., of Dublin, and formerly of Belfast, who has acted as an honorary officer for naval recruiting in Ireland during the past three years, is about to proceed to America on a lecturing tour. Lieutenant Percy has been selected as the official lecturer in connection with the magnificent series of naval pictures -- representing all the most exciting incidents and thrilling episodes of naval warfare -- recently shown in Princess Gallery, London, when over a quarter of a million people were attracted during a four weeks' exhibition. The tour will occupy at least three months. It has been organised under the auspices of the Ministry of Information.

The Information Bureau built in the grounds of the City Hall in connection with the Sailors' and Soldiers' Service Club was formerly opened by Lady Dixon. The bureau is the gift of Sir Thomas and Lady Dixon, and is only another proof of their practical interest in, and sympathy with, our gallant soldiers and sailors. The site was kindly granted by the Belfast Corporation, and the furnishings were presented by Messrs. Robert Watson & Co., Ltd. The solid silver souvenir key for Lady Dixon was presented by Messrs. R. M Dowell & Co., Ltd. The interesting ceremony took place on the premises of the Service Club, and was attended by the Loyd Mayor (Sir James Johnston, J.P.), Sir Robert Liddell, and many others who identify themselves with every movement that is calculated to comfort and help our fighting men.

The Press Association is officially informed that there is no truth in the published statement that "Lord French has resigned and is not returning to Ireland."

Solemn perjury, distribution of drink at wakes, and bribery at elections, were announced on Sabbath in all the Roman Catholic churches of the Archdiocese of Tuam as reserved sins.

One hundred and fifty Sydney University students have enlisted as a special unit. They will go into a special camp in University Park to train separately until their arrival in England.

Captain G. A. Lloyd, M.P., has been appointed Governor of Bombay, in succession to Lord Willingdon, appointed Governor of Madras, to replace Lord Pentland, who will vacate office in spring.

Lady Arthur Hill met with an accident when leaving a recruiting meeting in the Downshire Hall, Hillsborough. Lady Hill fell on the stone step at the rear of the courthouse, with the result that her shoulder was dislocated.

Private H. Emerson, Inniskillings, of Fivemiletown (Tyrone), brother of Constable S. Emerson, Belfast, has escaped, with another, from Germany, where he was a prisoner since March 21, and in a letter home says "the Germans are worse than the devil."

Speaking at a recruiting meeting in Castleblayney, Colonel Sir John Leslie, Bart., member of the Irish Recruiting Council, said it was a fact that Germany did try to invade Ireland, and that off Horn Head her fleet had been beaten off by the British destroyers.

It is presumed that the enemy's claim to have torpedoed in the Adriatic a French submarine is correct, as the French submarine Circe, under the command of Lieutenant Viaud, which was cruising before Cattaro, did not return to its base on the date it was expected.

At Niagara Camp J. E. Plant, a Sinn Feiner, who had refused to perform military service in any capacity, was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment. A conscientious objecto, who had refused to put on a uniform, was sentenced to a penitentiary for 10 years.

The Burma Chamber of Commerce has revised its rules. Henceforward non-British firms will only be admitted as associate members, without the right to vote or sit upon the Committee. Firms electing an alien enemy as director will be removed from membership.

Mr. R. Wilson, of the Labour Ministry, addressed a meeting of representatives of Belfast linen and allied industries, stating that an Industrial Council to be set up would comprise an equal number of employees; that it would be on a voluntary basis, and that the masters to be dealt with would include research work, reconstruction, rates of wages, and hours of work.

Following on the order suppressing the Industrial Workers of the World and Bolshevist organisations in Canada, three publications of an extreme type have been banned from the mails. In addition two Chinese societies have been suppressed, and the Government has taken authority to prohibit any society which advocates bringing about changes in society by force.

Judge Harvey, Melbourne, has found that seven Irishmen arrested in June were members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood which sent money to Germany for war material for the Irish physical force party, and said their connection with Germany did not result from any love for Germany, but was the outcome of their belief that any means were justifiable in order to injure Great Britain.

As a sequel to the refusal of Alderman Byrne, M.P., to pay a fine of 5 imposed upon him by Mr. Lupton for alleged improper use of petrol in attending an anti-conscription meeting at Skerries, a number of D.M.P. men visited the residence of the Alderman at North Strand Road, Dublin, and seized a combined book-case and writing desk, which was removed to art auction room for sale.

Speaking at Canterbury, Mr. Ronald M'Neill, M.P., said it was quite possible, if the sacrifices of the past were not to be lost, that stern measures would have to be taken with some people in our own country. He hoped that Mr. Lloyd George would let it be known that, at the first sign of any defeatist tendency, or any endeavour in any quarter to arrest the hand which was now striking against the Kaiser and all his works, he would be prepared to appeal to the British people.

Mr. Balfour, speaking in London, said he believed with President Wilson that when peace was being settled was the proper time for putting international relations upon a sound and lasting footing. Not until Europe and Asia had been restored by a proper peace would a League of Nations be possible. Superficial measures would prove of no avail, and Germany could never enter the League of Nations until she had been reformed upon wide and enduring lines, and until she had brought home to her the fallacy of her dreams of a domination of the world.

Working men of Northfleet, Kent, labouring during the long evenings, on Saturday afternoons, and on Bank Holidays, have carried out a number of repairs to the parish church of St. Botolph, and now the bells, which have been silent for 15 years, can be rung again. The men have repaired and renewed the bell-cage, re-hung the bells, carried out structural work in the tower and done other necessary work quite voluntarily. It is estimated that their labours are equal to a gift of about 300 to the parish.

Mr. Robert Graham, late of Rockeby, Newry, deceased, by his will, dated 20th September, 1917, left the following charitable legacies:-- 300 for investment for the poor of First Newry Congregation, 300 for the Foreign Mission, 300 to the Fund for Weak Congegations, and 100 to the Presbyterian Orphan Society, also the share of the estate to which he was entitled with his late sister, Jane, in equal shares to the Presbyterian Orphan Society, the Newry District Nursin Society, and the Women's Association for Foreign Missions.

News has reached Basle that cholera has broken out in Berlin. Seven cases have been reported, of which six proved fatal.

The Enniskillen Presbyterian and Methodist congregations propose to hold united evening services during the winter to save coal and light.

The American Embassy, replying to Newport's offer of the freedom of the borough to President Wilson, says the President has no intention of visiting Great Britain at the present time.

Speaking in London, Mr. G. H. Roberts, M.P., Minister of Labour, said the portents were good. He believed that the end was near, and all hoped that peace might be restored early.

Mr. F. J. Arnold, founder and chairman of E. J. Arnold & Son, school publishers, who have a branch at Berry Street, Belfast, has died in his 78th year. His son, Mr. E. G. Arnold, ex-Mayor of Leeds, is chairman of the Master Printers.

Sir Walter Nugent, member of the Nationalist party, has decided to contest Westmeath at the next election as an independent Home Ruler. This means that he has-left Mr. Dillon. The Sinn Fein candidate will be Mr. L. Ginnell.

The Royal Humane Society's vellum certificates were presented at Belfast City Council by the Lorn Mayor (Sir' dames Johnston, J.P.) to Miss Olga Freiden and Miss Doris Lee, for rescuing Maggie Crozier from the Lagan at Shaw's Bridge.

The Lord Major (Sir James Johnston, J.P.) entertained at luncheon in the City Hall the Rev. Dr. Truett, the Rev. Dr. Hoyt, and the Rev. Dr. Francis, of U.S.A. army, and the Rev. D. Shields (Toronto). The visitors were met by a number of Belfast citizens.

