The Witness - Friday, 3 June 1919


BOYD -- May, 28, at her residence, Ballywilliam, Comber, Matilda, relict of the late Wm. Boyd, J.P.

CORSCADDEN -- May 27, at Hollymount, Manorhamilton, Co. Leitrim, Thomas Corscadden, J.P., aged 82.

GARDNER -- May 29, at Ballynahone, James Gardner, aged 59 years.

HAMILTON -- May 25, at Dublin, Annie Maria Hamilton, late of Kansas Avenue, Belfast, eldest daughter of the late Dr. Andrew Hamilton, of Londonderry.

HICKS -- May 29, at Auteevin, Andersonstown (the result of an accident), John Alexander, younger son of Charles and Mabel Hicks, aged one year and nine months.

JOHNSTON -- At the residence of her son-in-law (W. T. Watson, Arranmore, Monkstown, Co. Dublin), in her 91st year, Nessy, widow of the late Captain Wm. Johnston, of Belfast.

MONAGHAN -- May 29, at Castle Street, Bangor, Robert Monaghan.

MORRISON -- May 28, 1919, at his fathers residence, Lisbane, Wm. Thomas, second and dearly-loved son of George and Eliza Jane Morrison.

M'COLLUM -- May 30, at Killbergan House, Lurgan, Rose, third daughter of the late Andrew M'Collum.

SMITH -- May 30, at her brother's residence, Moyarget, Ballycastle, Elizabeth, widow of the late Wm. Smith, Ballymena.



Clergy as M.P.'s. -- A Bill presented by Lt.-Col. A. Burgoyne proposes to make ministers of religion qualified for election to the House of Commons and municipal bodies.

Devolution Debate. -- Mr. Bonar Law announces that to-day in the Commons there will be a discussion on Devolution, with its continuation to-morrow if generally desired.

English Oil Spring Discovered. -- A spring which gave a light fluid smelling strongly of paraffin and benzine has been discovered near Chesterfield, and is reported to be of high quality.

Air Fatalities. -- Gen. Seely in Parliament said that since the armistice commenced on Nov. 11 fatal accidents to officers of the home and overseas Air Force numbered 374 and 848 of other ranks.

Big Shipping Deal. -- Lord Glanely, it is reported, has disposed of the steamers in the Tatem Navigation Co., and has purchased a new fleet, chiefly of standard ships under construction, at a cost of nearly £2,000,000.

British Censorship of U.S.A. Mails. -- Captain Guest told Commander Kenworthy in Parliament that the Government desired to abolish American mails censorship as soon as possible, but a date could not be fixed.

Wireless for Steamers. -- A Bill to provide that every sea-going British steamer of 1,600 tons gross, requisitioned in the United Kingdom, shall have a wireless telegraphic installation with operators and watchers, was read a second time in the House of Lords.

New Crown Solicitor. -- Dr. R. H. Todd having retired under the age rule, Mr. John H. Young (Messrs. Martin, King, French, & Ingram, Dungiven and Limavady) has been appointed Crown Solicitor and Sessional Crown Solicitor for the County and City of Derry.

Prince and War Experiences. -- The Prince of Wales received the freedom of London, and in reply referred to his periods of service abroad. "When I think of the future and heavy responsibilities which may fall to my lot I feel the experiences gained will stand me in good stead."

Belated Honour for Antrim Officer. -- The D.S.O. has been awarded to Com. (now Capt.) J. Casement, R.N., eldest son of Mr. Roger Casement, D.L., Co. Antrim, for distinguished services in 1914 on the occasion of the sinking of a German auxiliary cruiser.

Record Price for Kerry Catt|e. -- A total of £1,328 was realised for 28 head of Kerry cattle at Hatfield, an average of £47 8s per head -- a record for the breed. The highest price was 115 guineas given for the cow Coquet Dabchik. Sellers included Lady Londonderry and Captain Ames.

Went Overboard to Escape Fire. -- During a fire on the French ss. Admiral Ponty, when passing through the Suez Canal on its way to Indo-China, a number of the passengers jumped overboard and were drowned. Over 108 perished. The deck cargo was destroyed, but the fire did not spread to the valuable cargo in the hold.

Debt to the States. -- The Chancellor of the Exchequer stated in the House of Commons that the present indebtedness of the Government to the United States was £810,000,000. The amount of indebtedness of the United States to the British Government could not be estimated with any great accuracy, but it was roughly estimated at £42,000,000.

Pedlar Jews in Ireland. -- Mr. Barrie stated in the House of Commons that there are a considerable number of Jews in Ireland, some of whom speak Yiddish and trade as pedlars throughout the country; but the police had no knowledge of the spread of hostile propaganda by these persons, and had hitherto no reason to suppose that this propaganda work was going on, as alleged by Sir Keith Frazer. Inquiry, however, was being made.

Belfast Art Master. -- Mr. R. A. Dawson, head master of the School of Art in connection with the Municipal Technical Institute, has been appointed to the important position of head master of the Municipal School of Art in Manchester. His resignation in consequence of having received this appointment has been accepted with regret by the Belfast Library and Technical Committee, and a successor is to be advertised for at a commencing salary of £600 per annum.

Meetings of Council of Agriculture. -- Members attending meetings of the Council of Agriculture are paid second-class railway fare and subsistence allowance. The average attendance for the last four years was 68. There are no officials employed in connection with the council. The Department assign one of the permanent officials to act as secretary, but no remuneration attaches to the post. These particulars were supplied by Mr. Barrie in reply to Captain Browns in the House of Commons.

Belfast Elections. -- Belfast Poor-Law election results in three divisions were -- Falls -- Miss Magee (N.), 2,215; Mr. J. Kennedy (N.), 2,213; Mr. A. Savage (S.F.), 1,683; Mrs. M'Cullagh (S.F.), 1,585; Smithfield -- Mr. J. Diffin (N.) 1,202; Mr. J. M'Dowell (N.), 1,147; Mrs. Byrne (S.F.), 399; Mr. A. Lynn (S.F.). 309; Duncairn -- Mr. A. M'I. M'Curdy (Independent Unionist), 1,730; Mr. J. Wilson (Official Unionist), 1,104; Mr. J. Gibb (Official Unionist), 1,017. The first two in each case were elected. Mr. Joseph Bradbury has been elected councillor for Duncairn Ward, in succession to the late Mr. H. Johnston.

Sinn Fein M.P. Sentenced. -- Pierce Beasley, the Sinn Fein M.P. for East Kerry, who was tried by court-martial in Dublin on charges of making a seditious speech, and with having in his possession notes on the cutting of railways and telegraphs, and also notes on musketry training, has been sentenced to two years' imprisonment without hard labour. He is one of the prisoners who recently escaped from Mountjoy Prison. Daniel Patrick Walsh, of Fethard County Tipperary, tried by court-martial for making seditious speeches, in which he threatened reprisals on the Lord Lieutenant in case the health of certain prisoners suffered in jail, was sentenced to two years' hard labour.

Sinn Fein Policy. -- Mr. De Valera, in Dublin, acknowledging a presentation by the central branch of Sinn Fein, referred to the refusal of the Peace Conference at Paris to consider the Irish case at the request of the American delegation. He was convinced by that refusal that the Irish people had no choice but to keep up their policy. There was no alternative left them. The one country that had fought for the principles of freedom professed by the Entente was Ireland. Most of the men who went out to fight under England's banner in France went out to fight for freedom, and if the principles for which they were led to give up their lives were adhered to they would be free.

New Teachers' Association. -- At a meeting of Coleraine Teachers' Association -- Mr. J. J. Stanage presiding -- the secretary gave an account of the recent deputation from Londonderry, Coleraine, Lisburn, and Newtownards Associations to the Executive Committee of Irish Protestant Teachers' Union to consider the formation of a National Teachers' Association entirely distinct and separate from the Irish National Teachers' Organisation. All present were unanimous that such an association should be formed, and a small committee was appointed to revise the rules of the I.P.N.T.U., so as to make them applicable to the new association. The matter is to be decided at the annual meeting of the I.P.N.T.U. at Belfast on 21st inst.

Nationalisation. -- Belfast Chamber of Commence passed resolutions against the Government's admission of the principle of nationalisation of commercial undertakings except when it can be clearly shown that enhanced efficiency and economy would result; and urging the necessity of restoring the currency systems on some stable basis. Mr. H. L. Garrett, president, referred to the Ways and Communications Bill as simply nationalisation of transport, and said State Socialism was all very well in war time, but was not, he thought, adapted to peace conditions. The truth was that nationalisation was only called for by a, knot of small, but powerful, Labour leaders, who in other countries would be called Bolshevists.

Ulster Unionists and Dissension. -- At a meeting held in Portrush, under the presidency of Br. Capt. F. H. Watt, J.P. (County Grand Master), the members of County Derry Grand Orange Lodge unanimously adopted the following resolution:-- We have noted with very great regret the signs of dissension among Unionists which have shown themselves at recent elections in Ulster. We strongly condemn the actions of those who, claim to be followers of Sir Edward Carson, have disregarded, the directions, appeals, and warnings of our honoured leader, and have thus prejudiced and imperilled the cause of the Union, which they profess to have at heart. While expressing our own unswerving confidence in Sir Edward Carson, we call upon our brethren to stand shoulder to shoulder, and present a united front to the attacks of our opponents, who were never more determined or dangerous than they are to-day.

Army and Strikers. -- Mr. Adamson, chairman of the Parliamentary Labour Party, put Mr. Churchill, Secretary for War, on his defence in the House of Commons concerning the circulars issued by the War Office some months ago to military commanders. These circulars directed commanders to sound the feeling* of their troops in regard to conflicts with civilians, "strike-breaking," parading for draft overseas (especially to Russia), demobilisation troubles, and trade union feeling in the Army. Mr. Adamson said these very foolish circulars had caused intense feeling amongst the working classes. Their issue was simply playing with fire in the existing state of feeling. Mr. Churchill defended the issue of the circulars at the end of January last so the ground that the domestic situation was extraordinarily difficult through mutinies to the Army and strikes and threats of strikes in the great industries. No politician had anything to do with the actual wording of the circulars, in which there were no doubt expressions likely to cause misunderstanding and resentment.

New Catholic Bishop. -- The Pope has appointed Canon Thomas O'Doherty, Dean of St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, as Bishop of Clonfert.

