The Witness - Friday, 4 April 1919


ARMSTRONG -- April 1, at the Manse, Drum, Co. Monaghan, Marian, dearly-beloved wife of the Rev. Wm. Armstrong. No flowers. Funeral strictly private. Fallen asleep in Christ.

CUNNINGHAM -- March 31, 1919 (suddenly), at Ballymacashan, Killinchy, Mary Jane Cunningham. Interred Killinchy Old Meeting House Green on Wednesday, April 2.

HAMILTON -- March 24, 1919, at her residence, Barrack Hill, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Sarah, widow of the late James Hamilton, aged 88 years. Interred in Kilworth Churchyard.

BECKETT -- March 29, at Newfield, Ballinderry, Thomas Beckett, late of Aghadavey, aged 86 years.

CORKEN -- March 28, at her residence, Ballymacash, Lisburn, Mary, beloved wife of Samuel Corken.

EKIN -- March 30, at his residence, Soran, Stewartstown, Samuel Ellison Ekin, J.P., aged 88 years.

ELLISON -- April 1, 1919, at her husband's residence, the Clooney, Ramelton, Co. Donegal, Mary Jane, the beloved wife of James Ellison.

GILMORE -- March 29, at The Fort, Killyleagh, Robert Gilmore.

HANNA -- March 28, at Leadhill House, Lower Castlereagh, William, the dearly-beloved husband of Sarah Hanna.

HYNDMAN -- March 29, at Ross, Kells, Ballymena, Margaret, widow of the late Thomas Hyndman, aged 74 years.

HULL -- March 31, at Maralin, Elizabeth Hull, in her 82nd year.

IRWIN -- March 28, at Greenhills, Drogheda, William, eldest son of the late Alexander M. Irwin, N.T., Ballyhaise, Co. Cavan, aged 33 years.

JELLY -- March 27, at Cappy, Banbridge, Martha, the dearly-loved wife of the late Andrew Jelly.

LYLE -- March 28, at Ardeevin, Ballycastle, Hessie H., widow of the late Alex. Lyle.

MacLAUGHLIN -- March 25, at her residence, Carnlelis, Mosside, Co. Antrim, Mary Jane George widow of the late W. J. MacLaughlin. Isaiah lxiii. 9.

MAGOWAN -- March 31, at Blackhill, Ballycarry, Wm. Magowan.

MAGOWAN -- March 31, at his residence, Trench House, Ballyaughlas, Lisburn, Jas. Magowan, late of Woodbine, Drumbo.

REID -- March 28, 1919, at Castle Hill, Dungannon, William Oliver Reid, in his 66th year. Very deeply regretted.

SHANNON -- March 29, at the residence of her son-in-law (Joseph Wilson), Diamond, Coleraine, Barbara Wylie Brown, widow of the late John Shannon, of the "Coleraine Chronicle," aged 79 years.

SIMPSON -- March 25, at her residence, Seskinore, Co. Tyrone, Jane, widow of the late James Simpson.

STEWART -- March 26 (suddenly), at the Kinnegar, Holywood, Joseph Marshall Stewart, dearly-beloved husband of Mary Stewart.




Hay and Straw Crops. -- The Secretary of the War Office announces that it is not the intention of the Army Council to control the 1919 crops of hay and straw.

Ship Blown Up. -- The Italian, steamer Speaedione, with a cargo of mineral oil, having on board a number of military and civilian authorities for Pola, blew up as the result of an explosion in her tank. Thirty persons were killed and about thirty injured.

Home Rule's "Most Critical Year." -- Major Moore, official Unionist, candidate, East Antrim, stated at a Straid meeting, that he was aware that Sir E. Carson regarded the coming year as the most critical year in the history of the Home Rule movement.

Irish Housing. -- A separate Housing Bill for Ireland will be introduced at an early date, Mr. Bonar Law stated in Parliament; and, he added, in reply to Sir E. Carson, that an effort will be made to secure that it becomes law about the same time as the English Bill.

Future of the W.A.A.C. -- The Secretary of the War Office announces that the Army Council have decided to maintain Queen Mary's Auxiliary Corps as a part of the after-war army organisation, and steps are being taken to ascertain the names of officials and members who are desirous of continuing their services in the corps.

Famine in Russia and India. -- Food famine conditions prevail in the trans-Caucasian region of Russia; 45,000 people are without bread, and the population in the Igdir district is even compelled to eat the flesh of dogs, cats, horses, &c. The Viceroy of India reports that famine prevails in many districts in India, and that food is urgently needed.

President Wilson and Dublin. -- The American Consul in Dublin has handed to the Lord Mayor a message from President Wilson expressing his appreciation of the invitation to visit Dublin and have the freedom of the city conferred upon him, and his regret that constant pressure of engagements made it impossible for him to visit the Irish capital.

Sir David Beatty and Empire Motto. -- Admiral Sir David Beatty, unveiling at New Brighton Pier a tablet commemorating local participation in the Zeebrugge action, said the phrase "cherish merchandise and preserve the Admiralty" was as true to-day as 350 years ago. The country's best recompense to the Navy was to look after the widows and orphans and maintain the Navy in strength to preserve command of the seas.

Red Cross Buffet Record. -- On the occasion of a presentation of an illuminated album address, a wristlet watch, and other gifts to Miss Cunningham, by the 200 workers at the Red Cross buffet, G.N.R., Belfast, in recognition of her labours as supervisor, it was stated that 379,756 soldiers and sailors had been entertained at the buffet; and Mr. J. M. Colton announced that the city house furnishers had given £55 towards Miss Cunningham's fund for giving a, reception to Ulster soldiers returned from action.

Irish Vessels Engaged in Fishing. -- Mr. Samuels informed Sir Maurice Dockrell in the House of Commons that in 1913 Irish vessels engaged in fishing numbered 509. In 1917 the motor boats had increased to 384, although, owing to war causes, the steamers actually engaged in fishing had been reduced to 4. The return of steam fishing vessels at present on charter by the Admiralty would increase this number this year. The other boats fitted out for fishing had decreased to 4,154, of which Ireland had 13.

Disorder at Lipton's Meeting. -- Disorder marked the annual meeting in London of Lipton's shareholders. The directors sought to double their renumeration with an addition of £3,000 a year in the event of the dividend to ordinary shareholders amounting to 12½ per cent. or more, and an amendment deferring consideration till June was declared carried on a show of hands, but a poll was immediately demanded by the chairman, whereupon those who voted for the amendment withdrew, amid angry shouts and angry threats to the Board. The original motion was subsequently carried.

Antrim Farmers' Association. -- At the annual general meeting of the Antrim Farmers' Association, on the motion of Mr. James Logan, seconded by Mr. James Hunter, Mr. Hugh Minford was unanimously elected president for the ensuing year. Messrs. John Chesney and George Gray were unanimously elected vice-presidents of the association. Rev. W. A. Adams appeared with reference to the proposed soldiers' memorial, and was sympathetically received. Major M'Cormack gave an address on the present agricultural problems, and, on the motion of Rev. Dr. Irwin, seconded by Mr. James Barron, was heartily thanked.

"Gambling Gone Mad." -- The money resolution authorising the expenditure under the Ministry of Ways and Communications Bill was considered in Committee of the Houses of Commons. Sir Edward Carson said this department constituted the most expensive experiment that had ever been made. The Minister was to have carte blanche for two years to spend whatever he liked with a view to getting rid of a deficit of £100,000,000 a year on the railways. It was gambling gone mad. He pressed for an estimate, "even within a million or two." Other members agreed, and a motion by Mr. R. M'Neill to report progress in order that the Government might further consider the preparation of an estimate was not resisted by the Government.

Devlin and Irish Peace. -- "England never had more need for the friendship of Ireland than she has at this moment, or than she is likely to have in the troubled years immediately before her." So Mr. Joseph Devlin, M.P., concluded an article headed, "No Peace Without an Irish Peace" -- in the "Weekly Dispatch." "Either Ireland should be given representation at the Peace Conference, the same as other small nationalities," declares Mr. Devlin, "or the right of self-determination ought to be conceded to her -- preferably the latter. The British Government has failed to settle the question. Constitutional action in Parliament has failed to settle it. Unless, then, the professed sympathy of England for the freedom of small nations is mere pretence and humbug, Ireland is entitled to the self-determination for which President Wilson stands. Ireland is the acid test of British good faith."

Army Estimates. -- During the debate in Parliament on the Navy, Military, and Air Force Service Bill, which was read a third time, Mr. Churchill analysed the cost to show that of the amount upon the estimates exactly half was for expenses connected with the winding up of the war, and not for the Armies of Occupation, while the amount to be got from Germany for the cost of maintenance of the Army of Occupation reduced the actual outlay on this head from 506½ millions to 133 millions. After the rejection of the measure had been moved by Mr. G. Thorne, and seconded by Major Hayward, Sir Edward Carson warned them that the enemy was getting the best tonic he could have by the attitude of the Opposition, and the French Press was suspicious that Great Britain did not mean to see them through to the end. Mr. Clynes said that Sir Edward Carson was one of the last men who should taunt any party on the ground of their patriotism. It might, when the full authoritative story was told of why the Germans chose August, 1914, for the beginning of the war, be found that it had some connection with the condition of things created by him.

Belfast Harbour Chairmanship. -- At the meeting of the Belfast Harbour Board Mr. H. M. Pollock, J.P., was unanimously re-elected chairman of the Trust for the ensuing year. Mr. James M'Connell, J.P., who moved the resolution, said that Mr. Pollock since his election to the chair last August had filled the position with credit to him self and with a full measure of satisfaction to them all. As a Harbour Commissioner, Mr. Pollock's experience, extended back nineteen years. He had been distinguishing himself in playing many parts in connection with the commercial and educational interests of the city, and had at the same time paid the closest attention to the work of the harbour. Not only had he during his short chairmanship presided practically without intermission at their numerous Board and committee meetings, but he had been very active behind the scenes. It was necessary that they should have one to preside over their deliberations in whom they had the utmost confidence, and to whom they could look for inspiration and guidance. He ventured to submit that Mr. Pollock complied with those requirements in a remarkable degree.

Belfast Jail Inquiry. -- In his report on the inquiry into the complaints made by Sinn Fein prisoners in Belfast Jail as to their treatment by prison officials, Mr. Justice Dodd says it is quite clear that there was no foundation for any complaint against the Governor as to food. It was equally clear that the accusation as to ventilation was without foundation. The accusations of harsh treatment, and as to foul cells and foul clothes were also disproved. The charges against the Governor and warders and doctor were peculiarly cruel. The manacling of the hands of these prisoners behind their backs gave the Judge some concern, but he found that the treatment, though severe, was salutary, and he was satisfied that the continuing of the prisoners in restraint at Mass and at Communion was rendered necessary by the acts of the prisoners. He desired in a very special way humbly to request of his Majesty some recognition of the faithful and loyal work of Head-Warder Howe and the warders acting under him. The governor discharged a difficult and delicate duty with skill, consideration, and success, and he recommended that he should be indemnified against all costs.

New Scottish Bishop. -- The Pope has appointed Rev. Donald Martin (now Administrator of the Cathedral of Oban) to tho bishopric of Argyll and the Isles.

Admiral Jellicoe in Bombay. -- Admiral Jellicoe on arrival in Bombay was enthusiastically received by ruling princes and chiefs, naval, military, Government and Consular officials and representatives of all classes of the unofficial community, and was presented with an address by the Corporation. He afterwards visited the Governor, and was given hearty greetings along the route, which was lined by cheering crowds.

Bishop's Resignation. -- The Right Rev. Dr. Gore has resigned the Bishopric of Oxford in order that he might devote more time to literature and have the opportunity of more continuous preaching and speaking than that position made possible. Dr. Gore, who has been Bishop of Oxford for nearly eight years, is 66 years of age. He has been a prolific author, both of contributions to theology and practical expository works.

Ireland and Peace Conference. -- The United States State Department has granted passports to Mr. Frank P. Walsh (ex-chairman of the War Labour Board), Mr. Edward S. Dunne (ex-Governor of Illinois), and Mr. Michael J. Ryan (a former member of Pennsylvania Public Service Commission), who are going to Paris to present Ireland's claims to self-determination to the Peace Conference as the spokesmen of the Convention of the Irish Race in America which met at Philadelphia in February.