The shipwrights in the Glasgow district, who have been oh strike for almost a fortnight, have pretty generally resumed work. The number who failed to do so was very small, and the absentees have rendered themselves liable to be called to the army in terms of the Government's proclamation.

"If we cannot govern ourselves here," said Cardinal Logue, referring in Enniskillen to an English view that Irishmen are incapable of governing themselves, "it is a strange anomaly that we are able to govern everywhere outside of Ireland," but the working of the Local Government bodies disproved the assertion.

A united meeting of collectors and Committee in connection with the Mission to Lepers (Belfast Auxiliary) was held in the Y.W.C.A. Hall, the Dean of Connor presiding. Mr. T. Bailey, the home secretary from Dublin, spoke on "The Work of the Mission." Mr. William Nicholl rendered a solo, and Rev. Dr. Stephenson gave an address on "The Spiritual Aspect of a Collector's Work."

Of 2,000,000 men examined between January and August this year in Great Britain, for military service . . . . . . . . . "British Medical Journal," were placed in Grade 1, which means that barely one in three was physically sound. The boards examining women for war service report in similar strain. "Such evidence points to a deplorably low state of national health."

At the monthly meeting of the Belfast Corporation, the Lord Major (Alderman Sir James Johnston, J.P.) said he had great pleasure in intimating to the Council that the distinguished Irish artist, Sir John Lavery, has most kindly presented to the city, in honour of their Majesties' Silver Wedding, a study which he had made at Buckingham Palace of the King, the Queen, the Prince of Wales, and the Princess Mary.

The "Daily Mail's" political correspondent writes -- The Local Government Board has completed arrangements for a General Election whenever the Prime Minister advises the King to dissolve Parliament. The new register is now complete. All constituencies will poll on the same day and business will not be disturbed by prolonged contests. The date of the election will depend entirely on the military situation. Soldiers and sailors are to have a voice in electing the new Parliament, but their war operations cannot be interrupted yet.

When it was mentioned in connection with a case in the Belfast Recorder's Court that an agreement between the Corporation and the Union obliged paviours to serve seven years to the trade, Judge Craig said -- "The Unions again! I have all along said that if we lost the war the two causes would be weak government and Trades Unions. They never think of the country, but grasp all for themselves, and let the country go to the devil, and the Huns get us if they like. They paralyse industries that help to win the war, and paralyse the whole country with their strikes."


Gallantry Rewarded.

Our County Down readers will be interested to learn that Second Lieutenant Alexander A. Armstrong, Military Medallist, of the Northumberland Fusiliers, who has recently been awarded the Military Cross, comes of a County Down family. His father, Richard Armstrong, was born in the townland of Ballycreen, and received his education at Magheraknock and Ballynahinch National Schools, and afterwards at St. George's School, Belfast. At an early age the majority of the family removed to Glasgow, where Mr. Armstrong has been in the clerical staff of the Singer Manufacturing Co., Clydebank, for thirty-five years, and was among the first in the West of Ireland to sign the Ulster Covenant. The family reside at Eton Place, Duntocher, Dunbartonshire, and their only other son holds a commission in the Royal Scots. The following are the particulars for which the award was made:-- For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty while in command of two platoons of pioneers, following a party detailed to clear an enemy post. The latter failed in their task, and he reorganised the attack and succeeded, in all essentials, his party capturing six prisoners, two machine-guns, and a Lewis gun. Several hours later he withdrew from the position with a total of twenty prisoners, having shown marked courage and initiative throughout.


Presbyterian Orphan Society.


The Governors met on Wednesday in the Society's Office, Church House. The following were present:-- Rev. Dr. Taylor, hon. sec.; Rev. Dr. Park and Mr. John M'Robert, J.P., Rev. D. D. Boyle, Rev. Dr. Megaw, Rev. J. Milliken, Rev. J. M. M'Ilrath, Rev. S. Simms, Rev. W. G. Smyth, Rev. T. Rodgers, Rev. J. Tolland, Rev. W. Witherow, and Mr. Wm. Chisholm also attended to assist in the scrutiny. The meeting was constituted and the scrutiny of votes proceeded with, and the following 110 families having received the largest number of votes were declared duly elected:--

Orphans, both parents dead -- Alexander, 2, Belfast City Mission (Eglinton Street); Burrows, 3, Carrowdore; Rankin, 3, 1st Derry; Roulston, 2, St. Johnston.

Children of qualified subscribers -- Thompson, 2, Bandon; Dawson, 4, Castleton.

Fatherless -- Nesbitt, 1, Castleton; Hall, 1, Westbourne; Gunning, 1, Second Ballywalter; Cordy, 2, First Portadown; Myers, 1, Ebrington; Barr, 4, Wellington Street; Mitchell, 3, Dunluce; Gilliland, 3, Broadway; Cowan, 2, First Holywood; Dummigan, 2, Broadway; Graham, 3, Ballyclare; M'Evoy, 2, Clontarf; Fullerton, 1, Bethany; M'Grell, 1, West Church; M'Nulty, 2, Second Derry; Orr, 1, Great Victoria Street; Curry, 2, Railway Street; Church, 4, Ulsterville; Graham, 2, Ulsterville; Leslie, 1, Ulsterville; Benson, 3, Newington; O'Neill, 3, Belfast, Strand; M'Kay, 5, Castleton; Sloan, 4, Castlecaulfield; Gardner, 2, Joymount; Stewart, 1, Glenwherry; Hume, 3, First Antrim; Pascoe, 2, M'Quiston Memorial; Hill, 1, M'Quiston Memorial; Murphy, 2, First Ballywalter; Ritchie, 2, Ballyblack; Thompson, 5, Boveedy; Thompson, 2, Cregagh; Rennix, 3, Dunmurry; Cooke, 2, First Lisburn; Nelson, 3, Ervey; Dunlop, 1, Wellington Street; Hamilton, 2, First Carrickfergus; Gordon, 1, Agnes Street; Campbell, 2, Gt. Victoria Street; Hoy, 3, Westbourne; Johnston, 3, Westbourne; Carson, 2, Westbourne; Marcus, 3, Harryville; White, 6, Ekenhead; Cheyne, 3, Fountainville; Dobbin, 2, Newington; Dodd, 1, First Saintfield; Finn, 2, First Magherafelt; Robinson, 2, Templepatrick; Ellis, 4, Donegall Road; Gray, 1, Belfast City Mission (Ekenhead); Wilson, 2, Ormiston; Nesbitt, 4, Shankill Road Mission; Scott, 6, Shankill Road Mission; Anderson, 1, Shankill Road Mission; Andrews, 3, Belfast City Mission (Westbourne); Bailie 4, Belfast City Mission (Westbourne); Wilson, 2, Belfast City Mission (Westbourne); M'Kinstry, 4, Belfast, Strand; Prenter, 4, Woodvale Park; Martin, 3, Ballygrainey; Curlett, 2, Sinclair Seamen's; Gallagher, 3, Belfast City Mission (Westbourne); Reid, 4, Shankill Road Mission; Kirkwood, 2, Shankill Road Mission; Robb, 2, Newington; Dale, 4, Westbourne; Lowry, 2 St. Enoch's; Fryers, 3, Greenwell Street; Cooke, 1, First Ballymena; Agnew, 3, Fisherwick; Fleming, 2, Mountpottinger; Ritchie, 1, Largy; Burgees, 2, Ballysillan; Herdman, 3, Ballysillan; Creswell, 4, Glendermott; Hillian, 5, Agnes Street; M'Clay, 3, Glendermott; Ringland, 3, College Square; Dawson, 7, Armagh Road, Portadown; Cartmill, 3, Downshire Road; Harris, 3, Nelson Memorial; M'Cullough, 4, Ballysillan; M'Lean, 5, Strean Church; Gilmore, 5, Ravenhill; Gault, 2, First Ballymoney; Weir, 3, Ravenhill; Johnston, 1, College Square; Craig, 3, Waterside: M'Cleave, 1, Shankill Road Mission; Cairns, 2, Ravenhill; O'Neill, 1, Ravenhill; Hamilton, 3, Ballymacarrett; Lowry, 3, Ormond Quay; Scott, 1, Malone; M'Keeman, 1, Whiteabbey; Smyth, 3, Whiteabbey; Johnson, 1, Bethany; Currie, 2, M'Quiston Memorial; Somerville, 2, Enniskillen; M'Kinney, 2, New Row, Coleraine; Thompson, 2, Gt. Victoria Street.