Chief Secretaryship. -- The Press Association learns officially that there is no truth in the suggestion that Mr. Walter Long, First Lord of the Admiralty, is going to Ireland as Chief Secretary, in place of Mr. Macpherson.

3,140 Acres for £81,000. -- At Luton, Sundon, an agricultural and sporting estate of 3,140 acres, including 8 farms and South Beds. golf course, was sold by auction in one lot in less than ten minutes for £81,000. The purchaser was Alderman A. Wilkinson, a local straw hat manufacturer.

Narrow Escape of Lord Londonderry. -- Major-General Vyvyan, piloting a Bristol-fighter machine, with Lord Londonderry as a passenger, was forced to make a landing, on a Sunday afternoon at Carlton delby, Yorkshire. The machine was wrecked, but both pilot and passenger escaped with only a severe shaking.

Prussian Minsister to Vatican. -- "Germania" learns that the Prussian Minister to the Vatican, Herr Von Muhlberg, has retired, and that Dr. von Bergen, a former councillor of the Legation at the Vatican will be his successor. The new Minister is a Protestant, and Catholic experts will be appointed for Catholic matters.

Transatlantic Flight. -- The first complete trip by air from America to England has been accomplished by the American seaplane N.C.4, which arrived at Plymouth at 3-20 pm. on Saturday, thereby completing the Atlantic passage which was begun from Newfoundland on Friday week and carried out via the Azores and Lisbon.

The "Envoys." -- The Irish-American delegates in Paris have asked President Wilson to secure for them a hearing before a special committee of the four Great Powers, as a safe conduct for the delegates from Ireland has been refused. Messrs. Walsh and Dunne emphasise that they are in this matter representing American citizens and hold no commission for the people of Ireland.

A £2,660,000 Textile Combine. -- The "Sunday Times" learns that negotiations are about to be completed which involve the combination of a number of leading textile firms in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The capital involved is not less, than two millions sterling. At the moment it is not possible to give further details, but an authoritative announcement on the subject will be made during the course of the next few days.

Munitions Disaster. -- In the explosion at the munitions factory at Haeren, near Brussels, it is now ascertained that six persons were killed and six have disappeared, while 70 were seriously injured and 150 slightly injured. The material damage done is immense. The fire which caused the disaster broke out in an annexe of the factory, and the several subsequent explosion shattered several houses and factories in the neighbourhood.

Pensions Directors for Ireland. -- The Ministry of Pensions has appointed the following regional directors under the new scheme of decentralisation:-- Scotland -- Colonel H. L. Warden, D.S.O.; Ireland (Ulster) -- Mr. W. E. Hincks, Superintending Inspector for East Midland area, Ministry of Pensions; Ireland (Route and West) -- Mr. C. A. Pim, Superintending Inspector for Central Ireland area. Ministry of Pensions; Wales -- Major R. C. Roberts, O.B.E.

Memorial to the Laurentic Victims. -- There has been erected in Fahan Churchyard a magnificent Celtic cross in memory of the officers and men of H.M.S. Laurentic who perished when the ship was mined off the Donegal coast on the 25th January, 1917. The cross is of the best Kilkenny limestone, richly carved in the front and back and both sides with very elaborate Celtic work. The diestone is of all-polished red granite, on a base of the same material with a sub-base of Newry granite.

Stationmaster's Retirement. -- People who are accustomed to travel on the Bangor branch of the Belfast and County Down Railway will regret to hear of the pending retirement of Mr. William Craig, the stationmaster at Cultra. Mr. Craig entered the railway service in 1869, and two years later he was appointed stationmaster at Clandeboye (Helen's Bay). From there he was promoted to Cultra, where he has had charge for over, forty veers. At the time of his appointment the Belfast and Bangor service was conducted on a single line, and there were only five trains daily each way.

Bangor Soldiers' Club. -- On the occasion of the closing of the Bangor Soldiers' Club, due to the departure of the troops from the district, the workers were entertained to tea by Mr. S. Donald Cheyne J.P. who, in his address, pointed out that the Bangor club was the first in the United Kingdom, having been started a week after war broke out. Some 700 teas had been provided on one day, and 20,000 was the average for the year. He paid a high tribute to the honorary secretary. Miss M'Meekin, and her assistant, Miss M'Mechan, who were presented with a tribute for their fine work for the institution.

Economic Policy. -- Sir E. Carson, at a conference of the National Union of Manufacturers, held to discuss questions of future economic policy, including dumping, the protection of key industries, and unemployment pay, moved a resolution that a deputation from the conferem* should lay their case before the Prime Minister. He said the Government's fault was that they had no policy to meet the new situation. By increasing was in this or that industry they were merely tiding over the difficulties of the moment without any fixed ideas as to the future. They were all anxious to know what had become of the Paris economic resolutions.

Railway Appointment. -- Mr. John Govan has been appointed district traffic agent is Belfast for the Lancashire and Yorkshire, London and North-Western, and Midland Railway Companies, in succession to his brother, Mr. William Govan. who is now with the firm of Messrs. John Kelly, Ltd. The many friends of Mr. John Govan will heartily congratulate him upon this important appointment. Since boyhood he has been employed by the offices of the Belfast and Fleetwood Steamers, Donegall Quay, and for some time he has occupied the position of chief clerk. A capable and conscientious official, with a thorough knowledge of railway and shipping work, he is admirably equipped for the discharge of the duties which will now devolve on him.



The funeral of Mr. James Reside, Carnlough, took place on the 24th ult, to the New Cemetery, Glenarm, amid signs of sorrow and regret. At the house a service was conducted by Revs. E. Hazelton, H. M. Watson, and W. Clarke. Rev. H. M. Watson, in the course of an appropriate and beautiful address, paid a fine tribute to the life and character of the deceased. He said -- "The passing away of Mr. James Reside is an event of more than ordinary significance in the life of the people of Carnlough and the history of the Methodist Church in this district. It marks another milestone, for Mr. Reside is the last outstanding representative of the Methodism of his generation in connection with Larne Circuit. It was chiefly through the efforts of his father that Carnlough Methodist Church was built; and its work to a great extent has been maintained during more than half a century by the generous help of Mr. Reside and his family. He proved himself during many years a meet faithful steward and most efficient local preacher. His early life was lived in that romantic period of the Church's history in his native place which was marked by great revivals, resulting in those widespread spiritual awakenings of the early part of the past century. He was a man of strong convictions, and his experience of the things of God was deep and real. In early life he gave his heart to God. The fact of conversion was for him a revolution in the soul wrought by the Spirit of God, resulting in a great change of life rather than an evolution which worked by the gradual processes of religious culture. Hence, the "evangelistic note" was predominant in his preaching and teaching. Endowed with considerable intellectual gifts, he was a diligent student of nature as well as a lover of his Bible. His love for literature and his wide culture made him a helpful friend to the ministers who from time to time enjoyed the hospitality of his home. It was not, however, his intellectual attainments as much as his transparent sincerity, his deep humility, and his simple faith that made him a spiritual force in the community and beloved and respected by all who knew him. Beautiful floral tributes were contributed by the widow and members of his family, also by Miss Johnston, Carnlough. Rev. W. Clarke and Rev. C. M. Cowden (Presbyterian minister, Glenarm) conducted the service at the grave side. The chief mourners were -- Capt. S. Wilson Reside and Mr. D. A. Reside (sons); Master James Webster Reside (grandson); Rev. T. C. Jasper (son-in-law); and Mr. Daniel Currell (nephew).


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The Witness - Friday, 6 June 1919


RITCHIE -- June 3, at Chestnut Villa, Dunmurry, to Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Ritchie -- a son.


PYPER--BARKLEY -- June 4, 1919, at Duncairn Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. Edwin Pyper, B.A., Annalong, brother of the bridegroom, assisted by the Rev. Professor Leitch, D.D., D.Lit., uncle of the bride, James North, fourth son of the late Thomas Pyper, Clifton, Strandtown, to Dora Evelyn Lynd, youngest daughter of the late Hugh Graham Barkley, Maghera. At Home, 29, Hughenden Avenue, Antrim Road, 26th and 27th June.


SMYTH -- May 28, at her residence, Gillygooley, Omagh, Margaret, the dearly-loved wife of George A. Smyth, and youngest daughter of the late James MacLaughlin, St. Johnston. Interred in Mountjoy Burying-ground on 30th inst.

ACHESON -- June 2 (suddenly), at her residence, Willowpark, Jordanstown, Agnes Acheson.

ALLEN -- June 3, at her mother's residence, Tullynakill, Ellen M'Bride Allen (Bridie).

ANDERSON -- June 2, 1919, at Harmony Vale, Whiteabbey, William Anderson, in his 87th year.

GILMORE -- June 1, at her residence, Tullycore, Killinchy, Sarah, relict of the late Samuel Gilmore.

GORDON -- June 1, at Ballycraigy, Agnes, third daughter of the late Samuel and Agnes Gordon.

HENDERSON -- June 3, at Derryhaw, Tynan, Co. Armagh, Maggie, younger surviving daughter of the late John Henderson, C.E.

HUNTER -- At Castle Place, Ardglass, Mary Eleanor, daughter of the late Thomas Hunter, and sister of the late Nathaniel Hunter.

M'CLEAN -- June 3, at his residence, North End, Ballyclare, Stafford, the dearly-beloved husband of Christina M'Clean.

M'CURDY -- June 3, at Ballyliney House, Bushmills, Alexander M'Curdy.

PRESTON -- June 3, at the Old Parsonage, Lisburn, Eva, widow of the late John Preston, Northern Bank, Lisburn.

STUART -- May 26, 1919, at her residence, Willmount, Northland Road, Londonderry, Mina Hill, widow of David B. Stuart, and daughter of the Sir Robert Boag, Belfast.



World's Smallest Aeroplane. -- A French airman has flown for an hour and a half at a height of 5,000 feet in what is believed to be the smallest aeroplane in the world. Its total span from wing to wing is 13 ft., and the engine is a 20 h.p. one.

Telegrams and 'Phones. -- The Postmaster-General states that it is estimated that the Telegraph Service will show a deficit of £1,134,000 for the year 1918-19, and that the Telephone Service must show a considerably larger deficit, in the current year.

General Service Medal. -- The "Daily Express" understands that the new General Service Medal is to be officially issued next week. Every soldier or sailor who has taken part in the war in any capacity -- home and foreign service alike -- will be entitled to wear it.

Coal Output. -- A statement issued by the Coal Controller shows that the output of the mines this year has seriously decreased as compared with that in 1913. The loss on the year's working is estimated at £37,000,000, and on the year commencing in July next £46,600,000.