Chief Secretary's Visit. -- At a meeting of the Corporation the Lord Mayor (Councillor J. C. White) intimated that the Chief Secretary would pay a visit to the city immediately after Easter. The Chief Secretary, he added, was a stranger to Belfast, and was desirous of making himself acquainted with the people and the affairs of the city. He would be accompanied by the Attorney-General, and the Corporation and other public bodies would be afforded an opportunity of discussing with him housing, education, transport, and other subjects.

Queen Amelia's Jewellery Stolen. -- During the dinner an evidently accomplished and daring burglar entered Queen Amelia of Portugal's residence at Richmond, and, proceeding to her Majesty's apartments, appropriated a quantity of valuable jewellery, including Royal heirlooms and Orders, and then vanished. The articles stolen include a jewelled watch presented to the Queen by the late King of Portugal, a valued decoration given her by Queen Alexandra, and a number of decorations from other Royal houses, one of them from King George.

Maximum Prices. -- For bacon and hams, home produce (including Irish), sold in Great Britain, the latest order fixes the maximum retail prices at -- Pale dried or smoked, 2s 4d per lb; others, 2s 2½d; Ayrshire rolls, 2s 4½d; smoked (skin off), 2s 6d, on sales in excess of 28lbs. in one week to one person, 1d per lb. less. A new order fixes the prices of imported onions (other than in packages), wholesale, 23s 4d per cwt., and retail, 4d per lb. Orders fixing manufacturers' and wholesale dealers prices for matches are revoked. Restrictions on the importation of matches are continued.

The Year's Revenue. -- The total revenu for the financial year just ended is £889,020,825, or £46,970,825 in excess of the Budget estimate. Ireland's contribution to the total on the proportion of 1917-18 would be, approximately, £33,782,000. The expenditure shows a decrease on the estimate or £398,000,000. The revenue shows a net increase of £181,786,260, and the expenditure, which amounted to £2,579,301,188, a decrease of £116,920,217 on the previous year The most prolific source of revenue was income tax, which produced £291,000,000 closely followed by excess profits tax, with £85,000,000.

Ulster Division Honours. -- The following is the record of decorations won by officers, warrant officers, N.C.O.'s and men of the 36th (Ulster) Division, for gallantry in the field between October, 1915, and November, 1918:-- Victoria Cross, 8; Distinguished Service Order, 71; Military Cross, 459; Distinguished Conduct Medal, 173; Military Medal, 1,294; Meritorious Service Medal, 118; Foreign (French, Belgian, &c.), 287; total, 2,410. To the total has to be added the mentions in despatches, numbering a couple of hundred, and the award of the C.B. and C.M.G. to a number of the senior officers in various Birthday and New Tear Honour lists.

Ulster and the Red Cross. -- The result of the 1918 collection for the funds of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John is announced as follows:-- County Down, £16,500; Co. Armagh, £15,718 9s 7d; Co. Antrim, £10,300; Belfast city, £9,663 Os 9d; Co. Tyrone, £6,120 13s 8d; Co. Derry, £3,850; Co. Donegal, £2,668 7s 3d; Co. Fermanagh, £1,648 6s 9d; Co. Cavan, £1,516 1s 4d; Derry City, £1,200; Co. Monaghan, £800; bank interest, £69 8s 3d -- total, £70,054 7s 7d. The total Ulster collection for 1917 amounted to £48,707 17s 8d. In the previous year (1916) the province contributed £27,735 1s 8d. The total subscribed by Ulster to this fund for the three years amounts to £146,497 6s 11d.

The Health Bill. -- This measure, in so far as it relates to Ireland, came before the Standing Committee of the House of Commons. By a new clause, moved by the Attorney-General for Ireland, the measure is applied to Ireland. The Attorney-General, in reply to Sir Philip Magnus, said it was intended to remunerate the chairman of the new Board. With regard to the consultative council, the Government asked that representation should be given to the Insurance Commissioners. They were giving an opportunity of associating approved societies and public bodies with the work of health administration in Ireland. In the council of ten non-official members they hoped to be able to get an efficient set of gentlemen to devote themselves to this work.

Escapes from Mountjoy. -- Twenty prisoners connected with the Irish Republican movement escaped from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, in sensational circumstances. While exercising in the prison yard six warders in charge were overpowered by some of the prisoners, while the others scaled the wall by means of a rope ladder, and were received outside by friends who hurried them away. A whistle was blown as a signal, and simultaneously the rope ladder was thrown over the wall from outside and the warders were attacked. They were held down while the twenty prisoners escaped, and these were all gone before the military guard turned out. It is officially announced that the Irish Government has appointed a Viceregal Commission to investigate the circumstances connected with the escape within the last twelve months of prisoners from His Majesty's Prisons in Cork and Dublin. The following will form the Commission:-- Chairman -- Mr. Justice Kenny. Members -- Major E. W. Briscoe (one of the Commissioners of his Majesty's Prisons is England). Mr. William M'Gann, J.P. (a farmer Irish prison governor).

Scottish Home Rule. -- At a conference under the auspices of the Home Rule Association in Glasgow resolutions were passed calling upon the Government to pass immediately a Bill granting Home Rule to Scotland. Mr. Gallagher, who presided, said before the war Home Rule was an academic question. Now it was a vital political question.

Archbishop and Home Rule. -- The Roman Catholic Archbishop, Dr. Kelly, speaking at St. Patrick's Sports, in Sydney, New South Wales, demanded Home Rule for Ireland. He said -- "I do not mind blood, I do not mind slaughter, I do not mind revolution, as long as we get what we wish to accomplish in the cause of right."

Press Censorship. -- Unless an emergency arises it is proposed to close the official Press Bureau, Whitehall, on the 30th April. After this date there will be no censorship of Press telegrams or of Press articles, books, or pictures. This will not mean that there will be any changes in the provisions of the Defence of the Realm Acts or in the regulations made thereunder. They will remain binding as heretofore; but the responsibility of seeing they are complied with will rest upon the publisher.

County Antrim Doctor's Death. -- The death took place at his residence, Main Street, Randalstown, of Dr. David M'Kee, who for over twenty-years had been dispensary officer of the district. Not later than December last he resigned his office owing to failing health, and was granted a handsome superannuation allowance by the Antrim Board of Guardians. The late Dr. M'Kee, who was very popular in the town, was a member of Second Randalstown Presbyterian Church and a member of the Masonic Order.

Transport Bill. -- The money resolution authorising expenditure under the Ministry of Ways and Communications Bill was passed by the House of Commons, after an assurance had been given by Mr. Bonar Law that all measures would be taken to maintain Parliamentary control. An expert would be attached to the new Department who would act in an advisory capacity to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, while any scheme involving large expenditure -- say of £1,000,000 -- would have to receive the sanction of Parliament. When the Bill came before a Grand Committee, it was announced that the Government proposed to fight for every single item in it.

Agricultural Prices. -- At County Derry Agricultural Committee's meeting in Coleraine a letter was read from Mr. Hugh T. Barrie, M.P., Vice-President of the Department, in the course of which he stated that in connection with the cost of handling the 1918 flax crop the pullers' wages award had now ceased to operate, and the scutchers' wages award would cease to operate at the conclusion of the present season. The Flax Scutching (Ireland) Order, 1919, would, it was anticipated, expire when the 1918 flax crop had been scutched. There was no hope, he feared, of the Government giving any guarantee whatever in respect of this year's Irish potato crop.

School Appointments. -- At the fortnightly meeting of the Board of National Education, Mr. Thos. Guy, B.A., principal teacher in Mason and Lady Lane National School, Waterford, was appointed headmaster of the Bailieborough Model School; Miss Violet Irwin, assistant teacher in Cregagh National School, Belfast, was appointed assistant mistress in the Belfast Girls' Model School. The vacancy in the position of Junior Inspector of National Schools was filled by the appointment of Lieut.-Colonel W. R. E. Murphy, D.S.O., M.C., Lieut.-Colonel Murphy, who is a B.A. of the National University, was trained at St. Patrick's Training College, Drumcondra, and served with high efficiency as an assistant teacher in St. Peter's Boys' National School, Raglan Street, Belfast, from 1911 to 1915. He joined the Army through the Officers' Training Corps of the Queen's University in April, 1916, and served continuously through the war in France and Italy.

Belfast Harbour Election. -- At the Belfast Harbour election (seven seats) -- the first since 1913 -- the retiring members again offered themselves, and there were two new candidates. Of the latter Mr. W. M'Calla topped the poll with 5,163 votes, and the other, Mr. T. S. Wilson, was fifth, with 3,903 votes, while the re-elected were Messrs. T. W. M'Mullan (5,018), John Sinclair (4,618), W. E. Williames (4,461), W. J. Jackson (3,883), and A. Gibson (3,769), and those defeated were Messrs. D. C. Kemp (3,720) and H. Seaver (3,533). The register contains 10,896 electors, having at disposal 18,747 votes. Mr. H. M. Pollock, J.P., returning-officer and chairman of the Trust, speaking after the declaration of the poll, said it was very pleasant to think that no serious question of policy had been introduced into the contest -- that was to say, the ideals of the new candidates, so far as one could judge from their public appeals to the electors, were not at all out of conformity with those of the Harbour Commissioners as a whole.

County Mayo Outrage. -- The death has occurred from bullet wounds, of Mr. J. C. Milling, Resident Magistrate, Westport, who was a few years ago a very well-known figure in Belfast, being a district-inspector of police in this city for seven years (1908-15). Mr. Milling was reading in a room on the ground floor of his house at Westport. The window-blind was not drawn, so that Mr. Milling could be seen from outside. Suddenly a shot was fired from close at hand, the bullet breaking through the window. Mr. Milling rushed into a room on the other side of the hall, but scarcely had he reached it than four more shots were fired, and he fell wounded in several places. Medical aid was at once sought, but Mr. Milling died during the night. The outrage has caused an immense sensation throughout the country, and is widely condemned, priests having spoken strong words on the subject from the altar. It is officially stated that "In view of the cowardly and brutal murder at Westport, of Mr. Milling, the Resident Magistrate, the Irish Government have decided to declare the district of Westport a military area immediately.



IMPORTANT SUGGESTION. -- As many diseases are water-borne it behoves heads of house-holds to supply pure water to their families, just as local linen merchants are now providing their employees with germ-proof water by adopting the celebrated "Berkefeld" Filter "H," which yields 25 gallons pure germ-proof water per hour when attached to the main service pipe. This filter is in use at Royal Victoria Hospital, Tuberculosis Institute, G.P.O., City Hall, &c., and in hundreds of local households. It is strongly recommended by medical gentlemen. The Sole Agent -- Mr. T. Edens Osborne, of 11, Wellington Place -- will be glad to send illustrated catalogue on application, also of Safes, Gramophones, Records, &c.


Appointment for Ulster Minister's Son.

His many friends will learn with pleasure of the recent appointment of Mr. William Beatty to be second in command of the Sikh Police in Shanghai. Mr. Beatty in now 29 years of age. He is a "son of the manse," his father being the Rev. R. Allen Beatty, LL.B., of Strangford, and his mother a sister of the late Rev. Professor Thomas M. Hamill, D.D. He was educated at Campbell College, and, on leaving school, joined the Indian Mounted Police, where he early showed himself possessed of unusual ability and a keen interest in his work.


Late Rev. W. Reid


At a meeting of the Magherafelt Presbytery on Monday, the Rev. Thomas M'Candless was appointed convener of Commission in charge of First Moneymore. The following resolution, was passed, on the motion of the Rev. George Gillespie, seconded by the Rev. C. C. Dickey -- "We, the Presbytery of Magherafelt, desire to place on record our deep sense of loss and sorrow occasioned by the death of our brother, the Rev. William Reid, Moneymore, and our appreciation of his personal worth and his valuable services to the Presbytery extending over forty years. He was appointed Clerk of Presbytery after he became a member, and from that time until his death he discharged the duties of that responsible office with courtesy, dignity, and efficiency. As a Presbyter he was the very soul of honour and brotherliness, and ever ready to respond to any call made upon him for help by his co-presbyters. The late Mr. Reid always took his full share of the business of the Presbytery, and upon all that he did he left the mark of conscientious care and perfect accuracy. The Presbytery respectfully tender their profound sympathy to Mrs. Reid and her two sons in their great loss and sore bereavement, and commend them to the tender care of the heavenly Father and comforting ministry of the Holy Spirit."