Case not under ordinary circumstances -- Allen, 3, Shankill Road Mission.

This Election adds 281 children to the roll of the Society.

The Governors purpose to meet in the Society's Office at 12 o'clock to-day to vote grants to the successful families and transact other business.


No. 7 Royal Air Force Reception Depot has now removed from 54, Royal Avenue, to the Grand Central Hotel, at which address all those who desire any information regarding any of the fighting forces -- whether Navy, Army, or Air Service -- should apply for interview.


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The Witness - Friday, 11 October 1918


TORRIE -- Sept. 15, 1918, at Private Nursing Home, 13, Claremont Street, Belfast, the wife of Rev. E. G. Torrie, B.A., Kingsmills, a son.


MURRAY--MORROW -- October 3, 1918, at Ballykelly Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. A. Parke, assisted by the Rev. R. Morrow, B.A., brother of the bride; the Rev. E. Gilliland, uncle of the bridegroom; the Rev. S. Semple, M.A., and the Rev. D. Calderwood, M.A., James, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Murray, Greysteel, to Jeannie Sherrard, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Morrow, Carrichue.

M'DONALD--MOORHEAD -- October 9, 1918, at Loughaghery Church, by Rev. J. N. Moorhead (father of the bride), assisted by the Rev. J. M'Cracken (Rector), and Rev. Samuel Murray, Cargycreevy, Thomas Hugh M'Donald, Loughaghery, to Madeline Moorhead, Blackbridge.


ABRAHAM -- Sept. 20, at Derryane, Robert Abraham, aged 73 years. Interred in the family burying-ground, Milltown, on 22nd September, "Absent from the body, present with, the-Lord." Californian papers please copy.

ANDREWS -- Oct. 7, at Lower Shore, Omeath, County Lough, Elizabeth Andrews.

CAMPBELL -- Oct. 5, at Ballyhaskin, Millisle, Henry Campbell.

DICKEY -- Aug. 5, at Queen Street, Ellerslie, Auckland, New Zealand, Conly Dickey, Solicitor, aged 73 years, son of the late John Dickey, Ballyclare.

HOOD -- Oct. 4, at Ballymoney Road, Ballymena, Charlotte, widow of the late Samuel Hood, J.P.

JOHNSTON -- Oct. 7, at The Manse, High Street, Ballymena, Margaret Fleck, wife of the late Samuel P. Johnston, Belfast.

KENNEDY -- Oct. 5, at his residence, Slatt, Ballymena, Ferguson Kennedy.

MOFFETT -- Oct. 8, at Galgorm Road, Ballymena, Rev. Samuel Moffett, B.A., Senior Minister of Eskylane.

M'GOWAN -- Oct. 4 (suddenly), at Stormount, Comber, William M'Gowan.

NESBITT -- Oct. 5, at Dungannon, Robert Henry Nesbitt, youngest son of the late Thomas Nesbitt, Lakeview, Emyvale, County Monaghan.

PERRY -- Oct. 6, at his father's residence, Lisleen, David Perry.

STEELE -- Oct. 5, at Dunbarton, Gilford, Alexander Steele, the beloved father of Isabella Patton.

STEWART -- Oct. 5, at Quinton, Portaferry, James, the third son of the late James Stewart.

STRONGE -- Oct. 5, at Egremont, Ballybrack, Frances Anne, second daughter of the late Sir J. Calvert Stronge, Bart.




Captain Sir Charles Bathurst, M.P., has been raised to the Peerage, and it is understood he will represent the Ministry of Food in the House of Lords.

One of his Majesty's torpedo gunboats sank on Sept. 30 as the result of a collision with a merchant vessel. One officer and fifty-two men are missing, presumed drowned.

The noted Aberdeen-Angus herd owned by the executors of the late Dr. Clement Stephenson was sold at Balliol College Farm, Newcastle. For fifty-two head the average was 66 6s.

The whole of the Lena Basin, says a Vladivostok telegram, is now cleared of Bolsheviks. The peasants cherish feelings of intense bitterness against them. Cases are reported of Bolsheviks having been buried alive.

Glasgow Corporation have approved of a proposal to proceed, immediately after the war, with the erection of dwelling houses for the working, labouring, and poorer classes on a number of pieces of ground belonging to the Corporation.

There is an almost constant diminution of about 150,000 tons in Allied sinkings during last and this year, the Under Secretary stated at a meeting of the French Naval War Committee, and construction now exceeds destruction by 410,000 tons.

The Women's Peace Crusade, in which Mrs. Snowden had been prominent, had obtained 34,000 signatures to a memorial to Lord Lansdowne asking him to take the lead in a peace movement and to undertake the formation of a Peace Government.

Mr. Gerald Brunskill, K.C., died suddenly at Trim from heart disease. He was acting for County Court Judge Fleming. Mr. Brunskill was elected as Unionist member for Mid-Tyrone in January, 1910, and was defeated in December, 1910, by Mr. Richard M'Ghee.

The Bishop of Hull stated that the Church had received the names of nearly 2,000 men at the front who expressed a desire to enter the Ministry. The Church would make itself responsible for the education and training of suitable men. The cost would run into something like 500,000.

A report circulated by the Melbourne Diocesan Council states that the most serious obstacle to the union of the Protestant Churches of Australia is the monarchic autocratic power of the Australian episcopate. A more democratic form of Church government is advocated.

The Postmaster-General announces that the civil mail service to both European and Asiatic Russia is suspended except as regards letters, newspapers, &c., for Finland, Archangel, Murmansk, and Vladivostok and the neighbourhood. Civil parcel post to Russia, including Finland, is entirely suspended.

Mr. William Wallace Hargrove, of the "Yorkshire Herald," the oldest newspaper man as proprietor or director in the county, and probably in the country, died at York in his 93rd year. Up to about twelve months ago he had been engaged at work. He was in journalism for about seventy-four years.

Decisions have been reached by the Canadian Railway Board to grant a wage increase of 5 per month to 75,000 stenographers, clerks, office boys, messengers, watchmen, and other employees of the Canadian railways. The Board has also ordered that an eight-hour day shall prevail at Canadian railway freight sheds.

The British Government, with the approval of General Smuts, has now decided to send thousands of "gassed" soldiers to South Africa, in the hope that the pure dry air of the high veld will assist them back to health. Arrangements are being made to place these men, who are really afflicted with lung trouble, on the land.

Practically all the workhouses and public institutions in Mid and West Ireland have been taken over by the military, with the consent of the Local Government Board, to provide winter quarters for the troops. The officials are to be paid full salaries, rations, and apartment allowances for the period they are out of occupation.

The candle manufacturers of the United Kingdom are this year delivering more candles for domestic use than in the past two years, at a price which should enable the public to purchase wax candles at 1s 4d per lb.

The export of barley from Ireland is prohibited except under license. The object of the prohibition is to ensure that the supply for Irish maltsters and brewers, &c., may be secured before any great quantity is exported.