Bishop Praises Methodists. -- In his primary visitation charge at Exeter, the Bishop of Exeter said that in the last generation the Church cared too much for the things of the world. If Methodists had not filled the gap he feared many a soul would have wandered away into scepticism.

Control to Continue. -- Speaking in London, Mr. Roberts, Food Controller, said it might be necessary to continue control a little longer than they had anticipated, and to carry control through the coming winter, for if prices soared, supplies were short, and distribution unequal, then in the agitated state of mind that afflicted the country anything might occur. The less private enterprise was fettered the better.

Railwayman's Wages. -- At a Court of Arbitration, held at Belfast, the members of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers employed chiefly at Dublin, Limerick, and Cork, sought a flat minimum rate of wages. The award of the Court was that the men concerned should receive the following advances on their rates of pay:-- Dublin, 1s 9d; Cork, 1s; Limerick, 1s 9d.

Lord Kitchener Memorial. -- The "Daily Express" understands that the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's Cathedral have approved the design for a special memorial chapel to Lord Kitchener. It will be erected in the north-west corner of the Cathedral. Lord Windsor and Mr. Macartney, architect to St. Paul's Cathedral, are principally responsible for the design.

1,700 Guineas for a Bull. -- Messrs. John Thornton & Co., of London, at Dryleaze, near Cirencester, sold Mr. J. A. Attwater's herd of pure-bred dairy shorthorns. Exceedingly high prices were paid and 76 lots realised the total of £21,348, the average of about £281 being one of the highest on record. Nine bulls made the extraordinary average of nearly £503, one of them, Kermacott Solus, the father of the herd, being sold at 1,700 guineas.

Bee-Keeping in County Antrim. -- Addressing a meeting of the Cullybackey Bee-keepers' Association, Mr. Saunderson, County Inspector, pointed out that owing to unfavourable weather for storing honey and swarming experienced during the last four years, many colonies perished in the recent winter and early spring. High hopes were ascertained, however, that next spring would find every apiary with good, vigorous stocks and properly manipulated hives.

The Scots' Temperament. -- The President of the Wesleyan Conference, the Rev. S. Chadwick, of Sheffield, surprised a large gathering of Welsh ministers at the Welsh Wesleyan Assembly at Llanfyllen by declaring that when the Scots are thoroughly roused the Welsh cannot compare with them in religious emotion. Speaking of the need for a religious revival Mr. Chadwick said unless we had a deep widespread revival we were in for a recrudescence of Paganism.

Canadian Wheat Crop. -- A new wheat named "Ruby" is reported to have been cultivated at the Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa. It is the selection from the result of a cross between Downing Riga and Red Fife. Ruby wheat ripens, as a rule, a week or so earlier than Marquis. The kernels are somewhat similar to those of Red Fife, being hard and of the popular reddish brown colour. The straw in most localities is shorter than Marquis and of good strength.

Irish Reconstruction. -- The Irish Reconstruction Joint Council of Executive Professions, which represents architects, civil, mechanical, and electrical engineers and county surveyors, at a meeting presided over by Mr. P. A. M'Carthy, president, I.C.E., Ireland, has invited the borough survey ore of Dublin, Belfast, Cork, and Galway to serve on the council. Committees were appointed to deal with matters affecting the progress of industrial development and the interest of the various professions.

New Co. Down D.L. -- The following notice appears in the "Dublin Gazette" -- "The Most Noble ----------------------------------- approval of his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant for Ireland, appointed Charles Curtis Craig, late captain in his Majesty's Army, of Corbally, in the County of Down, and 29, Brompton Square, London, to be a Deputy Lieutenant for the said County of Down, the Commission bearing date the 19th day of April, 1919."

Scene in Church. -- For having behaved in an unbecoming manner during evening service at Ennisherry Parish Church, County Wicklow, Richard Hall, who had been sexton of the church for 12 years until 1914, when he joined the Army, was at Ennisherry petty sessions fined 5s. A police sergeant gave evidence of having been called to the church and finding Hall behaving noisily, singing hymns out of time, and of having removed him. Defendant undertook not to repeat the offence, and said he had changed his religion.

An Air Wedding. -- The first wedding in an aeroplane, which was performed at Houston, Texas, took place at 2,000 feet above the heads of 10,000 spectators. Lieutenant Meade, of Ohio, and Miss Marjorie Dumont, of Indiana, were united by Capt. Rees while soaring aloft in a giant Handley-Page bomber. A deafening exhaust from two Liberty motors roared forth a new wedding march. Including the bride and bridegroom the aeroplane carried a wedding party of twelve.

To Revive Irish Flax Industry. -- On the second reading of the Government War Obligations Bill, Mr. Baldwin mentioned that one of the new obligations that had arisen was in connection with an experiment in central retting flax in Ireland. The Government thought it most desirable to continue the guarantee for this year, in order that the experiment might be further carried on. It was hoped it would do a great deal to revive the flax industry in Ireland, and the obligation would not exceed £200,000.

Wasps and Bees. -- An unusual incident in beekeeping was discovered at the apiary of Mr. Peter P. Gray, Dirraw, by Mr. W. R. Saunderson, instructor in bee-keeping and horticulture under the Department of Agriculture. On a bar frame in one of the hives it was found that the bees had taken one-half of the frame, in which there were eggs, brood, pollen, and honey, and side by side with it on the same frame was a wasps' nest, in which was found the queen wasp and her brood. Needless to say, the latter were destroyed, as in a short time the wasps would have killed the industrious insects.

Rioting at Smyrna. -- In Parliament, in reply to a question, Mr. Harmsworth said he regretted to say that the landing of the Greek troops at Smyrna was attended by disorder and rioting involving numerous casualties. His latest information was to the effect that the necessary measures were being taken to punish those responsible for the disturbances. Several persons caught pillaging, including two Greek soldiers, had been sentenced to death by court-martial and executed. A senior Greek officer who was at least partly to blame was being severely dealt with.

Belfast Gas Prices. -- At the monthly meeting of the Corporation it was decided, on the recommendation of the Gas Committee, that the price of gas be increased as from the commencement of the quarter next ensuing by 4d per 1,000 cubic feet. This will bring the price to the following rates:-- Lighting, heating, and cooking, 4s 2d per 1,000 feet; Net price, less discount, 3s 4d; motive power, 3s 9d per 1,000 feet; net price, less discount, 3s; high pressure, 4s 4d per 1,000 feet; net price, less discount, 3s 5.6d. No change is made in the price of gas supplied through auto-meters.

New Government Loan. -- The Chancellor of the Exchequer announced in Parliament that it was his intention to make the issue of the new Government loan almost immediately after the Whitsuntide recess, though he did not bind himself. The terms of the loan would, of course, be set forth in the prospectus when it was issued. Thanks to the response to previous appeals we stood in a position unrivalled amongst the belligerents who entered the war at the commencement. The Chancellor, in reply to Mr. Acland, said he saw no reason up to the present for revising his budget.

Tyrone Farmers and Tow. -- The question of having flax and tow scutched simultaneously and the tow disposed of in open market is again agitating the farmers of County Tyrone, and it is stated that considerable dissatisfaction prevails over the present system. At a meeting of Cappagh Farmers' Association (Omagh) a resolution was passed demanding that in future each farmer's flax and tow should be cleaned simultaneously, and that a market for re-scutched tow be re-established, where the farmer could sell his tow in the same manner as he sold his flax, and that any member who sold tow to the mill-owner be expelled from the Union.

Orange Service at Bessbrook. -- Rev. Henry Dinsmore, B.A., of the Presbyterian Church, Bessbrook, was the special preacher at the annual service under the auspices of the Bessbrook District of the Loyal Orange Institution on Sabbath evening last. There was such a large attendance that the service was held in a field near the Bessbrook Orange Hall, kindly lent for the purpose by Rev. Henry Todd, rector of Bessbrook. The praise portion of the service was rendered by the united choirs of Christ Church and the Presbyterian Church. The offertory was in aid of the Lord Enniskillen Memorial Orphan Society.

Work for Soldiers. -- Mr. Macpherson, the Irish Secretary, visited Ballsbridge and saw 200 demobilised soldiers engaged on reconstruction work at the Royal Dublin Society's premises. Addressing the men, he said the Irish Government was sincerely and deeply anxious that any man who had served his country during the war should not be left out. A new scheme was being prepared which would allow any Irishman who cared to settle on the land to do so if he had served his country. Whatever work was available, so far as the Irish Government was concerned, would first and foremost fall to the lot of the men who had served in the war.

Fruit Crop Prospects. -- The Board of Agriculture report that the Board's horticultural experts do not confirm the optimistic forecast of an unusually fine fruit crop this year. The official reports do not endorse the view that there will be very cheap fruit. Jam-makers are already offering 6d a lb. for strawberries. This means that the public will be expected to pay at least 9d a lb. Other fruits, too, are likely to be expensive. In the Wisbech district growers have been offered £60 a ton for strawberries and £30 a ton for gooseberries. Poorer quality plums are 2½d a lb. wholesale, or 5d to the consumer while Victoria plums are 50 per cent. more.



Pensions for Parents.

The Minister of Pensions desires to call the attention of parents of deceased sailors, soldiers, and airmen to the conditions under which they may claim pension. Pensions may be granted to parents under three categories --

1. Parents of men under the age of 26 at the outbreak of war, or date of joining for service, if later. Pensions not exceeding 5s weekly may be granted provided that (a) the man was unmarried, (b) he has left no child or other dependant in receipt of or eligible for separation allowance or pension. Pension will be granted from the date of application, provided the man would then have attained the age of 18 years.

2. Parents of men who were contributing to their parents' support before the outbreak of war, or date of joining for service, if later. Pension equal to the amount of pre-war dependence but not less than 3s 6d (or 5s if eligible for that rate under Category I.) and not exceeding 15s a week may be granted. If two or more sons have been killed, and there are two surviving parents, their cases may be considered separately, and pensions granted up to the maximum of 30s weekly for the two parents.

3. Parents who are incapable of self-support through infirmity or age and in pecuniary need. Pensions of not less than 3s 6d and not exceeding 15s a week may be granted, according to the circumstances of the case. Pensions under Categories 1 and 2 may be increased if conditions of Category 3 are fulfilled.