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The Witness - Friday, 11 April 1919


ORR -- March 25, 1919, at Plumbridge, Co. Tyrone, the wife of Lieutenant R. Albert Orr, Salonika Forces -- a daughter.


BELL--MILLAR -- March 31, 1919, at Fahan Presbyterian Church, by Rev. Robert Lynn, B.A., Samuel, second son of Robert Bell, at Drumacross, Burnfoot, to Rea, elder daughter of the late William Millar, Londonderry, and of Mrs. Millar, Birdstown.

HADDEN--M'GUFFIN -- March 29, at Warrenpoint Parish Church, by the Rev. E. S. Medcalf, M.A., Ernest Derwood, youngest son of the late John Hadden, Beech Hill, Ballylane, Co. Armagh, to Muriel, only daughter of Richard M'Guffin, Warrenpoint, Co. Down.


CRANEY -- April 2, at her residence, Ballymagrane Manse, Aughnacloy, Sarah Anna, the dearly-loved mother of the Rev. W. J. Craney. Interred at Ballymagrane Church. "Safe in the arms of Jesus." W. J. CRANEY.

COYLES -- April 3, at his residence, Castle Street, Ballycastle, Archibald Coyles, aged 74 years.

DAVIDSON -- April 3, at a Private Nursing Home (suddenly), Margaret Jane, widow of the late John Davidson, Jennyvale, Saintfield.

DUNN -- April 5, 1919, at his residence, Sranocum, William J. Dunn, principal teacher of Stranocum N.S.

FERGUSON -- April 5, at her husband's residence, Tevena, Stewartstown, Mary, the beloved wife of William A. Ferguson.

GRACEY -- April 4, in Antrim Infirmary, Catharine Gracey, aged 79.

GREAVES -- April 5, at Ratheane, Coleraine, John Boyd Greaves.

HAMILTON -- April 4, at his residence, Castle Hill House, Dungannon, James Orr Hamilton, Solicitor, Town Clerk, Dungannon.

LONG -- April 4, 1919, at the residence of his son-in-law, Newport, Lisburn, John Long (late of Whitehouse).

LOWRY -- April 6, at his father's residence, Waverley Terrace, Coleraine (of pneumonia, following influenza), John Connell Fletcher, late of Bathurst, West Africa, eldest son of James Lowry.

MAYNE -- April 5, at Ballybracken, Ballynure, Robert Mayne.

MOOREHEAD -- April 6, at Vancouver, Helen's Bay. Martha, wife of Thomas Moorehead.

M'KELL -- April 2, Jane, eldest daughter of the late Samuel M'Kell, of Moy.

NELEY -- April 3, at the residence of her grandson (William John Mills, Caneece, Cookstown), Eliza Kirk, widow of the late John Neley.

SMYTH -- April 5, at Sprucebank, Portglenone, Eliza, relict of the late John Smyth, aged 87 years.

SMYTH -- April 5, 1919, at her residence, Ballyalgin, Crossgar, Mary Smyth, aged 84 years.

STOOPS -- April 5, at 19, Rosemount Gardens, William Stoops, B.A., formerly Principal of Newry Intermediate School.

STUART -- April 3, at his residence, Willmount, Northland Road, Londonderry, David Brown Stuart, formerly manager of Provincial Bank, Londonderry.

THOMPSON -- April 4, at his residence, Erine, Saintfield Road, James, beloved husband of Cecilia Thompson.

WATT -- April 1, at Carnagh Hall, Castleblayney, John, eldest son of the late Wm. Watt, Derrygooley, Caledon, Co. Tyrone, aged 69 years.

In Memorial

WILLIAMSON -- In loving remembrance of John Williamson, Straidhaven, Crumlin, who died 11th April, 1918. Inserted by his Widow and Son. E. S. and R. J. WILLIAMSON.




The Scottish Church. -- The King has been graciously pleased to approve of the reappointment of his Grace the Duke of Atholl to be Lord High Commissioner to the Church of Scotland.

Admiral at 48. -- Sir David Beatty had made a record by attaining the rank of admiral at the age of 48. The retirement age of an admiral of the fleet is 70, so that he has 22 years service on the active list to look forward to.

The Irish Housing Bill. -- Mr. Bonar Law said to Mr. Devlin in Parliament that the fact that the second reading of the Irish Housing Bill could not be taken before Easter did not necessarily mean any serious delay in its final passage.

Captain Fryatt's Murder. -- The German Commission on the Captain Fryatt case has decided that the shooting of that officer involved no violation of international law, but regret is expressed for the rapidity with which the sentence was carried out."

Shows and Entertainment Tax. -- Mr. Austen Chamberlain stated in Parliament that where horse-jumping competitions could be shown to be a subsidiary part of an agricultural show they would not in future bo considered a bar to exemption from the entertainments tax.

Dr. Dixon's Farewell. -- A cheque for £1,000 was presented to the pastor of Spurgeon's Tabernacle, Dr. A. C. Dixon, as a farewell gift on his leaving for America, after nearly eight years' service in the pastorate. There was an enthusiastic gathering in the Tabernacle to wish the pastor good-bye.

Congregational Union. -- The following have been nominated for the Chairmanship of the Congregational Union of England and Wales for 1920-21:-- Principal Garvie, M.A., D.D. (London); Mr. Alfred J. Shepheard (London), the Rev. A. J. Viner (Oldham), and the Rev. Thomas Yates (Kensington).

Increased Post Office Pay. -- It was announced at the annual conference of the Post Office Controlling Officers' Association of the United Kingdom at Matlock that the Post Office had granted a re-organisation scheme, with increased pay value £120,000 to £150,000 a year, dating from January 1, 1918, for all grades.

Beauty Prize Competition. -- Twenty awards of £10 each and twenty-five of £5 have been awarded in the "Daily Mirror" beauty competition. Among the Irish entrants who came on top are Miss May Forrester, 17, and Miss Hilda Fraser, 23, Belfast (£10 each); Miss Chattie M'Ildowie, 23, Belfast (£5).

D.S.O. for Inniskilling Officer. -- Captain (Acting Major) F. Lubbock Robinson, M.C., Inniskillings, has been awarded the D.S.O. for fine leadership and personal example, raising the high morale of his command in Mesopotamia. Captain Robinson is a son of the Very Rev. J. J. Robinson, of Montreal, and formerly Dean of Belfast.

Alcohol in Patent Medicines. -- To eliminate alcoholic drink from patent medicines, the Anti-Saloon League has got a provision in the Prohibition Bill to test the character of patent medicines. At Albany a sniffing and tasting committee of three doctors and two druggists, has been appointed to pronounce on 150 patent medicines on the market.

Vicar's Balance-Sheet. -- Rev. J. W. Broadbent, vicar of St. John's, Burnley, has published1, a balance-sheet showing that during the past year his expenditure exceeded his income -- £320 -- by £61. So long as the clergy keep silent on such matters, says Mr. Broadbent, people will believe that they are somehow fed, as were the children of Israel in the wilderness, by bread from heaven, and nothing will be done.

Education for Belfast. -- Speaking at a meeting of Belfast Unionist Municipal Association, Sir Crawford M'Cullagh, J.P., said the Corporation were determined to do all in their power to see that the schools were taken from Church control and placed under popular management. It might mean an additional rate, but they were all of opinion that such a change would be cheerfully borne if that great reform were brought about.

Ministerial Views. -- Speaking at a dinner in London Mr. Bonar Law defended the selection of men for Governmental posts from outside and without experience of political life -- a method which, however, he held could not continue in normal times. Lord Milner, referring to industrial unrest, observed that society everywhere was rocking; and Sir R. Borden said it would be idle to pretend there had been no waste of time in regard to peace.

Ulster in London. -- Mr. Vesey Knox, K.C., has been elected president of the Ulster Society (London) in succession to Sir Charles Russell, and ladies were for the first time admitted on the committee. Mrs. Crilly, in a report on the war work of the ladies of the society, stated that in addition to sending parcels of food to Irish prisoners of war, over a thousand garments were sent to Ulstermen serving in different fronts, and to prisoners of war.

Secondary Teachers. -- Belfast branch of the Secondary Teachers Association have asked the Central Executive to arrange an interview with the Chief Secretary regarding proposed legislation, and to emphasise the importance of an independent tribunal as a Court of Appeal in cases of capricious dismissal. Galway branch agreed to the Dublin suggestion to affiliate with Dublin Trades Council, and to demand an immediate war bonus at Easter.

Bishop on Mediums. -- The Bishop of London, preaching at a memorial service at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, said that he wanted to see people free from that superstition of perpetually visiting mediums for the purpose of getting into communication with the other world. He had never seen any information which had given them the slightest help, and such proceedings, in his opinion, were a waste of time and made persons restless and unhappy.

Payment on Time Work Only. -- The Carpenters, Cabinetmakers, and Joiners' Society, of whom there are 130,000, have been advised by their Executive Council to cease working systems of payment for other than plain time work on May 1. The Engineers and Shipbuilding Federation have replied that if this course is followed they will be prepared to discuss the question, and if payment by results is decided on it would apply to ail employees who are members of their federation.

Johannesburg Strike Ended. -- The Johannesburg strike has been ended by the majority of the Council conceding practically all the claims of the strikers. These include -- No retrenchment except by heads of departments in consultation with advisory committees, who will also co-operate with the management in questions of wages and conditions of labour; the appointment of a provisional committee to investigate local government and a 48-hours' maximum week for all municipal employees.

Sir John Lavery and Belfast. -- Sir John Lavery, the renowned artist, has presented to the Roman Catholic Church of St. Patrick, Donegall Street, Belfast, where he was baptised on March 26, 1856, an altar piece, conjointly designed by himself and Sir E. Luytens, A.R.A., which will be unveiled on Easter Sabbath, and will occupy the recess in the aisle on the Epistle side of the church, devoted to the St. Patrick altar. The painting is entitled, "The Madonna of the Lakes," and the subject is an apparition of the Virgin to St. Patrick and St. Bridgid, the scenic background being suggested by the superb vista of the Kerry lakes.

Peerage for ex-Under-Secretary. -- The King has been graciously pleased to approve that the dignity of a peerage of the United Kingdom be conferred upon the Right Honourable Sir Robert Chalmers, G.C.B., Joint Secretary to the Treasury. The new peer, who was born in 1858, has had a wide and varied experience of official life, and was at one time Governor of Ceylon. He was Under-Secretary for Ireland during the period from May to Sept., 1916, immediately after the Sinn Fein rebellion. His daughter is married to Mr. Malcolm Stevenson, Acting Governor of Cyprus, a brother of Howard Stevenson, the well-known Belfast surgeon.

County Down Gentleman's Death. -- The death of Mr. Matthew King, J.P., Newcastle, Co. Down, which occurred rather suddenly on Sabbath morning, removes one of the best-known and most-highly respected gentlemen in the county. Deceased had been chairman of the Kilkeel District Council since the passing of the Local Government Act, and was a member of the Down County Council, being chairman of the Proposals Committee. He was chairman of the Insurance Committee of the county, and was also a member of various other public bodies. Mr. King was a member of the Royal County Down Golf Club, and enjoyed a game over the course on Saturday afternoon.

Belfast Lady Honoured. -- The Prince Regent Alexander of Servia and the Jugo-Slavonic Federation of States has conferred on Miss Jean Victor Bates, of Woodville, Holywood, the Grand Order of St. Salva, in recognition of her work on behalf of Servia. Miss Bates is the authoress of "Our Friends and Enemies in the Near East" and other works on the Jugo-Slav question. She resided for a considerable period in the Near East, and has a first-hand acquaintance with the various racial and other problems which have been accentuated by the war. Miss Bates is a sister of Mr. R. Dawson Bates, of the Ulster Unionist Council.

Irish Advertising Rates. -- Mr. J. C. Glendinning, "Derry Standard," presided at the twelfth annual meeting of the Irish Newspaper Society held in Dublin. Among the resolutions agreed to were the following -- "That it is the opinion of the Irish Newspaper Society that the Press Censorship in Ireland should be terminated concurrently with the abolition of the Censorship in England." "That this meeting is of opinion that regarding the position of newspapers generally, the present enormous cost in their production, and the very remote prospects of any amelioration of these conditions, precludes the members of this society from reducing existing advertising rates for any class of business."