Sir Herbert Parry, Bart., the well-known composer, died at his Sussex residence, aged 70. He composed the processional anthem for the Coronation of King Edward, and the Te Deum for the Coronation of King George.

At Newry Urban Council it was decided to increase by 4s per week the wages of all whole-time able-bodied workmen, thereby bringing the wages of the scavengers up to 34s per week, surfacemen to 34s 6d, and careers to 35s 6d. In the case of casual clerks employed in the grain market it was resolved to advance their wages from 5s to 6s per day.

The tenants on the Roden Estate have agreed to purchase their holdings at 16½ years' purchase.

The "Daily Express" understands that Mr. Bonar Law paid a visit to France a few days ago as a passenger, in an aeroplane, which landed him safely at his destination "according to plan."

The West Riding of County Cork has been proclaimed a special military area as from September 28, 1918. It will be consequently necessary for persons entering the Riding to obtain a permit from the military authorities.

A meeting of R.I.C. pensioners in Belfast decided to memorialise the authorities for a revision of the pension scale to meet war-time conditions. It was stated that the strength of the Belfast pension list was 576.

At Coleraine Petty Sessions Mr. Andrew M'Feeter, Bridge Street, was sworn in as a magistrate for County Derry. Mr. M'Feeter is an ex-chairman of the Urban Council, and treasurer of the County Derry Grand Orange Lodge.

The Food Controller has fixed a maximum price for eating onions at 4½d to 4¾per lb. for 1918, and 5d to 5¾d for 1919. Pickling onions are to be 4¾d per lb. any time. The maximum wholesale dealers' profit is fixed at 35s per ton.

Mr. Hayes Fisher stated that he proposed an extension of Section 72 of the Housing and Town planning Act, 1909, enabling County Councils to take shares in Public Utility Societies, or make loans to them so as to include all local bodies. The Government would supply 75 per cent. of the capital.

A telegraph has been received from the British Ambassador in Paris, stating that he has had a visit from Marshal Joffre's physician, who announced that the that the Marshal was suffering from influenza, and that he could not possibly allow him to take the risk of travelling to Englandthis week. The proposed visit and all the consequent functions have, therefore, had to be postponed.

London's gigantic financial effort was inaugurated in Trafalgar Square, which has been transformed into a shattered French village. Entering beneath the Nelson Column, the queue of people bringing "fodder for the guns" made their purchases of War Bonds and went through the winding trenches until they reached the guns, where their bonds were dated by a stamp fixed in the breach.

A communication has been sent by the secretary of the Conciliation and Arbitration Board, to the general secretary of the Irish National Teachers' Organisation stating that the Treasury have informed them that they are unable to agree to the claim of the National school Teachers for a full Civil Service bonus, and are willing that the question should be referred to the arbitration of the Board/

The Students Army Training Corps now has in training at more than 500 universities and colleges throughout the United States more than 150,000 young mem, who will be taught the science and art of modern warfare and from whom will be drawn large numbers of officers after the completion of intensive training courses, lasting three to nine months.

Mr. Long mentioned at the American Officers' Club in London that the late Mr. Choate once told him that, while he was confident there would never be an alliance between the United States and England, because it was contrary to American traditions, yet if England ever found herself in real difficulty America would come to her aid and stand by her to the end.

The Service Candidates Committee have received the names of 1,400 soldiers who offer themselves for Holy Orders in the Church of England. Prebendary Hoets, a member of the committee, in making the announcement at Bath, said that many of the applicants required educating and some special theological training, so that their services would not quickly be available.

A bronze tablet has been erected in St. John's Church, Ballycarry, to the memory of the late Rev. J. H. Bennett, B.A., for forty years vicar of Templecorran and Kilroot, to which Islandmagee had been joined for twenty years of that period. Another memorial, of brass, in the same church has been erected to the memory of Second-Lieutenant J. H. Adams, Staffs., of Whitehead, killed in action.

A fire having broken out at the munition factory of T. A. Gillespie & Co., Morgan, N.J., the workers were ordered away. Most of them got clear when the fire reached the munitions and a tremendous explosion followed. The damage is estimated at 18 million dollars. The authorities have cleared the land in a ten-mile radius. The dead are estimated at not more than 94 and the injured at 150.

Captain Henry D. Wilkin, D.S.O., R.N., promoted to the rank of rear-admiral, is senior naval officer in Belfast, and is a popular figure in service and social circles. Born in India 56 years ago, he entered the Royal Navy in 1875, and has had a distinguished career. He retired in August, 1913, but volunteered for service on the outbreak of war, and was appointed senior naval officer in Belfast in 1915.

Extraordinary damage was occasioned at Inver, ten miles from Belmullet, by the explosion of a mine which had been washed ashore. A pier erected three years ago was completely destroyed, and a number of fishing boats moored close by were wrecked. No lives were lost, but a man working 500 yards away was blown into the air and seriously injured in his fall. Fields of oats in the vicinity were blackened.

Highbury, the famous home of the late Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, has been given to the city of Birmingham for public uses. Soon after the death of Mr. Chamberlain, Highbury was lent for war hospital purposes, and it has been so used ever since. Mr. Austen Chamberlain has now handed ever all the buildings -- including the noted orchid houses -- to the city, and the municipal authorities are buying the land from him

Mr. T. P. O'Connor, addressing ten meetings of his constituents in the Scotland Division of Liverpool, defended his position and that of the Irish party on the war in standing by the Allies, the only side on which freedom-loving Irishmen could stand. The constitutional movement was the only means by which the liberties and rights of Ireland could be obtained. Nothing that Ireland decided would change his opinion and that of Irishmen in Great Britain.

Correspondence has passed between Lord Bryce and Mr. Balfour in reference to the action of the Armenians in the neighbourhood of Baku. Lord Bryce suggests that the Armenian people as a whole ought not to be blamed for what took place there, and he recites how much they have done towards the cause of their own liberation from Turkish misrule. The Foreign Secretary replied agreeing that the Armenians did not act as they did from choice, but stern necessity.

At the annual general meeting of the Ballymena Musical Festival Association Mr. George Bellis, junior (chairman), presiding, the joint hon. secretary (Mrs. Dinsmore) submitted the annual report, which showed a record of a successful year's work. Increased interest was apparent from year to year, and the members of the association numbered 110, an addition of seven since last year. The annual festival was held on May 7, 8, 9, and 10, the entries for competition in the 36 classes being 289, an increase of 164 on the numbers of the previous year.

"Joe" Tynan, a native of Sion Mills, County Tyrone, where he was a mechanic in Messrs. Herdman's, is described by Mr. C. Schwab in the American Brass as the worlds greatest shipbuilder, having, at a San Francisco yard, supervised the construction of a 12,000-ton steamship in twenty-four days, and having also built at Montreal ten submarines for Britain. He is alluded to as "a great handler of men," and as enjoying a tenacious memory, having gone through twenty-seven pages of questions at a Washington inquiry without referring to notes.

The National Service Ministry has arranged that Irishmen visiting Great Britain on urgent business or private affairs (but not commercial travellers making regular business visits, or men visiting for holiday purposes) may apply to the Ministry's offices in Dublin, Belfast, or Cork for a certificate of protection against recruitment. This certificate will be recognised by the recruiting authorities across the Channel for fourteen days from date of departure from Ireland. The application must be accompanied by two small unmounted photographs of the applicant.

Captain C. C. Craig, M.P. for South Antrim, was among the repatriated prisoners of war landed at Boston from Holland. Captain Craig was wounded and taken prisoner on July 1st. of 1916. He was interned in Holland some months ago.

The Press Association's war correspondent says that British graves in hand recovered from the Germans after their over-running show signs of having been treated with respect. The Germans appear to have tried to keep the graves in good condition.