Applications should be addressed to the Secretary of the Local War Pensions Committee, but if separation allowance or pension is being paid, no application is necessary under 1 and 2. Except as stated in 2, the higher pension on one or more sons payable to a parent or parents is 15s weekly.


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The Witness - Friday, 13 June 1919


BAMBRICK -- June 7, at the residence of her son, Belavon, Belmont, Belfast, Margaret, relict of the late John Bambrick, Banbridge.

FORSYTHE -- June 8, at Lorgancemanus, Aghalee, Jane (Jeannie), daughter of the late James Forsythe.

GRAY -- June 7, at Newcastle, Noel, elder daughter of the late Dr. Gray.

HEGGEN -- June 9, at Ballystrudder, Islandmagee, Thomas, the beloved husband of M. E. Heggen.

HOUSTON -- June 7, at Carnalea, Bangor, William, beloved husband of Margaret Houston.

LEE -- June 5, at Malone Training School, James, the dearly-beloved husband of Elizabeth Lee.

LIVINGSTON -- May 20, at 5, Dunn Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne, George, husband of the late Annie Livingston, in his 71st year (formerly of Gilford, Co. Down).

M'KENZIE -- May 23, at Ravenswood Hospital, Chicago, Elizabeth, the beloved wife of Hugh Mackenzie, and eldest daughter of Margaret Morrow.

MITCHELL -- June 10, at Ringneal, Ballydrain, Eliza Mitchell, aged 99 years.

M'CRORY -- June 8, at Dromara, Co. Down, Campbell M'Crory.

PRICHARD -- June 6, at Tamnamore, Tandragee, Mary Frances, youngest daughter of the late James Prichard.

ROBINSON -- June 3, 1919 (of pneumonia), Mary, eldest daughter of the late Joseph and Mrs. Robinson, 18, Camberwell Terrace, Antrim Road, Belfast. Deeply regretted.

SCOTT -- June 8, at Ballykeel, Lougherne, Ballynahinch, Robert William Scott.

SINCLAIR -- June 10, at his residence, Finisklin, Sligo, Hugh Reid Sinclair, aged 63 years.

SMITH -- June 5, at the residence of his grandparents, Causeway View, Portrush, Thomas Francis, only son of John and Rose Smith, Edgecombe Avenue, New York.

WHYTE -- June 9, at Rushbrooke, Queenstown, Captain G. T. Whyte, of Loughbrickland, Co. Down.




British Aviators Killed. -- A British aeroplane performing the postal service between Cologne and Folkestone, and carrying Lieut. Bannerman (pilot) and Lieut. Wilson (observer), fell down at Floreffe, near Namur. Both aviators were killed.

Big Colliery Fire. -- Four miners are believed to have lost their lives in a fire which occurred at the Lindsay Colliery, on the Firth of Forth coast. Two succeeded in making their escape. It is estimated that damage to the extent of £40,000 was done.

Four Brothers Decorated. -- At the last Investiture four brothers were decorated by the King. They were Lieut. H. Lake, R.N., D.S.O., and D.S.C., Major R. Lake, Northants Regt., and Capt. B. Lake, K.O.S.B., and D.S.O., and Lieut. A. Lake, Coldstream Guards, M.C.

Irish M.P. Sentenced. -- Mr. Ginnell, M.P., was at Mullingar sentenced to four months' imprisonment for causing disaffection by a speech which he delivered at Delvin. He was conveyed to the police court in a military motor lorry, under a strong armed police escort.

Prince to Visit States. -- The "New York Herald" discloses the fact that the Prince of Wales is expected to visit the United States this summer. It is expected that he will come from Canada, and visit Washington and various other cities, including New York and, perhaps, Newport.

Professor Baxter and France. -- Prof. Baxter, T.C.D., and Queen's University, Belfast, replying to a welcome given by the university of Toulouse to the British mission, said the object of the mission was to further the understanding between the universities of France and Great Britain.

Belfast Lady's Workless Dole. -- Apropos of an unemployment donation fraud case at Belfast, Judge Craig said he had seen where some people in England had gone in a motor car to draw the donation, and Mr. Moorhead, Crown Solicitor, mentioned that he knew a Belfast lady who had acted similarly.

Massacre of Jews. -- The "Izvestia" (Moscow) states that there is information concerning anti-Jewish pogroms in 50 different places. In Proshkuroff 3,000 were killed, in Filshtin 2,000, in Zhitonir 4.000, in Teplik 350, and in Abruteh 80. In some towns and districts the pogroms were repeated more than once.

Irish M.P. in States. -- Mr. Harry Boland, S.F. M.P., has arrived in New York. He declares that he came without passports, working as a fireman on a freight steamer, and, says he has brought with him the text of Ireland's claims for recognition to be sent to the Peace Conference. He expects to confer with prominent Irish-Americans.

Lloyd George to Visit America? -- The political correspondent of the "Sunday Times" says -- "Mr. Lloyd George is himself very anxious to visit America. I believe he wants to get in direct touch with American opinion on the Irish question, and that he would not be averse to an opportunity to present the difficulties he has found in its solution."

Hawker's Mail Bag. -- A letter from the Prime Minister of Newfoundland to Mr. Lloyd George, which was recovered from the wreck of Hawker's machine in Mid-Atlantic, was forwarded to the latter by Commander Milner, of the United States Navy Reserve, now master of the ss. Lake Charlottesville, who succeeded in salving the mail bag of the Sopwith aeroplane.

Marchioness as Profiteer. -- For selling sausages in her two shops at Cardiff at 1d per lb. over control price, the Marchioness of Queensberry was fined £40. The evidence showed that since January a total excess profit of over £22 had been made. There was a previous conviction for excessive price of salmon. Her manageress was fined £5 and the manager £1 for aiding and abetting.

Refused £200 a Day. -- The greatest American hero of the war, Sergt. York, who lives in the Tennessee mountains, on a little farm miles from the railroad, and who is reported to have killed 25 Germans, captured 182 others, and put 35 machine guns out of action, has refused £200 a day for 30 days to take part in vaudeville. He belongs to a sect which scorns all things theatrical.

Soldiers Disobey Orders. -- When soldiers from the East arrived at Plymouth on the ss. Katoomba, in which there were some cases, or suspected cases, of smallpox, troops from Egypt were ordered to a segregation camp. They refused to go, and the authorities gave way and allowed them to proceed to dispersal centres. The troops complained of the food during the trip.

Austrian Spy as Irishman. -- Passing himself off as an Irishman, an Austrian named Franck succeeded in remaining in Paris during the war and supplied information to the enemy where the Gothas dropped their bombs and the shells from big Berta fell, thus enabling them to rectify the the fire of their long-range guns. He has been condemned to death by court-martial.

Clerks' Demands. -- The immediate repeal of the Conscription and Defence of the Realm Acts and the release of conscientious objectors were demanded by a resolution passed at the closing session of the National Union of Clerks' conference at Birmingham. The expenditure on management and trade funds was considered unduly heavy, and the incoming executive was instructed to submit a scheme of decentralisation.

Indian Self-Government. -- Mrs. Annie Besant, who has arrived in England as the head of a delegation for Home Rule for India, says there is no question of secession from the Empire, but of self-government on the lines of Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. She admits that India is not at present ripe for Home Rule, but suggests that the next ten or fifteen years will see that development.

Coloured Seamen's Homes Wrecked. -- In riots between coloured and whit© people at Newport, Mon., eight houses occupied near the docks by blacks were wrecked, and furniture from two houses set afire in the streets. Baton charges by the police were necessary to disperse the crowd from the coloured seamen's quarters. Sergeant Bannerman had to be taken to hospital with an injured head.

Australian Wheat Yield. -- An Adelaide cable says -- The Government statistician estimates the wheat yield for the past season at 23,000,000 bushels, the average yield being 10½ bushels to the acre, against 28,000,000 bushels with an average of 12 bushels to the acre in the previous year. The barley output is estimated at 2,500,000 bushels, which is an advance of 30 per cent. on the previous record crop. The yield of oats has only been exceeded three times previously.

Father Vaughan on Unrest. -- Preaching on Sabbath, Father Bernard Vaughan said the spirit of unrest pervaded not only the industrial, but also the social, political, and religious world. Profiteers made so much money, and the Government wasted so much more, that there was not enough to go round. Everywhere there was such a demand for more wages and less work that it would appear workers who toiled at all would soon claim pay for overtime, and who could tell how all would end?

Sudden Death of Rector. -- Rev. Cosslet Herbert Waddell, B.D., rector of Greyabbey, Co. Down, died suddenly. He had conducted a service in Mountstewart chapel, attached to Lord Londonderry's residence, and subsequently one in his own church. When he went home for dinner he was seized with illness and expired. Rev. Mr. Waddell was a graduate of T.C.D., and a member of the R.I. Academy. He was ordained in 1881, and in 1912, succeeded Rev. Oliver Goldsmith as rector of Greyabbey and chaplain to Lord Londonderry.

Americans at Queen's University. -- Colonel F. F. Longley, of the American Army, and head of the Army Educational Corps of the United States Expeditionary Force, accompanied by Dr. E. H. Pahlow, paid a visit to Queen's University, where nine enlisted men of the American Army are undergoing courses. Colonel Longiey, who belongs to the Engineers, is in command of the Educational Corps, which is concerned in the settling of soldiers at universities. and colleges throughout the United Kingdom, where many of them will graduate before returning to the States.

Bees in Church Roof. -- A colony of bees have been in possession of Ivor Church roof for many years. Students of the Gardening College at Huntsmoor Park recently made efforts to remove them, a portion of the lead roof being removed and a great quantity of honey and bomb taken away. The queen bee and most of her subjects, however, retreated further under the roof, necessitating a second portion being removed, when it was found that the colony had again stored a large amount of honeycomb. This was taken, and an immense number of the bees captured.

National Democratic Party and Strikes. -- A resolution avowing that the demands of the Triple Alliance (Labour) were insolent, and that frequent threats of a general strike, unless demands were conceded, should be resisted by all who believed in democracy, was carried at the annual Conference of the National democratic and Labour Party. Mr. J. A. Seddon, M.P., who presided, said revolution was the instrument of intellectual and self-seeking bullies. The National Democratic party stood resolute against the Bolshevik madness of Russia or their would-be imitators at home.