Town Clerk's Death. -- The death of Mr. James Orr Hamilton, solicitor and Town Clerk of Dungannon, took place at his residence, Castle Hill House, Dungannon, from influenza-pneumonia. The late Mr. Hamilton was the eldest son of the late Mr. James M. Hamilton, on whose decease, six years ago, he succeeded as Clerk of the Urban Council and secretary of the Joint Committee. Mr. Hamilton was educated at Dungannon Royal School and was admitted a solicitor in the Hilary term 1910. He had had a brilliant career during his apprenticeship, having obtained a first place and a special gold medal at his entrance examination, and first place and a special certificate at his final examination. Mr. Hamilton was a prominent Mason.

Sinn Fein Assembly. -- An official statement issued from Sinn Fein headquarters, Dublin states that "Dail Eireann" (Assembly of Sinn Fein M.P.'s) met in private session. The following Executive was chosen:-- E. de Valera (President), Arthur Griffith, Cathal Brugha, Count Plunkett, Countess Markievicz, Eoin MacNeill, William Cosgrove, and Michael O'Cogleain. Committees were appointed to consider and report on:-- (1) The treatment of prisoners in Belfast and elsewhere and the cases of the Tipperary children at present in custody. (2) Local government. The question of the occupation of land and of increased tillage was gone into, and a committee appointed under the chairmanship of "the director of agriculture" to investigate the various aspects and report in due course to the House. It was decided that the next session of the "Dail" would be a public session.

Irish Flax Grading. -- Mr. Macpherson informed Mr. Coote that it was understood the Irish Flax Supplies Committee had taken steps to obviate further grounds of complaint by growers in regard to flax grading. The constitution of the Supplies Committee was not primarily one for the Department, but they proposed the bringing of the demand for additional representation of farmers under notice.

War Period Disease Toll. -- Sir A. Newsholme at a Congress of Scientists at Cannes said disease had cost Great Britain during the war period two-and-a-half times as many deaths as had been due directly to the war itself. A large percentage of these were among children, and could have been prevented by co-operative action and better education.

Security of the World. -- Speaking at a dinner of the United Club in London, the Lord Chancellor said he could understand the impatience at the delay of peace, but there were formidable difficulties in the way of Conference, and one false step might wreck all their hopes. The Conference had one goal only, and that was the security of the world.

Export of Fat Cattle. -- The Ministry of Food has given notice that only a portion of the total stock consigned from Ireland to Birkenhead can be accepted on the dead-weight basis at Woodside and Wallasey lairages. The balance can only be received on the live-weight basis at Birkenhead grading centre, or on the dead-weight basis at Liverpool and Manchester.

War Ambulances for Peace Work. -- About 500 of the motor ambulances used for Red Cross work during the war will be retained for service at home, under a county scheme. The control and work of the scheme is entrusted to a committee, of which Sir A. Stanley is chairman, and General the Earl of Cavan, Sir M. D. Chalmers, the Earl of Donoughmore, and the Earl of Ranfurly are members.

Transatlantic Flight. -- The coming Transatlantic air flight for the "Daily Mail" £10,000 prize will, it is announced, start from the American side. There are six entrants, A start will be made by Mr. H. S. Hawker from Newfoundland about April 15, when the moon will be full. For the convenience of competitors desiring to land in Ireland, the Air Ministry has arranged for an aerodrome at Fermoyle, County Galway.

300 Words a Minute. -- At a recent test of the Isaac Pitman Shorthand Writers' Association, Mr. Herman J. Stich, an American Court reporter, wrote under most rigorous rules at the rate of 300 words a minute for five consecutive minutes, and then presented a transcript that, with only two immaterial errors, almost reached perfection, the percentage of accuracy being 99.9. Mr. Stick's performance is described as the finest in the history of shorthand.

The Loss on Railways. -- In reply to a question in Parliament, Mr. Bridgeman said the estimate of £100,000,000 deficit in the revenue of the railways was based on the loss of the current year's working. The charges made for carrying troops and naval and military stores were not those charged to the public, but were based on the Cheap Trains Act. The estimate was very rough. The deficit was affected by the war wage of 33s a week, increased cost of working, the 8-hours' day, &c.

Scene at English Land Sale. -- An attempt by Earl Beauchamp to sell his estates at Worcester led to a remarkable demonstration. Members of the Farmers' Union protested against the disturbance of the tenants, and were supported by members from Gloucestershire and Herefordshire. The substitution of twelve months' for six months' notice was demanded. The auctioneer was unable to proceed, and got into communication with the owner, after which he announced that the six months notice was withdrawn.

Polish Diet to British Parliament. -- The Speaker of the House of Commons said he had received a message from the Polish Diet conveying the most cordial greetings to the British Parliament from the first assembly of reconstituted Poland, and speaking of Great Britain as "a generous and mighty nation." The House authorised the Speaker to send a suitable reply. Mr. Will Thorne -- "Do we understand that Poland is once again a kingdom?" "No," replied the Speaker, "I understand that it is a Republic." (Laughter.)

Action against Sir E. Carson. -- The King's Bench Division, on the application of the defendant, Sir Edward Carson, K.C., M.P., changed the venue from the City of Dublin for the County of Dublin for the trial of the action brought against him by Major W. H. Davey, B.L., Tyneside Irish (Northumberland Fusiliers), to recover damages for alleged slander uttered by the defendant in a speech delivered by him during the contest for the Parliamentary representation of the Duncairn Division of Belfast. The speech complained of consisted of words used by Sir Edward Carson, which plaintiff contends imputed that he (Major Davey) was really a Sinn Feiner.

National Teachers' Pensions. -- Mr. Samuels informed Captain Craig in Parliament that National school teachers' pensions are calculated in accordance with the rules of 1914, on the average annual salary of the three years ending March 31 prior to the date on which they became entitled to pension, and the Commissioners of National Education have no power to calculate the average annual salary on any other basis. Teachers who were placed on pension from any date prior to April 1, 1918, receive no benefits under the rules of 1914 from the increased salaries allowed from April 1, 1917. The conditions under which National school teachers are pensioned under the existing regulations are not the same aa those governing the award of pensions to Civil Servants.

Bishop and Indemnities. -- Speaking at a meeting in London organised by the Middle Classes Union, the Bishop of Birmingham said Germany must not be let off the indemnity. Vindictiveness was the last thing one would associate with the English character; but if they thought there was any change of heart in the German people by this time they were making an absolute blunder. If they were going to pander to the present whining of the Germans they would be doing a very dangerous thing not only for themselves, but for the German people. If there arose a new German spirit England could reach out her hand to Germany, but that had not come yet, and they had to see such punishment was meted out to Germany that this would begin to repent.

Irish Journalist's Death. -- The death took place in Dublin of Mr. F. H. Wayland, J.P., F.J.I., a well-known figure in Dublin Press circles for close on half a century. Up to ten days ago he was at work as usual, performing his duties as Dublin correspondent of the "Belfast Telegraph." Mr. Wayland was a native of Cashel, and began his journalistic career on the "Limerick Chronicle." He subsequently joined the staff of the "Saunders' News-Letter." Afterwards transferring his services to the "Daily Express," he quickly became chief reporter, a position which he occupied until his retirement about six years ago. He was a prominent figure in Masonic circles, and was a Past Master of the Order. He took an active interest in the affairs of the Institute of Journalists, and was an ex-chairman of the Dublin and Irish Association District.

A Woman's Emancipation Bill. -- This measure, proposed by the Labour party, was read a second time in the House of Commons. It seeks the removal of certain restrictions and disabilities on women; the removal of their disqualification in holding certain civil and judicial posts; the placing of women on an equal footing with men in regard to the new Representation of the People Act, and abolishing the Upper House disqualification. Major O'Neill was in sympathy with the Bill, but could not vote for it. Mr. W. Coote also held it was too rapid a step. Lieutenant-Colonel W. Guinness gave general support to the measure, and Mr. Lynn supported it in its entirety. Some speakers held that young women offered the best barrier to Bolshevism. Dr. Addison said a strong case was required before re-opening the franchise question so soon after recent settlement. The Government, he mentioned, had no present intention of going again to the country.

National Health Insurance. -- An approximate statement issued by Major Astor shows that the total expenditure on national health insurance, including expenditure on all the benefits in cash and in kind and on administration, from the commencement of the Act up to 31st March last, amounted to 105 millions, of which forty millions represented moneys provided by Parliament and sixty-five millions constituted employers' and employees' contributions. Included in the forty millions are sums amounting to approximately £2,380,000 which have been spent from moneys provided by Parliament for the extension of sanatorium benefit to dependents of insured persons and for the treatment of tuberculosis generally. In addition to the above, there are sums of £300,000 from the Exchequer and sixty-six millions from the contributions that have been placed in reserve and invested to meet future liabilities.

Gifts to the Pope. -- Led by Cardinal Lucon, Archbishop of Rheims, and the Bishops of Nancy, Lens, and Orleans, seventy French war widows, representing 200,000 of their bereaved sisters, went in procession to the Vatican to thank the Pope, Benedict XV., for his humanitarian endeavours during the great war, says the "Daily Chronicle" Milan correspondent. They offered to his Holiness a costly set of Mass vestments, the chasuble being richly wrought by convent girls, with the figure of the Redeemer in silks and gold; also a massive gold chalice inscribed around with the Biblical text -- "Who, by His blood, reconciles heaven and earth," inset in tiny brilliants. The Pope delivered an impressive oration in the French language praising the heroism of the Christian womanhood of France and of the veteran Archbishop of sorely tried Rheims. The Pontiff said that the ladies' pilgrimage to Rome in these trying days of railway travel rivalled the spirit of mediaeval Christianity.

American Bishops on Reform. -- A programme of social reform and reconstruction has been issued on behalf of the American Roman Catholic bishops. Amongst declarations included in the manifesto are that no woman should retain any occupation harmful to health and morals, that if employed they should receive the same pay as men for equal amounts and quantities of work; that there is no reason why workers should not have more than a "living wage," if industry will support it; that bad housing should be abolished by the State; that unjust monopolies should be suppressed by law; that unnecessary middlemen, the cause of incessant profiteering, should be frozen out by co-operative enterprise; that until the worker has been made self-supporting, insurance against illness, unemployment, and old age should be provided by a levy on the industry in which he is employed, supplemented slightly by the State when necessary; that "labour" should have a share in industrial management; that there should be vocational training for the young, but not to the detriment of a measure of liberal education; that no child under sixteen should be continuously employed in industry.


Death of Mrs. Armstrong, the Manse, Drum.

Mrs. Armstrong, who passed away peacefully on the afternoon of the 1st inst., after a few hours' illness, was buried on the 3rd in the graveyard of Second Drum congregation, amid general regret, when both the congregation of Drum and other Protestants were well represented at the funeral. A brief service was conducted in the manse by Rev. S. Currie, B.A., Clones, and Rev. W. Keers, B.A., Newbliss. On the arrival of the cortege at the church the coffin was placed in front of the pulpit. Rev. Wm. Henry, M.A., Cootehill, announced the 23rd Psalm to be sung, and read the 90th Psalm. Rev. W. M'Dowell then delivered the address and led the congregation in prayer. The following extracts are taken from the address:-- Besides these voices in which God speaks to men, he is speaking to us also to-day by the death of our friend, and calling on us to be ready by living the life of faith in the Son of God. Only thus did she bring forth the peaceable fruits of righteousness and adorn the doctrine of God her Saviour. I did not know her as well as some of you, but still I knew her by coming here at communion and other seasons. I have enjoyed her hospitality, her cheery words, the interest she showed in the kingdom of God, and especially as was meet her interest in both the congregations of Drum. I remember well the kindly and Christian way in which she spoke of the people, and am sure that her love towards them was not misplaced but returned by them in full measure. I know of her large Sabbath-school class, where she tried to point the members of it to Jesus whom she loved and served, and I am sure that her labour of love will not he unblessed. I know of her interest in the cause of temperance, and how desirous she was that all should be total abstainers. I know also of her interest in missions, and how delighted she was that the contributions to the Zenana Mission had increased this year. But now her work on earth to done, and she has gone to be "present with the Lord," while her remains rest in the certain hope of a glorious resurrection. Our hearts go out in sympathy to him who is left behind in the manse, him whom she loved and the prosperity of whose work was her delight. We mourn with him today, for he has lost a true friend, co-worker, a real helpmeet. But we remember the words, "when thou passeth through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee; when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee." We commend him to that God who has been his portion and help heretofore, and on whose almighty arm he can lean through the rest of the journey, until the everlasting re-union in heaven to attained. At the graveside the rector of Drum read a portion of I Cor. 15, and Rev. W. M. Henry committed the body to the grave and led in prayer.