The upper portion of a chimney stack, 80 or 90 feet in height, at Messrs. Herald's jam factory, Ormeau Road, Belfast, collapsed during a storm. Fortunately no one was injured but the top floors of two dwelling-houses in Balfour Avenue were damaged, and some windows were broken.

The Food Controller has decided to make the use of a percentage of potatoes in the manufacture of bread compulsory throughout the United Kingdom as soon as the main crop is generally available. Bakers are advised to take immediate steps to secure the necessary plant and utensils.

It is stated that 5,000 has been allocated by the Irish Coal and Lignite Co. for boring for coal in the Coalisland district, and that lignite deposits on both sides of Lough Neagh will be developed without delay, factories being erected to turn out 500 tons per day. Treasury sanction has been given.

Sir Henry Dalziel, Bart., M.P., acting for himself and his political and business associations, has purchased outright the business of the United Newspapers, Ltd., the proprietors of the "Daily Chronicle" and "Lloyd's Sunday Newspaper," in addition to a number of other important publications.

Spanish Influenza is raging in South Africa, and is spreading extensively in Capetown. Every business finds it difficult to carry on. The malady is usually quickly over in the case of whites, but is virulent among the natives. Kimberley's trade and mining are at a standstill. Dead natives are being buried there in batches hourly. The epidemic has also broken out at Bloemfontein.

An appeal for an official of the Open-Air Mission was dismissed by the Law Society Tribunal. The Chairman, looking at the Mission's annual report, asked what "Evangelist's allowances" meant. The Secretary of the Missions said the evangelists were paid. The Chairman -- Oh, I see -- a matter of politness. If you are a worker you receive wages; if an evangelist you have an allowance.

"Feather Day," promoted by the Belfast munition workers in aid of the Red Cross, was very successful. A number of feathers were sent by Queen Mary to the Countess of Shaftesbury, and two of these realised 50 each at an auction. Many munition workers displayed choice selections of feathers, and the Lord Mayor (Sir Jamas Johnston, J.P.) liberated a large number of carrier pigeons from the City Hall.

On the appointment of a committee of the Court of Common Council, London, to report on a recent speech of Judge Rentoul in reference to the action of the Corporation on his request for increased salary, Mr. Harper, speaking amid laughter, said the Judge had spoken of how much the clergy had drunk at the Lord Mayor's dinner -- how many bottles of champagne and brandy -- the Mansion House butler having given him the information in perfect good faith.

A Government expert has reported that the quantity of minerals obtainable in the Craighullier and Knockertown coalfields, Portrush, would last at the rate of 500 tons per day for many years, and that the reserves in sight world justify the laying down of plant for an output of 3,000 tons per week of fuel equal to the best English and Scotch coal. Mr. Morrow stated at a meeting of Portrush Urban Council that a company was negotiating for the purchase of the ground between the coalfield and the sea.

The death is announced of Major Samuel K. Cowan, M.A., the well-known poet and litterateur, at Bedford, after a comparatively brief Major illness, Major Cowan was a son of the late Mr. Andrew Cowan, J.P., of Craigowen, Craigavad, and was a member of a family which has been prominent in the social and commercial life of Ulster for over a century. He graduated at Trinity College, Dublin, and early in his career he was granted a commission in the old North Down Militia, in which he served for many years, ultimately retiring with the rank of major.

American troops brought to Europe up to the end of Sept. number 1,766,160, 946,000 coming on British ships and 786,000 in American vessels, French and Italian boats, bringing the remainder. In safeguarding them the British Navy has done enormous work, 70 per cent. of the convoying being done by it. In Sept. 311,219 Americans were landed, along with 5,000 Canadians, and 4,000 U.S. bluejackets, a total of 320,000. Of the American troops, 153,246 were landed in France, the rest in England. July was the biggest month for U.S. troops, when over 317,000 arrived.

Robert Shine, of Sixmilecross, County Tyrone, tried by Court-marital for unlawfully attempting to have in his possession for disposal at Sixmilecross 3,624 rounds of ball cartridge without a permit, and for other similar offences against the Defence of the Realm Regulations, was found guilty and sentenced to two years' imprisonment. The General Officer Commanding-in-Chief confirmed the finding and sentence. In the other two cases, those against Mr. J. J. Keane and Mr. W. Cullen, who were tried after the case against Slane, the Military Court acquitted both prisoners.

The British and Foreign Sailors' Society hospitably on two evenings entertained at their headquarters in Dock Street a number of bluejackets. Tea was liberally dispensed by the energetic workers in connection with the institute, after which an excellent programme was provided, in which the following artistes contributed -- Miss Stewart, Miss Agnew, and Mrs. W. A. Boyd, Messrs R. S. Osborne and Tom Reynolds, Navymen Hopwood and Brooks. Games were afterwards indulged in. During the evening Mr. W. A. Boyd, secretary of the society, extended a cordial welcome to the Navymen.

The sale of flags in the city on behalf of the Red Cross and the Order of St. John was undertaken by a large number of ladies, whose efforts were rewarded by a record disposal of the various emblems offered. A special word of praise is due to the committee for the splendid manner in which the city was organised, and it is expected that a very large sum will be secured for the two noble societies mentioned above. Sir Robert Kennedy, K.C.M.G., D.L., is the chairman of the joint committee for Ulster, and the honorary secretaries to the flag day committee were Mr. C. Gordon Ewart (honorary secretary of the joint committee) and Mr. W Johnston, whilst the Lord Mayor (Alderman Sir James Johnston) acted as honorary treasurer. There were about 1,200 collectors. The Lady Mayoress assisted with the sale of flags in the vicinity of the City Hall, and associated with her were Mrs. James M'Calmont and Mrs. Osborne Gallaher. A house-to-house collection was also made.

Sir E. Geddes, the First Lord of the Admiralty, has arrived, with his naval mission, at Washington, and were entertained at luncheon by President Wilson. A series of important conferences on the allied naval programme will be held.

The French Government has solemnly warned Germany that the authors and directors of the work of ravage and devastation in French territory will he held responsible morally, judicially, and financially, and that France, is now in communication with her Allies as to the decision that may be come to.

Speaking at Huddersfield, Lieut.-General Sir John Maxwell, referring to the Allies' progress, said they had now got the Germans to the point where they began to run away, and it would take little more to make that run into a rout. He thought it probable that first Turkey, and then Austria, would slide away from Germany.

King Manuel will visit Belfast on Tuesday in connection with Red Cross work, in which he is deeply interested. His Majesty will be welcomed by the Lord Mayor (Sir James Johnston), and will be the recipient of a cordial civic welcome. He will remain overnight in the city as the guest of the Earl and Countess of Shaftesbury at Belfast Castle.

Replying to Prebendary Carlile's offer of huts and comforts for American troops, General Pershing, "with full appreciation of the generous hospitality" offered, writes -- "We know already of the fine work which the Church Army has done and is doing wherever it is established. It gives us much satisfaction to commend to our men to your good services."


Roll of Honour.


Rev. James Lawrence Rentoul, B.A., minister of Rostrevor Presbyterian Church, was killed by shell fire while serving in the trenches on Sabbath evening, 29th September. He was a son of Rev. R. W. R. Rentoul B.A, of Clonmel (who was ordained at Ballywatt, Coleraine, in 1867), and a grandson, of the late Rev. J. B. Rentoul, D.D., of Garvagh. After a period of service in Belfast as assistant minister to Rev. Wm. Park, M.A., D.D., Rosemary Street, he was ordained at Rostrevor on 20th May, 1914. He enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps nine months ago, and after undergoing training in Blackpool he was sent to France. The late Mr. Rentoul, who was thirty years of age, married a daughter of Rev. D.R. Moore, Killinchy. His brother, Lieutenant William W. Rentoul, East Lancashire Regiment, was wounded last year.