The Trade Barometer. -- The Board of Trade returns for the United Kingdom show that the imports tor May amounted to £135,657,051, against £125,907,284 in the corresponding month last year, an increase of £9,749,767. The value of the imports in April was £112,210,747. The exports for last month were £54,344,542, as against £44,967,321 for May last year, an increase of £19,377,321. The return shows an improved tendency in the adverse trade balance, which amounted to £82,614,754 in January, £55,039,321 in February, £43,714,519 in Match, £53,799,493 in April, and £71,312,409 in May.

Shot by Sentries. -- The deaths of two victims of shooting by military sentries were the subject of inquests in Dundalk and Dublin. At Dundalk the inquiry, which, off the application of the military representative, was adjourned for a fortnight, was into the death of a young commercial traveller, Mr. Matthew Murphy, who was shot whilst motoring to Dundalk. Pte. Patrick M'Niff, of the Connaught Rangers, attached to the Labour Corps at Wellington Barracks, who was shot by the sentry when returning to the barracks, died of hemorrhage and shock, resulting from the bullet wound, according to a Dublin coroner's jury, who found that the instructions as to the admission of persons on passes had not been complied with, but the sentry was exonerated from blame.

United Irish League. -- At the annual convention of the United Irish League at Leeds, the Lord Mayor of Leeds remarked that if the Government were wise, and if statesmen would throw away prejudice, and look at facts as they were, they would remove all sources of grievances from Ireland, and give it a free Government of its own. Mr. Dillon, in a letter, stated -- "The cause of Ireland is at this moment beset by terrible dangers, but I am convinced that by patience and good handling it can yet be saved." Mr T. P. O'Connor, M.P., who presided, said the attitude of Irishmen in Britain to the people at home should be one of charity and consideration. They must reiterate the undeniable fact that Ireland had been more sinned against than sinning, and that Sinn Fein was not the creation of Ireland or Sinn Fein leaders one-tenth so much as the perfidy and cowardice of successive British Administration.

French Aerial Record. -- Flight-Lieut. Gazalie who holds the world's record for high flying, has beaten his own record by ascending to a height 2,708 yards.

Intermediate Examinations. -- The Intermediate examinations are at present in progress. The entries show a slight increase, the figures being 8,095 boys (as against 7,940 last year), and 5,521 girls (5,476)

British Submarine Lost. -- The Secretary of the Admiralty regrets to announce that one of his Majesty's submarines operating in the Baltic is overdue since 4th June, and must be assumed lost with all hands. The relatives and next-of-kin have been informed.

Drastic Reduction in U.S. Navy. -- The U.S. House of Representatives have cut down the estimates of the War Department from £220,000,000 to £140,000,000. The personnel of the army is reduced from 509,000 to 400,000, and of the navy from 200,000 to 150,000.

Big Salmon Haul. -- Big runs of salmon are now off the coasts of Antrim and Derry awaiting floods to run up the rivers, which are very low and clear and out of order for angling. The draft net in the Bush recently took 84 salmon, weighing in the aggregate over 600lbs., in one haul.

Viceroy Visits Cardinal Logue. -- Lord French, who spent the week-end as the guest of the Most Rev. Dr. Crozier at Armagh, and inspected the R. School Cadet Corps, and Milford Troop of Boy Scouts after divine service, later paid a courtesy call on Cardinal Logue.

Belgium's War Losses. -- According to statistics published by the Belgian Central Industrial Committee, the value of the damage sustained by industrial Belgium during the war amounted to the total of 9,287 million francs, reckoned on the basis of the prices ruling at the end of April this yew.

Peace Celebrations in Ireland. -- The Lord Mayor of Belfast (Mr. J. C. White) attended a preliminary meeting in Dublin Castle yesterday of a special committee appointed by the Lord Lieutenant and the Chief Secretary for Ireland to take into consideration arrangements for the Peace celebrations in Ireland.

Vicar Bans "Tipperary." -- To a suggestion that to celebrate the signing of peace the bells of Wellingborough Parish Church should play "Tipperary," the Rev. R. Smeaton replied: "Why not suggest the 'Fox Trot' and 'Tommy, Make Room for Your Uncle?' No such tune will be played on bells of the House of God."

Smoking at Methodist Conference. -- At the Primitive Methodist Church Conference at Grimsby, a telegram was received by the President urging the delegates to refrain from smoking at the conference, and described smoking as an insidious habit, which was destroying the stamina affecting the morals of our country.

Daring London Robbery. -- Four men with a motor van, says the "Daily Mail," drove up to the house of a fish merchant, Mr. M. Isaacs, Barking Road, London, during the absence of the owner and his wife, and carried away a safe containing about £3,000 in gold and silver. Treasury notes, war savings certificates, etc.

Portadown Buffet. -- The sailors' and soldiers' rest and refreshment room at Portadown railway station has been closed down. From its inception in November, 1915, the rest room gave hospitality to 112,789 men serving with the colours. Six caterers did the providing, the helpers numbered 150 ladies and gentlemen, and the money was provided by voluntary subscriptions.

Changes in English Bishopric. -- The Bishop at London is retiring owing to prolonged illness. The Bishop of Chester has resigned. The Bishop of Oxford (Dr. Gore) is vacating his See on July 1, and the Bishopric of Truro will soon be vacant on the translation of Dr. Burrows to Chichester. Dr. Gore is said to be likely to succeed Dr. Barnes in the Mastership of the Temple.

Four Policemen Injured. -- In quelling a riot in the foreign, quarter of Liverpool, four policemen were injured. Police Constable Brown was shot through the mouth, the bullet passing through the neck and wounding a sergeant. The constable is in a serious condition. Another officer was stashed with a razor, and the fourth had his wrist fractured, A negro was thrown into the docks and drowned.

Bequests to Churches. -- Dame Sarah Elizabeth Dunn, of 34, Phillimore Gardens, South Kensington, London, widow of Sir William Dunn, Bart., of Paisley, left estate of the value of £151,328. Testatrix gives £1,000 to Wesleyan Chapel, Grahamstown, £1,000 to Presbyterian Chapel at Port Elizabeth; £1,000 to Presbyterian Chapel in Allen Street, London; and £500 to Wesleyan Chapel, Tunbridge Wells.

Newcastle Lady's Death. -- Much regret is expressed at Newcastle at the death of Miss Gray, a daughter of the late Dr. Gray, and one of the most familiar figures of the celebrated seaside resort. She was chairman of the local Technical Instruction Committee, and, amongst other activities, took a leading part in the management of the Soldiers' Home. She was also an energetic worker in the Unionist cause.

Railway Extensions Needed. -- At a largely attended meeting, representing all sections of the inhabitants of Dromara, a resolution was passed demanding railway extension to the village from the Great Northern or Belfast and County Down Railways, and stating that if the extension were not carried out the farmers of this important agricultural centre would be compelled to abandon tillage and revert to pasture.

Prohibition in U.S.A. -- The Convention of Federation of Labour (says a Reuter New York message) adopted, by an overwhelming majority, a resolution opposing the continuation of war-time measures of prohibition, and demanding the annulment of the provision of prohibition law, which forbids the manufacture of beer of more than 2¾ p.c. alcohol strength. The Convention decided that a strong protest on the subject should he sent to President Wilson in Paris, and to Congress at Washington.

New Provost of Trinity. -- Most Rev. John Henry Bernard, D.D., has been appointed by the Government as Provost of Trinity College, Dublin. Dr. Bernard, who was born in India on the 27th July, 1860, was educated in the College of which he now becomes Provost. He was senior moderator in mathematics and philosophy. Taking his M.A. in 1883, a fellow and tutor in the following year, he was ordained in 1886. Dean of St. Patrick's from 1902 to 1911, he was elected Bishop of Ossory, Ferns, and Leighlin in 1911, remaining there till 1915, when he was elected Archbishop of Dublin.

viceroy and Sedition. -- Addressing a deputation of discharged soldiers from Dundalk, Lord French said that many attempts were being made by associations in Ireland to "get at" the loyalty of soldiers, and efforts were being made which were hostile to the existence of the Empire, and the one aim and object of these organisations was to destroy the Empire. "You," said the Lord Lieutenant, have shed your blood to maintain the Empire, and many of your comrades gave their lives for the maintenance and not the destruction of the Empire. You are not now going to countenance seditious organisations or to join in their ranks."

Birthday Honours. -- The Prime Minister's list of honours in connection with the King's birthday constitutes a record in that it does not record a single admission to the peerage or British or Irish Privy Council or a single baronetcy. The explanation is understood to be that it has been curtailed to the lowest practical minimum in view of the hoped-for conclusion of peace, which will doubtless be followed by bestowals of the usual kind. There are no political awards, and the only honours of Irish interest are a K.C.B. for Mr. J. J. Taylor, C.B., Assistant Under-Secretary for Ireland and Clerk to the Irish Privy Council; a C.B. for Mr. E. A. Saunderson, private secretary to Viscount French, and a K.B. for Mr. H. A. Wynne, LL.D., Chief Crown Solicitor for Ireland.

Exciting Dublin Scenes. -- Four policemen and a young woman were wounded in a serious shooting affair which occurred in Dublin. For some time past the walls of the city have been placarded with the announcement that James Connolly's birthday would be celebrated by a concert at the Mansion House, but notice was served on the promoters that it would not be permitted. A crowd assembled in Dawson Street, and the police, on arrival, began to break it up. One man refused to move, and the crowd immediately became excited. A number of young men drew revolvers and fired at the police. Sergeant Fitzpatrick, of the Metropolitan Police, was shot in the shoulder, Constable Thomas Nolan in the ankle, Constable John O'Neill in the foot. Constable Kearns in the hand, and Mary Hayes, aged 20, in the leg. Two of the policemen were seriously injured.



Sincere regret will be felt in local commercial circles at the announcement of the death of Mr. James. J. Nelson, manager of the wholesale department of Messrs. John Robb & Co., Ltd., Castle Place, in whose employment he had been for fifty-five years. Mr. Nelson was known all over the North of Ireland, and enjoyed the goodwill and warm esteem of all with whom he came in contact, while his employers had the greatest in him. Of a quiet and unassuming disposition, he was admired for his integrity and upright dealing. The late Mr. Nelson was unmarried, and the funeral took place yesterday to Clogher, where his relatives reside.


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The Witness - Friday, 20 June 1919


BELL -- June 15, 1919, at the residence of his nephew, Maydalgin, Dromara, James Bell, late of Belfast. Interred in the family burying-ground, Anahilt Presbyterian Churchyard, June 17th.

HIGGINSON -- June 18 (suddenly), at her residence, Ashley, Dunmurry, Emily, wife of the late John Higginson. Funeral private.