Death of Mr. W. C. Gabbey.

General regret will be felt at the announcement of the death of Mr. William C. Gabbey which took place at his residence, 117, University Street, Belfast, on Sabbath morning. Deceased was one of the founders of the Sailors' and Soldiers' Service Club, Waring Street, and his work in connection with this establishment and other social efforts during the war was well known and thoroughly appreciated by the entire community. He was a son of the late Mr. Wm. Gabbey of Princess Gardens and Hope Street, and was aged 45 years. Receiving his education in Fisherwick School and the Royal Academical Institution he entered the joinery works and sawmills of his father, where he became principal. He was vice-chairman of the dependants' section of the Belfast War Pensions Committee, and a member of the committee of the Lord Roberts Memorial Workshops, as well as of the Sailors' and Soldiers' Help Society. Mr. Gabbey was also one of the founders of the Belfast Rotary Club, and was president of that organisation for the year 1914-15, while since 1916 he had held the position of hon. secretary. His powers of organisation were amply demonstrated in connection with the flag day for disabled sailors and soldiers, as a result of which a sum of over £3,000 was raised. A member of the Presbyterian denomination, deceased was connected with Fitzroy Avenue Church. In politics he took a keen interest, working actively at election time as a staunch and unflinching Unionist. With both the Orange and Masonic Orders Mr. Gabbey was prominently associated. He is survived by his widow, who is daughter of Mr. Andrew Gibson, Harbour Commissioner, and by one son and one daughter.

There was a very large and representative attendance at the funeral on Tuesday, the cortege including numerous soldiers and sailors who were acquainted with the deceased in connection with his labours at the Service Club. The chief mourners were -- Messrs. Wm. Foster Gabbey (son), Herbert Gabbey (brother), Samuel Gabbey (uncle), Arthur and James Cleland (cousins), Andrew Gibson (father-in-law), W. K. Gibson, Samuel M'Creight, and Chas. Morrow (brothers-in-law), Masters Jack and Drew Morrow (nephews). The officiating ministers were Rev. Wm. Colquhoun and Pastor C. S. Donald (Antrim Road Baptist Church). The interment took place in the City Cemetery.


Death of Mr. D. B. Stuart, Derry.

We regret to announce the death of Mr. D. B. Stuart, formerly manager of the Provincial Bank, Derry, which took place at Willmount, Edenbank. As a business man Mr. D. B. Stuart had few equals; he had an intellect clear as day and a mind capable of grasping the most intricate financial problems, and he combined with this a nature gentle and lovable, ever ready to lend a helping hand whenever opportunity offered. As a member of First Derry Presbyterian Church, the same kindly spirit was carried with him into everything he touched. Whether as a teacher in the Sabbath-school, or a member of the Deacon's Court, or an elder in the church, or as treasurer of the congregation, he gave of his best for the church he so much loved. On his retirement from church work the congregation recognised his services by making him a life governor of the infirmary and presenting him with his protrait in oils. His sympathies were not confined to First Derry; Claremont Church occupied a big place in his affections. When orginised he took complete control of all financial questions as they cropped up, and did his best for the new congregation. The City Mission has lost in him one of its best friends; indeed, everything to promote Christianity had in him a warm supporter. Mr. Stuart married a daughter of the late Sir Robert Boag, of Belfast, who survives him. He also leaves a son, who is in the bank in Cork, and three daughters, two of whom are married -- one to Rev. D. Gamble Millar, of Claremont, and another to Mr. W. Blumer, of Sunderland -- to all of whom sincere sympathy is extended.


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The Witness - Friday, 18 April 1919


COLVIN -- April 6, to the Rev. and Mrs. W. H. Colvin, Tassagh Manse -- a son.


RUSSELL--HIGGINSON -- April 11, at Dunmurry Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. R. Davey, B.A., and the Rev. R. H. Boyd, B.A., India, Captain A. S. Russell, M.C., R.G.A., second son of the late John Russell and of Mrs. Russell, 21, Kelvinside Gardens East, Glasgow, to Mary, fourth daughter of the late John Higginson and of Mrs. Higginson, Ashley, Dunmurry, Co. Antrim.


CRANEY -- April 14, at Ballymagrane Manse, John, the beloved father of the Rev. W. J. Craney. Interred at Ballymagrane Church.

GRAHAM -- April 15, 1919, at her residence, "Glendivis," Glencairn Road, Belfast, Margaret, widow of the late Rev. T. S. Graham, M.A., LL.D., of Comber, Co. Down. Funeral strictly private. No flowers, please.

MIDDLETON -- April 17, at Elm Vale, Vanogue, Donacloney, John, the dearly-beloved husband of Sarah Ann Middleton. Funeral to family burying-ground, Tullynish, on Sunday, at 3 o'clock.

ADAMS -- April 13, 1919, at her residence, Derrykillultagh, Eliza Margaret, relict of the late William John Adams.

ALLEN -- April 12 (suddenly), at Commonwood House, Chipperfield, Herts, William Edward, third son of the late David Allen, J.P., Belfast, in his 59th year.

BALMER -- April 13. at Yew Tree Hill, Megaberry, Mary Jane, dearly-beloved wife of John Balmer.

BELL -- April 13, at Tyrone House, Ligoniel, Mary A. Hamilton, beloved wife of Wm. A. Bell.

CLUGSTON -- April 16, 1919, at a Private Nursing Home, Belfast, James Clugston, Mayrorkan, Tandragee, Co. Armagh.

COWAN -- April 12, at Anahavil, Moneymore, Co. Derry, Kathleen Mary, third daughter of James H. Cowan.

ERAUT -- April 10, at Churchfield Road, Ealing, Humphrey Douglas, only son of Sydney Eraut, H.M. Inspector of Factories, Belfast, in his 18th year.

GRAY -- April 8, at her residence, Breaghy, Elizabeth, widow of the late William Gray, Breaghy, Tynan, Co. Armagh.

GREENFIELD -- April 11 (suddenly), at Prospect Cottage, Magheraleave Road, Lisburn, David, dearly-beloved husband of Agnes Greenfield.

HADDEN -- April 12, at Stramore Road, Gilford, Co. Down, Mary Anna, the dearly-beloved wife of Thomas Hadden.

HAMILTON -- April 10, at Villa San Patrizio, Bordighera, Annie, widow of Gustavus Wm. Hamilton, and eldest daughter of the late James Moore, of Dalchoolin, Co. Down.

HERON -- April 12, at Dromore Street, Ballynahinch, John, third son of John P. Heron, Ballykine, Ballynahinch.

HUSSEY -- April 12 (suddenly), at Parkmount, Portadown, Wm. Hawthorne Hussey, late District-Inspector, R.I.C., in his 63rd year.

LAMB -- April 13, at Mill Street, Monaghan, formerly of 85, Botanic Avenue. Belfast, Sarah Anne, relict of the late James Lamb, Monaghan.

MEHARG -- April 12, at Laurelbank, Annahinchago, Ballyward, Robert Jas. Meharg.

MOORE -- April 14, at his mother's residence, No. 2, Hill Street, Lisburn, George, youngest and dearly loved son of Margaret and the late William Moore.

M'MASTER -- April 13, at her residence, Donaghmore, Newry, Jane, widow of the late John M'Master, and eldest daughter of the late Rev. Hugh Waddell, Presbyterian minister, Glenarm, in her 83rd year.

PARKINSON -- April 11, at Primrose Cottage, Antrim Road, Lisburn, Margaret Jane Parkinson.

SHANNON -- April 3, at Ballynaskeagh, Marianne, third daughter of the late Samuel Shannon, Ballynaskeagh, Loughbrickland.

SHANKS -- April 10, at 64, Hanover Street, Portadown, Mary, beloved wife of James Shanks, in her 75th year.

TWEED -- April 12, at Killogue, Ballymoney, John Tweed.




Another Chief Secretary. -- Discussing an early reconstruction of the Ministry, the London correspondent of the "Yorkshire Post" says -- There is a persistent rumour also that Mr. Cecil Harmsworth is shortly to go to Ireland as Chief Secretary.

Influenza Tragedy. -- Margaret Hammond, Druminahone, Donegal, the fifth and last member of her family, has died of influenza. Her two brothers died of the malady within five minutes on Tuesday of last week, and her mother and sister also succumbed.

Roumania's War Losses. -- A "Times" telegram from Bucharest states that out of 600,000 effectives in the Roumanian Army during the two years' campaign, the losses were 158,667 dead and missing, of whom 46,000 died in captivity. In the civil population. 265,000 died of epidemics and privation.

A Coalition Defeat. -- The result of the Central Hull election was announced as follows -- Commander Kenworthy (Radical), 8,616; Lord Eustace Percy (Co. U.), 7,699; Radical majority, 917. The result at the General Election was -- Sir Mark Sykes (Co. U.), 13,805; Rev. R. M. Kedward (R.), 3,434; Co. U. majority, 10,371.

State of Ireland. -- Proclamations have been issued by the Lord Lieutenant and Privy Council in Ireland declaring that the following cities and counties are in a state of disturbance and require an additional establishment of police -- Cork (East Riding). Cork (West Riding), Cork (City), Kerry (County), Limerick (County), Limerick (City), Roscommon (County), Tipperary (North Riding), Tipperary (South Riding).

Germany and Socialism. -- In a statement as to German foreign policy, Herr Schiedemann, Premier, denounced Sovietism as a principle of government and declared that Socialism could not be forced on Germany. At the same time the German Government would open the door to economic democracy by the inauguration of a socialisation leading to prosperity, and not to the bacillus of decomposition, which was all that was to be hoped for from Bolshevism.

Results of Mesopotamia Campaign. -- In a report, received by the Secretary for War from Lieut.-General Sir W. R. Marshall, K.C.B., K.C.S.I, Commander-in-Chief Mesopotamia Expeditionary Force, it is stated that from small beginnings in 1914 the ration strength of the force grew to 420,000, including Labour battalions. The area of territory of the Turkish Empire which has been conquered and occupied amounts to 114,000 square miles. The actual captures since the beginning of the campaign amounted to 45,500 prisoners and 250 guns, together with vast quantities of war material.

Bolshevism the Danger. -- Mr. Churchill, at the Aldwych Club luncheon, said the tyranny of Bolshevism was incomparably more hideous than any for which the Kaiser was responsible. Lenin and Trotsky had dragged the Russian people from the path of honour, and this treacherous desertion was responsible for the death of every French and British soldier killed last year. The situation in Germany was grave, and if she sank into Bolshevik anarchy not only would there be no indemnity, but we should be impoverished, and trade revival would be paralysed by increasing the disorder and ruin of the world.

Welcome to Ulster division. -- On the invitation of the Lord Mayor of Belfast (Mr. J. C. White) a preliminary meeting was held in the City Hall to consider what steps should be taken to extend a public welcome to the officers and men of the Ulster Division and of Ulstermen in other units of the fighting services. A resolution was unanimously adopted to organise a public welcome to the troops. The Lord Mayor kindly undertook to act as treasurer of the fund, and the following gentlemen were appointed secretaries -- Captain Herbert Dixon, M.P.; Mr. T. E. M'Connell, J.P.; Dr. W. Gibson, J.P.; and Mr. R. I. Calwell, C.E.

King on Housing -- At Buckingham Palace the King, addressing representatives of municipal bodies on the housing question, said he need not enlarge on the importance of securing suitable sites, and he was sure owners would be willing to meet the need for sites required in clearing overcrowded and insanitary areas. A great offensive must be undertaken against disease and crime, and the first point of attack should be unhealthy, ugly, overcrowded houses in mean streets. A healthy race could only be reared in healthy homes. If infant mortality was to be reduced, tuberculosis stamped out drink and crime combated, sanitary homes must be provided. The provision of good homes, he concluded, might prove one of the most potent agents in converting unrest into contentment.

Centre Party and P.R. -- A committee of the Irish Centre Party has prepared a report on proportional representation, strongly supporting its application to all elections as the only effective way of securing that voters shall be fairly represented. After detailed analyses of the pollings and results of the late General Election it is pointed out that if the voting be viewed as a plebiscite the Counties of Tyrone and Fermanagh would be cancelled from the "partition" area. In the other four counties of that area the poll was not equal, to half the electorate. In all Ireland, it is argued, if the distribution of seats in the contested elections was in proportion to the votes cast something like ten seats should be deducted from S.F. and given to the Nationalist party, and two should be deducted from the Unionists and given to the Independents.