Death of Rev. J. G. Semple.

We regret to announce the death of the Rev. John Greenlees Semple, Presbyterian missionary at Nenagh, which occurred on Sabbath at Larne after a short illness. Deceased, who was brother to Rev. R. H. Semple, B.A., Limerick, and nephew Of the late Rev. John Greenlees M.A., Ekenhead Church, Belfast, spent the earlier part of his manhood in business in Belfast. After some years in America he returned to Ireland with credentials from the Presbytery of Canadian, U.S., and was appointed to work under the Mission Board of the Presbyterian Church. His whole ministry in this country was spent in Nenagh, where he laboured most faithfully among the widely-scattered families in that district. Under his prudent leadership a commodious church building was erected, which stands as a monument of a brief but earnest pastorate.


Belfast Recruiting Campaign

By reason of the whole-hearted co-operation of the Lord Bishop of Down and Connor and Dromore (Right Rev. C. F. D'Arcy, D.D.), the Dean of Belfast (Very Rev. C. T. P. Grierson, B.D.), and the incumbents of all the Episcopal Churches in Belfast, it has been arranged that short recruiting addresses will be delivered during service on Sabbath next, either by the incumbents or by officers of his Majesty's forces.


Death of Rev. Samuel Moffett, B.A.

We record with deep regret the death of Rev. Samuel Moffett, senior minister of Eskylane Presbyterian Church, which occurred on Tuesday at his residence, Galgorm Road, Ballymena. Deceased was a classical scholar in Queen's College, Galway, and in 1867 graduated with honours in classics in the Queen's University in Ireland. On 26th January, 1870, he was ordained in the Second Reformed Presbyterian Congregation, Brooklyn, U.S.A., and near the close of 1873 he was installed in the Eastern Reformed Congregation of Eskylane. In 1903 the minister and congregation were received into the General Assembly. In 1917 Mr. Moffett owing to failing health, obtained leave to retire from active duty, and shortly after he availed himself of this permission the congregation was united to that of Kells, under the ministry of Rev. H. C. Wilson. Deceased was a man of scholarly taste, and was highly respected by the whole community in which he laboured.


Sergeant Henry E. Irwin, R.F.A., Ulster Division, has just been awarded a bar to his Military Medal, for conspicuous gallantry at Cambrai in November 1917. Sergeant Irwin is a brother of Corporal Frederick James Irwin, who was wounded during the July push, 1916, and subsequently fell at St. Quentin. Both those young soldiers are sons of the late Mr. James Irwin and of Mrs. Irwin, Skerrymore House, Castleblayney, and nephews of Dr. Irwin, Windsor Manse, Belfast.


Amongst the officers mentioned in despatches for valuable services rendered in connection with military operations in the Hedjaz was Captain W. Noel Montgomery, M.B., R.A.M.C., son of Rev. Dr. Montgomery, of the Shankill Road Mission, and a graduate of Queen's University, Belfast. On the opening of the war he obtained a commission as a combatant officer, and served in the trenches in France in the winter of 1914-15, being invalided home owing to an acute attack of rheumatism. Oh recovering he completed his medical studies, graduating in 1916, and then obtained a commission in the R.A.M.C. His brother. Captain Frank P. Montgomery, M.B., R.A.M.C., won the Military Cross while serving with an Ulster Division field Ambulance at the opening of the Battle of the Somme in June, 1916.


Chaplains to the Forces.

The Rev. J. A. M'Clymont, D.D., V.D., chaplain to the Territorial Force, hon. chaplain to the Forces, and the Rev. P. R. Mackay, D.D., chaplain to the Forces, have been appointed as joint-principal Presbyterian chaplains, and the Rev. J. P. Davey, chaplain to the Forces, as principal chaplain for the United Navy, Army, and Air Force Board (representing the Baptist, Congregationalist, Primitive Methodist, and United Methodist Churches) in connection with the army chaplaincy services in the United Kingdom.


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The Witness - Friday, 18 October 1918

Roll of Honour

CLOW -- Sept. 29, killed in action, James Moncrieff Clow, M.G. Co., elder son of James Clow, Tynan.

MITCHELL -- Sept. 14, killed in action, at Basra, Sergeant J. Howard Mitchell, second son of Isaac and Mrs. Mitchell, 3, Strangemore Terrace, Belfast.


KNOX -- Oct. 10, 1918, at Ballydown Manse, Banbridge, to the Rev. Robert Buick and Mrs. Knox -- a son.


KNOWLES--M'ILRATH -- Oct. 9, at Donegall Road Presbyterian Church, Belfast, by the father of the bride, assisted by Rev. Henry Dinsmore and Rev. David Graham, the Rev. John Knowles, to Newtowncunningham, to Janie Graham, daughter of the Rev. J. M. M'Ilrath, Belfast.

MINNIS--STEVENSON -- Oct. 10, at Raffrey Presbyterian Church, by Rev. R. J. Wilson, M.A., David G. W. Minnis, third son of John Minnis and Mrs. Minnis, Lisbane, to Anna Maud, youngest daughter of late John Stevenson, Derryboy, and late Mrs. Stevenson, Ballyalgin.


ENTRICAN -- Oct. 16, 1918, at her residence, 33, Botanic Avenue, Belfast, Anne Jane Entrican, widow of the late Samuel Entrican. Funeral to City Cemetery at 10 o'clock to-day (Friday).

ANDERSON -- Oct. 12, at his residence, Tullywiggan, Cookstown, George Anderson.

BELL -- Oct. I4, at Tieragory, Rathfriland, James, eldest son of the late Robert Bell.

BENNETT -- Oct. 11, at 18, Mary Street, Newtownards, Ann, relict of Matthew Bennett.

BULLICK -- Oct. 14, at Queen Street, Lurgan, Samuel, dearly-beloved husband of Jennie Bullick.

CAIRNS -- Oct. 13, at the Post Office, Moy (of double pneumonia), John A. Cairns, Postmaster.

CHISHOLM -- Oct. 14, at the residence of her son-in-law (David Edgar, Market Square, Antrim), Mary, relict of the late Thomas Chisholm, Folly.

CLARKE -- Oct. 11, at High Street, Ballymena, William Clarke, beloved husband of Mary Ann Clarke.

FLETCHER -- Oct. 5, at The Residency, Enkeldoorn, S. Rhodesia, Mary Evelyn, wife of C. M. Fletcher, R.M., and youngest daughter of the late Mrs. Alexander, Ramelton, Co. Donegal.

GREER -- Oct. 11, at Coneywarren, Omagh, Fanny Arabella, widow of the late James Greer.

JOHNSTON -- Oct. 4, through the torpedoing of the s.s. Hirano Maru, Charles M'G. Johnston, of Bloemfontein, youngest son of the late George R. Johnston and Mrs. Johnston, of Glynn, Co. Antrim, aged 42.

MILLAR -- Oct. 13, at the Gas Works, Castleblayney, Margaret J., eldest daughter of William Millar, Manager, Gas Works, Cookstown and Castleblayney.

NIBLOCK -- Suddenly, at her father's residence, 5,317, Ludlow Street, Philadelphia, Agnes (Nessie), elder daughter of Samuel Niblock, late of Comber.

THOMPSON -- Oct 9, at Exeter, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of the late Robert Thompson, Esq., Ardtullagh, Holywood, J.P. for the counties of Antrim and Down.

THOMPSON -- Oct. 10, at Rowaliene, Annadale, Belfast, Harriet, daughter of the late John Thompson, of The Mills, Saintfield.