GINN -- June 16, at Glynn Park Lodge, Carrickfergus, William Ginn, for many years the faithful servant and friend of Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Coates.

JAMISON -- June 8, at 398, Woodstock Road, Belfast, Jennie, widow of the late David Jamison.

MACMILLAN -- June 13, at the residence of her brother-in-law (Arthur A. M'Gladdery, Umgall), Magaret Macmillan (late of Banbridge), elder daughter of the late Samuel Macmillan, Little Ballymena, aged 87 years.

MAXWELL -- June 13, at Highlands, Holywood, Margaret Eleanor, aged 11 years, second daughter of H. G. Maxwell.

MOLYNEAUX -- June 13, at her father's residence, Ballyginniff, Crumlin (late of High Street, Antrim), Mary, eldest and dearly-beloved daughter of John Molyneaux.

MORRISON -- April 12, 1919, at San Diego, California, Mrs. Ellen C. Morrison, widow of the late James Verner Morrison, Esq., formerly of Pittsburg, U.S.A.

M'BRATNEY -- June 15, at Creevybeg, Crossgar, Ann M'Bratney.

M'CLUNG -- June 13, at 5, Wallace Avenue, Lisburn, Mary Amelia, widow of the late John M'Clung.

M'KINSTRY -- June 13, at his residence, 81, Pound Street, Larne, William, dearly-beloved husband of Annie M'Kinstry, and late of Ferry Cottage, Islandmagee.

PARKS -- June 15, 1919, at Snugville, Ballydougan, Portadown, Elizabeth, dearly beloved wife of William Henry Parks. Interred in Knocknamuckley Burying-ground.

PEEL -- June 15, at The Cottage, Ballinahone, Armagh, Josiah Peel, Drug Hall, Armagh.

ROBINSON -- June 14, at the Cottage Hospital, Coleraine, Stanley Gerald Robinson, of Macedon, Deramore Drive, Belfast, youngest son of the late Edward Robinson, Lismara, Whiteabbey.

SINCLAIR -- April 23, 1919, at his residence, Manitoba, Samuel Sinclair, aged 77 years, formerly resident at Derrynoid, Draperstown, and Englishtown, near Coleraine.

SPEERS -- June 12, at a Private Hospital, Adam Speers, B.Sc., J.P., late headmaster of Upper Sullivan School, Holywood. Interred in Holywood Cemetery.

WRIGHT -- June 16, at her son's residence, 62, North Parade, Anna Helena, widow of the late James Wright, Whitehead.




Vicar's All-Night Dance. -- The Rev. J. Cartmel-Robinson, Vicar of St. Michael's, Bedford Park, London, is arranging for all-night dancing, with illuminations and a full band, outside his parish hall on the date that peace is celebrated

Thorn Prick Causes Lockjaw. -- At the inquest at Preston on the body of Emily Leyland (42), a single woman, of Nelson Terrace, Preston, death was stated to be due to lockjaw following on a thorn prick sustained while weeding her garden seven weeks ago.

Dublin University. -- The Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Sir James Campbell, Bart., has been offered, and has accepted, the position of Vice-Chancellor of Dublin University, rendered vacant by Archbishop Bernard's resignation on his appointment as Provost.

A Chapel Collapses. -- Spring Garden Lane Chapel, Sunderland, erected, in 1765 by the Presbyterian congregation which adhered to the Secession Church of Scotland, collapsed in a heap of ruins through sheer old age. Its last occupants were the Salvation Army.

Irish Lights Commissioner -- Mr. Hugh M'Dowell Pollock, J.P., D.L., of 11, College Gardens, Belfast, chairman of the Belfast Harbour Board, has been elected to be a Commissioner of Irish Lights, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Captain Stewart.

Minister's Call to Canada. -- Rev. Dr. D. L. Ritchie, principal of the Congregational College, Nottingham, has accepted an invitation, which was made but declined eighteen months ago, to become Principal of the Congregational College of Canada and Professor of Theology in the United Theological Colleges, Montreal.

Important Post for Ulsterman. -- Mr. R. J. Watson, a native of Newmills, Tyrone, who has had a distinguished career in the Civil Service, has been appointed to represent the Comptroller and Auditor-General in France, Italy, and Cologne, and while holding that position will have the honorary rank, of lieutenant-colonel in the army.

From Church to Labour Party. -- At the Primitive Methodist Conference at Grimsby a letter was read from the Rev. A. H. Hopkins, who unsuccessfully contested Bournemouth at the General Election, resigning his ministry in order to devote himself to the work of the Labour party. The Conference decided that military service should count as probationary service for candidates for the ministry.

Madame Markievicz Sentenced. -- a sentence of four months' imprisonment was imposed by a Crimes Act Court at Mallow, County Cork, on Madame Markievicz, who was charged with having, on 17th May, at Newmarket, County Cork, taken part in an unlawful assembly, and with urging a boycott of the police and using language likely to promote disaffection. Accused denied the authority of the Court to adjudicate on her and said she was not afraid of the police nor of the Government.

Sunday Schools' Decline. -- At the Primitive Methodist Conference at Grimsby the Rev. M. P. Davison said that since the outbreak of war they had lost 220 Sunday schools and 36,000 Sunday school scholars. A disquieting feature was that other Churches reported a similar state of affairs. Another speaker said that ministers should send their own children to the Sunday schools. Theirs was a democratic Church, and if the schools were not good enough for some people's children they ought to try to raise the level of them.

Viceroy and Irish Soldiers. -- Viscount French, speaking in London at the regimental dinner of the Royal Irish Regiment on the necessity of encouraging discharged Irish soldiers said they were determined to fight the evil and malicious influences which were everywhere at work in this unfortunate country to put obstacles in the way of men who had served their country well and faithfully. He hoped the time was shortly coming when not a single discharged able-bodied soldier would be without work.

Salvation Army Jubilee. -- At the Albert Hall, London, the Salvation Army celebrated its jubilee, a fixture postponed since 1915. The King, in a message to General Booth, said -- "I heartily congratulate you and members of the Salvation Army on the mighty achievement of a system founded half a century ago. In its work of love and mercy, both in peace and war, the Salvation Army has become honoured and endeared to the nations of the world." Mrs. Booth said the Salvation Army had always given women the same opportunity as men.

Government Expenditure. -- There are severe criticisms of various Government departments in the first report of the Select Committee on National Expenditure. The section dealing with the Air Ministry shows that transport charges were debited to the railways, that the accounting officers had no real power, that motor cars were used in a wasteful and extravagant manner, and that after the armistice was signed aeroplanes were constructed in one establishment and sent to another to be destroyed, in each case "to keep labour employed."

Handsome Gifts to Methodism. -- At the Primitive Methodist Conference at Grimsby attention was drawn to the serious financial condition of the Itinerant Preachers' Friendly Society, which showed an actuarial deficiency of over £80,000. It was reported that an anonymous donor had offered a gift of £10,000 if the Connexion raised £20,000; whilst another gentleman who also desired to remain anonymous had made a gift of £5,000. It was decided to refer the matter to a committee comprising all delegates. Rev. M. P. Davison, of London, was elected President-designate, and Mr. J. Longstaff, of Newcastle, Vice-President-designate.

The Church's Recruits. -- Dr. Lang, the Archbishop of York, paid an official visit to the new training school for clergy which has been established in Knutsford Jail, and thanked the assembled 400 aspiring curates for offering themselves, to the Church. "In our anxiety for the future of the Church," said his Grace, "we turned to the Navy and Army because we knew that unless the services let loose a great stream of men to replenish the resources of the Church in holy orders we were done." They represented the in-coming of the flood tide which was going to gladden the city of God.

A Belfast Centenarian. -- Mr. Thos. Hodgens, now of Dunraven, Belfast, a native of Richhill, who built up an extensive business in Armagh as hosiery merchant and cotton and haberdashery merchant, has celebrated his hundredth birthday. Retiring from business in 1890, he came to Belfast, where he has resided ever since. He has lived during the reign of six successive Sovereigns. His father fought at the battle of the Diamond (1795), and one of his brothers, Rev. James Hodgens, was pastor of Donegall Street Congregational Church from 1042 to 1851. He is a great-uncle of Lieutenant-Colonel A. S. Cleaver.

The Health Act Council. -- The position of Chairman of the Consultative Council for Ireland, about to be established under the new Ministry of Health Act, it to be offered to Dr. E. Coey Bigger, Medical Commissioner of the Irish Local Government Board, and a former Belfast practitioner. Dr. Bigger has been intimately associated with the public health services, having held before his appointment as Medical Commissioner several important public health positions, and also medical inspector under the Local Government Board. The new appointment will require him to leave the Local Government Board, as the position of chairman of the Consultative Council will occupy his whole time.

State Temperance Methods. -- Replying to a temperance deputation Lord d'Abernon said the question was not how to devise measures for further improvement in the drink traffic, but how to maintain the ground gained without infringing personal liberty and imposing such restrictions upon recreation and refreshment as might be considered intolerable in time of peace. Severe restriction of quantity had never formed part of the programme of the Central Control Board, and he did not think it desirable, even from a temperance point of view. He believed discussion between intelligent trade representatives and temperance leaders would result in the discovery of a common feeling. Temperance would have to revise its programme as much as the trade, and should bring fresh minds to the study of the problem.

Death of Mr. S. G. Robinson. -- We regret to announce the death of Mr. Stanley G. Robinson, of Macedon, Deramore Drive, Belfast, youngest son of the late Mr. Edward Robinson, one of the founders of the firm of Messrs. Robinson & Cleaver, Ltd. He served his apprenticeship to the linen trade but subsequently decided to devote himself to the motor industry, and became associated with the firm of Messrs. Charles Hurst, Ltd., Montgomery Street, Belfast. In politics he was a staunch Unionist, and was a member of the Ulster Volunteer Force. He was also connected with the Masonic Order, as a member of Lodge 154. His urbanity and geniality made him a great favourite in social circles, whilst in the business world he was highly esteemed for his integrity and unfailing courtesy. Deceased was quite a young man, being in his 29th year. With his widow and two children deep sympathy will be felt in their sad bereavement.

£10,100 for a Bull. -- £10,100 was paid at the a Royal Dublin Society's Show, at Ballsbridge to Mr. A. J. Marshall, of Bridgebank, Stranraer, for his bull Edgcote Hero. This animal was calved in September, 1916, and was bred by the Edgcote Shorthorn Company, of Edgcote, Banbury. His sire was Earl of Kingston, dam Evelwyn, by King Christian of Denmark.