Armenian Massacres Avenged. -- Kiamil Mahmud Pasha has been publicly hanged for his responsibility for the Armenian massacres in the Yozzhad district, of which he was Governor, and the ex-commander of gendarmerie has been sentenced to fifteen years' detention in a fortress.

A 1914 Rosette. -- Amid the cheers of the House of Commons, Mr. Churchill announced that a distinction is to be made between the ribbons of the 1914 and 1915 medals. In his own words, there is to be "a rosette on the 1915 ribbon for the 1914 men," and he added that this rosette is to be given only to "those who, in 1914 really fought, and not to those large masses who never went beyond Havre or some other port."

Women and League of Nations. -- Lady Aberdeen introduced to the League of Nations Commission in Paris a deputation from the International Council of Women and a Suffragist Conference of the Allied countries and America, submitting on behalf of 20,000,000 women five points for incorporation in the covenant. They presented their case in a manner which is the talk of the whole conference, and President Wilson, who said he wished all could present their case so concisely, told them they spoke practically to converts, and if their request was not granted it would be because they decided to draw the league in outline only.

Bank Amalgamations. -- In the House of Commons the Chancellor of the Exchequer introduced a Bill to make provision for controlling the amalgamation of joint stock banks and for purposes connected therewith, and it was read a first time.

Ex-D.I.'s Death. -- Mr. W. H. Hussey, ex-D.I., R.I.C., a keen sportsman and a former vice-president of the Irish Football Association, died suddenly. He was on his way to a football match near Portadown when he collapsed on the road. Dr. L. Rowlett, who was passing, was called to his aid, but found life extinct. The late Mr. Hussey was formerly attached, to the Belfast detective force, and was for many years in charge of Portadown district.

Wyndham Land Scheme. -- The Irish Unionist Reconstruction Committee, meeting at the House of Commons, considered a statement by Mr. R. Sanders on land purchase, and passed a resolution declaring that the completion of purchase under the Wyndham Act is an urgent necessity, and requesting the Government to bring in a scheme for this purpose. Mr. Sanders said the total amount sold under all the Purchase Acts was value about £100,000,000, and it might be assumed that it would take £15,000,000 more to complete purchase.

German Foreign Policy. -- Herr Scheidemann, the German Premier, speaking in the National Assembly at Weimer, said that the German foreign policy in future would be based on these principles -- (1) The strict observance of all treaties; (2) unswerving protection of vital German interests; and (3) maintenance of a spirit of unreserved conciliation towards the whole world. The danger which he foresaw for the success of their foreign policy came not so much from the other side of their frontiers as from within the nation itself, and he pointed to the incessant convulsion with which the country was afflicted.

Meetings Prohibited. -- At Carrickmacross a meeting to welcome Mr. Sean M'Entee, M.P., on his first visit to the town since being elected for South Monaghan, was proclaimed by the competent military authority. Mr. M'Entee called at the police barracks and protested against the proclamation. No attempt was made to hold the meeting, but it is understood that one was held in Castleblayney, at which Mr. M'Entee was present. A meeting under the auspices of the Dublin Tenants' Association, to be held in Beresford Place to discuss the Housing Bill, was abandoned on notice from the police, no permit having been applied for.

Sinn Fein Loan. -- The "Morning Post" publishes a message from its Dublin correspondent, quoting some remarks reported to have been made by Mr. De Valera in one of his speeches at the Sinn Fein "Parliament" last week. In order to get the necessary international recognition for the Republic which the Irish people had set up, Mr. De Valera is stated to have said they would send to Paris representatives with the necessary power. Application would be made for "safe conduct" through the military lines. It was obvious that this "Government" could not go on without the necessary funds, and the "Government" had decided to issue a loan of a million pounds, half a million to be issued at once for public subscription -- a quarter of a million for issue abroad, and & quarter of a million at home.

Saxon War Minister Killed. -- The Saxon Minister for War, Herr Neuring, was killed by some discontented soldiers. He had declined to receive a deputation of wounded soldiers, whereupon the crowd, incited by Communistic speakers, stormed the entrance to the building. Sentries used their arms, but were overpowered. Government troops, who had been summoned to the scene, declared they would not intervene. They surrendered their arms, and marched off. The demonstrators forced their way into the building, seized the War Minister, who had fled to an upper storey, dragged him out into the street, severely maltreated him, and finally hurled him from the bridge into the Elbe. When he tried to swim to the bank the demonstrators fired at him, so that within a few minutes he disappeared under the water.

Primary Education. -- At a meeting of the Board of National Education, presided over by Sir H. Bellingham, a deputation from the Irish National Teachers' Organisation, with the object of enlisting the support of the Board towards having the findings of the Viceregal Committee on Primary Education put into operation as soon as possible, was received. It was decided that the Government be informed that the Commissioners cordially approve of the report of the Viceregal Committee, and earnestly hope that the Government will, as soon as possible, take action to put the recommendations into effect; immediate steps should be taken to carry out the proposals of the committee that do not require legislation, such-as the improved scales of salaries for teachers, while the other portions of the report might be held over until the necessary Bill be passed through Parliament.

Out-of-Work Donation. -- The out-of-work donation scheme for civilian workers, including the original and reduced benefit, will, it is announced, come to an end on November 25 next, and no one will be entitled to payment for more than 25 weeks during the year ended that date.

Author of "Father O'Flynn" to Retire. -- Mr. A. P. Graves, M.A., F.R.S.L., best known as the author of "Father O'Flynn," is about to retire from the presidency of the Irish Literary Society. He was an inspector of schools up to 1910, and has been identified with the Irish literary life of London since the seventies, being particularly keen in all that pertains to folk song and music.

Housing and Town Planning Cost. -- In Committee of the House of Commons on the financial resolution for the Housing and Town Planning Bill, Dr. Addison said that on the assumption that 100,000 houses would be erected during the current financial year and 200,000 in each of the two following years, and that they cost £500 each, the Treasury might have to assist in raising £125,000,000. If the houses cost £600 each,* the amount would be £150,000,000, and they would aim that at the end of seven years the rent would be equivalent to at least two-thirds of the present cost. On a loss of 5s a week on each of the new houses the Treasury would be involved in an annual contribution of £6,500,000 in aid inclusive of the 2d rate.

Radical Party's Programme. -- In a speech in London Mr. Asquith said that in Paris they were starting upon a new era of self-determined life races and communities not more gifted than the Irish. It should be an object of paramount urgency with Liberals to do likewise here at home. The governing objects of Liberal policy should be -- (1) The maintenance of the free activity of an unfettered and independent Liberal Party. (2) Determined resistance to all legislation which had for its object or effect the preferential treatment of particular classes or interests. (3) The restoration in the fullest sense and without any avoidable delay of political, commercial, and personal freedom. (4) Insistence upon the prompt fulfilment of pledges to give Ireland self-government. (5) Relentless warfare against public extravagance, together with the safeguarding of Free Trade. (6) The pursuit in every sphere of social and industrial life of a national minimum of health, comfort, culture, and opportunity. (7) The effective establishment as guardian and trustee of the relations of all countries, small or great, of a League of Nations. (Loud cheers.)

Irish Oat Control. -- The Oat Control Committees, which were constituted and set up in Ireland by Lord Granard, chairman of the Irish Food Control Committee, have up to the present purchased about 126,000 tons of oats for export. A further quantity of about 100,000 tons have been purchased through these committees for local consumption in Ireland. The monetary value of the transactions which have been dealt in by these committees in the aggregate amount to about £4,000,000, and it is gratifying to know that Irish oat producers have, as a result of Lord Granard's foresight, been able to find a ready and willing market for their surplus sound oats at the control prices as set out in the Grain Prices Order. The local committee, composed of representatives of the millers, merchants, and growers, with Sir James Johnston as chairman, have rendered valuable services in providing facilities for the distribution of the surplus crop in Ulster.

Intermediate Education Danger. -- In a letter to the Irish members of Parliament who attend the House of Commons, urging them to use their influence to have the recommendations of the Viceregal Commission on Intermediate Education carried into effect without delay, the Ulster Head Masters' Association impresses the fact that the whole edifice of Irish secondary education is in imminent danger of a collapse at a time when the large and increasing number of pupils affords striking evidence of a greater desire than ever, throughout the country, to obtain the advantages of the best education. " Should the attempt be made to evade the carrying into effect of the committee's recommendations we can assure you," the letter adds, "of the existence ih Ireland of an enlightened opinion which will support you strongly in any effort which you make to see that justice is accomplished and a great, serious, and national misfortune averted."

Taxi-driver Brigadier. -- Sir Douglas Haig's final despatch analyses the whole course of the war with its stirring tributes to the British troops for their exemplary conduct and fine discipline and bearing. It contains many picturesque touches, as in its examples of men who have risen to high command. "A schoolmaster, a lawyer, a taxi-cab driver, and an ex-sergeant-major have commanded brigades." It praises the attitude of the people at home, who by their dauntless spirit strengthened and sustained the invincible spirit of the Army, while their incessant toil on land and sea, in the mine, factory and shipyard, placed in our hands the means with which to tight. It records a very warm and sincere acknowledgment to our kinsmen and kinswomen of the British Empire for the unfailing support they have given us by their thoughts, their prayers, and their work throughout the long years of war. In those years their trust and confidence never wavered, their labours never ceased, and no sacrifices, hardships, or privations were too great to be borne, provided that thereby the needs of the troops might adequately be supplied.

New Zealand and Prohibition. -- A Wellington (N.Z.) telegram states that the results of the licensing poll up to the present are as follows -- For the licensing, 217,230; for prohibition, coupled with compensation, 230,637; majority for prohibition, 13,407. The returns from three voting divisions have still to be received. The votes of 45,000 soldiers have not yet been polled. In 1914 there was a majority of 10,225 for continuance.

Women Disturbers in Commons. -- During a debate in the House of Commons two women in the Strangers' Gallery shouted "You are murderers," "You have not settled the last war, and you are leading the people and the workers into another war." They were at once hustled out by attendants, and another, who shouted, "We want the Soviets." hurried out before the attendants could reach her. The interrupters subsequently gave their names as Miss Sylvia Pankhurst, Mrs. Cole, and Miss E. Stephenson, and they were detained till the rising of the House.

Well-known Citizen's Death. -- A prominent and respected citizen of Belfast in the person of Mr. Edward Wakefield Pim, J.P., passed away at his residence, Ivy Lodge, Knockbreda Park. The late Mr. Pim, who had attained the venerable age of 82 years, belonged to an old Quaker family associated with Belfast for several generations. Apart from his business activities, Mr. Pim who was prominently identified with the Orange Institution, was widely known. He was a magistrate of the city since 1892, and frequently acted as deputy coroner. For 33 years he was a member of the Belfast Water Board, and for three years, from 1898 to 1901, he occupied the chair of that body. He also took an active interest in the city's oldest charity -- the Belfast Charitable Society, Clifton Street -- of which he was the honorary secretary. For some time he was president of the Belfast and North of Ireland Grocers' Association, and he represented that branch of trade on the Council of the Belfast Chamber of Commerce.


Presbyterian Orphan Society.


The Governors met in the Society's Office, Church House. Mr. John M'Robert, J.P., occupied the chair, and there were also present -- Rev. Dr. Taylor, hon. sec.; Rev. W. Corkey, Rev. J. Pollock, Rev. R. J. Porter, and Mr. M. A. Mitchell, with Mr. R. T. Martin to confer. Apology for absence was received from Mr. John Sinclair. The following kindly attended to assist in the scrutiny:-- Revs. D. D. Boyle, J. W. Gibson, Dr. Megaw, T. A. Smyth, W. G. Smyth, and J. Tolland. The hon. secretary reported that the number of applications received since the autumn election was much in excess of the normal, and stated that by this election a greater number of children was being added to the society's roll than ever had been at any previous election. The scrutiny proceeded, and the following 155 families having received the largest number of votes, were declared duly elected:--

Orphans (both patents dead). -- M'Cready, 3, First Bangor; Thompson, 3, First Donegore; Kincade, 2, Waterside; Young, 2, Gt. Victoria Street; Crossett, 1, Nelson Memorial; Marshall, 2, Killinchy; Anderson, 1, Castledawson; Ayre, 2, Crumlin; Baird, 1, Gt. Victoria Street; M'Causland, 3, Belfast City Mission (Ravenhill) ; M'Ilwrath, 1, Lylehill; Woods, 4, Joymount.