WALLACE -- Oct. 9, at her husband's residence, 93, Lower Beechwood Avenue, Ranelagh, Dublin, Daisy, the beloved and loving wife of A. H. Wallace, and youngest daughter of R. T. M'Combe, aged 31 years.

WATSON -- Oct. 11, at Castleblayney, Robert Watson, Builder and Contractor, aged 70 years.

WAUGH -- October 17, 1918, at Selshion, Portadown, Sarah Todd, widow of the late Mr. Joseph Waugh. Funeral to Drumcree Churchyard on Saturday, 19th inst., at three p.m.

In Memoriam

CARSON -- In proud and loving memory of Rifleman John Carson (2nd Batt. New Zealand Rifle Brigade), eldest son of the late John Carson, Frederick Street, Belfast and of the late Mrs. Carson, who died in 3rd Canadian Casualty Clearing Station on the 15th Oct. 1917, of shell wounds received in action at Passchendale Ridge on the 12th Oct. Aged 23 years. They never die who fall in a great cause.




Treasury notes, bonds, and other securities to the value of 3,500,000 are reported to have been stolen from the General Post Office in Berlin.

The Bucharest express was derailed near Piatra, several cars falling, into the river. Over 100 passengers were killed and 200 seriously injured.

Lord Southborough, who was secretary of the Irish Convention, has been appointed chairman of the Franchise Committee in the Indian Reform scheme.

In certain parts of the Welsh coalfield the output is seriously affected through men absenting themselves from the pits to attend rabbit-coursing matches.

Owing to the outbreak of "Spanish influenza" in Vienna, of 5,000 lower and middle-class schools about 1,000 have had to be closed. During last week 200 deaths occurred.

Lieutenant Reeve (39), Royal Irish Rifles, was knocked down and killed by a taxi-cab, driven by a young woman, at Colchester, where he had just arrived, on Monday.

In Parliament the Chief Secretary announced that the inquiry regarding alleged irregularities in Belfast Jail will be held in public, and that Mr. Justice Dodd would act as commissioner.

Mr. Bonar Law stated in Parliament that the Government would give an opportunity to the House of Commons to express its opinion on the question of allowing women to stand for Parliament.

In consequence of a resolution passed by the Executive Committee of the National Union of Railwaymen. Mr. J. H. Thomas has withdrawn his decision to resign the general secretaryship of the union.

The Ministry of Food announces that it has been found possible to extend the last date upon which applications may be received for supplies of concentrated cattle feeding stuffs for one week, until October 22.

The Bishop of Birmingham, who is visiting Canada, has delivered addresses at Toronto and Montreal. His tour will include Northern and Western Canada, and he will speak at Winnipeg and other prairie cities and at Vancouver.

According to a telegram received by the "Matia" from Tunis, two French scientists, M.M. Charles Nicolle and Le Bailly, have discovered the microbe of influenza. It is too small to be revealed by the microscope.

Lord R. Cecil, in Parliament, said that his Majesty's Government were in consultation with the Allies in regard to questions arising m connection with a League of Nations, but the time had not yet arrived for consultation with neutral countries.

The Amsterdam "Telegraaf" reports that a German hospital train returning from Holland to Germany was held up at the Dutch frontier, and found to contain huge quantities of food. Goods to the value of 40,000 guilders have been discovered.

The Exchequer returns from 1st April to 12th October show that the receipts were 368,490,657, and the expenditure 1,457,482,837. For the corresponding period last year the receipts were 283,259,774, and the expenditure 1,430,677,784.

Mr. Bonar Law stated in the Commons that for the period July 14th to October 6th the daily average Exchequer issues for all purposes has been 6,970,000, and the daily average vote of credit expenses had been approximately 6,373,000.

At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Farmers' Union in London, it was reported that seven gentlemen had agreed to stand as independent agricultural candidates at the next Election and that others were in contemplation.

It has been decided by the General Conference of the Methodist Church in Canada to raise 1,600,000 for missionary work at home and abroad during the next five years. This means that the members will have to double their ordinary contributions.

His Excellency Lord French will visit Belfast on Wednesday, 30th inst., for the purpose of formally deceiving the freedom of the city, which compliment he has accepted at the hands of the Corporation. The interesting ceremony will take place in the City Hall.

The Board of Trade "Labour Gazette" states that there was a marked rise in the level of retail prices of the principal articles of food during September. On 1st October the average percentage of increase since July, 1914, was 129 per cent., as compared with 115 per cent. a month earlier.

Colonel Theodore Montgomery Archdale, D.S.O., Royal Horse Artillery, who lost his life by drowning, was the youngest son of the late Mr. Nicholas Montgomery Archdale, of Crock-na-Crieve, County Fermanagh, and a brother of Mr. E. M. Archdale, D.L., of Riversdale, Ballinamallard, M.P. for North Fermanagh.

Ex-King Manuel of Portugal paid a two days' visit to Belfast in the interests of Red Cross work. His Majesty, who was the guest of the Earl and Countess of Shaftesbury at Belfast Castle, inspected several hospitals and industrial establishments, and lunched on both days at the City Hall with the Lord Mayer (Sir James Johnston, J.P.).

At the last of the series of sales of pure-bred cattle at Aberdeen, 259 Aberdeen-Angus averaged 60 13s 5d, the total amount realised being 15,714 6s 6d. Last year's average was 60 12s. Many animals were bought for exportation to South Africa. The top price was 410 guineas, given by Mr. Rae, Rosehearty, for a two-year-old from Mr. Penny, Aberdeenshire.

Mr. Walsh (Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board) informed, Mr. Trevelyan in Parliament that in the event of a General Election the ballot papers for soldiers in France and Belgium would not be censored, but enclosed in official envelopes addressed to the returning officer, and when received would be opened in the presence of the election agents.

Captain Charles C. Craig, M.P. for South Antrim, who has just returned to England after his two years' captivity in Germany, has resumed his Parliamentary duties. On the issue of the war he is enthusiastically optimistic. But all that he has seen and come through has convinced him of the absolute necessity of the Allies making a complete and satisfactory job of it.

The King, under whose patronage an appeal is being made for the Red Cross and Order of St. John on "Our Day," Oct. 24, has addressed a message to the joint committee of the two organisations, congratulating them on the magnificent work which they have achieved during more than four years of warfare, and expressing his pleasure in contributing the sum of 10,000.

The French Government have issued a Note stating that since their recognition of Finnish Independence, carried by the regularly constituted Finnish Diet, the Diet has lost authority and power in consequence of illegal measures which were veritable coups d'etat, and that the election of a Prince of Hesse would in itself annul the recognition. Diplomatic relations are, therefore, at an end, but the French Government leaves a Consular Agent at Helsingfors.

Private Robert George Strain, M.M., The King's (Liverpool Regiment), killed in action, was the eldest son or the late Mr. Robert Strain and of Mrs. Strain, Rosetta Park, Belfast. Before joining the army he was connected with the firm of Wm. Strain & Sons, Ltd., Great Victoria Street. He was a member of the First Battalion East Belfast Regiment, U.V.F. This gallant soldier was awarded the Military Medal "for conspicuous, gallantry and devotion to duty on 1st September."

At a meeting of the Dublin Diocesan Synod, Rev. W. Baille, proposing the adoption of the report of the Church of Ireland Temperance Society, said that temperance was one of the greatest national questions they could possibly deal with. He did not think they were doing their duty as a Church in this matter. If the Church were to take action against the Food Controller for the awful waste of food which he permitted in the manufacture of strong drink she would be doing her duty.