Women and Welsh Church. -- At the Welsh Church governing body the Bishop of Llandaff had a motion down for the co-option of twelve women on the governing body, but instead of moving this he proposed that the Constitutional Committee be requested to consider and report upon the position of women in the government of the Church in Wales when a province of Wales is formed. This was agreed to.

Turkish Outrages. -- Reuter's Agency learns from a Greek official source that according to a telegram from Smyrna the Turks are murdering the Christian population in the district of Sokia (Asia Minor). The town of Anazlf has been burnt down by Turkish bands. In Dentzli the situation is serious, as the local authorities have been overthrown by Turkish revolutionaries A couple of days age two officials were murdered by Turks.

Steamer Founders. -- During a gale the collier Monarch, belonging to a Jersey firm, foundered off Black Head, on the Antrim coast. The cargo shifted, and five minutes after the crew of ten had taken to the lifeboat the ship heeled over and sank. The crew were rescued three hours later by the steamer Norseman, and taken to Belfast. The Monarch was commanded by Captain Bond, Jersey, who was the last to leave his ship, and was obliged to jump into the sea to reach the lifeboat.

School Teachers. -- At the summer Conference of the Antrim and Derry County National Teachers' Association at Magherafelt -- Mr. H. A. Macauley presiding -- resolutions were passed (1) calling on the Government to give legislative effect to the recommendations of the Killanin Committee; (2) condemning the present system of inspection; (3) asking for the abolition of the half-time system in factories; (4) calling for the amendment of the Residences Act; and the removal of various other grievances.

Trinity College Scholars. -- The successful competitors at the recent scholarship examinations include the following:-- William Robert Steele, entered from Foyle College, Derry; Lieutenant William Nicholson M'William, entered from Campbell College, Belfast; Hymen Reuben, entered from the Academy, Banbridge; William M'Causland Stewart entered from Foyle College; Ruby Violet Finch, entered from Magee College, Derry; Lucy Edith Judge, entered from Carleton House School Portadown; Elizabeth Mary M'Donald, entered from Victoria College, Belfast.

Bishop to Resign. -- Dr. Edgar Jacob, Bishop of St. Albans since 1903, at a visitation of clergy and laity of the diocese at St. Albans Cathedral announced his intention of resigning the bishopric in December next. He explained that he has come to a time of life when, after serious illness, resignation seemed to him a duty. He had never been a rich man, but he had informed the Ecclesiastical Commissioners that he would not burden the See with a pension. He desired in his retirement to devote himself to the study of missionary work, which had been the great interest of his life. Dr. Jacob will be 75 in November.

A Belfast Memorial. -- At a meeting held in the Belfast Chamber of Commerce it was decided to provide a memorial to the late Mr. W. C. Gabbey, who rendered valuable public service in connection with the Sailors' and Soldiers' Service Club and other institutions with which he was connected. Sir Robert Liddell, D.L., who presided; Mr. S. Donald Cheyne, and Rev. W. Colquhoun, of whose congregation Mr. Gabbey was a member, paid feeling tributes to his memory. Sir Robert Liddell was appointed chairman of committee, the High Sheriff (Mr. S. T. Mercier, J.P.) was elected honorary treasurer, and Messrs. H. Boyd, Fred Hoey, and R. V. Williams agreed to act as honorary secretaries. A subscription list was opened, headed by the chairman with £50, and over £200 was received.

Great Dock Fire. -- Damages estimated at considerably in excess of one million pounds was caused by one of the most destructive dock fires ever experienced at Liverpool docks. Originating through an unknown cause among 400 barrels of turpentine, stored in one of the berthing sheds appropriated to the Furness Withy Line, in the Alexandra Dock, there was from the outset not the remotest chance of coping with the fire. All that could be done was to check its spread. As it was, two large warehouses beside the quay sheds were speedily enveloped and totally destroyed. Burning turpentine flowed into the dock and out into the Mersey, and a remarkable spectacle was witnessed of a conflagration on the surface of the water. Five large ships in dock, as well as a number of small craft, had to make a hurried departure.

Principal Teachers' Union. -- The monthly meeting of the Belfast and District Branch of the Irish Principal Teachers' Union was held in Ye Olde Castle. A resolution calling for increased remuneration for members and pupil teachers was adopted. Mr. James Lyons, L.D.S., Belfast Dental Clinic, said he had made an examination in one of the Belfast schools last month, and he found that the percentage requiring treatment of one kind and another was as high as 80 to 90 per cent. That was a very serious state of affairs which called for speedy remedy. The work undertaken at the clinic was most necessary and a great success so far as it went, but the scope, of such a service needed expansion until every school child in Belfast could obtain regular dental attention.

Don'ts for Clergy. -- Bishop Welldon, preaching at an ordination service in Durham Cathedral, said the clergy, being the commissioners of God, were never off duty, and he was always sorry when he met a clergyman on holiday who had discarded his clerical broadcloth. The clergy, said the Bishop, should be distinguished from the ordinary laymen. They should not seek preferment for themselves. He was always rather pained when clergymen wrote to him and asked for the gift of a living, but he was still more pained when the applicant said how well fitted he regarded himself for the living. As far as possible the clergy should avoid decorative titles and honours, which have now become so common in English life, and they should not make themselves partisans of any political party.

Death of Mr. Wm. Jones. -- The announcement of the death of Mr. William Jones, which occurred at his residence, Linden, Ashley Park, Belfast, will be received with deep regret by a wide circle of friends and acquaintances. The deceased, who had attained the age of 64 years, was a son of the late Mr. William Jones, at one time connected with the building trade of the city, and also with the city Gas Works. One of his brothers is Councillor David Jones, another is Mr. Charles Jones, who is a Customs officer in England, while a third has been for som years resident in Australia. In addition to carrying on the business of a sand merchant, the deceased was identified with the firm of Messrs. Ferguson, Ltd., fleshers, Ann Street, and other important local concerns. In the affairs of Fortwilliam Presbyterian Church be took a great interest. He is survived by his wife and three sons and two daughters, both of whom are married.



The news of the death of Miss M'Ilroy, sister of Rev. John M'Ilroy, Hilltown, has caused widespread regret in the surrounding district. During her brother's absence in France on Y.M.C.A. work her health had become seriously impaired, but, with heroic devotion, she refused to inform him of her enfeebled condition, lest it should interrupt him in his work and hasten his return. She passed away on the 9th inst., a few days after his homecoming. The service in Hilltown Presbyterian Church on Sabbath last was conducted by Rev. M. M. Logan, B.A., Brookvale, who, at the conclusion of the sermon, referred to the sad bereavement which had come to the minister of the congregation. He said Miss M'Ilroy was deservedly held in high esteem by all who knew her. She was a valued helper in the congregation, and, as far as her opportunities allowed, took a hearty interest in all its schemes. Everyone who visited the manse felt at once her genial hospitality and kindhearted. She was a devoted sister and a sincere friend. Much sympathy is felt for Mr. M'Ilroy in his bereavement.


Naval Boating Disaster. -- Seven men belonging to H.M.S. Larkspur were drowned at Granton, in the Firth of Forth, through the capsizing of a rowing boat in the heavy sea. The men were coming ashore from the vessel, which was anchored in the Firth, when the craft upset, the sea being so rough that although the accident occurred not far from the pier at Granton the men had gone down before assistance could reach them.


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The Witness - Friday, 27 June 1919

Roll of Honour -- In Memoriam

HUNTER -- In proud and ever-loving memory of Johnston Shaw Kirker Hunter, Second-Lieutenant, Royal Field Artillery, the elder and dearly-loved son of Robert J. Hunter, Barrister-at-law, and Mrs. Hunter, Dromore, Co. Down, killed in action on June 30th, 1916, near Neuve Chapelle, France. He sleeps in the Military Cemetery at Richebourg, St. Vaast. "One crowded hour of glorious life is worth, an age without a name." "He did what he could."


BROWN--SHARP -- June 24, at Abbey Church, Rutland Square, Dublin, by Rev. J. D. Osborne, D.D., Andrew, second son of Samuel Brown, Cootehill, to Dorothea, fifth daughter of John S. Sharp, Aylesbury, Bucks.

ELLIOTT--INGLIS -- At New North U.F. Church, Edinburgh, on 19th inst., by the Rev. W. Elliott, M.A., Ballinasloe, Ireland (father of the bridegroom), assisted by Brig.-Gen., the Rev. P. R. Mackay, D.D., and the Rev. G. M. Gibb, M.A., Lochend and Newabbey, Rev. Robert Elliott, M.A., Dunollie Road U.F. Church, Oban, to Marjorie Glencorse L.R.A.M., daughter of T. G. W. Inglis, 39 Bruntsfield Place, Edinburgh, and the late Mrs. Inglis, 64, Findhorn Place.

M'CULLOCH--SMYLIE -- June 19, 1919, at First Castleblayney Church, by the father of the bride, assisted by the Rev. Thos. Dysart, William, fifth son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry M'Culloch, Auburn, Belfast, to Mary, youngest daughter of the Rev. R. H. and Mrs. Smythe, The Manse, Castleblayney.


HENRY -- June 13, 1919, at Finnstown, Lucan, Eliza, the dearly loved and devoted wife of Samuel Henry, late of Cookstown, Clondalkin. Funeral took place to Tallaght on June 16. "Her children call her blessed."

TANNIHILL -- June 20, at his residence, 99, Longstone Street, Lisburn, David Johnstone Tannihill, dearly-beloved husband of Sarah J. Tannihill. Interred in Lisburn Cemetery on 22nd inst.

COLLINS -- June 23, at Thompson Home, Lisburn, Arthur J. Collins, youngest son of the late J. C. Collins, Belfast.

DICKSON -- June 19, at the Ard House, Newtownards, Elizabeth Jamison, wife of Alex. Dickson.

ERWIN -- Suddenly, at her residence, 48, Springfield Road, Bangor, Amelia Caroline, widow of the late Moses Erwin, Ballymena.

FINLAY -- June 22, at his residence, Glasgort, Aghadowey, James Finlay, aged 76 years.

FORBES -- June 23 (suddenly), at his late residence, Ballylinney, Ballyclare, John, the beloved husband of Sarah Forbes.

GAULT -- June 23, at Dunamoy, Ballyclare, James Gault.