Children of Subscribers. -- Busby, 5, Second Islandmagee; Moreland, 2, Bloomfield; Ramsey, 5, Dundalk; Agnew, 4, First Islandmagee; M'Calmont, 2, Second Islandmagee.

Fatherless. -- Farren, 5, Second Castlederg.; Kerrigan, 2, Alt; Smyth, 2, Albert Street; Long, 2, Eglish; Aiken, 2, Conlig; Bamber, 4, Macrory Memorial; Busby, 1, Second Islandmagee; Gunning, 1, Second Ballywalter; Donaghy, 1, Magheramason; Gilmore, 3, Cargycreevy; Falkner, 1, Second Islandmagee; Quinn, 4, Tandragee; Harte, 2, Mosside; Fee, 1, Second Ballyeaston; Mirmis, 3, Newington; Coffey, 3, Glastry; Gordon, 3, Lislooney; Massey, 5, Ballygowan; Bell, 3, Ballyclare; M'Creery, 2, Berry Street; Galbraith, 1, Clough, Antrim; Robinson, 1, Upper Cumber; Hanna, 2, Railway Street; Swan, 3, Waterside; Hodkinson, 3, First Carrickfergus; Graham, 1, Drumreagh; Bradshaw, 3, Gt. Victoria Street; Morgan, 3, Dundonald; Mitchell, 2, Agnes Street; Waddell, 2, Agnes Street; M'Collum, 6, First Portadown; Davis, 4, Donegall Road; Lamont, 4, High Kirk; Craig, 5, Trinity, Ahoghill; M'Cullough, 3, Nelson Memorial; Lowry, 1, Newington; Smiley, 4, Broadway; M'Veigh, 2, Broadway; Seymour, 2, York Street; Moore, 1, Tobermore; Strange, 2, Donegall Road; M'Gowan, 4, Joymount; Allan, 2, Second Derry; Duncan, 2, Second Ramelton; Colhoun, 2, First Ray; Hamilton, 3, Douglas; Robinson, 1, Carlow; M'Williams, 4, Killymurris; Hayes, 1, Killinchy; Harper, 7, Newington; Ross, 2, Cloughwater; Greer, 4, Newington; M'Alister, 2, First Limavady; Caldwell, 3, Newington; Patterson, 3, First Boardmills; Rodgers, 2, Fountainville; M'Keag, 3, Carrowdore; Magowan, 2, Shore Street, Donaghadee; Meares, 2, Lower Abbey Street U.F.; Steele, 2, Rasharkin; Lynn, 2, Second Broughshane; Johnston, 2, Drumlough; Lutton, 5, Ballydown; Halsall, 3, Dundalk; Kee, 1, Scarva Street; Hobbs, 3, First Lurgan; Hegan, 3, Fisherwick; Allen, 4, Albert Street; Allen, 4, Fisherwick; Finlay, 2, Fisherwick; Wilson, 4, Albert Street; Hill, 4, Belmont; Wilson, 3, Gt. Victoria Street; Williamson, 4, Gt. Victoria. Street; Gorman. 4, Trinity, Bangor; Bell, 2, Harryville; Wilson, 2, Randalstown, O.C.; Stevenson, 2, First Ramelton; Magowan, 4, Moira; Cully, 2, Cloughey; Adair, 2, Cloughey; Neely, 2, High Kirk; Galbraith, 1, Harryville; M'Cance, 2, First Bangor; Sutters, 2, First Bangor; Henry, 3, Third Portglenone; M'Kimm, 4, Megain Memorial; Cooke, 3, Megain Memorial; M'Mahon, 2, Third Armagh; Fisher, 2, Megain Memorial; Latimer, 1, Fountainville; Gilmore, 3, Castlewellan; Dobbin, 4, First Dromore; Harvey, 1, College Square; Thomson, 3, Clare; Houston, 5, Strand; Kerr, 2, Greenwell Street; Minford, 2, First Larne; Cobaine, 3, First Larne; Bowman, 2, Broadway; Parker, 3, Belfast City Mission (Eglinton Street); Drummond, 5, Ballylinney; Brown, 6, Belfast City Mission (Westbourne); Boyd, 4, Shankill Road Mission; Kenny, 2, Belfast City Mission (Westbourne); Wylie, 2, Newington; Kerr, 1, Shankill Road Mission; Smyth, 2, Shankill Road Mission; M'Kee, 3, Mourne; Davidson, 2, First Comber; O'Neill, 1, Ormiston; Nelson, 2, Trinity, Letterkenny; Russell, 5, Trinity, Letterkenny; Brennan, 4, Joymount; Mollveen, 3, Second Comber; Blyberg, 3, Ravenhill; Clarke, 3, Ballysillan; M'Masier, 2, Clifton Street; Boal, 4, Ballysillan; Reid, 3, Ballysillan; Savage, 1, Sinclair Seamen's; Boyd, 3, Westbourne; Reid, 1, Ballymacarrett; Martin, 3, Mourne; Newell 3, Mourn; Ferguson, 1, Mourne; Young, 1, May Street; Burnside, 3, Mountpottinger; Tumath, 1, Ekenhead; Aston, 2; Gilford; Bell, 4, Gt. James' Street; Mitchell, 1, Gt. James' Street; Hatton, 2, First Ballymena; M'Clure, 3, St. Enoch's; Thorpe, 1, Gt. Victoria Street; Hammond, 3, Castledawson.

Exceptional. -- Pratt, 2, Belfast City Mission (Duncairn); Stevenson, 2, Newington.

This election adds 408 children to the Society's roll.

Orphans of Ministers.

The Directors of the Society for the Orphans of Ministers and Missionaries of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland (Incor.) met on Friday in the Church House. Mr. Hamilton M'Cleery, J.P., president of the society, and later Rev. Dr. Lowe, occupied the chair. Also present Rev. Dr. Taylor, hon, sec., and Rev. James Knowles. Donations were reported -- "A Daughter of the Manse," £5; trustees late Sir Thomas M'Clure, £2 10s; Rev. W. H. Gillespie, £2; Rev. D. Cummins, £5; Mrs. Dunham, £5; and Rev. J. Salters, £2. Grants amounting to £535 were voted to seventeen fatherless families.


Death of Mr. W. J. M'Intosh.

The funeral of Mr. W. J. M'Intosh, who passed away, after a brief illness, at his residence, Eden Crescent, Alexandra Avenue, took place on Saturday to the City Cemetery and was largely attended. The deceased, who was 61 years of age and unmarried, resided with his sister, and was for almost 40 years in the employment of Messrs. Wheeler & Co., latterly acting as secretary to the firm. He was for nearly a similar period connected with the Masonic Order, being a P.M. of Lodge 195 and P.K. of R.A.C. 88, acting as Registrar of the Chapter for many years. He was for over a quarter of a century connected with the Central Presbyterian Association, in which he took a deep interest, and was one of the foundation members of the Alexandra Bowling Club. There was a brief but impressive service at the house, conducted by the Rev. T. M. Johnstone, B.A., of Newington Presbyterian Church, where the deceased worshipped for many years. The funeral arrangements were efficiently carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co.


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The Witness - Friday, 25 April 1919


MORRISON -- On Easter Sunday, 1919, at Alma Private Nursing Home, Adelaide Road, Dublin, the wife of J. A. Morrison, Castlebar, of a daughter.


CLEMENTS--BRYSON -- April 16, 1919, at First Presbyterian Church, Portadown, by the Rev. John Heney, B.A., B.D., Mark, eldest son of Andrew Clements, Corcullentra, Portadown, to Sarah Bell, eldest daughter of Thomas P. Bryson., Corcullentra, Portadown.


BELL -- April 21, at 22, University Road, Bootle, Lancashire, Dora A., beloved wife of Captain E. H. Bell, late Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.

COLLINS -- April 22, at the residence of her father, Grange, Tullyhogue, Martha Mussen, eldest daughter of John Witherow Collins.

DAVISON -- April 18, at her residence, Ballydonnelly House, Randalstown. Mary Ann, relict of the late Robert Davison.

FLYNN -- April 19, 1919, at the residence of her mother (Mrs. Bishop, Ballymoran, Killinchy) Mary Jane, the beloved wife of David Flynn.

FORBES -- April 21, 1919, at the residence of her mother, 40, Auburn Street, Margaret, widow of the late Daniel Forbes (formerly of Ballylinney).

MACAULAY -- April 17, at Brighton, Francis Adam Macaulay, youngest son of the late James Hyndman Macaulay, of Coleraine.

MIDDLETON -- April 17, at Elmvale, Banoge, Donacloney, John, dearly-beloved husband of Sarah Ann Middleton.

MILL -- April 22, at Portmoon House, Bushmills, Allan Mill, J.P., aged 59 years.

MILLAR -- April 22, at Craigdune, Moneymore, Jemima Millar, widow of the late Samuel Millar, of Moneymore, and formerly of Rothesay, N.B.

MOORE -- April 18, at Ashgrove, Ballyalicock, Newtownards, John Moore.

M'ILWAIN -- April 18, at her residence, Headwood, Matilda, relict of the late Henry M'Ilwain.

PARKHILL -- April 23, 1919, at his residence, The Crescent, Holywood, James Parkhill (formerly of Carrickfergus).

PATTERSON -- April 23, 1919, at the residence of Adam Patterson, Killynure, Carryduff, Maggie Patterson, beloved wife of James Rea Patterson.

RAFFERTY -- April 17, at 14, Trevelyan Terrace, Duncairn Gardens, Malcolm J. Rafferty.

STEVENSON -- April 18, at Market Street, Lurgan, Amelia, dearly-beloved wife of John Stevenson.

WILSON -- On Easter morning, at Coolcarrigan, Elizabeth Jackson Wilson, widow of the late R. M. Wilson, in her 81st year.

WRIGHT -- April 18, at Ivy Cottage, Drumnakelly, Portadown, Margaret, widow of the late James Wright and youngest daughter of the late Robert Mayes, Shankhill, Upper Ballinderry, Co. Antrim.




Liquor Trade Restrictions. -- At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Temperance Legislation League, a resolution was carried unanimously asking that the restrictions upon the output of intoxicating liquors as to hours and conditions of sale quantities, and alcoholic strength should be retained until the Government was prepared to deal with the whole question in permanent legislation.

United Synagogue Finance. -- The United Synagogue, which comprises seventeen constituent synagogues and five associate synagogues in the London area, has published the treasurers report and accounts as adopted by the Council. Last year the income of constituent synagogues amounted to £44,106, of which £20,587 was obtained from seat rentals. The United Synagogue is responsible for the salary of the Chief Rabbi and carries on considerable charitable and social work.

Service Prohibited. -- Miss Maud Royden, assistant pastor of the City Temple, was to have conducted a three hours' service in St. Botolph's Church, Bishopsgate, London, on Good Friday. When the worshippers arrived, however, they found a notice posted up stating that the bishop had prohibited the service, and adding, "This order, of course, will be obeyed." It was added that a service of meditation would be held in the adjoining parish room, where Miss Royden delivered a series of addresses.

New Irish Insurance Co. -- The directors of the newly-formed Commercial Insurance Co. of Ireland, Ltd., are Wm. Barnett, Thos. Robt. Burns, Thos. Fitzpatrick Cooke, Herbert Dixon, Ogilvie Blair Graham, Robert Boyd Henry, Jas. Johnston, Saml. Kelly, Hugh M'Dowell Pollock, Thomas Somerset, Maynard Sinton, and John Edwin Wellwood, all prominent Ulster business men. The capital of the company will be subscribed entirely by the gentlemen interested and their friends. It is the intention of the company to form local committee® in Derry, Dublin, and Cork. Irish trading interests are to be specially considered.

The Dusty "House." -- Presiding at a meeting in connection with the candidature of Miss Christabel Parkhurst for the Abbey Division of Westminster, Dr. Flora Murray said that visitors to the House of Commons were struck by the stagnation of the atmosphere. "There is a peculiar smell in the House of Commons," she added. "Men say it has a smell of its own, a funny sort of smell. Every woman will tell you what that smell is. It is dust. In this atmosphere our legislators try to legislate. If you look down on those leather benches you will see that half of them are empty and others occupied by gentlemen sound asleep."