The wedding of Miss May Davidson Meharg, daughter of Mr. William Meharg, Belfast, and Mr. Gerald Garfield Doak, C.Q.M.S., A.S.C., youngest son of the late Mr. Wm. Doak, Kinnego House, Lurgan, in Castleton Presbyterian Church was of special interest, the bridegroom having won the M.S.M., having also been twice mentioned in despatches, awarded a parchment certificate, and also honoured with the Belgian Croix de Guerre. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. A. Pattison Black, B.A.

The Committee on Production have issued their award in the claims for a minimum wage of 5 per week made by the shipwrights in the Clyde area and other districts and by the members of other woodworking and furnishing trades. The committee explain their reasons for coming to the conclusion that the claims cannot be granted, and state that earnings so far as the claims raise the question of present earnings apart from war-wage payments, they do not feel that they can be dealt with without making some provision to secure that measure of output essential in the national interest.

The Irish Roman Catholic Hierarchy have fixed Septuagesima Sunday of next year for a general collection throughout Ireland to defray the expenses of the ceremony of the beatification of the Venerable Oliver Plunket, and of Apostolic process on behalf of the Irish martyrs. These martyrs number 258, and it is explained that every case must be subjected to the most thorough and critical investigation. Many thousands of documents and not a few large volumes of print will have to be transcribed from a great number of libraries and archives throughout Europe, it is estimated that not less than 10,000 will be needed to cover all expense*.

At the annual meeting of the Irish Women's National Health Association, the Marchioness of Aberdeen, president, referring to the visit she and Lord Aberdeen paid to America, said that in all 18,936 odd had been remitted from that country, and in addition 114 for the maintenance of Irish milch goats for the benefit of poor families, and a further sum of 800 for child welfare work in Scotland. The expenses incurred in collecting this fund were about 3,600. About half the money received from America was needed for buildings at Peamount and Rossclare, and the remainder for maintenance of various sections of work for the sick poor and for mothers and children.

Mr. Bonar Law stated in the Commons that no date had been fixed for the General Election.

The top price of 820 gns. was paid by Mr. Crawford, Cookstown, at the Aberdeen Shorthorn sale for a roan heifer clipper calf.

The Bishop of Raphoe has appointed Rev. Dr. Furey, late of the Irish College, Rome, to be professor of St. Eunan's[?] College, Letterkenny.

To ensure strict rationing for members, all honorary membership of the sergeants' messes at Aldershot has been abolished, and no civilians may be served with drink.

500 persons have been burned to death in a forest fire in North Minnesota, extending from Ashland to Moore Lake. The loss of property amounts to many millions of dollars.

Owing to the shortage of yarn an order has been issued by the Cotton Control Board closing the Lancashire mills throughout the week ending October 21. About 300,000 workers will be thrown idle.

The London correspondent of the "Sheffield Daily Telegraph" understands that the Parliamentary Committee concerned are adverse to the cutting of a tunnel to Ireland, and favour a ferry train service.

General Peyton March, Chief of the United States Staff, has announced that the American troops overseas now number more than 1,900,000. He adds that the War Department is preparing another 2,600,000 men to follow the first two millions.

Sir D. Haig, in a telegram to the army, vigorously repudiates the false peace rumours which the enemy have circulated in order to discourage the troops, and say now, more than ever, it is indispensable for them to concentrate their energies on the great goal.

A boating disaster, involving the loss of six lives, occurred at the western entrance to Baltimore Harbour, County Cork. A fishing boat, with a number of people on board, was returning from a trip to Schull, when she ran on a reef off Sandy Island. A heavy sea was running at the time.

While working a large saw in his flax scutching mill at Mullabawn, near Dundalk, Mr. Jos. Murdock, farmer, slipped from the bench and received fatal injuries, one of his feet and one of his hands being snapped off and his chest and abdomen slit open. He leave* a wife and eight children.

In grateful recognition of the work which the Joint-Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John and those working under it have accomplished for the men in whose welfare her Majesty has such a deep interest. Queen Mary has contributed a donation of 1,000.

Sir Guy Calthrop, speaking at the Cumberland coal owners' and delegates' meeting, said the need for increased output grew as the victorious armies advanced and lengthened their communications. Nothing would so materially contribute to early close of the war as the means for transporting troops quickly to the front lines. There was a chance of the war finishing this year.

The British Government have given formal notice to the German Government that, unless certain specific requirements with regard to the treatment of prisoners are carried out within four weeks, Great Britain will, in concert with her Allies, take reprisals. In any case the British Government will take all steps in their power to ensure that the persons responsible for these outrages to prisoners shall be punished.

A Court of General Synod heard a petition of Most Rev. Dr. Bernard against the Rev. John Moore Robinson, Rector of Avoca, charging him with leaving the house of residence at Castlemacadam, and going to the United States without petitioner's licence, and did not return when required by petitioner. The unanimous finding of the Court was that he be suspended from his benefice for three months, and that he pay petitioner 20 for costs of proceedings.

Viscount Grey, speaking in London on a League of Nations, said President Wilson's reply to Germany seemed to be firm and wise, and displayed a clearness and caution absolutely essential. The League of Nations must be formed at the peace, and the Government should prepare whatever scheme they could through the best minds at their disposal in order that things might be ready. No nation could be admitted that was not sincere, and every Government in the League must represent a free people.

Speaking at a luncheon Admiral Sims (United States Navy) said the average of the enemy submarines operating against merchant ships and transports across the Atlantic was about eight or nine, and sometimes ran to twelve or thirteen. That was all the submarines the enemy could keep out at a time. Around the British Islands Admiral Sims said there were about three thousand antisubmarine craft operating day and night. Of American craft there were 63 per cent. It was about the same in the Mediterranean.

The Board of National Education has made the following appointments:-- Messrs. R. P. Templeton and W. B. Crowe, assistant teachers in Ballymoney Boys' Model School; Miss L. Harbison, assistant teacher in Belfast Girls', Model School. Eleven principals having an average attendance of 140 pupils or above were awarded supplemental salaries of 30 each; one principal of a school average between twenty and thirty pupils awarded bonus of 5, and three assistant teachers awarded bonuses of 5 each under the new scheme.

At the sixteenth annual meeting of the Irish branch of the Society of Incorporated Accountants and Auditors, Mr. E. Kevans, J.P., presiding, said that Ireland's record in the Nov. examinations had been exceptional in all respects. Of the twenty-two entries, nineteen had been successful. The society's gold medal was presented to Mr. John Linahan, articled clerk to Messrs. H. B. Brandon & Co., as the best candidate for 1917, on obtaining the prize and first certificate of merit in Nov. Mr. Wm. M'Cready, Newtownards, gained the prize and first place in May.

The organisation of the National Novena for the Feast of All the Saints of Ireland (Nov. 6), has been entrusted by the Hierarchy to the Lourdes Pilgrimage Committed, under the direction of Most Rev. Dr. M'Hugh And the general secretary, Rev. Wm. Lockhart, C.C. This is the first time the people of Ireland have been invited to honour all the Irish saints by such a Novena. The "Lessons" referred to in the announcement are from the new Office of the Feast. They are not part of the actual Novena, but are recommended to excite admiration for the subjects of the devotion.

The Castlereagh School Attendance Committee met in the Assembly Buildings on Monday afternoon under the presidency of the chairman. Mr. James V. Gosney. The other members present were -- Rev. Dr. Little, Mr, Robert Bell, Dr. Simpson, Rev. G. W. Capsey, Mr. James Brady, J.P., and Rev. Dr. Burton. The attendance officer (Mr. George Watson) submitted his report. Two second warnings were ordered. The attendance of a number of children was excluded owing to harvesting operations. Tbe rolls of the schools and the average attendance in each showed a decrease.



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