HARRIS -- June 20, at The Square, Stewartstown, Hugh (Medical Doctor), eldest son of the late Frederick Harris, Solicitor, Stewartstown.

HOLLYWOOD -- At Banff, Scotland, James Hollywood, J.P., Estate Agent.

KELLY -- June 24, at Tannybrack House, Kells, Ballymena, Katherine, beloved wife of Edward Kelly.

LAWSON -- June 21, at 2575, Tenth Avenue, Seattle, U.S.A., William Lawson, eldest surviving son of the late William Lawson, Ballyclare.

M'CLELLAND -- June 24, at Market Square, Ballyclare, Eliza M'Clelland.

M'CLUNG -- June 21, at Kilmakee, Templepatrick, Martha, the beloved wife of Thomas M'Clung.

SHAW -- June 22, at his residence, Laurel Cottage, Creevy, Lisburn, Thomas Shaw.

SPENCE -- June 23, at "Ashville," Ringcreevy, Comber, James Spence, in his ninetieth year.

STEWART -- June 21, at Ballynafoy, Banbridge (result of an accident), Joseph Stewart.

STRATTON -- June 22, at 13, Camberwell Terrace, Antrim Road, Margretta, widow of Thomas Stratton, Carrickmacross.

In Memoriam

CLEMENTS - In loving memory of my dear wife, Emma Juliana, who fell asleep, 29th June, 1910. "Until the day breaks." JOHN CLEMENTS. University Street, Belfast.




Free Trade. -- Mr. Asquith, opening his Free Trade campaign, said that in peace Free Trade enabled us to build up a credit and financial ascendancy which no one could dispute, and it had borne the strain of war. The pettifogging proposals of the Budget indicated that Protection was passing across the threshold of our fiscal citadel.

Salaries of Methodist Clergy. -- The Methodist Conference at Belfast resolved that the minimum stipend for married ministers on dependent circuits be £170, and unmarried ministers £120. £3,420 would be required, of which the circuit would provide £900, the Home Mission Fund £600, and the Laymen's Dependent Circuit Fund was expected to yield £1,820.

Disorder in Germany. -- As a result of riots at Cassel, martial law has been proclaimed. Spartacists attempted to storm the prison, but failed. They seized the food warehouse. Firing went on all day, several persons being killed and wounded. Serious disturbances occurred, at Mannheim. Shops were plundered. An attempt by volunteers to break into barracks was prevented by soldiers with hand grenades, 20 persons being seriously injured; 200 were arrested.

Maple Trees for Canadian Graves. -- Two hundred young maple trees are being planted on Vimy Ridge and other parts of France and Flanders specially dedicated to the Canadian dead. They are a gift from the Toronto branch of the Overseas Club and Patriotic League, which in June, 1915, sent packets of maple seedlings to the headquarters of the society to be grown for this purpose. The plants are now in excellent condition.

Worst Year Since 1884. -- The long spell of drought is having a disastrous effect on French crops, particularly wheat and oats. Not since 1884 has there been such a dry period. In some parts of the south there has been no rain since March, and according to present computations the yield of crops will represent a deficit of 50 per cent. There is also a bad report about the potato crop. Vines, however, are doing well. In other districts, owing to lack of forage, cattle are being sold.

Death of Belfast Priest. -- The death has occurred of Very Rev. Daniel M'Cashin, P.P., V.F., St. Malachy's, Belfast, after an illness of a few days. Father M'Cashin was in his 73rd year, and his 47th in the priesthood. The greater part of his ministerial career was spent in St. Malachy's. He was born at Corbally, Downpatrick, and educated at the Diocesan College and Maynooth, where he was ordained in 1872. Until 1878 he was Diocesan Inspector of Schools. He was 31 years in St. Malachy's.

Railwaymen and Income Tax. -- The annual Congress of the N.U.R. at Plymouth protested against the imposition of income tax on incomes below the margin of subsistence, and instructed the executive to press the Triple Alliance to take definite action to raise the abatement to £250. The proposer, Mr. P. H. Black, Covent Garden, asked -- Are we paying income tax in order to keep 100,000 soldiers in Ireland, to send munitions of war to Russia, and to send an army into Germany to filch the milch cows and starve the children.

Price of Clothes. -- The high price of clothes was mentioned at a meeting of the Lisburn Farmers Association, and Mr. Todd, in moving that steps be taken to get a minimum price fixed for wool in accordance with the manufacturers' price, said that a suit of clothes now costs between £8 and £10, while the price paid to the farmer for wool was only slightly in excess of the pre-war price. Somebody was profiteering at the expense of the farmer, and he thought it was the Government, because they bought cheap from the farmer and resold to the manufacturer at three or four times the price.

Belfast Merchant's Death, -- The funeral took place in the City Cemetery of Mr. Joseph Blair, founder of the firm of Messrs. Joseph Blair, Ltd., Church Lane, Belfast, who died at the Rectory, Mullinacuffe, Co. Wicklow, in his 80th year. The chief mourners were Rev. W. Deans, LL.D. (son-in-law), and Mr. Thomas Allen (nephew), and amongst the others present were Mr. A. M'Vicker, managing director of the firm, and Mr. Wm. M'Vicker and Mr. George Anderson, directors, and representatives of the staff and employees. Short services were conducted in Bloomfield Presbyterian Church, of which congregation deceased had been a member, and at the graveside by Rev. C. M. Young and Rev. John Deans, of Richhill.

Women's Part in Church. -- While addressing the Quarterly Association of the North Wales Calvinistic Methodists at Denbigh, Mr. J. Herbert Lewis, M.P., Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education, said that in these critical times, when social changes -- immense and far-reaching in character -- were taking place at a rapid rate, the innate conservatism of the denomination should now he replaced by more progress. Why, he asked, should their Communion be the last to accept the work which women were capable of doing in the higher life of the Church? Religious bodies already appreciated the functions of generous hospitality so kindly performed by women, but really they were worthy of higher things than cutting bread and pouring out a cup of tea.

Death of Mr. Jas. Hollywood. -- Deep regret is felt at the death of Mr. James Hollywood, J.P., of Mountpottinger, Belfast, and Princetown Road, Bangor. The deceased, who lost two of his sons in the war, began a rent and estate agency at Mountpottinger in 1885, when he laid the foundations of a prosperous and steadily-increasing business. By his ability, zeal, and conscientiousness he soon acquired an extensive clientele in that rapidly growing district, and gained the high opinion of all with whom he came in contact. A staunch Unionist, he was identified with the old Conservative Association, and was also associated with the East Belfast Unionist Association, of which he was vice-chairman for a time. For several yeats he was a Poor-Law Guardian, and subsequently he was elected a member of the Water Board, on which he remained up till the time of his death. He took a keen and practical interest in the work of the Commissioners, and had the honour of being appointed chairman of the Trust for two years in succession while he rendered valuable service for a long period on the Finance Committee. He was a member of the Ulster Reform Club and of the Belfast Chamber of Commerce, and was a Justice of the Peace for the City. A Presbyterian, he was a devoted member of First Bangor congregation, and was a liberal subscriber to the funds of the Church, whilst he also contributed generously to charitable and philanthropic objects. He was a member of the Masonic Order and of the Loyal Orange Institution. Mr. Hollywood is survived by his wife and two sons, David and Gerald, to whom heartfelt sympathy will he extended in their bereavement.

No More Mud-Splashing Motor Cars. -- The Local Government Board have framed a regulation, to come into operation on October 1, providing that every heavy motor car shall be fitted with a device to prevent mud or water being thrown by the car on any person, property, or other vehicle.

War Bonus for National Teachers. -- It was announced at a meeting of the Board of National Education that the agreement between the official representatives and the representatives of the National Teachers' Organisation provided for a bonus of £60 per annum for men teachers, £50 per annum for women teachers, and £44 per annum for junior assistant mistresses.

New Antarctic Venture. -- An expedition to start for the South Pole in June, 1920, will have as second in command an Irishman, Mr. E. Healy, 4, Elm Park, Ranelagh, R.D.F. Mr. J. Cope, I.R.G.S., who will head the expedition in the Terra Nova, estimates the total cost at £100,000. Arrangements are being made to take an aeroplane for the purpose of surveying the interior of the continent.

A Gloomy Outlook. -- Addressing a brotherhood meeting on the subject of transport and State, Sir Auckland Geddes said money was being squandered on a colossal scale. The more money we sent overseas for things that did not matter, the more we paid for things that mattered, for international money exchanges were steadily moving against us. The price of food next winter would reach an undreamed of level. The nation was now poor, but it was living as if it was wealthy. If transport broke down and foreign markets went credit would break, and we should be in the same position as Russia.

Writing with Both Hands. -- The Headmaster of Eton (Dr. Alington) gave an address at a meeting of the Windsor branch of the Workers' Educational Union. Touching on the development of the brain, Dr. Alington said that an eminent scientist discovered that by using the right hand they developed the left side of the brain. It thought that by using the left hand the right hand side of the brain could be developed, and it was decided at Eton to start the boys writing with the left hand. However, another eminent scientist later found that if they developed both sides of the brain at once they became idiots, and the experiment was hurriedly discontinued.

Teachers and Politics. -- Mr. J. Harbinson, J.P., pres., at a meeting of Belfast Teachers' Association said they in Belfast felt there had been a considerable amount, of misunderstanding with regard to the attitude of the organisation to the political situation. The success gained since they joined up with Labour justified the step taken it the time. Mr. T. J. O'Connell, gen. sec. N.T.O., said he had a letter from the Conciliation and Arbitration Board for Government Employees, stating they were unable to deal with matters that were about to be referred to the decision of Parliament. He denied the charge that teachers had entered the field of politics. A resolution was adopted calling for the immediate application of the Killanin Commission recommendations.

Irish Housing. -- The Grand Committee on the Irish Housing Bill will hold its first meeting on July 1. There was a large attendance at the conference on housing held in the Belfast City Hall, when Mr. P. C. Cowan, chief engineering inspector, L.G.B., delivered an address, in which he stated that the slums that existed in the city 10 years ago had been swept away. Sir C. M'Cullagh said they could go no further on the housing question until they knew how the Government were going to act. Mr. J. Milne Barbour. D.L., contended that the benefits of the Bill should not be confined to corporations or utility societies, but should be extended to railway companies and large industrial concerns who provided houses for their workers; and Sir R. J. M'Connell, Bart., also advocated the assistance of private enterprise, because it was really on that that Belfast depended.


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