Food Orders. -- The Food Controller has issued a general license permitting the export of marmalade from Great Britain to Ireland. The license refers to marmalade only, and not jam, jelly, or conserve. By an amendment of the Flour and Bread Price Order, 1917, the Food Controller now permits bags which originally contained imported flour to be used by millers in Ireland or Scotland, or by millers who send flour into Ireland or Scotland. The flour will be supplied net weight, and the charge will be 6d per bag, containing 140lbs, or less, which will be sold with the flour, and no credit will be given if the bag is returned. It is officially announced that all restrictions on the sale of cream in Ireland have been removed.

Flying Tragedy. -- The aerodrome at Weyhill, near Andover, was the scene of a shocking flying accident, when five crew of seven on a Handley Page machine were burnt to death, and two others shockingly injured. The machine was turned up ready for flight, but did not take off satisfactorily, with the result that a few feet from the ground it struck a telegraph post. The under-carriage was wrenched away, and the machine came down on the roof of one of the long sleeping huts. The petrol tank was immediately enveloped in flames, and the machine became a burning mass. The fire was so fierce in the gathering breeze that it was impossible to get near to render assistance to the pinned-down crew, and it was some time before the charred remains of the five airmen were got out.

Gifts to Catholic Chapels. -- The triptych presented by Sir John Lavery, A.R.A., to his native parish, St. Patrick's, Donegall Street, was unveiled by the Most Dr. MacRory, Bishop of Down and Connor, in the presence of a large congregation. Pontifical High Mass was celebrated in connection with the unveiling. The Bishop, in thanking Sir John Lavery, said it would be treasured not alone by the people of St. Patrick's and Catholics throughout the city, but by non-Catholics, as true artistic spirit knew no religious differences. The Angelus was rung on Sabbath in Carrickfergus for the first time in 400 years, when a magnificently-toned bell, presented by Miss O'Rorke, Greenisland, was blessed. During the day a memorial window to the late Prof. O'Gorman, St. Malachy's College, was unveiled.

Irish Butter for Export. -- The Irish Butter Export Committee announce that after considerable negotiation with the Ministry of Food, the latter have agreed to purchase the exportable surplus of Irish butter for the season, 1919, at the following prices:-- Premium, 263s per cwt.; 1st grade," 260s; 2nd grade, 254s; 3rd grade, 248s; 4th grade (a) 238s, and 4th grade (b), 223s. In addition to these prices, which are net f.o.r., a commission of 1 per cent. is allowed to those who exported in 1916. The export committee's reports of their operations for the year 1918, gave a short history of the Government's control of butter as it affected the Irish industry, and deal with the formation of the committee, grading, reduction in output, prices, licensing and the cheese industry. Appended to the reports are the conditions under which the exported butter is purchased by the Ministry of Food, and the instructions and recommendations to the licensed exporters for 1919.

Haig's Tribute to Y.M.C.A. -- The following letter has been received from Sir Douglas Haig by the organising secretary of the Y.M.C.A. work overseas -- "The conclusion of my period of command in France provides a fitting occasion on which to renew the warm expression of my gratitude to the Y.M.C.A. for the splendid work carried out by their organisation during more than four years among the troops serving under me. No difficulties or dangers have been too great for them to overcome in their endeavours to provide for the comfort, entertainment, and recreation of the men. The value of their work has been inestimable, and I feel confident that it has been deeply appreciated by all ranks. Now that active hostilities are at an end, and the bulk of our Armies have returned or are returning home, I hope that the activities of the Y.M.C.A. will not cease, but that fresh fields may be found for their utility, and that they will meet with the public support to which their past record entitles them."

Big Property Deal. -- A transfer of property, involving, it is said, a sum of well over £100,000, has been completed in Belfast, Sir Crawford M'Cullagh, J.P., having purchased the premises occupied by Messrs. Gibson & Co., Ltd., the well-known jewellers and goldsmiths, and four other shops adjoining, including those tenanted by the Walkover Shoe Company, Messrs. C. L. Reis & Co., jewellers, and Messrs. J. Dinsmore & Sons, confectioners. In the case of Messrs. Gibson & Co., Sir Crawford has acquired a controlling interest in the firm by the purchase of the shares held by the executors of the late Mr. William Gibson, the founder. The greater number of the remaining shares have also been acquired by him, and he has thereby become practically the sole owner of the establishment. The change in the proprietorship will not entail any alteration in the name of the firm, nor will it occasion any departure from the great traditions which have placed Messrs. Gibson's business in the front rank amongst the high-class jewellery establishments in the United Kingdom. "Gibson's Corner" is a landmark in Belfast, and is, perhaps, the most valuable site in the city.

Ulster Unionism. -- Addressing the annual meeting of the Mid-Down Unionist Association, Colonel Sir James Craig, Bart., M.P., said that with peace almost in sight, with a party second to none, and with their great leader still in the best possible, health, strength, and vigour, he thought the Imperial province was in a very sound position. It should be borne in mind by everybody not alone in that association, but throughout the whole of Ulster, that the position they held at the present moment was held simply and solely because of unity in their ranks. Of course, unity in the ranks of Ulster must have its birth in the Unionist associations for the constituencies. Consequently, if men would only look at it on the right lines, instead of remaining outside the associations and making complaints at the last moment, or turning round to fight the associations and to stand against the association's candidates when an election was upon them, their proper and legitimate duty as Loyalists and Unionists and followers of Sir Edward Carson was to take the earliest opportunity to become members of the association and to see that the right delegates were entrusted with the selection of candidates. He had no sympathy whatever with those who remained outside such wide associations as these were, and then complained afterwards.

City Councillor's Death. -- The death of Mr. Henry Johnson took place at his residence, 30, Cranmore Gardens. Mr. Johnson, who was seventy years of age, took an active part in the commercial and public life of the city, and for a number of years represented the Duncairn Ward as Councillor on the City Corporation, and was chairman of the cemeteries and Parks Committee. He established an umbrella manufacturing business in Belfast, Londonderry, and Dublin, which is very successful. He was a prominent Methodist, and as a lay preacher he had visited most parts of Ireland. A close student of the Bible from boyhood, the deceased had a clear comprehension of its teachings, and being of a literary turn, he wrote a number of books in which quite a variety of matters considered in relation to its principles came in for discussion. In 1872 Mr. Johnson married Margaret Rice, a local lady, and by her he had five children. Two of these, a son and a daughter, predeceased him, but he is survived by his wife and three daughters. One of the daughters that remain is married to Mr. George W. Clarke, ex-president of the Belfast Rotary Club, and a prominent helper at the Belfast Sailors' and Soldiers' Club; another is wedded to Mr. James M'Ilroy; and the third is the wife of Rev. C. H. M. Clayton, Methodist minister at Wexford.

M. Vedrines Killed. -- A Reuter Paris telegram states that M. Vedrines, the well-known French aviator, who started on a flight from Villaconday (Paris) to Rome, fell near St. Rambert d'Albon, in the Department of Drome. Vedrines and his mechanic were killed.

Church Students' Scholarships. -- After an interval of two years the committee of the Protestant Reformation Society have decided to offer again for competition in September scholarships and prizes of £50, £30, £20, £10, and some smaller sums to candidates for Holy Orders in the Church of England.

Sales of Army Horses Suspended. -- The Director of Remounts ordered the suspension for the time being of all sales of army horses and mules after 26th inst. By that date, it is estimated approximately, that 90,000 animals will have been disposed of in Great Britain at the average price of £37 each, representing a total of over £3,000,000.

Less Scottish Drunkenness. -- In his annual report on the Constabulary of Scotland, Lieutenant-Colonel Ferguson states that there has been a further decrease of 8,480 persons apprehended for drunkenness during the year ending December 31, 1918. Since the beginning of the war 118 members of the police forces joined the Navy and 1,978 the Army.

Legs and Longevity. -- Other conditions being equal, a man who had lost one leg was likely to live longer than if he had not lost it, and if both legs were amputated he would probably live longer still, declared Colonel Openshaw at a ceremony in London. The physiological reason was that the heart had to carry the blood to the extremities, and would continue to work longer if the legs were taken away.

Parties and the Drink Question. -- The electoral secretary, at the annual session of the Good Templars at Bournemouth, described the declarations of the Coalition Government on the liquor traffic as blissfully vague, adding that the outlook for sound temperance legislation would have been much more hopeful if the Liberal party had been returned to power. Regret was expressed that Labour conferences did not give more attention to tha drink question.

Larne Gentleman's Death. -- The death took place at the Smiley Cottage Hospital, Larne, of Mr. Charles O'Boyle, J.P., managing director of the well-known firm of Henry M'Neill, Ltd., hotel and tourist car proprietors. Deceased was the oldest serving member of the Larne Urban Council, being chairman of its Financial Committee, and having also been vice-chairman of the Council. He was a nephew of the late Mr. Henry M'Neill, the founder of the firm.

Proposed Transatlantic Flight. -- Major Wood and Captain Wyllie, who intended to begin the Atlantic crossing by aeroplane from this side, and who left Eastchurch for Ireland, were compelled, owing to engine trouble, to come down in the sea near Holyhead. The two airmen were rescued by a small boat, and the machine was towed into Holyhead. Several aviators are awaiting favourable weather conditions to start on a flight across the Atlantic from Newfoundland.

Drink Restrictions. -- At a reception given to the officers and delegates attending the forty-ninth annual session of the I.O.G.T. Grand Lodge of Ireland at Larne, resolutions were unanimously passed protesting against increasing the facilities for the sale of strong drink, calling on the Government to make permanent the restrictions which have been so effectual in promoting the temperance and well-being of the country, and also calling on the authorities to stop the sale of methylated spirit, which was being used to a large extent for drinking.

Death of Belfast Manufacturer. -- The death has taken place of Mr. James Gray, until recently head of the firm of Messrs. James Gray & Co., agricultural implement manufacturers, 41, May Street. The business was established by Mr. Gray's father, a native of Ayrshire, who introduced into Ulster in 1840 an iron plough, then used with much success in Scotland. Mr. Gray assumed control in 1864, and the business extended rapidly, and the firm was awarded many prizes at Irish shows. Mr. Gray was 77 years of age. He leaves a widow, two daughters, and two sons (Mr. R. M. Gray, auctioneer, and Mr. Walter E. Gray, rent agent. Belfast).

Increased Coal Price. -- Mr. Wallace Thorneycroft, speaking at a luncheon in London of the colliery employers of Great Britain, declared that the result of the advance in wages recommended in the Sankey report would mean an increase in the price of coal of something like 2s per ton. All the schemes of nationalisation he had seen conflicted in nearly every part of their proposals, but they agreed in ignoring the export trade. Reduce our export trade, and the price of coal itself, imported food, and raw materials must rise. There might be much to be said for associating the working miner more closely with the profits of the industry; but he did not see how the export of coal could be conducted by any Government without grave risk of international complications.



By one of the above-mentioned well-known Steamship Co.'s steamers there arrived last week one of the largest shipments of Book Safes which has ever reached the Port of Belfast. They were shipped by the celebrated, firm of Phillips & Son, Birmingham, whose Safes have been so popular for many years amongst local manufacturers and merchants. The 13 Safes just received range from 22 inches to 36 inches in height. They are Fall, Fire, and Thief-resisting, and Messrs. Phillips & Son's Sole Agent -- Mr. T. Edens Osborne, of 11, Wellington Places Belfast -- will be glad to explain their special construction to prospective customers. -- Contributed.


Corporation Official's Death.

Mr. Samuel Mahood, who died in a private nursing home, was an old and highly-respected official of the Belfast Corporation. He was appointed a street inspector under the municipality in 1879, and subsequently he took charge of the public lighting and exercised supervision over the street and house-cleansing departments. He was a very capable and conscientious official, and enjoyed the complete confidence of the committees under whom he served and of the members of the Corporation as a whole. He leaves a widow and five sons, one of the latter being Mr. James Mahood, Master of the Belfast Union Workhouse. A large and representative attendance was present at the funeral, which took place from his late residence, 97, Balmoral Avenue, to the City Cemetery. The service at the graveside was conduced by Rev. Dr. Walker, St. Matthew's. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co., Ltd.


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